This article needs to be updated.(October 2022)
As of 2005 in Brazil, all firearms are required to be registered with the minimum age for gun ownership being 25.  It is generally illegal to carry a gun outside a residence, and a special permit granting the right to do so is granted to certain groups, such as law enforcement officers.  For citizens to legally own a gun, they must have a gun license, which costs R$88,00  and pay a fee every ten years to renew the gun register.  The registration can be done online or in person with the Federal Police.  Until 2008, unregistered guns could be initially registered at no cost for the gun owner, the subsequent referring fee each decade would then apply. 
It is estimated that there are around 17 million firearms in Brazil,  9 million of which are unregistered.  Some 39,000 people died in 2003 from gun-related injuries nationwide.  In 2004, the number was 36,000.  Brazil has the second largest arms industry in the Western Hemisphere.  Approximately 80% of the weapons manufactured in Brazil are exported, mostly to neighboring countries; many of these weapons are then smuggled back into Brazil.  Some firearms in Brazil come from police and military arsenals, having either been "stolen or sold by corrupt soldiers and officers." 
In 2005, a large majority of Brazil's population voted against banning the sale of guns and ammunition to civilians in a referendum.  Executive Order No. 5.123, of 1 July 2004  allowed the Federal Police to confiscate firearms which are not possessed for a valid reason; self-defense was not considered a valid argument. 
These measures saw mixed results. Initially, the crime rate dropped,  but subsequently rose in later years. 2012 marked the highest rate of gun deaths in 35 years for Brazil, eight years after a ban on carrying handguns in public went into effect,  and 2016 saw the worst ever death toll from homicide in Brazil, with 61,619 dead.  The death toll rose again in 2017 to 63,880, a 3.7% rise from 2016. 
After the relaxation on gun laws in 2019 by President Jair Bolsonaro, the number of deaths registered by homicide was 19% lower compared to 2018 (51,558), while in 2019 the registered number was 41,635 being the lowest number of homicide deaths since 2007.  However, according to experts, this drop in the homicide rate was spurred by varying causes—such as individual states' policies, an aging population, and a truce between rival criminal organizations. 
Former President Jair Bolsonaro is strongly in favor of repealing the disarmament law and allowing citizens to own and carry guns for defense.  On 15 January 2019, Bolsonaro signed the first decree to facilitate the purchase of guns.  The decree increases the valid gun ownership period from five to ten years and allows citizens to own up to four firearms. In order to own firearms, a citizen will have to provide proof of the "existence of a safe or a secure location for storage" of the weapon at home. Requirements for possession such as passing training courses and background checks remain, as does the minimum age requirement of 25 years. The decree does not affect restrictions for gun carry, only for possession.  On 7 May 2019, Bolsonaro signed an additional decree which allows for rural gun owners to use their guns on their own property; allowing additional arms imports into Brazil; allowing collectors, sports shooters, and hunters to travel from their homes to shootings ranges with their firearms and ammunition; entitling stabilized military with ten or more years experience to bear firearms; and increasing the right to purchase cartridges a year from 50 to 5000 and to 1000 for restricted weapons.  
Gun laws and policies, collectively referred to as firearms regulation or gun control, regulate the manufacture, sale, transfer, possession, modification, and use of small arms by civilians. Laws of some countries may afford civilians a right to keep and bear arms, and have more liberal gun laws than neighboring jurisdictions. Countries that regulate access to firearms will typically restrict access to certain categories of firearms and then restrict the categories of persons who may be granted a license for access to such firearms. There may be separate licenses for hunting, sport shooting, self-defense, collecting, and concealed carry, with different sets of requirements, permissions, and responsibilities.
The right to keep and bear arms is a right for people to possess weapons (arms) for the preservation of life, liberty, and property. The purpose of gun rights is for self-defense, including security against tyranny, as well as hunting and sporting activities. Countries that guarantee the right to keep and bear arms include the Czech Republic, Guatemala, Ukraine, the United States, and Yemen.
The president of Brazil, officially the president of the Federative Republic of Brazil or simply the President of the Republic, is the head of state and head of government of Brazil. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the Brazilian Armed Forces.
Firearms regulation in Switzerland allows the acquisition of semi-automatic, and – with a may-issue permit – fully automatic firearms, by Swiss citizens and foreigners with or without permanent residence. The laws pertaining to the acquisition of firearms in Switzerland are amongst the most liberal in the world. Swiss gun laws are primarily about the acquisition of arms, and not ownership. As such a license is not required to own a gun by itself, but a shall-issue permit is required to purchase most types of firearms. Bolt-action rifles do not require an acquisition permit, and can be acquired with just a background check. A reason is not required to be issued an acquisition permit for semi-automatics unless the reason is other than sport-shooting, hunting, or collecting. Permits for concealed carrying in public are issued sparingly. The acquisition of fully automatic weapons, suppressors and target lasers requires special permits issued by the cantonal firearms office. Police use of hollow point ammunition is limited to special situations.
Gun politics and laws in Mexico covers the role firearms play as part of society within the limits of the United Mexican States. Current legislation sets the legality by which members of the armed forces, law enforcement and private citizens may acquire, own, possess and carry firearms; covering rights and limitations to individuals—including hunting and shooting sport participants, property and personal protection personnel such as bodyguards, security officers, private security, and extending to VIPs.
On 23 October 2005, Brazil held a country-wide referendum on article 35 of the Disarmament Statute to determine whether to approve or disapprove the article, which states in full, "The sale of firearms and ammunition is prohibited in the entire national territory, except to those entities provided in article 6 of this Law." The referendum failed by nearly ⅔ and that part of the statute was not enacted.
This is a list of laws concerning air guns by country.
In Honduras, the commerce, ownership, possession and use of firearms is regulated. Escalation in crime and the use of firearms in the commission of crimes and homicides has brought political and public discourse to consider regulation of arms.
The Viva Brazil Movement is a Brazilian non-profit association founded in 2004, with the objective of "defending the constitutional right of civilians to keep and bear arms destined for self-defense, shooting sports and arms collection".
Patriota, abbreviated PATRI and formerly known as the National Ecological Party, is a right-wing to far-right political party in Brazil. It was registered in the Superior Electoral Court in the summer of 2012. The President of the party is the former State Deputy of São Paulo Adilson Barroso, who before creating PEN was a member of the Social Christian Party. The party's Superior Electoral Court identification number is 51.
Simone Nassar Tebet is a Brazilian academic, lawyer, and politician who has served as the Brazilian Minister of Planning since 1 January 2023. A member of the Federal Senate for Mato Grosso do Sul since 2015, she was previously mayor of Três Lagoas from 2005 to 2010. She is a member of the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, of which she was the leader in the Senate from 2018 to 2019.
The presidency of Jair Bolsonaro started on January 1, 2019, when he was inaugurated as the 38th president of Brazil, and ended on December 31, 2022, with the inauguration of the cabinet Lula da Silva III on January 1, 2023. He was elected the president of Brazil on October 28, 2018, by obtaining 55.1% of the valid votes in the 2018 Brazilian general election, defeating Fernando Haddad. On October 30, 2022, Bolsonaro was defeated by Lula da Silva. In the years Brazil has been a democracy since 1985, Bolsonaro became the first president to lose an election as an incumbent.
Opinion polling has been regularly conducted in Brazil since the start of Jair Bolsonaro's four-year term administration, gauging public support for the President of Brazil and his government. Typically, an approval rating is based on responses to a poll in which a sample of people are asked to evaluate the overall administration of the current president. Participants might also be asked whether they approve of the way president handles his job, if they trust him, to rate his personality, or to opine on various policies promoted by the government.
Uruguayan law allows firearm possession on shall-issue basis. With approximately 35 civilian firearms per 100 people, Uruguay is the eighth most armed country in the world and most armed in Latin America.
Alliance for Brazil was a Brazilian far-right political group that aimed to become a political party. With national-conservative roots, it was announced by President of Brazil Jair Bolsonaro on 12 November 2019 after stating his departure from the Social Liberal Party (PSL). The organization disbanded in April 2022 for lack of support and after Bolsonaro joined another party.
Ilona Szabó de Carvalho is a Brazilian political scientist, and civic entrepreneur, co-founder and executive director of the Igarapé Institute. Since its founding in 2011, the Institute has developed pioneering research, new technologies, and policy on the intersections of security, climate and development. With headquarters in Rio de Janeiro, Igarapé is today ranked as one of the leading think tanks in the world, and works with governments, the private sector, and civil society to co-design data-driven partnerships and solutions to complex challenges. In 2020, she was the only Brazilian included on Prospect Magazine's list "The world’s top 50 thinkers 2020", amongst other "scientists, philosophers and writers reshaping our times". Her position among the top 50 was later revealed to be fifth place.
PROARMAS, officially Associação Nacional Movimento Pro Armas (AMPA) is a private voluntary association, non-profit or political and nationwide, with headquarters in the municipality of Campo Grande, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, whose main purpose is the promotion of actions aimed at ensuring the right to self-defense.
Benedito Gomes Barbosa Junior, better known as "Bene Barbosa", is a Brazilian public security activist and specialist. He is also president of the NGO Viva Brazil Movement.
The Brazilian Association for Self-Defense is a non-governmental, nonprofit organization, created in 2016, with the main objective of guaranteeing citizens the right to keep and bear arms for self-defense, home-defense or third parties-defense.