International Film Festival of India

Last updated
International Film Festival of India
International Film Festival of India Official Logo.png
Location Goa, India
Founded24 January 1952;69 years ago (1952-01-24)
Awards
  • Golden Peacock
  • Best Film
  • Silver Peacock
  • Best Director
  • Best Actor (Male)
  • Best Actor (Female)
  • Special Jury Award
  • Lifetime Achievement
  • Indian Personality of the Year
Hosted by Government of Goa
Directorate of Film Festivals
Website iffigoa.org OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg

The International Film Festival of India (IFFI), founded in 1952, [1] [2] is one of the most significant film festivals in Asia. Held annually, currently in the state of Goa, on the western coast of the country, the festival aims at providing a common platform for the cinemas of the world to project the excellence of the film art; contributing to the understanding and appreciation of film cultures of different nations in the context of their social and cultural ethos; and promoting friendship and cooperation among people of the world. The festival is conducted jointly by the Directorate of Film Festivals (under Ministry of Information and Broadcasting) and the state Government of Goa. [3]

Contents

Vision

Ayam nijam paroveti gananā laghuchetasām, Udāracharitānām tu vasudhaiva kutumbakam [4]

(Extract from the Vedic scripture Maha Upanishad, meaning "This is for me and that is for other – is the thinking of a narrow-minded person. For those who are broad-minded, liberals, or noble people, the entire world is a one big family.") [4]

History

The 1st edition of IFFI was organised by the Films Division, Government of India, with the patronage of the first Prime Minister of India. Held in Mumbai [2] from 24 January to 1 February 1952, the Festival was subsequently taken to Madras, Delhi, Calcutta and Trivandrum. [5] In all it had about 40 features and 100 short films. In Delhi, the IFFI was inaugurated by Prime Minister Pt Jawaharlal Nehru on 21 February 1952. [6]

The first edition was non-competitive, had 23 countries including the United States participating with 40 feature films and about a hundred short films. The Indian entries for the festival were Awara (Hindi), Patala Bhairavi (Telugu), Amar Bhoopali (Marathi) and Babla (Bengali). This was the first International Film Festival held anywhere in Asia. The notable films shown during the festival were Bicycle Thieves, Miracle in Milan, Rome, Open City from Italy. Yukiwarisoo (Japan), The Dancing Fleese (UK), The River (USA) and The Fall of Berlin (USSR).

It was for the first time that the Indian Film Industry was exposed to a vast range of outstanding post-war era films. From the 3rd edition in January 1965, IFFI became competitive. It has since then moved to Trivandrum, capital of Kerala. In 1975 the Filmotsav, non-competitive and to be held in other film-making cities in alternate years, was introduced. Later, Filmotsavs were merged in IFFI. In 2004 the IFFI was moved to Goa from Trivandrum. Since then IFFI has been an annual event and competitive. [7] The venue for the second festival held in 1961 which was also non-competitive was New Delhi. The third edition of the festival was chaired by Satyajit Ray. For the first time the festival became competitive, and was graded ‘A’ category by the Paris – based Federation International de Producers de Films. [8] With this recognition the festival in India came on par with Cannes, Berlin, Venice, Karlovy Vary and Moscow International film festivals. [9]

Following this recognition, India adopted, at its fifth festival in 1975, a permanent insignia. This comprises a representation of the peacock, India’s national bird, with a permanent motto of the festival ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ (The whole world is a family). The same year it was decided to hold a non-competitive festival of festival films (Filmotsav) alternating with IFFI. While the Filmotsavs were organized at major film – producing centres of India, IFFI was held in New Delhi only. [9]

The venue being the same for all festivals, the fourth and fifth festivals were held from 5–18 December 1969 and 30 December 1974-12 January 1975 respectively. From the sixth festival onwards the period as well as the dates for the festival were fixed as 3–17 January every alternate year. The sixth festival was held in 1977 and silver peacock for best actor, actress and director was awarded for the first time. A film market was also set up for the first time by the IMPEC. The Indian Panorama section was instituted from this edition. [9]

Chronology of IFFI and Filmotsav

EditionYearVenueCompetitive [8] [10] [11]
1st 24 January 1952 Mumbai No
2nd 27 October – 2 November 1961 New Delhi No
3rd 8–21 January 1965New DelhiYes
4th 5 – 18 December 1969New DelhiYes
5th 30 December 1974 – 12 January 1975New DelhiYes
Filmotsav14 November 1975 Kolkata No
Filmotsav2 – 15 January 1976MumbaiNo
6th 3–16 January 1977New DelhiYes
Filmotsav3 -16 January 1978 Chennai No
7th 3–16 January 1979New DelhiYes
Filmotsav3 -16 January 1980 Bengaluru No
8th 3–16 January 1981New DelhiYes
Filmotsav3 -16 January 1982KolkataNo
9th 3–16 January 1983New DelhiYes
Filmotsav3 -16 January 1984MumbaiNo
10th 3–16 January 1985New DelhiYes
Filmotsav10–24 January 1986 Hyderabad No
11th 10–24 January 1987New DelhiYes
Filmotsav10–24 January 1988 Thiruvananthapuram No
12th 10–24 January 1989New DelhiNo
IFFI '9010–20 January 1990KolkataNo
IFFI '9110–20 January 1991ChennaiNo
IFFI '9210–20 January 1992BengaluruNo
24th 10–20 January 1993New DelhiNo
25th 10–20 January 1994KolkataNo
26th 10–20 January 1995MumbaiNo
27th 10–20 January 1996New DelhiYes – Asian Women Directors
28th 10–20 January 1997ThiruvananthapuramNo
29th 10–20 January 1998New DelhiYes – Asian Directors
30th 10–20 January 1999HyderabadNo
31st 10–20 January 2000New DelhiYes – Asian Directors
32nd 2001 – CancelledCancelledNo
33rd 1–10 October 2002New DelhiYes – Asian Competition
34th 9 – 19 October 2003New DelhiYes – Asian Competition

Permanent Venue

Since 2004, starting from the 35th edition, the International Film Festival of India, became globally competitive, and moved to its permanent venue Goa, and is being held during the months of November and December of each year. [12] [13] The dates for the festival vary each year and there are no fixed dates.

Golden Peacock Award winners (Feature Films)

YearFilmOriginal TitleDirectorCountry [8]
1990 Gamperaliya Lester James Peries Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka
1991 The Damned Luchino Visconti Flag of Italy.svg  Italy
1992 Dreaming Youth János Rózsás Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
1993 Brother and Sister Ani Imōto Tadashi Imai Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
1994 Hungarian Rhapsody Miklós Jancsó Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary
1995 The Unknown Soldier’s Patent Leather Shoes
Aakrosh
Rangel Valchanov
Govind Nihalani
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria
Flag of India.svg  India
1996 Not AwardedNot AwardedNot AwardedNot Awarded
1997 The Bostonians
Ruthless Romance
James Ivory
Eldar Ryazanov
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
1998 Farewell Green SummerProshal Zelen LetaElyer IshmukhamedovFlag of Russia.svg  Russia
1999 Blush Li Shaohong Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
2000 The King of Masks Wu Tianming Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
2001 Karunam
Railroad Man
Karunam
Poppoya
Jayaraj
Yasuo Furuhata
Flag of India.svg  India
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
2002 Letters to Elza Igor Maslennikov Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2003 At Five in the Afternoon Panj é asr Samira Makhmalbaf Flag of Iran.svg  Iran / Flag of France.svg  France
2004 The Beautiful City Shah-re ziba Asghar Farhadi Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
2005 Iron Island Jazireh ahani Mohammad Rasoulof Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
2006 The Old Barber Hasi Chaolu Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China
2007 The WallLin Chih JuFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan
2008 Tulpan Sergei Dvortsevoy Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan / Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2009 Cannot Live Without You Leon Dai Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan
2010 Moner Manush Gautam Ghose Flag of India.svg  India
2011 Porfirio Alejandro Landes Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia / Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina
2012 Anhe Ghore Da Daan Gurvinder Singh Flag of India.svg  India
2013 Beatriz's War A Guerra da Beatriz Luigi Acquisto / Bety Reis Flag of East Timor.svg  Timor-Leste
2014 Leviathan Leviafan Andrey Zvyagintsev Flag of Russia.svg  Russia
2015 Embrace of the Serpent El abrazo de la serpiente Ciro Guerra Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia
2016 Daughter Dokhtar Reza Mirkarimi Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
2017 BPM (Beats per Minute) Robin Campillo Flag of France.svg  France
2018 Donbass Sergei Loznitsa Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine
2019 Particles Les particulesBlaise HarrisonFlag of France.svg  France / Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland
2020 Into the DarknessDe forbandede år Anders Refn Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark

Golden Peacock Award winners (Short Films)

EditionFilmCountry [8]
3rd CycloneFlag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
4th Taking off at 1800 HoursFlag of Cuba.svg  Cuba
5th AutomaticFlag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czechoslovakia
6th After the SilenceFlag of India.svg  India
7th An Encounter with Faces
Olympic Games
Flag of India.svg  India
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland
8th A Period of TransitionFlag of Denmark.svg  Denmark
9th Not AwardedNot Awarded
10th Narcissus Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
11th Not AwardedNot Awarded

Silver Peacock Awards

Indian Film Personality of the Year

EditionImageAwardeeCraft
44th Waheeda Rehman (cropped).jpg Waheeda Rahman Actress
45th Rajinikanth during audio release of robot.jpg Rajinikanth Actor
46th Ilaiyaraaja BHung.jpg Ilaiyaraaja Composer
47th S. P. Balasubrahmanyam in 2013.JPG S. P. Balasubrahmanyam Playback singer and composer
48th Amitabh.Bachchan.jpg Amitabh Bachchan Actor
49th SalimKhan.jpg Salim Khan Screenwriter
51st Biswajit Deb Chatterjee - Kolkata 2014-02-09 8717.JPG Biswajit Chatterjee Actor

Miscellany

Related Research Articles

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