|Nominated Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha|
22 March 2010 –21 March 2016
|Born||17 January 1945|
Gwalior, Gwalior State, British India
(present-day Madhya Pradesh, India)
|Education||Colvin Taluqdars' College, Lucknow|
Javed Akhtar (born 17 January 1945) is an Indian poet, lyricist, screenwriter and political activist who works in Hindi cinema. He is originally from the Gwalior area. He is a recipient of the Padma Shri (1999), Padma Bhushan (2007),the Sahitya Akademi Award as well as five National Film Awards. In the early part of his career, he was a screenplay writer, creating films such as Deewar, Zanjeer and Sholay. Akhtar eventually shifted his work focus from less screenwriting to more lyrics writing and socio-political activism. He campaigned for Communist Party of India (CPI) and their candidate in the 2019 Indian general election. He also remained a member of Rajya Sabha. In 2020, he received the Richard Dawkins Award for his contribution to secularism, free thinking, for critical thinking, holding religious dogma up to scrutiny, advancing human progress and humanist values. He was chosen as a recipient for the Richard Dawkins Award for being "the bright light for reason, freethought, and atheism in a dark time".
Javed Akhtar was born in 1945 in Gwalior.His father Jan Nisar Akhtar was a Bollywood film songwriter and Urdu poet. His grandfather Muztar Khairabadi was a poet as was his grandfather's elder brother, Bismil Khairabadi, while his great great grandfather, Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi, was a scholar of Islamic studies and theology and played an important role in the First Independence Movement of India in 1857. Javed Akhtar's original name was Jadoo, taken from a line in a poem written by his father: "Lamha, lamha kisi jadoo ka fasana hoga". He was given the official name of Javed since it was the closest to the word jadoo. He spent most of his childhood and was schooled in Lucknow. He graduated from Saifiya College in Bhopal.
Akhtar was greatly inspired by Pakistani author Ibn-e-Safi's Urdu novels, which he grew up reading as a child. Akhtar was particularly influenced by the Jasoosi Dunya and Imran series of detective novels, such as The House of Fear (1955). He was influenced by their fast action, tight plots, economies of expression, fascinating characters with catchy memorable names, and speaking styles. Two of the earliest films he remembered watching both starred Dilip Kumar: Shaheed Latif's Arzoo (1950) and Mehboob Khan's Aan (1952). Other films that influenced him as a child include Bimal Roy's Do Bigha Zameen (1953), Satyen Bose's Jagriti (1954), Shree 420 (1955) directed by Raj Kapoor and written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, Munimji (1955) directed by Subodh Mukherjee and written by Nasir Hussain, and Mehboob Khan's Mother India (1957).
Initially, in the 1970s, there was generally no concept of having the same writer for the screenplay, story and dialogue, nor were the writers given any credits in the titles. Rajesh Khanna is credited with giving Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar their first chance to become screenplay writers by offering them work in Haathi Mere Saathi .Javed Akhtar stated in an interview that one day, he went to Salimsaab and said that Mr. Devar had given him a huge signing amount with which he could complete the payment for his bungalow, Aashirwad. But the film was a remake and the script of the original was far from being satisfactory. "He told us that if we could set right the script, he would make sure we got both money and credit."
Their first big success was the script for Andaz, followed by Adhikar (1971), Haathi Mere Saathi and Seeta Aur Geeta (1972). They also had hits with Yaadon Ki Baaraat (1973), Zanjeer (1973), Haath Ki Safai (1974), Deewaar (1975), Sholay (1975), Chacha Bhatija (1977), Don (1978), Trishul (1978), Dostana (1980), Kranti (1981), Zamana (1985) and Mr. India (1987). They have worked together in 24 films including two Kannada films – Premada Kanike and Raja Nanna Raja . Of the 24 films they wrote, 20 were hits. The scripts they wrote, but which were not successful at box office include Aakhri Dao (1975), Immaan Dharam (1977), Kaala Patthar (1979) and Shaan (1980). Though they split in 1982, due to ego issues, some of the scripts they wrote were made into hit films later, such as Zamana and Mr. India . Salim-Javed, many a time described as "the most successful scriptwriters of all-time",are also noted to be the first scriptwriters in Indian cinema to achieve star status.
Akhtar was nominated to the Parliament upper house Rajya Sabha on 16 November 2009.
"that I would like to make very clear at the very outset. Don't get carried away by my name – Javed. I am not revealing a secret, I am saying something that I have said many times, in writing o I love Altaf Hussan And obviously I don't believe in spirituality of some kind."
Akhtar was married to Honey Irani, with whom he had two children, Farhan Akhtar, a film actor, producer, directorand Zoya Akhtar, a film writer, director and producer. The father-and-son duo have worked together in films such as Dil Chahta Hai , Lakshya , Rock On!! and Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara with Zoya. Farhan was married to Adhuna Akhtar, a hair stylist. Akhtar is an atheist. and brought up his children Farhan and Zoya Akhtar as atheists. Akhtar married Shabana Azmi, the daughter of Urdu poet, Kaifi Azmi and later divorced Irani. Akhtar's uncle, Asrar-ul-Haq "Majaz" was also a notable Urdu poet. His uncle, Ansar Harvani, was a member of the Indian independence movement and an elected Member of Parliament. Akhtar's aunt, Hamida Salim, was an Indian author, economist and educator as well.
Javed was awarded the civilian honour of Padma Shri by the Government of India in 1999, followed by the Padma Bhushan in 2007.In 2013, he received the Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu, India's second highest literary honour, for his poetry collection Lava. In 2019, he was conferred with an honorary doctorate (Doctor of Letters) by the Jamia Hamdard University. In 2020 he was awarded the Richard Dawkins Award for being a "powerful force for secularism, reason, and human rights, challenging superstition and intolerance through his work in poetry, screenwriting, and political activism".
|1996||National Film Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||Saaz|
|1997||National Film Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||Border|
|1998||National Film Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||Godmother|
|2000||National Film Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||Refugee|
|2001||National Film Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||Lagaan|
|1995||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||"Ek Ladki Ko Dekha" from 1942: A Love Story|
|1997||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||"Ghar Se Nikalte" from Papa Kehte Hai|
|1989||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyrics||Nominated||"Ek Do Teen" from Tezaab|
|1990||Filmfare Awards||Best Dialogue||Won||Main Azaad Hoon|
|1998||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||"Sandese Aate Hai" from Border|
|1998||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyrics||Nominated||"Chand Taare" from Yes Boss|
|1999||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyrics||Nominated||"Mere Mehboob Mere Sanam" from Duplicate|
|1984||Filmfare Awards||Best Story||Nominated||Betaab|
|1985||Filmfare Awards||Best Story||Nominated||Mashaal|
|1986||Filmfare Awards||Best Story||Nominated||Arjun|
|2001||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||"Panchchi Nadiyaan" from Refugee|
|2002||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyrics||Won||"Radha Kaise Naa Jale" from Lagaan|
|2002||Filmfare Awards||Best Lyrics||Nominated||"Mitwa" from Lagaan|
|2011||Mirchi Music Awards||Album of The Year||Nominated||Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara|
|Lyricist of The Year||Won||"Khwabon Ke Parindey" from Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara|
|Nominated||"Senorita" from Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara|
|2012||Won||"Jee Le Zara" from Talaash|
|2014||Lifetime Achievement Award||Won||-|
|2015||Album of The Year||Nominated||Dil Dhadakne Do|
|Lyricist of The Year||Nominated||"Phir Bhi Yeh Zindagi" from Dil Dhadakne Do|
|1971||Andaz||Hindi||Ramesh Sippy||Rajesh Khanna, Hema Malini, Shammi Kapoor, Simi Garewal||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1971||Adhikar||Hindi||S.M. Sagar||Ashok Kumar, Nanda, Deb Mukherjee||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1971||Haathi Mere Saathi||Hindi||M. A. Thirumugham||Rajesh Khanna, Tanuja||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1972||Seeta Aur Geeta||Hindi||Ramesh Sippy||Hema Malini, Dharmendra, Sanjeev Kumar||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1973||Yaadon Ki Baaraat||Hindi||Nasir Hussain||Dharmendra, Vijay Arora, Tariq Khan||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1973||Zanjeer||Hindi||Prakash Mehra||Amitabh Bachchan, Jaya Bhaduri, Pran||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1974||Majboor||Hindi||Ravi Tandon||Amitabh Bachchan, Parveen Babi, Pran||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1974||Haath Ki Safai||Hindi||Prakash Mehra||Randhir Kapoor, Vinod Khanna, Hema Malini, Simi Garewal, Ranjeet||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1975||Deewaar||Hindi||Yash Chopra||Amitabh Bachchan, Shashi Kapoor, Parveen Babi, Neetu Singh||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1975||Sholay||Hindi||Ramesh Sippy||Dharmendra, Amitabh Bachchan, Sanjeev Kumar, Hema Malini, Jaya Bhaduri||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1975||Aakhri Dao||Hindi||A. Salaam||Jeetendra, Saira Banu, Danny Denzongpa||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1976||Premada Kanike||Kannada||V. Somashekhar||Rajkumar, Aarathi||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1976||Raja Nanna Raja||Kannada||A. V. Seshagiri Rao||Rajkumar, Aarathi||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1977||Immaan Dharam||Hindi||Desh Mukherjee||Amitabh Bachchan, Shashi Kapoor, Sanjeev Kumar, Rekha||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1977||Chacha Bhatija||Hindi||Manmohan Desai||Dharmendra, Randhir Kapoor, Hema Malini||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1978||Trishul||Hindi||Yash Chopra||Amitabh Bachchan, Sanjeev Kumar, Shashi Kapoor, Hema Malini||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1978||Don||Hindi||Chandra Barot||Amitabh Bachchan, Zeenat Aman, Pran (actor)||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1979||Kaala Patthar||Hindi||Yash Chopra||Amitabh Bachchan, Shashi Kapoor, Rakhee Gulzar, Shatrughan Sinha, Parveen Babi, Neetu Singh||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1980||Dostana||Hindi||Raj Khosla||Amitabh Bachchan, Shatrughan Sinha, Zeenat Aman, Pran (actor), Amrish Puri||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1980||Shaan||Hindi||Ramesh Sippy||Sunil Dutt, Shashi Kapoor, Amitabh Bachchan, Rakhee Gulzar, Kulbhushan Kharbanda||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1981||Kranti||Urdu||Manoj Kumar||Manoj Kumar, Dilip Kumar, Hema Malini, Shashi Kapoor, Shatrughan Sinha, Parveen Babi||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1982||Shakti||Urdu||Ramesh Sippy||Dilip Kumar, Amitabh Bachchan, Raakhee, Anil Kapoor||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1985||Zamana||Urdu||Ramesh Talwar||Rajesh Khanna, Rishi Kapoor, Poonam Dhillon, Ranjeeta Kaur||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1987||Mr. India||Urdu||Shekhar Kapur||Anil Kapoor, Sridevi, Amrish Puri||Written as "Salim-Javed"|
|1983||Betaab||Urdu||Rahul Rawail||Sunny Deol, Amrita Singh||Written as "Javed Akhtar"|
|1984||Duniya||Urdu||Ramesh Talwar||Dilip Kumar, Rishi Kapoor, Amrita Singh||Written as "Javed Akhtar"|
|1984||Mashaal||Urdu||Yash Chopra||Dilip Kumar, Anil Kapoor, Waheeda Rehman||Written as "Javed Akhtar"|
|1985||Saagar||Urdu||Ramesh Sippy||Rishi Kapoor, Kamal Haasan, Dimple Kapadia||Written as "Javed Akhtar"|
|1985||Arjun||Urdu||Rahul Rawail||Sunny Deol, Dimple Kapadia||Written as "Javed Akhtar"|
|1985||Meri Jung||Urdu||Subhash Ghai||Anil Kapoor, Meenakshi Sheshadri||Written as "Javed Akhtar"|
|1987||Dacait||Urdu||Rahul Rawail||Sunny Deol, Raakhee||Written as "Javed Akhtar"|
|1989||Main Azaad Hoon||Urdu||Tinnu Anand||Amitabh Bachchan, Shabana Azmi||Written as "Javed Akhtar"|
|1992||Khel||Urdu||Rakesh Roshan||Anil Kapoor, Madhuri Dixit||Written as "Javed Akhtar"|
|1993||Roop Ki Rani Choron Ka Raja||Urdu||Satish Kaushik||Anil Kapoor, Sridevi||Written as "Javed Akhtar"|
|1995||Prem||Hindi||Satish Kaushik||Sanjay Kapoor, Tabu|
|1998||Kabhi Na Kabhi||Hindi||Priyadarshan||Anil Kapoor, Jackie Shroff|
|2004||Lakshya||Urdu||Farhan Akhtar||Hrithik Roshan, Preity Zinta, Amitabh Bachchan||Written as "Javed Akhtar"|
|2006||Don: The Chase Begins Again||Urdu||Farhan Akhtar||Shah Rukh Khan, Priyanka Chopra||Written as "Javed Akhtar"|
Sholay is a 1975 Indian action-adventure film written by Salim–Javed, directed by Ramesh Sippy, and produced by his father G. P. Sippy. The film is about two criminals, Veeru (Dharmendra) and Jai, hired by a retired police officer to capture the ruthless dacoit Gabbar Singh. Hema Malini and Jaya Bhaduri also star, as Veeru and Jai's love interests, Basanti and Radha, respectively. Sholay is considered a classic and one of the best Indian films. It was ranked first in the British Film Institute's 2002 poll of "Top 10 Indian Films" of all time. In 2005, the judges of the 50th Filmfare Awards named it the Best Film of 50 Years.
Kaifi Azmi was an Indian Urdu poet. He is remembered as the one who brought Urdu literature to Indian motion pictures. Together with Pirzada Qasim, Jaun Elia and others he participated in many memorable Mushaira gatherings of the twentieth century. His wife is theater and film actress Shaukat Kaifi.
Farhan Akhtar is an Indian actor, director, screenwriter, playback singer, producer, and television host who works in Hindi films. Born in Mumbai to screenwriters Javed Akhtar and Honey Irani, he grew up under the influence of the Hindi film industry. He began his career in Bollywood by working as an assistant director in Lamhe (1991) and Himalay Putra (1997).
Salim Abdul Rashid Khan is an Indian actor, film producer and screenwriter. As a screenwriter, he wrote the screenplays, stories and scripts for numerous Bollywood films. Khan is one half of the prolific screenwriting duo of Salim–Javed, along with Javed Akhtar. The duo were the first Indian screenwriters to achieve star status in Hindi cinema, and became the most successful Indian screenwriters of all time. While working together, Salim Khan was largely responsible for developing the stories and characters, while Javed Akhtar was largely responsible for developing the dialogues.
Jan Nisar Akhtar was an Indian poet and lyricist of Urdu ghazals and nazms, and a part of the Progressive Writers' Movement, who was also a lyricist for Bollywood.
Zoya Akhtar is an Indian film director and screenwriter who works in Hindi cinema. After completing a diploma in filmmaking from NYU, she assisted directors such as Mira Nair, Tony Gerber and Dev Benegal, before becoming a writer and director herself. Akhtar is the recipient of several accolades, including 6 Filmfare Awards.
Salim–Javed were an Indian screenwriting duo, composed of Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar, working in Bollywood. They are noted for being the first Indian screenwriters to achieve star status, becoming the most successful Indian screenwriters of all time. They are regarded as "Hindi cinema's greatest screenwriters". They worked together on 24 films during 1971–1987, of which twenty were commercially and critically successful films. They worked together on 22 Bollywood films, as well as two Kannada films.
Nasreen Munni Kabir is an India-born television producer, director and author based in the U.K. She is best known for producing an annual season of Indian films for the British terrestrial television channel Channel 4.
Yaadon Ki Baaraat is a 1973 Indian Hindi-language masala film, directed by Nasir Hussain and written by Salim–Javed. It featured an ensemble cast, starring Dharmendra, Vijay Arora, Tariq, Zeenat Aman, Neetu Singh and Ajit.
Seeta aur Geeta is a 1972 Indian Hindi-language comedy-drama film, written by Salim–Javed and directed by Ramesh Sippy. It stars Hema Malini, Dharmendra and Sanjeev Kumar in leading roles, and features music composed by R.D. Burman.
The filmi-ghazal is a genre of filmi music based on ghazal poetry in Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu), used in Indian films, especially the music of Bollywood. The filmi-ghazals retain the couplet format and rhyme scheme similar to that in ghazals. However, instead of vocal or instrumental passages as interludes, the filmi-ghazal usually uses precomposed musical pieces.
Honey Irani is an Indian film actress and screenwriter, who works in Hindi cinema. She started her career as a child actor with roles in films such as Mahesh Kaul’s Pyar ki Pyas. It is said that Mr.Kaul kept her at his home so she would be comfortable during the film’s shooting. She was probably four to five years old when the shooting of the movies Chirag Kahan Roshni Kahan and Bombay Ka Chor started.
Betaab (Restless) is a 1983 Indian romance film written by Javed Akhtar, directed by Rahul Rawail and produced by Bikram Sing Dahal. The film stars Sunny Deol, son of actor Dharmendra and Amrita Singh in their debut roles. The music was composed by Rahul Dev Burman. The film went on to be one of the biggest hits of the year. The film was remade in Telugu as Samrat in 1987, with Ramesh Babu and Sonam, and in Kannada as Karthik in 2011.
Rajinder Singh Bedi was an Indian Urdu writer of the progressive writers' movement and a playwright, who later worked in Hindi cinema as a film director, screenwriter and dialogue writer.
Akhtar ul Iman (1915–1996) was a noted Urdu poet and screenwriter in Hindi cinema, who had a major influence on modern Urdu nazm.
The Salim Khan family refers to the family of Salim Khan which is a prominent Indian show business family, and is one of the prominent Bollywood film clans. Multiple members of the family have been actors, screenwriters, film directors and producers in the Hindi film industry of India. Salim, one half of the duo Salim–Javed, is one of the most famous screenwriters in the history of Indian cinema. His son, actor Salman Khan, has been the prominent face of the family since the 1990s, as one of the Bollywood biggest Bollywood movie stars in history of Indian cinema.
Iftikhar Hussain, known by his pen name Muztar Khairabadi, was a British Indian Urdu poet.
Inder Raj Anand was an Indian film dialogue and screenwriter in Hindi cinema, who worked on many Raj Kapoor films, starting with Aag (1948), Aah (1953), Anari (1959) and Sangam (1963). While formally referred to as a writer for Hindi films, he was actually an Urdu writer, writing his scripts and dialogues in Urdu.
JA: I write dialogue in Urdu, but the action and descriptions are in English. Then an assistant transcribes the Urdu dialogue into Devnagari because most people read Hindi. But I write in Urdu.
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