Hema Malini

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Hema Malini

MP
Hema malini bhungama1.jpg
Member of Parliament, Lok Sabha
Assumed office
16 May 2014
Preceded by Jayant Chaudhary
Constituency Mathura
Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
Nominated
In office
16 November 2003 16 November 2009
Preceded by Mrinal Sen
Succeeded by Javed Akhtar
Personal details
Born (1948-10-16) 16 October 1948 (age 70) [1]
Ammankudi, Madras State, Dominion of India
(present-day Tamil Nadu, India)
Citizenship Indian
NationalityIndian
Political party Bharatiya Janata Party
Spouse(s)
Dharmendra (m. 1980)
Children2, including Esha Deol
Occupation
  • Actress
  • producer
  • politician
Awards Padma Shri (2000)

Hema Malini (born 16 October 1948) is an Indian actress, writer, director, producer, dancer and politician. [2] In 1962, she made her acting debut in the Tamil film Ithu Sathiyam. Malini first acted in a main role in Sapno Ka Saudagar (1968), and went on to feature in numerous Bollywood films, primarily as the lead actress. In most of her films, she starred opposite her husband Dharmendra and with Rajesh Khanna and Dev Anand. [3] Malini was initially promoted as the "Dream Girl", and in 1977 starred in a film of the same name. [3] She has played both comic and dramatic roles, as well as being a dancer. [4] [5] [6] [7] She has appeared in more than 150 films. [5]

<i>Sapno Ka Saudagar</i> 1968 film

Sapno Ka Saudagar is a 1968 Bollywood film. The film is produced by B. Ananthaswami and directed by Mahesh Kaul and stars Raj Kapoor, Hema Malini, Tanuja and Nadira. Originally Vyjayanthimala was offered the lead but she refused and thus Hema Malini took the role which marked her debut in Bollywood. The film's music is by Shankar Jaikishan.

Bollywood Hindi language film industry

Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood and formerly known as Bombay cinema, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai, Maharashtra. The term is a portmanteau of "Bombay" and "Hollywood". The industry is related to Tamil film industry (Kollywood), Telugu film industry (Tollywood) and other industries, making up Indian Cinema – the world's largest.

Dharmendra Indian actor and politician

Dharam Singh Deol is an Indian film actor, producer, and politician. In 1997, he received the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award for his contribution to Hindi cinema.

Contents

During her career, she received eleven nominations for the Filmfare Award for Best Actress, winning the award in 1973. [8] In 2000, Malini won the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award and also the Padma Shri, the fourth-highest civilian honour awarded by the Government of India. [9] In 2012, the Sir Padampat Singhania University conferred an Honorary Doctorate on Malini in recognition of her contribution to Indian cinema. [10] Malini served as chairperson of the National Film Development Corporation. In 2006, Malini received the Sopori Academy of Music And Performing Arts (SaMaPa) Vitasta award from Bhajan Sopori in Delhi for her contribution and service to Indian culture and dance. In 2013, she received the NTR National Award from the Government of Andhra Pradesh for her contribution to Indian cinema. [11]

Filmfare Award for Best Actress received the most glamorous female star at filmfare

The Filmfare Award for Best Actress is given by Filmfare as part of its annual Filmfare Awards for Hindi films, to recognise a female actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role. The award was first given in 1954 for the films released in preceding year 1953.

Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award award

The Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award, initially named Raj Kapoor Award for Lifetime Achievement after Raj Kapoor is given by the Filmfare magazine as part of its annual Filmfare Awards for Hindi films.

Padma Shri family of awards of the state of India

Padma Shri is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan. It is awarded by the Government of India, every year on India's Republic Day.

From 2003 to 2009, Malini was elected to the Rajya Sabha, the upper House of parliament, as a representative of the Bharatiya Janata Party. [12] In 2014, Malini was elected to the Lok Sabha. Malini has been involved with charitable and social ventures. Currently, Malini is also a life member of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON). She was the top successful actress of her time. She has been praised by critics for her dancing and acting.

Rajya Sabha Upper house of the Parliament of India

The Rajya Sabha or Council of States is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of India. It currently has a maximum membership of 245, of which 233 are elected by the legislatures of the states and union territories using single transferable votes through Open Ballot while the President can appoint 12 members for their contributions to art, literature, science, and social services. Members sit for staggered terms lasting six years, with elections every year but almost a third of the 233 designates up for election every two years, specifically in even-numbered years. The Rajya Sabha meets in continuous sessions, and unlike the Lok Sabha, the lower house of Parliament, is not subject to dissolution. However, the Rajya Sabha, like the Lok Sabha can be prorogued by the President.

Bharatiya Janata Party Major right-wing political party in India

The Bharatiya Janata Party is one of the two major political parties in India, along with the Indian National Congress. As of 2018, it is the country's largest political party in terms of representation in the national parliament and state assemblies, and it is the world's largest party in terms of primary membership. BJP is a right-wing party, and its policy has historically reflected Hindu nationalist positions. It has close ideological and organisational links to the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS).

Lok Sabha Lower house of the Parliament of India

The Lok Sabha or House of the People is the lower house of India's bicameral Parliament, with the upper house being the Rajya Sabha. Members of the Lok Sabha are elected by adult universal suffrage and a first-past-the-post system to represent their respective constituencies, and they hold their seats for five years or until the body is dissolved by the President on the advice of the council of ministers. The house meets in the Lok Sabha Chambers of the Sansad Bhavan in New Delhi.

Early life and family

Malini pictured with her daughter Esha Deol (right) Esha with mother Hema Malini.jpg
Malini pictured with her daughter Esha Deol (right)

Malini was the third child born of a Tamil family to her mother Jaya Lakshmi Chakravarti, a film producer, and VSR Chakravarti. [13] [14] Malini attended the Mahila Sabha in Chennai where her favourite subject was history. [15] Malini studied at DTEA Mandir Marg , and in 11th Standard she left to begin her acting career. [16]

Tamils Ethnic group

The Tamil people, also known as Tamilar, Tamilians or simply Tamils, are an ethnic group who speak the language Tamil as their mother tongue and trace their ancestry to southern India and north-eastern Sri Lanka. Tamils, with a population of around 76 million and with a documented history stretching back over 2,000 years, are one of the largest and oldest extant ethnolinguistic groups in the modern world. Tamils constitute 5.9% of the population in India, 15.3% in Sri Lanka, 6% in Mauritius, 7% in Malaysia and 5% in Singapore.

Chennai Megacity in Tamil Nadu, India

Chennai is the capital of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Located on the Coromandel Coast off the Bay of Bengal, it is the biggest cultural, economic and educational centre of south India. According to the 2011 Indian census, it is the sixth-most populous city and fourth-most populous urban agglomeration in India. The city together with the adjoining regions constitute the Chennai Metropolitan Area, which is the 36th-largest urban area by population in the world. Chennai is among the most-visited Indian cities by foreign tourists. It was ranked the 43rd-most visited city in the world for the year 2015. The Quality of Living Survey rated Chennai as the safest city in India. Chennai attracts 45 percent of health tourists visiting India, and 30 to 40 percent of domestic health tourists. As such, it is termed "India's health capital". As a growing metropolitan city in a developing country, Chennai confronts substantial pollution and other logistical and socio-economic problems.

Malini's first film with Dharmendra was Tum Haseen Main Jawaan (1970), [17] and they got married in 1980. [18] [19] Dharmendra was already married at the time and had children, two of whom are Bollywood actors Sunny Deol and Bobby Deol. Malini and Dharmendra have two children, Bollywood actress Esha Deol (born 1981) [20] and Ahana Deol (born 1985), an assistant director. [21] [22] [23]

<i>Tum Haseen Main Jawaan</i> 1970 Hindi film directed by Bhappi Sonie

Tum Haseen Main Jawan is a 1970 Hindi movie directed by Bhappi Sonie. The film stars Dharmendra, Hema Malini, Pran, Helen and Rajindernath.

Sunny Deol Indian actor

Ajay Singh Deol, better known as Sunny Deol, is an Indian film Actor, Director, Producer, Politician and Current Member of Parliament from Gurdaspur of Punjab State. He known for his work in Hindi cinema. In a film career spanning over thirty five years and over a hundred films, Deol has won two National Film Awards and two Filmfare Awards.

Bobby Deol Indian actor

Vijay Singh Deol, better known as Bobby Deol, is an Indian film actor and occasional DJ who works in Hindi films. In a career spanning more than two decades, he has appeared in over forty films and is the recipient of a Filmfare Award and a Filmfare Best Actor Award nomination. He is the son of Dharmendra and the brother of Sunny Deol, also a successful actor in the Indian Film Industry. He is particularly noted for acting in several thriller films, often playing antiheroic characters who are forced to commit crimes to avenge the deaths of loved ones and his films commonly involve themes of jealousy, deceit and revenge and are romantic thrillers often involving him caught in love triangles.

Malini's niece is actress Madhoo Raghunath, who played the female lead in Phool Aur Kaante (1991), Roja (1992) [24] and Annayya (1993).

Madhoo Indian actress

Madhu Shah is an Indian film actress known for her works predominantly in Bollywood, Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil and Telugu films. She is best remembered for her portrayals in Kuku Kohli's Hindi hit Phool Aur Kaante (1991), Mani Ratnam's Tamil hit Roja (1992), which won the National Film Award for Best Film on National Integration, nomination for Best Film at the 18th Moscow International Film Festival; K. Raghavendra Rao's Telugu hit Allari Priyudu (1992), which was screened at the International Film Festival of India, in the mainstream section; Sangeeth Sivan's Malayalam hit Yodha (1992), and S. Shankar's Tamil hit Gentleman (1993).

<i>Phool Aur Kaante</i> 1991 film by Kuku Kohli

Phool Aur Kaante is a Hindi action romance film released in 1991. It stars Ajay Devgn, Madhoo, Aruna Irani, Jagdeep and Amrish Puri among others. The film marked the debut of Ajay Devgan, son of stunt and action choreographer Veeru Devgan, and Madhoo, niece of actress Hema Malini. The film was a superhit and won Ajay Devgn, the Filmfare Award for Best Male Debut for 1991. This film is remake of Malayalam film Parampara.

<i>Roja</i> 1992 film by Mani Ratnam

Roja is a 1992 Indian Tamil-language romantic thriller film written and directed by Mani Ratnam. It stars Arvind Swamy and Madhoo in the lead roles. The theme of the film is based on the relationship between Savitri and Satyavan of the Hindu epic, Mahabharata. The film was also dubbed in Hindi, Marathi, Malayalam and Telugu languages.

On 11 June 2015, Hema Malini became grandmother when her younger daughter Ahana Deol gave birth to her first child, Darien Vohra. On 20 October 2017, she became grandmother for the second time when her elder daughter, Esha Deol Takhtani gave birth to a baby girl. Baby was born in Hinduja Hospital in Mumbai and was named Radhya Takhtani. [25]

Film career

1960–1970 Early work

Hema was a supporting artiste in Idhu Sathiyam (1962) and portrayed as danseuse in Pandava Vanavasam (1964). In 1968, Malini played opposite Raj Kapoor in Sapno Ka Saudagar . [26] That was the beginning of her career and promotion as the "Bollywood dream girl." [26]

1970–1978 Established actress

In Johnny Mera Naam (1970), Malini took a lead role and she took other challenging roles, for example, a young widow in Andaz (1971) and a jealous woman in a negative character in Lal Patthar (1971). [26] In 1972, Malini played opposite Dharmendra and Sanjeev Kumar in Seeta Aur Geeta . [27] Malini received a Filmfare Best Actress Award for this film. [28] Within four years of making her début, Malini was an established lead actress in Bollywood and classical dancer. [4] [29] [30] Malini's films of the 1970s include Sanyasi (1975), Dharmatma and Pratigya (1975). In Sholay (1975), Malini played the role of Basanti, a talkative girl. [26] Other works of the period include Trishul , Joshila , Khushboo (1975), Kinara (1977) and Meera (1979).

Malini performed with Dharmendra in 28 films including Sharafat , Tum Haseen Main Jawan , Naya Zamana , Raja Jani , Seeta Aur Geeta , Patthar Aur Payal , Dost (1974), Sholay (1975), Charas , Jugnu , Azaad (1978) and Dillagi (1978).

Her screen presence and chemistry with Rajesh Khanna was appreciated in the film Prem Nagar (1974 film) . Malini portrayed the role of a classical singer in the critically acclaimed film Mehbooba opposite Rajesh Khanna, and the Times of India called them one of the top film couples. [31] The subsequent films of the pair; Palkon Ki Chhaon Mein and Janta Hawaldar became box office flops on their release, though over the years these films have achieved cult status.

1980–1997 Commercial success

After her marriage, Malini made films including Kranti , Naseeb (1981), Satte Pe Satta , Rajput , and Ek Nai Paheli (1984). [32] Her works also included Aandhi Toofan , Durgaa (1985), Ramkali (1985), Sitapur Ki Geeta (1987), Ek Chadar Maili Si (1986), Rihaee and Jamai Raja (1990). [26]

During this period, Malini performed with Dharmendra in Alibaba Aur 40 Chor , Baghavat , Samraat , Razia Sultan , Andha Kanoon (1983), Baghavat , and Raaj Tilak (1984).

Her commercially successful films, after 1980, with Rajesh Khanna included Dard , Bandish , Kudrat , Hum Dono , Rajput , Babu , Durgaa , Sitapur Ki Geeta and Paap Ka Ant .

In the 1990s, she produced and directed the 1992 film Dil Aashna Hai , starring Divya Bharti and Shahrukh Khan in the leading roles. She also produced and directed her second feature film Mohini (1995), starring her niece Madhoo and actor Sudesh Berry in the leading roles. She then focused on dancing and television work, only occasionally appearing in films. [26] In 1997, she acted in Vinod Khanna's production Himalay Putra which marked the debut of Vinod's son Akshaye Khanna.

2000s – present

After taking a break from films for a number of years, Hema made a comeback with Baghban (2003), [26] for which she earned a Filmfare Best Actress Award nomination. She also made guest appearances in the 2004 film Veer-Zaara and the 2007 film Laaga Chunari Mein Daag . In 2010, she acted in Sadiyaan alongside fellow veteran actress Rekha. In 2011, she produced and directed her third feature film Tell Me O Khuda which featured both her husband Dharmendra and her daughter Esha Deol, which was a box office failure. [33] [34] In 2017 She acted in the film Ek Thi Rani Aisi Bhi in the role of Vijaya Raje Scindia of Gwalior, with Vinod Khanna as her husband, unfortunately it was Vinod Khanna's last film. The film was directed by Gul Bahar Singh. The film was released on 21 April 2017.

Political career

In 1999, Malini campaigned for the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) candidate, Vinod Khanna, a former Bollywood actor, in the Lok Sabha Elections in Gurdaspur, Punjab. In February 2004, Malini officially joined the BJP. [35] From 2003 to 2009, she served as an MP to the upper house the Rajya Sabha, having been nominated by the then President of India, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. In March 2010, Malini was made general secretary of the BJP, and in February 2011, she was recommended by Ananth Kumar, the party general secretary. [36] In the 2014 general elections for the Lok Sabha, Malini defeated the Mathura incumbent, Jayant Chaudhary (RLD) by 3,30,743 votes. [37] [38] Malini was then elected to the Lok Sabha. [35] [36] On 22 April 2017, Malini said she would take action against Maharashtra independent MLA Omprakash Babarao Kadu for making derogatory comments against her earlier days. [39]

Association with social causes

Malini is a supporter of the animal rights organisation, PETA India. In 2009, she wrote a letter to the Mumbai Municipal Commissioner urging him to ban horse carriages from Mumbai`s busy streets. [40] In 2011, she wrote to the Union Minister for Environment and Forests, Jairam Ramesh, urging him to ban bull fighting ( jallikattu ). [41] She said, "My friends at PETA have organised investigations at jallikattu events and documented that bulls are pulled roughly by their nose rings, punched, pummelled, hit with sharp sticks and crammed into trucks so tightly that they can barely move". [42] Malini won the title of "PETA Person of the Year". [43] As a vegetarian, she said, "Knowing that my food choices are helping the planet and animals too, makes me happy". [44]

Other works

Dance

Malini performing at a concert Hema Bharatnatyam.jpg
Malini performing at a concert

Malini is a trained Bharatanatyam dancer. Her daughters Esha Deol and Ahana Deol are trained Odissi dancers. They performed with Malini in a production called Parampara for charitable events. [45] [46] She also performed with her daughters at the Khajuraho Dance Festival. [47]

Malini studied Kuchipudi with Vempati Chinna Satyam and Mohiniattam with Kalamandalam Guru Gopalakrishnan. She has played a number of dance roles including Narasimha and Rama in Tulasidas's Ramcharitmanas . [48] In 2007, she performed in Mysuru on the eve of Dussera, where she played the roles of Sati, Parvati and Durga. [49]

Malini owns the Natya Vihar Kalakendra dance school. [50]

Television

Malini has appeared in television serials such as Jai Mata Ki (2000), directed by Puneet Issar. She played the role of goddess Durga. [51] Other television series appearances include Kamini Damini on Sahara One where she played twin sisters and Noopur which Malini directed and in which she played a Bharatanatyam dancer. [26]

Production and promotional work

Malini was the editor of New Woman and Meri Saheli, Hindi women's magazine. [52] [53] In 2000, Malini was appointed as the first female chairperson of the National Film Development Corporation for a term of three years. [16] [54]

In 2007, Malini entered a promotional contract with Kent RO Systems, makers of a mineral water purifier system. [55] Malini also became a brand ambassador for Pothys, a textile showroom in Chennai. [56]

Filmography

See also

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Further reading