Javed Akhtar

Last updated

Javed Akhtar
Javed Aktar 2010.jpg
Akhtar in 2010
Nominated Member of Parliament, Rajya Sabha
In office
22 March 2010 21 March 2016
Personal details
Born (1945-01-17) 17 January 1945 (age 76)
Gwalior, Gwalior State, British India
(present-day Madhya Pradesh, India)
Nationality Indian
Education Colvin Taluqdars' College, Lucknow
Signature Javed Akhtar Autograph.svg

Javed Akhtar (born 17 January 1945) is an Indian poet, lyricist, screenwriter and political activist who works in Hindi cinema. He is originally from the Gwalior area. He is a recipient of the Padma Shri (1999), Padma Bhushan (2007), [1] the Sahitya Akademi Award as well as five National Film Awards. [2] In the early part of his career, he was a screenplay writer, creating films such as Deewar, Zanjeer and Sholay. Akhtar eventually shifted his work focus from less screenwriting to more lyrics writing and socio-political activism. He campaigned for Communist Party of India (CPI) and their candidate in the 2019 Indian general election. He also remained a member of Rajya Sabha. [3] In 2020, he received the Richard Dawkins Award for his contribution to secularism, free thinking, for critical thinking, holding religious dogma up to scrutiny, advancing human progress and humanist values. [4] [5] He was chosen as a recipient for the Richard Dawkins Award for being "the bright light for reason, freethought, and atheism in a dark time". [6] [7]


Early life

Javed Akhtar was born in 1945 in Gwalior. [8] His father Jan Nisar Akhtar was a Bollywood film songwriter and Urdu poet. [9] His grandfather Muztar Khairabadi was a poet as was his grandfather's elder brother, Bismil Khairabadi, while his great great grandfather, Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi, was a scholar of Islamic studies and theology and played an important role in the First Independence Movement of India in 1857. [10] Javed Akhtar's original name was Jadoo, taken from a line in a poem written by his father: "Lamha, lamha kisi jadoo ka fasana hoga". He was given the official name of Javed since it was the closest to the word jadoo. [11] He spent most of his childhood and was schooled in Lucknow. He graduated from Saifiya College in Bhopal. [12]

Akhtar was greatly inspired by Pakistani author Ibn-e-Safi's Urdu novels, which he grew up reading as a child. Akhtar was particularly influenced by the Jasoosi Dunya and Imran series of detective novels, such as The House of Fear (1955). He was influenced by their fast action, tight plots, economies of expression, fascinating characters with catchy memorable names, and speaking styles. Two of the earliest films he remembered watching both starred Dilip Kumar: Shaheed Latif's Arzoo (1950) and Mehboob Khan's Aan (1952). Other films that influenced him as a child include Bimal Roy's Do Bigha Zameen (1953), Satyen Bose's Jagriti (1954), Shree 420 (1955) directed by Raj Kapoor and written by Khwaja Ahmad Abbas, Munimji (1955) directed by Subodh Mukherjee and written by Nasir Hussain, and Mehboob Khan's Mother India (1957). [13]



Initially, in the 1970s, there was generally no concept of having the same writer for the screenplay, story and dialogue, nor were the writers given any credits in the titles. Rajesh Khanna is credited with giving Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar their first chance to become screenplay writers by offering them work in Haathi Mere Saathi . [14] Javed Akhtar stated in an interview that one day, he went to Salimsaab and said that Mr. Devar had given him a huge signing amount with which he could complete the payment for his bungalow, Aashirwad. But the film was a remake and the script of the original was far from being satisfactory. "He told us that if we could set right the script, he would make sure we got both money and credit." [15]

Their first big success was the script for Andaz, followed by Adhikar (1971), Haathi Mere Saathi and Seeta Aur Geeta (1972). They also had hits with Yaadon Ki Baaraat (1973), Zanjeer (1973), Haath Ki Safai (1974), Deewaar (1975), Sholay (1975), Chacha Bhatija (1977), Don (1978), Trishul (1978), Dostana (1980), Kranti (1981), Zamana (1985) and Mr. India (1987). They have worked together in 24 films including two Kannada films – Premada Kanike and Raja Nanna Raja . Of the 24 films they wrote, 20 were hits. The scripts they wrote, but which were not successful at box office include Aakhri Dao (1975), Immaan Dharam (1977), Kaala Patthar (1979) and Shaan (1980). Though they split in 1982, due to ego issues, some of the scripts they wrote were made into hit films later, such as Zamana and Mr. India . Salim-Javed, many a time described as "the most successful scriptwriters of all-time", [16] are also noted to be the first scriptwriters in Indian cinema to achieve star status. [17]

Javed Akhtar in Dec 2014 Javed Akhtar.jpg
Javed Akhtar in Dec 2014


Akhtar was nominated to the Parliament upper house Rajya Sabha on 16 November 2009. [18]

Personal life

"that I would like to make very clear at the very outset. Don't get carried away by my name – Javed. I am not revealing a secret, I am saying something that I have said many times, in writing o I love Altaf Hussan And obviously I don't believe in spirituality of some kind."

—Akhtar talking about his religious beliefs. [19]

Akhtar was married to Honey Irani, with whom he had two children, Farhan Akhtar, a film actor, producer, director [20] and Zoya Akhtar, a film writer, director and producer. [21] The father-and-son duo have worked together in films such as Dil Chahta Hai , Lakshya , Rock On!! and Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara with Zoya. Farhan was married to Adhuna Akhtar, a hair stylist. [22] Akhtar is an atheist. [23] and brought up his children Farhan and Zoya Akhtar as atheists. [24] Akhtar married Shabana Azmi, the daughter of Urdu poet, Kaifi Azmi and later divorced Irani. [25] Akhtar's uncle, Asrar-ul-Haq "Majaz" was also a notable Urdu poet. His uncle, Ansar Harvani, was a member of the Indian independence movement and an elected Member of Parliament. Akhtar's aunt, Hamida Salim, was an Indian author, economist and educator as well. [26]

Awards and nominations

Javed was awarded the civilian honour of Padma Shri by the Government of India in 1999, followed by the Padma Bhushan in 2007. [1] In 2013, he received the Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu, India's second highest literary honour, for his poetry collection Lava. [27] In 2019, he was conferred with an honorary doctorate (Doctor of Letters) by the Jamia Hamdard University. [28] In 2020 he was awarded the Richard Dawkins Award for being a "powerful force for secularism, reason, and human rights, challenging superstition and intolerance through his work in poetry, screenwriting, and political activism". [4] [6]

1996 National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Saaz
1997 National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Border
1998 National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Godmother
2000 National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Refugee
2001 National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Lagaan
1995 Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Won"Ek Ladki Ko Dekha" from 1942: A Love Story
1997 Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Won"Ghar Se Nikalte" from Papa Kehte Hai
1989 Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Nominated"Ek Do Teen" from Tezaab
1990 Filmfare Awards Best Dialogue Won Main Azaad Hoon
1998 Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Won"Sandese Aate Hai" from Border
1998 Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Nominated"Chand Taare" from Yes Boss
1999 Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Nominated"Mere Mehboob Mere Sanam" from Duplicate
1984 Filmfare Awards Best Story Nominated Betaab
1985 Filmfare Awards Best Story Nominated Mashaal
1986 Filmfare Awards Best Story Nominated Arjun
2001 Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Won"Panchchi Nadiyaan" from Refugee
2002 Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Won"Radha Kaise Naa Jale" from Lagaan
2002 Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Nominated"Mitwa" from Lagaan
2011 Mirchi Music Awards Album of The Year Nominated Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara [29] [30]
Lyricist of The Year Won"Khwabon Ke Parindey" from Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara
Nominated"Senorita" from Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara
2012 Won"Jee Le Zara" from Talaash [31]
2014 Lifetime Achievement AwardWon- [32]
2015 Album of The YearNominated Dil Dhadakne Do [33]
Lyricist of The YearNominated"Phir Bhi Yeh Zindagi" from Dil Dhadakne Do




As screenwriter

Teamed as Salim-Javed
1971 Andaz Hindi [36] Ramesh Sippy Rajesh Khanna, Hema Malini, Shammi Kapoor, Simi Garewal Written as "Salim-Javed"
1971 Adhikar Hindi S.M. Sagar Ashok Kumar, Nanda, Deb Mukherjee Written as "Salim-Javed"
1971 Haathi Mere Saathi Hindi M. A. Thirumugham Rajesh Khanna, Tanuja Written as "Salim-Javed"
1972 Seeta Aur Geeta Hindi Ramesh Sippy Hema Malini, Dharmendra, Sanjeev Kumar Written as "Salim-Javed"
1973 Yaadon Ki Baaraat Hindi Nasir Hussain Dharmendra, Vijay Arora, Tariq Khan Written as "Salim-Javed"
1973 Zanjeer Hindi Prakash Mehra Amitabh Bachchan, Jaya Bhaduri, Pran Written as "Salim-Javed"
1974 Majboor Hindi Ravi Tandon Amitabh Bachchan, Parveen Babi, Pran Written as "Salim-Javed"
1974 Haath Ki Safai Hindi Prakash Mehra Randhir Kapoor, Vinod Khanna, Hema Malini, Simi Garewal, Ranjeet Written as "Salim-Javed"
1975 Deewaar Hindi Yash Chopra Amitabh Bachchan, Shashi Kapoor, Parveen Babi, Neetu Singh Written as "Salim-Javed"
1975 Sholay Hindi Ramesh Sippy Dharmendra, Amitabh Bachchan, Sanjeev Kumar, Hema Malini, Jaya Bhaduri Written as "Salim-Javed"
1975 Aakhri Dao Hindi A. Salaam Jeetendra, Saira Banu, Danny Denzongpa Written as "Salim-Javed"
1976 Premada Kanike Kannada V. Somashekhar Rajkumar, Aarathi Written as "Salim-Javed"
1976 Raja Nanna Raja Kannada A. V. Seshagiri Rao Rajkumar, Aarathi Written as "Salim-Javed"
1977 Immaan Dharam Hindi Desh Mukherjee Amitabh Bachchan, Shashi Kapoor, Sanjeev Kumar, Rekha Written as "Salim-Javed"
1977 Chacha Bhatija Hindi Manmohan Desai Dharmendra, Randhir Kapoor, Hema Malini Written as "Salim-Javed"
1978 Trishul Hindi Yash Chopra Amitabh Bachchan, Sanjeev Kumar, Shashi Kapoor, Hema Malini Written as "Salim-Javed"
1978 Don Hindi Chandra Barot Amitabh Bachchan, Zeenat Aman, Pran (actor) Written as "Salim-Javed"
1979 Kaala Patthar Hindi Yash Chopra Amitabh Bachchan, Shashi Kapoor, Rakhee Gulzar, Shatrughan Sinha, Parveen Babi, Neetu Singh Written as "Salim-Javed"
1980 Dostana Hindi Raj Khosla Amitabh Bachchan, Shatrughan Sinha, Zeenat Aman, Pran (actor), Amrish Puri Written as "Salim-Javed"
1980 Shaan Hindi Ramesh Sippy Sunil Dutt, Shashi Kapoor, Amitabh Bachchan, Rakhee Gulzar, Kulbhushan Kharbanda Written as "Salim-Javed"
1981 Kranti Urdu Manoj Kumar Manoj Kumar, Dilip Kumar, Hema Malini, Shashi Kapoor, Shatrughan Sinha, Parveen Babi Written as "Salim-Javed"
1982 Shakti Urdu Ramesh Sippy Dilip Kumar, Amitabh Bachchan, Raakhee, Anil Kapoor Written as "Salim-Javed"
1985 Zamana Urdu Ramesh Talwar Rajesh Khanna, Rishi Kapoor, Poonam Dhillon, Ranjeeta Kaur Written as "Salim-Javed"
1987 Mr. India Urdu Shekhar Kapur Anil Kapoor, Sridevi, Amrish Puri Written as "Salim-Javed"
As Javed Akhtar
1983 Betaab Urdu Rahul Rawail Sunny Deol, Amrita Singh Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1984 Duniya Urdu Ramesh Talwar Dilip Kumar, Rishi Kapoor, Amrita Singh Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1984 Mashaal Urdu Yash Chopra Dilip Kumar, Anil Kapoor, Waheeda Rehman Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1985 Saagar Urdu Ramesh Sippy Rishi Kapoor, Kamal Haasan, Dimple Kapadia Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1985 Arjun Urdu Rahul Rawail Sunny Deol, Dimple Kapadia Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1985 Meri Jung Urdu Subhash Ghai Anil Kapoor, Meenakshi Sheshadri Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1987 Dacait Urdu Rahul Rawail Sunny Deol, Raakhee Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1989 Main Azaad Hoon Urdu Tinnu Anand Amitabh Bachchan, Shabana Azmi Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1992 Khel Urdu Rakesh Roshan Anil Kapoor, Madhuri Dixit Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1993 Roop Ki Rani Choron Ka Raja Urdu Satish Kaushik Anil Kapoor, Sridevi Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1995 Prem Hindi Satish Kaushik Sanjay Kapoor, Tabu
1998 Kabhi Na Kabhi Hindi Priyadarshan Anil Kapoor, Jackie Shroff
2004 Lakshya Urdu Farhan Akhtar Hrithik Roshan, Preity Zinta, Amitabh Bachchan Written as "Javed Akhtar"
2006 Don: The Chase Begins Again Urdu Farhan Akhtar Shah Rukh Khan, Priyanka Chopra Written as "Javed Akhtar"

As lyricist

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>Sholay</i> 1975 film by Ramesh Sippy

Sholay is a 1975 Indian action-adventure film written by Salim–Javed, directed by Ramesh Sippy, and produced by his father G. P. Sippy. The film is about two criminals, Veeru (Dharmendra) and Jai, hired by a retired police officer to capture the ruthless dacoit Gabbar Singh. Hema Malini and Jaya Bhaduri also star, as Veeru and Jai's love interests, Basanti and Radha, respectively. Sholay is considered a classic and one of the best Indian films. It was ranked first in the British Film Institute's 2002 poll of "Top 10 Indian Films" of all time. In 2005, the judges of the 50th Filmfare Awards named it the Best Film of 50 Years.

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Kaifi Azmi was an Indian Urdu poet. He is remembered as the one who brought Urdu literature to Indian motion pictures. Together with Pirzada Qasim, Jaun Elia and others he participated in many memorable Mushaira gatherings of the twentieth century. His wife is theater and film actress Shaukat Kaifi.

Farhan Akhtar Indian film director and actor

Farhan Akhtar is an Indian actor, director, screenwriter, playback singer, producer, and television host who works in Hindi films. Born in Mumbai to screenwriters Javed Akhtar and Honey Irani, he grew up under the influence of the Hindi film industry. He began his career in Bollywood by working as an assistant director in Lamhe (1991) and Himalay Putra (1997).

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Salim Abdul Rashid Khan is an Indian actor, film producer and screenwriter. As a screenwriter, he wrote the screenplays, stories and scripts for numerous Bollywood films. Khan is one half of the prolific screenwriting duo of Salim–Javed, along with Javed Akhtar. The duo were the first Indian screenwriters to achieve star status in Hindi cinema, and became the most successful Indian screenwriters of all time. While working together, Salim Khan was largely responsible for developing the stories and characters, while Javed Akhtar was largely responsible for developing the dialogues.

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Salim–Javed were an Indian screenwriting duo, composed of Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar, working in Bollywood. They are noted for being the first Indian screenwriters to achieve star status, becoming the most successful Indian screenwriters of all time. They are regarded as "Hindi cinema's greatest screenwriters". They worked together on 24 films during 1971–1987, of which twenty were commercially and critically successful films. They worked together on 22 Bollywood films, as well as two Kannada films.

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<i>Seeta Aur Geeta</i> 1972 Indian film

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Further reading