Chromium(II) oxalate

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Chromium(II) oxalate
Names
IUPAC name
Chromium(2+) oxalate
Identifiers
  • 814-90-4 Yes check.svgY
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.011.282 OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
PubChem CID
UNII
  • InChI=1S/C2H2O4.Cr/c3-1(4)2(5)6;/h(H,3,4)(H,5,6);/q;+2/p-2
    Key: XVHFYNOGAFYRJV-UHFFFAOYSA-L
  • InChI=1/C2H2O4.Cr/c3-1(4)2(5)6;/h(H,3,4)(H,5,6);/q;+2/p-2
    Key: XVHFYNOGAFYRJV-NUQVWONBAE
  • C(=O)(C(=O)[O-])[O-].[Cr+2]
Properties
Cr(C2O4)
Molar mass 140.02 g/mol
Appearancelight green crystals
Density 2.461 g/cm3
126 g/100 mL (0 °C)
Solubility negligible in alcohol
Related compounds
Other cations
Iron(II) oxalate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
Infobox references

Chromium(II) oxalate is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula CrC2O4.

Preparation

According to Nikumbh et al, CrC2O4·2H2O can be prepared from chromium(II) sulfate pentahydrate by reaction with a mixture of sodium oxalate and oxalic acid in degassed aqueous solution, forming a light green crystalline product, which has been characterized by combustion elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis and powder X-ray diffraction. [1] The measured magnetic moment of 4.65 B.M. suggests that the chromium ion does not form a Cr-Cr bond and has a high-spin octahedral coordination geometry. This would be consistent with the structure of other linear polymeric metal(II) oxalates of general formula MC2O4·2H2O (M = Mg, Fe, etc.). [2] The dihydrate loses water to form anhydrous CrC2O4 when heated above 140 °C in an inert atmosphere. Heating above 320 °C produces a mixture of chromium oxides. [1]

Milburn and Taube have presented data indicating that chromium(II) will reduce oxalate to glycolate within a few minutes in acidic aqueous solutions, casting some doubt on the formulation of chromium(II) oxalate as a stable Cr2+ species if prepared from acidic aqueous solutions. [3]

Related Research Articles

Calcium oxalate Calcium compound

Calcium oxalate (in archaic terminology, oxalate of lime) is a calcium salt of oxalate with the chemical formula CaC2O4·(H2O)x, where x varies from 0 to 3. All forms are colorless or white. The monohydrate occurs naturally as the mineral whewellite, forming envelope-shaped crystals, known in plants as raphides. The rarer dihydrate (mineral: weddellite) and trihydrate (mineral: caoxite) are also recognized. Calcium oxalates are a major constituent of human kidney stones. Calcium oxalate is also found in beerstone, a scale that forms on containers used in breweries.

Cobalt(II) chloride Chemical compound

Cobalt(II) chloride is an inorganic compound of cobalt and chlorine, with the formula CoCl
2
. It is a sky blue crystalline solid.

Chromium(III) chloride Chemical compound

Chromium(III) chloride (also called chromic chloride) describes any of several compounds of with the formula CrCl3 • xH2O, where x can be 0, 5, and 6. The anhydrous compound with the formula CrCl3 is a violet solid. The most common form of the trichloride is the dark green hexahydrate, CrCl3 • 6H2O. Chromium chlorides find use as catalysts and as precursors to dyes for wool.

Metal ammine complex

In coordination chemistry, metal ammine complexes are metal complexes containing at least one ammonia (NH3) ligand. "Ammine" is spelled this way due to historical reasons; in contrast, alkyl or aryl bearing ligands are spelt with a single "m". Almost all metal ions bind ammonia as a ligand, but the most prevalent examples of ammine complexes are for Cr(III), Co(III), Ni(II), Cu(II) as well as several platinum group metals.

Molybdic acid Chemical compound

Molybdic acid refers to hydrated forms of molybdenum trioxide and related species. The monohydrate (MoO3·H2O) and the dihydrate (MoO3·2H2O) are well characterized. They are yellow diamagnetic solids.

Sodium oxalate Chemical compound

Sodium oxalate, or disodium oxalate, is the sodium salt of oxalic acid with the formula Na2C2O4. It is a white, crystalline, odorless solid, that decomposes above 290 °C.

Chromium(II) acetate Chemical compound

Chromium(II) acetate hydrate, also known as chromous acetate, is the coordination compound with the formula Cr2(CH3CO2)4(H2O)2. This formula is commonly abbreviated Cr2(OAc)4(H2O)2. This red-coloured compound features a quadruple bond. The preparation of chromous acetate once was a standard test of the synthetic skills of students due to its sensitivity to air and the dramatic colour changes that accompany its oxidation. It exists as the dihydrate and the anhydrous forms.

Sodium dichromate Inorganic compound

Sodium dichromate is the inorganic compound with the formula Na2Cr2O7. Usually, however, the salt is handled as its dihydrate Na2Cr2O7·2H2O. Virtually all chromium ore is processed via conversion to sodium dichromate and virtually all compounds and materials based on chromium are prepared from this salt. In terms of reactivity and appearance, sodium dichromate and potassium dichromate are very similar. The sodium salt is, however, around twenty times more soluble in water than the potassium salt (49 g/L at 0 °C) and its equivalent weight is also lower, which is often desirable.

Silver chromate Chemical compound

Silver chromate is an inorganic compound with formula Ag2CrO4 which appears as distinctively coloured brown-red crystals. The compound is insoluble and its precipitation is indicative of the reaction between soluble chromate and silver precursor salts (commonly potassium/sodium chromate with silver nitrate). This reaction is important for two uses in the laboratory: in analytical chemistry it constitutes the basis for the Mohr method of argentometry, whereas in neuroscience it is used in the Golgi method of staining neurons for microscopy.

Indium(III) sulfate (In2(SO4)3) is a sulfate salt of the metal indium. It is a sesquisulfate, meaning that the sulfate group occurs 11/2 times as much as the metal. It may be formed by the reaction of indium, its oxide, or its carbonate with sulfuric acid. An excess of strong acid is required, otherwise insoluble basic salts are formed. As a solid indium sulfate can be anhydrous, or take the form of a pentahydrate with five water molecules or a nonahydrate with nine molecules of water. Indium sulfate is used in the production of indium or indium containing substances. Indium sulfate also can be found in basic salts, acidic salts or double salts including indium alum.

Rhodium(II) acetate Chemical compound

Rhodium(II) acetate is the coordination compound with the formula Rh2(AcO)4, where AcO is the acetate ion (CH
3
CO
2
). This dark green powder is slightly soluble in polar solvents, including water. It is used as a catalyst for cyclopropanation of alkenes. It is a widely studied example of a transition metal carboxylate complex.

Rhodizonic acid Chemical compound

Rhodizonic acid is a chemical compound with formula C
6
H
2
O
6
or (CO)
4
(COH)
2
. It can be seen as a twofold enol and fourfold ketone of cyclohexene, more precisely 5,6-dihydroxycyclohex-5-ene-1,2,3,4-tetrone.

Chromium(VI) oxide peroxide Chemical compound

Chromium(VI) peroxide or chromium oxide peroxide is an unstable compound with the formula CrO5. This compound contains one oxo ligand and two peroxo ligands, making a total of five oxygen atoms per chromium atom.

Chromium(II) sulfate Chemical compound

Chromium(II) sulfate refers to inorganic compounds with the chemical formula CrSO4·n H2O. Several closely related hydrated salts are known. The pentahydrate is a blue solid that dissolves readily in water. Solutions of chromium(II) are easily oxidized by air to Cr(III) species. Solutions of Cr(II) are used as specialized reducing agents of value in organic synthesis.

Magnesium oxalate Magnesium compound

Magnesium oxalate is an organic compound comprising a magnesium cation with a 2+ charge bonded to an oxalate anion. It has the chemical formula MgC2O4. Magnesium oxalate is a white solid that comes in two forms: an anhydrous form and a dihydrate form where two water molecules are complexed with the structure. Both forms are practically insoluble in water and are insoluble in organic solutions.

Chromium(III) phosphate Chemical compound

Chromium(III) phosphate describes inorganic compounds with the chemical formula CrPO4.(H2O)n, where n = 0, 4, or 6. All are deeply colored solids. Anhydrous CrPO4 is green. The hexahydrate CrPO4•6H2O is violet.

The oxalatonickelates are a class of compounds that contain nickel complexed by oxalate groups. They form a series of double salts, and include clusters with multiple nickel atoms. Since oxalate functions as a bidentate ligand it can satisfy two coordinate positions around the nickel atom, or it can bridge two nickel atoms together.

Aluminium triacetate, formally named aluminium acetate, is a chemical compound with composition Al(CH
3
CO
2
)
3
. Under standard conditions it appears as a white, water-soluble solid that decomposes on heating at around 200 °C. The triacetate hydrolyses to a mixture of basic hydroxide / acetate salts, and multiple species co-exist in chemical equilibrium, particularly in aqueous solutions of the acetate ion; the name aluminium acetate is commonly used for this mixed system.

Caesium oxalate (standard IUPAC spelling) dicesium oxalate, or cesium oxalate (American spelling) is the oxalate of caesium. Caesium oxalate has the chemical formula of Cs2C2O4.

The nickel organic acid salts are organic acid salts of nickel. In many of these the ionised organic acid acts as a ligand.

References

  1. 1 2 Nikumbh AK, Rahman MM, Aware AD (1990). "A study of the thermal decomposition of chromium(II) oxalate dihydrate using direct current electrical conductivity measurements". Thermochimica Acta. 159: 109–123. doi:10.1016/0040-6031(90)80099-K.
  2. Chen XA, Song FP, Chang XA, Zang HG, Xiao WQ (June 2008). "A new polymorph of magnesium oxalate dihydrate". Acta Crystallographica Section E. 64 (Pt 7): m863. doi:10.1107/S1600536808015870. PMC   2961852 . PMID   21202738.
  3. Milburn RM, Taube H (1960). "The Reduction of Oxalate by Chromium(Ii)1,2". The Journal of Physical Chemistry. 64 (11): 1776. doi:10.1021/j100840a513. ISSN   0022-3654.