List of countries by incarceration rate

Last updated
A map of incarceration rates by country Prisoners world map png2.png
A map of incarceration rates by country

This is a list of countries by incarceration rate. [1]

Contents

Incarceration rates

This list is initially sorted alphabetically. Click the sorting cell (with the Sort both.gif icon) below the incarceration rate header to sort by rate. (Requires JavaScript.) The table can be sorted in ascending or descending order. The row number column stays static, and does not sort.

JavaScript programming language

JavaScript, often abbreviated as JS, is a high-level, interpreted programming language that conforms to the ECMAScript specification. JavaScript has curly-bracket syntax, dynamic typing, prototype-based object-orientation, and first-class functions.

The chart source does not list an incarceration rate for the UK as a whole. In the list see Scotland, Northern Ireland, and England and Wales. If there is a rate for the United Kingdom in the table below it has been calculated by adding up the population of the constituent parts of the UK, and by adding up the prison populations.

Scotland Country in Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. Sharing a border with England to the southeast, Scotland is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and the North Channel to the southwest. In addition to the mainland, situated on the northern third of the island of Great Britain, Scotland has over 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

Northern Ireland Part of the United Kingdom lying in the north-east of the island of Ireland, created 1921

Northern Ireland is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region. Northern Ireland shares a border to the south and west with the Republic of Ireland. In 2011, its population was 1,810,863, constituting about 30% of the island's total population and about 3% of the UK's population. Established by the Northern Ireland Act 1998 as part of the Good Friday Agreement, the Northern Ireland Assembly holds responsibility for a range of devolved policy matters, while other areas are reserved for the British government. Northern Ireland co-operates with the Republic of Ireland in several areas, and the Agreement granted the Republic the ability to "put forward views and proposals" with "determined efforts to resolve disagreements between the two governments".

England and Wales Administrative jurisdiction within the United Kingdom

England and Wales is a legal jurisdiction covering England and Wales, two of the four countries of the United Kingdom. ’England and Wales’ forms the constitutional successor to the former Kingdom of England and follows a single legal system, known as English law.

If South Korea is not found in the table below look for it listed as Republic of (South) Korea. For info on North Korea, see notes below.

World Prison Brief WPB) may or may not incorporate juvenile incarceration numbers into the totals for each country. See the individual WPB country pages for more information. [1]

The World Prison Brief at PrisonStudies.org is an online database providing free access to information on prison systems around the world. It is now hosted by the Institute For Criminal Policy Research (ICPR), Birkbeck College, University of London.

"Notes" column links to notes section below the chart.
"c." (circa) indicates "approximately". Sorting will not work correctly if it is in front of the number.
Italics is for a dependent territory, subnational area, etc..






1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
Incarceration populations and rates. From World Prison Brief. [1]
Country (or dependent territory,
subnational area, etc.)
Incarceration
Rate per
100,000
population
Prison

Population

Percent of
prisoners
unsentenced
Notes





Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 8830,00031.3
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania 1885,40740.6
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 14660,0008.6
Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa (United States)34519314.9
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra 695255.3
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola 9324,00045.8
Flag of Anguilla.svg  Anguilla (United Kingdom)3675545.5
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda 32130537
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 18681,97547.7
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia 1193,53637.1
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba (Netherlands)16517016.6
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 17242,94231.3 Notes
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 988,69221.3
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan 23523,32020.6
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 4381,74642
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain 2343,48525.7
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 5388,42478.2
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados 30087448.9
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 36434,60018.2
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 8810,07335.6
Flag of Belize.svg  Belize 3561,29730.1
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin 687,89075.8
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda (United Kingdom)3192099.6
Flag of Bhutan.svg  Bhutan 1451,119
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia 15617,94669.9
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina 731,72212.5
Flag of the Republika Srpska.svg  Republika Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina)6686311.2
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana 2084,34324.5
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 324690,72235.4
Flag of Brunei.svg  Brunei 1345657.1
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 1259,02821.1
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso 417,67042
Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi 8410,09351.1
Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia 17628,41470.6
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 12129,34156
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 11441,14538.6
Flag of Cape Verde.svg  Cape Verde 2981,54223.3
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands (United Kingdom)39325329.6
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic 1676470.2
Flag of Chad.svg  Chad 598,00063.4
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 23342,68333.3
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 1181,649,804 Notes
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 240118,70833.7
Flag of the Comoros.svg  Comoros 2319129
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Congo 271,24060
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands (New Zealand)2294814.6
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 37419,22613.3
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast 6616,12740.7
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 783,19024.5
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 51057,337
Flag of Curacao.svg  Curaçao (Netherlands)23637741
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus 8371033.7
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 20521,8067.6
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Democratic Republic of the Congo 2920,55073
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 633,63535.5
Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti 6660020
Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica 28921123.7
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic 23826,28660.3
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 22237,49734.9
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 116106,000 c.9.9
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 60438,71429.5
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea 63500
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 1952,57519.8
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 127113,72714.9
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands (Denmark)12626.8
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji 2101,88925.9
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 512,84219.2
Flag of France.svg  France 10470,71029.7
Flag of France.svg  French Guiana (France)24972625.9
Flag of French Polynesia.svg  French Polynesia (France)19956914.4
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon 1913,37366.7
Flag of The Gambia.svg  Gambia 581,12122.2
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia 2689,99017.1
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 7562,19422.6
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 5115,06313.8
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar (United Kingdom)1655626.8
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 9710,40932.6
Flag of Greenland.svg  Greenland (Denmark)24913932.5
Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada 43546515.2
Flag of France.svg  Guadeloupe (France)21697026.9
Flag of Guam.svg  Guam (United States)40466745.1
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala 14124,38651.8
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey (United Kingdom)16510916.5
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea 253,20065
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau 1019667.9
Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana 2832,20035.6
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti 9610,51271.1
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 21618,95053.1
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong (China)1128,30623.5
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 17316,94718.2
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland 3713117.6
Flag of India.svg  India 33419,62367.2
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 93248,38928.6
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 284230,00025.1
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 12645,00035.2
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 783,81619
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man (United Kingdom)1251066.6
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 23619,32525.2
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 9859,13533.3
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 1383,86623.1
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 4151,80510.8
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey (United Kingdom)12213026.4
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan 19715,70044.4
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 18633,98917
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 10854,00048
Flag of Kiribati.svg  Kiribati 1131295.4
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo 951,64818.1
Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 1576,00010
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan 17110,57418.4
Flag of Laos.svg  Laos 1198,2011
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 1953,76527.9
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon 1266,33064.7
Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho 922,07319.5
Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia 472,21163
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya 996,18790
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg  Liechtenstein 271037.5
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 2356,5448.8
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 10765044.5
Flag of Macau.svg  Macau (China)2081,37118.6
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar 8220,95450.8
Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi 8014,79510.8
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 17755,41329.8
Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives 4991,852
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali 335,20952.8
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta 13358826.5
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg  Marshall Islands 663511.4
Flag of France.svg  Martinique (France)21181427.3
Flag of Mauritania.svg  Mauritania 461,92042.4
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius 1942,49941
Flag of France.svg  Mayotte (France)11830856.1
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 164204,42239.4
Flag of Federated States of Micronesia.svg  F.S. Micronesia 12713216.7
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova 2127,51016.8
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco 762959.4
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia 1023,09923
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro 1801,12328.4
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 23282,51240.2
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique 6118,18533.1
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar 14579,66810.8
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 2957,400 c.54
Flag of Nauru.svg  Nauru 1401425
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal 6518,88158.9
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 6110,46430
Flag of FLNKS.svg  New Caledonia (France)19354314.2
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 21410,43530.6
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua 27617,19621.4
Flag of Niger.svg  Niger 5310,38359.8
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 3773,63168.1
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia 1412,9318.5
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg  Northern Mariana Islands (United States)482270
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 633,37322.9
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman 361,3005.6
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 4383,71869.1
Flag of Palau.svg  Palau 395874.1
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 39016,18353
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea 634,94538.3
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 19913,60777.9
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 27087,99539.8
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 179188,27875.1
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 19473,52410.1
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 12713,06516.3
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico (United States)31310,47513
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 531,15044
Flag of France.svg  Réunion (France)1301,14814
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 11121,5278.3
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 316467,00017.5
Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda 46461,0006.8
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa 20440014
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino 30
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe 11725133.5
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 19761,00058.7
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 7612,50042.1
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 15410,80716.2
Flag of the Seychelles.svg  Seychelles 43742316.8
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone 584,51930.1
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 20111,69111.5
Flag of Sint Maarten.svg  Sint Maarten 1536218.1
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 19110,41515.6
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 641,33323.3
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg  Solomon Islands 7847748.2
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 280158,11125.8
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 10955,19834.5
Flag of South Sudan.svg  South Sudan 526,50428.9
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 12659,08715
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 9420,59853.4
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis 39322030.5
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia 28052753.5
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 42646924.3
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan 5221,00020.4
Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname 1831,00050
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Swaziland 2823,61018.1
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 595,97930.6
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 816,86339.4
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 6010,59950.5
Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 26562,6345.2
Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan 1219,31715
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania 5831,38253.1
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 526364,28818.2
Flag of East Timor.svg  Timor-Leste 5165923.2
Flag of Togo.svg  Togo 644,85966.3
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga 1661767.4
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 2703,66760.9
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 18120,75552
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 288232,88643.1
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan 55230,45214
Flag of Tuvalu.svg  Tuvalu 110110
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda 12954,05951.6
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 15756,24634.2
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 1049,82638.2
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom. England & Wales 14083,01411.2 Notes
Ulster Banner.svg  Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)761,43530.4 Notes
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland (United Kingdom)1437,77119.5 Notes
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 6552,121,60021.6 Notes
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 32111,07869.7
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan 15043,90010
Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu 7119222.4
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela 17857,09663
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 137130,00212.5
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom)47013437
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  U.S. Virgin Islands (United States)54257736.4
Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen 5314,00070.1
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia 14625,00028
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 12019,52117.1

Notes

Return to top of table.

Europe

European countries by prison population Prison population in Europe.jpg
European countries by prison population

Prison population of Europe is approximately 1.2 million [2] of total 743 million population. [3]

Australia

With a prison population of 42,000 and a total 2018 population of 25 million, Australia has an incarceration rate of 171 per 100,000 population, or 222 per 100,000 adult population. [4]

In addition to its standard prisons, Australia also operates a separate system of immigration prisons to detain foreigners who have breached the terms of, or lack a visa. [5] Some of these immigration detention centres are used to indefinitely detain [6] asylum seekers and refugees, including children [7] , often without trial, sometimes for several years. [6] Immigration detainees are not included in the data for prison population and incarceration rates. [8]

Additionally, the number of prisoners and incarceration rate differs for each Australian state and territory, with some having much higher or lower incarceration rates than the national average.

In addition to adult prisoners, on an average night in June 2017, there was 964 minors imprisoned in Australia. [9]

China

China: World Prison Brief rate of 118 per 100,000 at mid-2015 is for 1,649,804 sentenced prisoners in Ministry of Justice prisons only. World Prison Brief states that in addition to the sentenced prisoners, there may be more than 650,000 held in detention centers. "A total prison population of 2,300,000 would raise the prison population rate to 164 per 100,000." [10]

After 2015 there was a great increase in the number of people in the Xinjiang re-education camps. Hundreds of thousands to millions may have been detained. See also: Re-education through labor, and Laogai.

India

Prison population of India has been 419,623 by Dec 31, 2015, the latest publicly available information. According website National Prison Portal, prisoner population of India around 480,000 currently [11]

North Korea

North Korea. Little information exists regarding North Korea's incarceration rate. The U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea estimates 150,000 to 200,000 incarcerated based on testimony of defectors from the state police bureau, which roughly equals 600-800 people incarcerated per 100,000.[ when? ] [12] For more info see Prisons in North Korea.

United Kingdom

United Kingdom. Main chart source only provides rates for the constituent parts of the UK. [1] In the above table see Scotland, Northern Ireland, and England and Wales. If they are not listed separately, then they can be found listed under the UK listing.

United States

Juveniles in residential
placement, 1997–2015. US [13]
YearMaleFemaleTotal

199790,77114,284105,055
199992,98514,508107,493
200189,11515,104104,219
200381,97514,55696,531
200678,99813,72392,721
200775,01711,79786,814
201061,3599,43470,793
201153,0798,34461,423
201346,4217,72754,148
201540,7507,29348,043

United States. Incarceration rate (per 100,000 population of all ages) is for inmates held in adult facilities in the United States. It does not include inmates in the custody of correctional facilities operated by departments of corrections in U.S. territories (American Samoa, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands) and U.S. commonwealths (Northern Mariana Islands and Puerto Rico). [14] [15]

In addition, there were 48,043 juveniles in juvenile detention in 2015. [13] For more juvenile detention information and numbers, see Youth incarceration in the United States.

The incarceration rate in the U.S. varies by U.S. state, with some such as Oklahoma and Louisiana, being around 1 and 2/3rds higher than the national average. See: List of U.S. states by incarceration and correctional supervision rate.

See also

Related Research Articles

Incarceration in the United States Form of punishment in United States law

Incarceration in the United States is one of the main forms of punishment and rehabilitation for the commission of felony and other offenses. The United States has the largest prison population in the world, and the highest per-capita incarceration rate. In 2016 in the US, there were 655 people incarcerated per 100,000 population. This is the US incarceration rate for adults or people tried as adults. In 2016, 2.2 million Americans have been incarcerated, which means for every 100,000 there are 655 that are currently inmates. This costs the United States government $80 billion dollars a year.

Prison rape commonly refers to the rape of inmates in prison by other inmates or prison staff. In 2001, Human Rights Watch estimated that at least 140,000 inmates had been raped while incarcerated in the United States. A United States Department of Justice report, Sexual Victimization in Prisons and Jails Reported by Inmates, states that "In 2011–12, an estimated 4.0% of state and federal prison inmates and 3.2% of jail inmates reported experiencing one or more incidents of sexual victimization by another inmate or facility staff in the past 12 months or since admission to the facility, if less than 12 months." However, advocates dispute the accuracy of the numbers, saying they seem to under-report the real numbers of sexual assaults in prison, especially among juveniles.

Penal system of Japan

The Penal system of Japan is part of the criminal justice system of Japan. It is intended to resocialize, reform, and rehabilitate offenders. The penal system is operated by the Correction Bureau of the Ministry of Justice.

Incapacitation (penology)

Incapacitation in the context of criminal sentencing philosophy is one of the functions of punishment. It involves capital punishment, sending an offender to prison, or possibly restricting their freedom in the community, to protect society and prevent that person from committing further crimes. Incarceration, as the primary mechanism for incapacitation, is also used as to try and deter future offending.

The penal system in China is mostly composed of an administrative detention system and a judicial incarceration system. As of mid 2015, it is reported prisoners held in prisons managed by Ministry of Justice is 1,649,804, result in a population rate of 118 per 100,000. Detainees in Ministry of Public Security facilities is 650,000 as of 2009, which combined would result in a population rate of 164 per 100,000. China also retained the use of death penalty with the approval right reserved to the Supreme People's Court, and have a system of death penalty with reprieve where the sentence is suspended unless the convicted commit another major crime within two years while detained. There are discussion urging increased use of community correction, and debate are ongoing to have Ministry of Justice oversee administrative detainees as well to prevent police from having too much power.

Federal Detention Center, Honolulu

The Federal Detention Center, Honolulu is a United States federal prison facility in Hawaii which holds male and female prisoners of all security levels prior to or during court proceedings in Hawaii Federal District Court, as well as inmates serving brief sentences. It is operated by the Federal Bureau of Prisons, a division of the United States Department of Justice.

United States incarceration rate about 22% of the worlds prisoners but 4.4% of the worlds population

In September 2013, the incarceration rate of the United States of America was the highest in the world, at 716 per 100,000 of the national population. While the United States represents about 4.4 percent of the world's population, it houses around 22 percent of the world's prisoners. Corrections cost around $74 billion in 2007 according to the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics.

Prison place in which people legally are physically confined and usually deprived of a range of personal freedoms

A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol, penitentiary, detention center, remand center, or internment facility, is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state. Prisons are most commonly used within a criminal justice system: people charged with crimes may be imprisoned until their trial; those pleading or being found guilty of crimes at trial may be sentenced to a specified period of imprisonment. In simplest terms, a prison can also be described as a building in which people are legally held as a punishment for a crime they have committed.

LGBT people in prison

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) prisoners often face additional challenges compared to non-LGBT prisoners. According to Just Detention International, LGBT inmates are "among the most vulnerable in the prison population". 67% of LGBT prisoners in California report being assaulted while in prison. The vulnerability of LGBT prisoners has led some prisons to separate them from other prisoners, while in others they are housed with the general population.

Youth incarceration in the United States

The United States incarcerates more of its youth than any other country in the world through the juvenile courts and the adult criminal justice system, which reflects the larger trends in incarceration practices in the United States. In 2010, approximately 70,800 juveniles were incarcerated in youth detention facilities alone. Approximately 500,000 youth are brought to detention centers in a given year. This data does not reflect juveniles tried as adults. Around 40% are incarcerated in privatized, for-profit facilities.

Punishment in Australia

Punishment in Australia arises when an individual has been convicted of breaking the law through the Australian criminal justice system. Australia uses prisons, as well as community corrections. The death penalty has been abolished, and corporal punishment is no longer used. Before the colonisation of Australia by Europeans, Indigenous Australians had their own traditional punishments, some of which are still practised.

Prisoner person who is deprived of liberty against their will

A prisoner is a person who is deprived of liberty against his or her will. This can be by confinement, captivity, or by forcible restraint. The term applies particularly to serving a prison sentence in a prison. This term does not apply to defendants who are pre-trial.

Federal Penitentiary Service Russian federal prison authority responsible for security and maintenance

Federal Penitentiary Service - is the official name of the Russian federal prison authority responsible for security and maintenance of prisons in Russia. The organization was founded in 2004 as the successor to the Main Directorate of the Penitentiary of the MVD, which has been transferred to the Ministry of Justice.

Prison overcrowding is a social phenomenon occurring when the demand for space in prisons in a jurisdiction exceeds the capacity for prisoners in the place.

Incarceration prevention in the United States

Incarceration prevention refers to a variety of methods aimed at reducing prison populations and costs while fostering enhanced social structures. Due to the nature of incarceration in the United States today caused by issues leading to increased incarceration rates, there are methods aimed at preventing the incarceration of at-risk populations.

Comparison of United States incarceration rate with other countries

The United States has the highest prison and jail population, and the highest incarceration rate in the world. According to the World Prison Population List there were around 10.35 million people in penal institutions worldwide in 2015. The US had 2,173,800 prisoners in adult facilities in 2015. That means the US held 21.0% of the world's prisoners in 2015, even though the US represented only around 4.4 percent of the world's population in 2015.

The Korea Correctional Service is the corrections agency/prison service of South Korea. An agency of the Ministry of Justice, it is headquartered in Building #1 of the Government Complex-Gwacheon in Gwacheon, Gyeonggi-do in the Seoul metropolitan area.

Juvenile detention in the Northern Territory

Juvenile detention in the Northern Territory is administered by the Department of Correctional Services of the Government of the Northern Territory. Juvenile detention is mostly operated through two facilities - the Alice Springs Juvenile Holding Centre in Alice Springs, and the Don Dale Juvenile Detention Centre in eastern Darwin. A juvenile is a child between the age of 10 and 17.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Highest to Lowest. World Prison Brief (WPB). Use dropdown menu to choose lists of countries by region, or the whole world. Use menu to select highest-to-lowest lists of prison population totals, prison population rates, percentage of pre-trial detainees / remand prisoners, percentage of female prisoners, percentage of foreign prisoners, and occupancy rate. Column headings in WPB tables can be clicked to reorder columns lowest to highest, or alphabetically. For detailed information for each country click on any country name in lists. See also the WPB main data page and click on the map links and/or the sidebar links to get to the region and country desired. Data for the whole Wikipedia list was last retrieved on 18 October 2018. Some numbers may be adjusted here later according to later info. Please update the table here only from this WPB source. For a quick method to fully update the table see the relevant section ("conversion examples") of Commons:Convert tables and charts to wiki code or image files.
  2. "Highest to Lowest - Prison Population Total | World Prison Brief". www.prisonstudies.org.
  3. http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/europe-population/
  4. Australian Bureau of Statistics. "Main Features - Summary of findings". www.abs.gov.au.
  5. Sarah.Dillon, (8 November 2013). "Immigration detention and human rights". www.humanrights.gov.au.
  6. 1 2 Doherty, Ben (17 May 2016). "Australia's indefinite detention of refugees illegal, UN rules". the Guardian.
  7. "All children to be off Nauru by year's end". The Sydney Morning Herald. 1 November 2018.
  8. Australian Bureau of Statistics. "Main Features - Summary of findings". www.abs.gov.au.
  9. "Youth detention population in Australia 2017, Summary - Australian Institute of Health and Welfare".
  10. China. By World Prison Brief.
  11. National Prison Portal
  12. The Hidden Gulag: The Lives and Voices of "Those Who are Sent to the Mountains" , 2nd ed. By David Hawk. Published April 10, 2012 by Committee for Human Rights in North Korea. ISBN   0615623670.
  13. 1 2 Sickmund, M., Sladky, T.J., Kang, W., & Puzzanchera, C.. "Easy Access to the Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement". Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Click "National Crosstabs" at the top, and then choose the census years. Click "Show table" to get the total number of juvenile inmates for those years. Or go here for all the years. And here.
  14. United States of America. By World Prison Brief.
  15. Correctional Populations in the United States, 2016 (NCJ 251211). Published April 2018 by U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS). By Danielle Kaeble and Mary Cowhig, BJS statisticians. See PDF. Appendix table 1 on page 11 has rates and counts by state. See page 1 "highlights" section for the "1 in ..." numbers. See table 4 on page 4 for a timeline of nationwide incarceration rates. See appendix table 3 on page 13, for "Persons held in custody in state or federal prisons or in local jails, 2000, 2010, and 2015–2016". That table also has incarceration rates. See appendix table 2 on page 12 for the number or persons incarcerated in territorial prisons, military facilities, and jails in Indian country.