Filmfare Awards

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Filmfare Awards
Ambox current red.svg 64th Filmfare Awards
Filmfare trophy.jpg
Trophy of the award
Awarded forExcellence in cinematic achievements
CountryIndia
Presented by Filmfare
First awarded 21 March 1954 (1954-03-21)
Last awarded 23 March 2019 (2019-03-23)
Website www.filmfare.com
Television/radio coverage
Network Sony Entertainment Television (India) (2000-2017)
Colors TV
(2018-Present)

The Filmfare Awards, presented by The Times Group, are a set of awards that honour artistic and technical excellence in the Hindi-language film industry of India. The Filmfare ceremony is one of the oldest and most prestigious film events in India. [1] [2] [3] The awards were first introduced in 1954, the same year as the National Film Awards. They were initially referred to as the "Clare Awards" or "The Clares" after Clare Mendonca, the editor of The Times of India . A dual voting system was developed in 1956. Under this system, in contrast to the National Film Awards, which are decided by a panel appointed by Indian Government, the Filmfare Awards are voted on by both the public and a committee of experts.

The Times Group mass media conglomerate in India

Bennett Coleman and Company Limited, commonly known as The Times Group, is India’s largest media conglomerate, according to Financial Times as of March 2015. The Audit Bureau of Circulations reported in May 2014 that the Times of India had the largest circulation of any English-language newspaper in the world, with 3,321,702 average qualifying sales. The company remains a family-owned business as the descendants of Sahu Jain own a majority stake in The Times Group. The Times Group has over 11,000 employees and revenue exceeding $1.5 billion.

Bollywood Hindi language film industry

Hindi cinema, often metonymously referred to as Bollywood, and formerly known as Bombay cinema, is the Indian Hindi-language film industry, based in Mumbai, Maharashtra, India. The term being a portmanteau of "Bombay" and "Hollywood". As India is a multi-lingual society with variety of languages spoken by its residents, multiple language films are churned out in their native languages by film industries such as Hindi-language film industry, Tamil film industry (Kollywood), Telugu film industry (Tollywood) and others, together combined they form the massive Indian Cinema, the largest film industry in the world.

India Country in South Asia

India, also known as the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh largest country by area and with more than 1.3 billion people, it is the second most populous country as well as the most populous democracy in the world. Bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the northeast; and Bangladesh and Myanmar to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while its Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.

Contents

The ceremony had been sponsored by various private organisations in the past as well as in present provisions. During several years in 1990s, a live ceremony was broadcast to television audiences but was later discontinued due to unknown reasons. Since 2000, a recorded and an edited version of the awards ceremony was televised on SET a week or two after the ceremony has been held already. From 2018 the ceremony is televised on Colors. The 64th edition of the Filmfare Awards was held on March 23, 2019 at Jio Garden BKC, Mumbai.

63rd Filmfare Awards ceremony, presented by the Filmfare Magazine, honored the best Hindi language Indian films of 2017. The ceremony was held on 20 January 2018 and hosted by Shah Rukh Khan, Ayushmann Khurrana, Parineeti Chopra and Karan Johar.

Viacom 18 Media Pvt. Limited founded in November 2007 is a joint venture operation in India between Viacom and TV18 based in Mumbai. Viacom 18 owns and operates various channels of the Viacom group for the Indian viewers, as well as various consumer products in India. In July 2008, Colors was launched.

Mumbai Megacity in Maharashtra, India

Mumbai is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. As of 2011 it is the most populous city in India with an estimated city proper population of 12.4 million. The larger Mumbai Metropolitan Region is the second most populous metropolitan area in India, with a population of 21.3 million as of 2016. Mumbai lies on the Konkan coast on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In 2008, Mumbai was named an alpha world city. It is also the wealthiest city in India, and has the highest number of millionaires and billionaires among all cities in India. Mumbai is home to three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Elephanta Caves, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Terminus, and the city's distinctive ensemble of Victorian and Art Deco buildings.

The Filmfare Awards have been often referred to as the Hindi film industry's equivalent to the Academy Awards in the United States. Until the mid-1990s, Filmfare Awards were the preeminent and most-recognised awards in Bollywood until several other awards sprouted up in Mumbai. This has resulted in a loss of curiosity among audiences and poor viewership since 2000s. [1] [2] [3] [4]

Hindi An official language of India

Hindi, or Modern Standard Hindi is a standardised and Sanskritised register of the Hindustani language. Hindi, written in the Devanagari script, is one of the official languages of India, along with the English language. It is one of the 22 scheduled languages of the Republic of India. However, it is not the national language of India because no language was given such a status in the Indian constitution.

Academy Awards American awards given annually for excellence in cinematic achievements

The Academy Awards, also known as the Oscars, are a set of awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry. Given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), the awards are an international recognition of excellence in cinematic achievements as assessed by the Academy's voting membership. The various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette, officially called the "Academy Award of Merit", although more commonly referred to by its nickname "Oscar".

It also has other Indian sub-language Awards like Filmfare Awards South for Cinema of South India, Filmfare Marathi Awards for Marathi cinema, Filmfare Awards East for eastern Indian cinema which started few years back [5]

Filmfare Awards South

Filmfare Awards South is the South Indian segment of the annual Filmfare Awards, presented by The Times Group to honour both artistic and technical excellence of professionals in the South Indian film industry. The Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, and Kannada actors perform their talents on the stage. They were introduced in 1954, around the films released in 1953 and Filmfare Awards initially recognizing the Hindi film industries. In 1964 awards were extended to Best Picture in Tamil, Telugu, Bengali and Marathi, around the films released in 1963. The inclusion of Malayalam cinema in the awards came in 1967 while Kannada cinema was recognized in 1970. Each industry is given its own set of creative awards in annual ceremonies that have predominantly been held in Chennai and Hyderabad.

Cinema of South India

The cinema of South India is used to refer collectively to the five different film industries of South India: Kannada, Malayalam, Tamil, Telugu and Tulu film industries, as a single entity. They are based in Bengaluru, Kochi, Chennai, Hyderabad and Mangalore respectively.

The Filmfare Marathi Awards are presented annually both artistic and technical excellence of professionals in the Marathi language film industry of India. The ceremony had been sponsored by various private organisations in the past as well as in present provisions. During several years in 1990s, a live ceremony was broadcast to television audiences but was later discontinued due to unknown reasons. Presently, a recorded and an edited version of the awards ceremony is televised on television a week or two after the ceremony has been held.

History

The Introduction

The Filmfare awards were first introduced in 1954. The Clares was the original name of the award ceremony, named after The Times of India critic Clare Mendonca. Readers of Filmfare were polled to decide the winners, and over 20,000 readers spread throughout India participated in the polls; trophies were given to winners of the popular vote. In the first awards function, held on 21 March 1954 at the Metro Theatre of Mumbai, only five awards were presented: Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor, Best Actress, and Best Music Director. Do Bigha Zameen was the first movie to win the award for Best Film. The first winners for other four categories were: Bimal Roy for his direction of Do Bigha Zameen, Dilip Kumar for his performance in Daag , Meena Kumari for her performance in Baiju Bawra , and Naushad Ali for his music in Baiju Bawra. Filmfare Awards also introduced the Short Film Category in 2017, with Vidya Balan and Gauri Shinde on the jury. [6] The People’s Choice Award For Best Short Film was presented to Khamakha. Short films like Chutney, Matitali Kusti and Taandav won awards as well. [7]

Trophy reward for a specific achievement

A trophy is a tangible, durable reminder of a specific achievement, and serves as recognition or evidence of merit. Trophies are often awarded for sporting events, from youth sports to professional level athletics. In many sports medals are often given out either as the trophy or along with more traditional trophies.

The Filmfare Award for Best Film is given by the Filmfare magazine as part of its annual Filmfare Awards for Hindi films.

Filmfare Award for Best Director award

The Filmfare Best Director Award is one of the main awards presented given by the annual Filmfare Awards to recognise directors working in the Hindi film Industry. It was first presented in 1954 in the inaugural year.

Hollywood star Gregory Peck was invited to be the guest of honour at the first ever awards on 21 March 1954 at the Metro theatre, Mumbai but couldn't make it to the function since his flight from Colombo got delayed. However, Peck did attend the banquet that followed the award night at Wellington Club (Gymkhana), Mumbai. [8] [9] [9]

Gregory Peck American actor

Eldred Gregory Peck was an American actor. He was one of the most popular film stars from the 1940s to the 1960s. Peck received five Academy Award for Best Actor nominations and won once for his performance as Atticus Finch in the 1962 drama film To Kill a Mockingbird.

Postponement in 1986 and 1987

The winners for the year 1985 were announced in 1986 and the event was scheduled to be held at the Brabourne Stadium in December 1986. Unfortunately the 'Bombay film Industry', as was known then went on strike in '86 because of its many contentious issues with the Government of Maharashtra. So the ceremony was pushed to the next year. The winners of 1985 were awarded on 28 January 1987. Due to Security reasons, filmfare was not awarded for 1986 and 1987. [10]

Filmfare Statuette

The statuette, depicting a woman whose arms are upraised in a dance number with her fingers touching, is commonly referred to as "The Black Lady" (or "The Lady in Black"). Originally designed by N.G. Pansare under the supervision of Times of India's art director Walter Langhammer, it is generally made of bronze, its height is 46.5 cm and it weighs around five kg. [11] To celebrate the 25th year of the awards, the statues were made in silver and to celebrate the 50th year the statues were made in gold. [12] The Filmfare trophy is manufactured by The Award Gallery since 2000. [13] Till 2012, there were only a few changes made to the trophy. But recently, as of 2013, a huge change has been made to give the trophy a 3-D look. [14] There were two reasons were given for this change. The organizers believe that this was necessary to match the many advances in technology in today's world which will advance a lot more in the coming years as well. Also, this was an attempt to match the theme of the 2013 set of awards at Filmfare in Mumbai: a hundred years leap into the future. [15]

The Red Carpet

The Red Carpet is a segment that takes place before the beginning of the actual ceremony. This is when actors, actresses, producers, directors, singers, composers, and others that have contributed to Indian cinema are introduced. [16] Hosts question the celebrities about upcoming performances and who they think deserves to take the Black Lady home. [17]

In 2013

The 2013 Filmfare awards took place in Mumbai at the Yash Raj Studios in Andheri. A special press conference was held just for its announcement and this took place at the Suburban hotel in Mumbai as well. The theme that year was a hundred years in the future. The reason for the theme to be held that year was because it was meant to be a continuous from previous year's theme where the fraternity celebrated the completion of a hundred years in Indian cinema at the box office. [15]

Awards

Merit awards

Critics' awards

Technical awards

Special awards

Records

Artists with all nominations in a single category


NomineeCategoryAwardYear
Meena Kumari Best Actress 10th Filmfare Awards 1963
Mohammed Rafi Best Male Playback Singer 16th Filmfare Awards 1969
Asha Bhosle Best Female Playback Singer 20th Filmfare Awards 1973
Kishore Kumar Best Male Playback Singer 32nd Filmfare Awards 1985
Alka Yagnik Best Female Playback Singer 39th Filmfare Awards 1994
Javed Akhtar Best Lyricist 50th Filmfare Awards 2005

Most awards for a single film

FilmYearNo of AwardsRef
Black 2006 11 [18]
Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge 1996 10 [19]
Devdas 2003 [20]
Madhumati 1958 9 [21]
1942 A Love Story 1995 [22]
Kaho Naa… Pyaar Hai 2001 [23]
Omkara 2007
Bajirao Mastani 2016 [24]

Most nominations for a single film

FilmYearNo of NomineesRef
Padmaavat 2019 18 [25]
Devdas 2003 17 [26]
Hum Dil De Chuke Sanam 2000 16
Omkara 2007 15
Raazi 2019 [27]
Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge 1996 14 [28]

Most awards won by a male

RecipientCategoriesNo. of Awards
Gulzar 21
A. R. Rahman 15
Amitabh Bachchan
Shah Rukh Khan

Most awards won by a female

RecipientCategoriesNo. of Awards
Asha Bhosle 9
Jaya Bachchan
Saroj Khan 8
Lata Mangeshkar 7
Alka Yagnik
Rani Mukerji
Shreya Ghoshal

Most awards for Best Director

RecipientNo. of Awards
Bimal Roy 7
Yash Chopra 4
Raj Kapoor
Sanjay Leela Bhansali

Most awards for Best Choreography

RecipientNo. of Awards
Saroj Khan 8
Farah Khan 6
Most consecutive wins in a single category

See also

Related Research Articles

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The 1st Filmfare Awards were held on 21 March 1954, honoring the best in Hindi cinema in 1953. That year they were known as Clare Awards, after Clare Mendonca, film critic of The Times of India who had died in the same year.

64th Filmfare Awards

The 64th Filmfare Awards ceremony, presented by the The Times Group, will honour the best Indian Hindi-language films of 2018. The ceremony was held on 23 March 2019 in Mumbai.

References

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  2. 1 2 Mehta, Monika (2005), "Globalizing Bombay Cinema: Reproducing the Indian State and Family", Cultural Dynamics, 17 (2): 135–154 [145], doi:10.1177/0921374005058583
  3. 1 2 Boltin, Kylie (Autumn 2003), "Saathiya: South Asian Cinema Otherwise Known as 'Bollywood'", Metro Magazine: Media & Education Magazine (136): 52–5, ISSN   0312-2654
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