Framlingham

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Framlingham
Framlingham Castle Sunset.jpg
Framlingham Castle
Suffolk UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Framlingham
Location within Suffolk
Area18.97 km2 (7.32 sq mi)
Population3,342 (2011)
  Density 176/km2 (460/sq mi)
OS grid reference TM283634
Civil parish
  • Framlingham
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town WOODBRIDGE
Postcode district IP13
Dialling code 01728
Police Suffolk
Fire Suffolk
Ambulance East of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Suffolk
52°13′19″N1°20′36″E / 52.22207°N 1.34342°E / 52.22207; 1.34342 Coordinates: 52°13′19″N1°20′36″E / 52.22207°N 1.34342°E / 52.22207; 1.34342

Framlingham is an English market town and civil parish in Suffolk. Of Anglo-Saxon origin, it appears in the 1086 Domesday Book. The parish had a population of 3,342 at the 2011 Census and an estimated 4,016 in 2019. [1] [2] Nearby villages include Earl Soham, Kettleburgh, Parham, Saxtead and Sweffling.

Contents

Governance

An electoral ward of the same name exists. The parish stretches north-east to Brundish with a total ward population taken at the 2011 Census of 4,744. [3]

Features

Framlingham's history can be traced to an entry in the Doomsday book (1086) when it then consisted of several manors.

The medieval Framlingham Castle is a major feature in the town, managed by English Heritage. Mary Tudor (daughter of Henry VIII and his first wife Catherine of Aragon) was proclaimed Queen of England at Framlingham castle in 1553. The castle is referred to in Ed Sheeran's 2017 single "Castle on the Hill", Sheeran having grown up in Framlingham. There is a large lake or mere next to it which used to supply the castle with fish. It is managed by the Suffolk Wildlife Trust; a nature walk can be made around it.

The town is also home to the comprehensive secondary Thomas Mills High School, the independent school Framlingham College, the Church of St Michael the Archangel which dates from the 12th century (the main rebuilding dates from the late 15th and 16th centuries) and Framlingham Town F.C.

The town has the two oldest functioning Post Office pillar boxes in the UK, dating from 1856, located in Double Street and in College Road. [4] The pillar boxes are marked V. R., to mark the reign of Queen Victoria.

Framlingham also has one of the smallest houses in Britain, known as the "Check House". Converted into a two-storey residence of under 29 square metres, the former bookmakers office [5] is in the Mauldens Mill Estate in the town centre. The ground floor measures 20 feet (6.1 m) by 7 feet 3 inches (2.21 m). [5]

There is a traditional English market in the town square, Market Hill, every Tuesday and Saturday offering fruit and vegetables, artisan bread and cakes, fresh fish, coffee, cheese and pies and on occasion, other independent stalls.

Framlingham is located some 14 miles from the coastal town of Aldeburgh and 20 miles from Southwold. It is also 10 miles from the renowned music centre of Snape Maltings. It is itself surrounded by agricultural land.

In 2006, Country Life magazine voted Framlingham the number one place to live in the country. [6]

Framlingham has a conservation area. An oak tree planted in 1911 in honour of the Coronation of King George V survives outside the old railway station, now a pub named The Station in Station Road.

Framlingham was the main location setting for the 2014 BBC4 television comedy series The Detectorists, starring Mackenzie Crook, Toby Jones and Rachel Stirling and has appeared in other TV programmes.

Education

Framlingham College is an independent, co-educational secondary school for boarders and day students. It opened as Albert Memorial College in 1865 in memory of Albert, Prince Consort. Its associated preparatory school is at Brandeston Hall. [7]

Thomas Mills High School dates from 1751, making it older than Framlingham College. It is a mixed secondary school for pupils aged 11 to 18. It gained academy status in 2011. [8]

Of the three primary schools, the oldest is Sir Robert Hitcham's Church of England Voluntary Primary School, dating back to at least 1654. It now has 350 pupils and another 26 in its nursery. [9]

Transport

The Framlingham Branch line connected Framlingham with the main Ipswich to Lowestoft railway at Wickham Market. The railway station building stands adjacent to the Station Hotel. The branch was closed to passenger traffic in the 1950s and to goods in the 1960s. The nearest railway stations today are Wickham Market (7 miles (11 km)) at Campsey Ash and Saxmundham (8 miles (13 km)), both on the East Suffolk Line.

The town is at the junction of the B1116, B1119 and B1120 roads. It is 4 miles west of the A12. The local bus services are detailed here. [10]

Sport and leisure

Framlingham has a Non-League football club, Framlingham Town F.C., which plays at Badingham Road.

Framlingham College has a swimming pool and gymnasium open to the public in pre-booked slots. Membership fees required.

Framlingham has a sports club in Badingham Road, where the football team play, offering residents tennis, archery, badminton, hockey and croquet. It is also where the cycling club meets. There is also a rambling club in the town and an active Scout and Cubs group. It has a modern St John Ambulance Centre in Fairfield Road.

Notable people

In order of birth:

See also

Related Research Articles

Suffolk County of England

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Framlingham Castle

Framlingham Castle is a castle in the market town of Framlingham in Suffolk in England. An early motte and bailey or ringwork Norman castle was built on the Framlingham site by 1148, but this was destroyed (slighted) by Henry II of England in the aftermath of the revolt of 1173–4. Its replacement, constructed by Roger Bigod, the Earl of Norfolk, was unusual for the time in having no central keep, but instead using a curtain wall with thirteen mural towers to defend the centre of the castle. Despite this, the castle was successfully taken by King John in 1216 after a short siege. By the end of the 13th century, Framlingham had become a luxurious home, surrounded by extensive parkland used for hunting.

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Robert Hitcham

Sir Robert Hitcham was a Member of Parliament and Attorney General under King James I.

Earl Soham Human settlement in England

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Thomas Mills High School Academy in Woodbridge, Suffolk, England

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Framlingham Mere

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Castle on the Hill 2017 single by Ed Sheeran

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References

  1. City Population site. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  2. "Town population 2011" . Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  3. "Ward population 2011" . Retrieved 14 September 2015.
  4. "A short introduction to the history of the British Pillar Box" . Retrieved 11 May 2016.
  5. 1 2 S. Howes, 2011 Tiny UK house with a giant price-tag, Sydney Morning Herald 16 March 2011. Retrieved 28 March 2011
  6. "Fram named nation's best place to live". East Anglian Daily Times. Retrieved 22 October 2020.
  7. EduBase2 Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  8. School site Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  9. School site: Retrieved 10 January 2017.
  10. Suffolk on Board. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  11. Retrieved 3 January 2015. Biography
  12. Vega, Jose L. (11 May 2017). "Edmund Goodwyn and the first description of diving bradycardia". Journal of Applied Physiology. 123 (2): 275–277. doi: 10.1152/japplphysiol.00221.2017 . ISSN   8750-7587. PMID   28495845.
  13. What’s the link between these girls and a hardly-known Suffolk 'hero' honoured by China?, East Anglian Daily Times , 14 December 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2020.
  14. East Anglia's History... Retrieved 3 January 2015.