Javed Akhtar

Last updated

Javed Akhtar
Javed Aktar 2010.jpg
Akhtar in 2010
Born (1945-01-17) 17 January 1945 (age 74)
Nationality Indian
OccupationLyricist, Scriptwriter
Spouse(s) Honey Irani (divorced); 2 children
Shabana Azmi (m. 1984)
Children Zoya Akhtar
Farhan Akhtar
Parents
Awards
Honours Padma Shri (1999)
Padma Bhushan (2007)
Signature
Javed Akhtar Autograph.svg

Javed Akhtar (born 17 January 1945) is an Indian poet, lyricist and screenwriter. He is a recipient of the Padma Shri (1999), Padma Bhushan (2007), [1] the Sahitya Akademi Award as well as five National Film Awards. [2]

Screenwriter writer who writes for TV, films, comics and games

A screenplay writer, scriptwriter or scenarist, is a writer who practices the craft of screenwriting, writing screenplays on which mass media, such as films, television programs and video games, are based.

Padma Shri family of awards of the state of India

Padma Shri is the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma Bhushan. It is awarded by the Government of India, every year on India's Republic Day.

The Padma Bhushan is the third-highest civilian award in the Republic of India, preceded by the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan and followed by the Padma Shri. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is given for "distinguished service of a high order...without distinction of race, occupation, position or sex." The award criteria include "service in any field including service rendered by Government servants" including doctors and scientists, but exclude those working with the public sector undertakings. As of 2019, the award has been bestowed on 1254 individuals, including twenty-one posthumous and ninety-six non-citizen recipients.

Contents

Early life

Javed Akhtar was born in 1945 in Gwalior. [3] His father Jan Nisar Akhtar was a Bollywood film songwriter and Urdu poet, and his mother Safia Akhtar was a singer, teacher and writer. [4] [5] His grandfather Muztar Khairabadi was a poet as was his grandfather's elder brother, Bismil Khairabadi, while his great great grandfather, Fazl-e-Haq Khairabadi, was a scholar of Islamic studies and theology and played an important role in the First Independence Movement of India in 1857. [6] Javed Akhtar's original name was Jadoo, taken from a line in a poem written by his father: "Lamha, lamha kisi jadoo ka fasana hoga". He was given the official name of Javed since it was the closest to the word jadoo. [7] He spent most of his childhood and was schooled in Lucknow. He graduated from Saifiya College in Bhopal. [8]

Gwalior Metropolis in Madhya Pradesh, India

Gwalior is a major city in the central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh and one of the Counter-magnet cities. Located 343 kilometres (213 mi) south of Delhi, the capital city of India, 120 kilometres (75 mi) from Agra and 414 kilometres (257 mi) from Bhopal, the state capital, Gwalior occupies a strategic location in the Gird region of India. The city and its fortress have been ruled by several historic northern Indian kingdoms. From the Kachchhapaghatas in the 10th century, Tomars in the 13th century, it was passed on to the Mughal Empire, then to the Maratha in 1754, followed by the Scindia in the 18th century. A study of urban pollution in 2016 found the city to have the highest level of air pollution in India, and the second highest in the world.

Jan Nisar Akhtar was an important 20th century Indian poet of Urdu ghazals and nazms, and a part of the Progressive Writers' Movement, who was also a lyricist for Bollywood.

Iftikhar Hussain, known by his pen name Muztar Khairabadi, was an Indian Urdu poet.

Career (1971–1982)

Initially, in the 1970s, there was no concept of having the same writer for the screenplay, story and dialogue, nor were the writers given any credits in the titles. Rajesh Khanna is credited with giving Salim Khan and Javed Akhtar their first chance to become screenplay writers by offering them work in Haathi Mere Saathi. [9] Javed Akhtar stated in an interview that "One day, he went to Salimsaab and said that Mr. Devar had given him a huge signing amount with which he could complete the payment for his bungalow, Aashirwad. But the film was a remake and the script of the original was far from being satisfactory. He told us that if we could set right the script, he would make sure we got both money and credit." [10]

Their first big success was the script for Andaz, followed by Adhikar (1971), Haathi Mere Saathi and Seeta Aur Geeta (1972). They also had hits with Yaadon Ki Baaraat (1973), Zanjeer (1973), Haath Ki Safai (1974), Deewaar (1975), Sholay (1975), Chacha Bhatija (1977), Don (1978), Trishul (1978), Dostana (1980), Kranti (1981), Zamana (1985) and Mr. India (1987). They have worked together in 24 films including two Kannada films – Premada Kanike and Raja Nanna Raja . Of the 24 films they wrote, 20 were hits. The scripts they wrote, but which were not successful at box office include Aakhri Dao (1975), Immaan Dharam (1977), Kaala Patthar (1979) and Shaan (1980). Though they split in 1982, due to ego issues, some of the scripts they wrote were made into hit films later, such as Zamana and Mr. India. Salim-Javed, many a time described as "the most successful scriptwriters of all-time", [11] are also noted to be the first scriptwriters in Indian cinema to achieve star status. [12]

<i>Andaz</i> (1971 film) 1971 film by Ramesh Sippy

Andaz is a 1971 Indian Bollywood romantic drama film, directed by Ramesh Sippy, and written by Salim-Javed, Gulzar and Sachin Bhowmick. It stars Shammi Kapoor, Hema Malini, Rajesh Khanna and Simi Garewal.

<i>Haathi Mere Saathi</i> (1971 film) 1971 Hindi film directed by M. A. Thirumugam

Haathi Mere Saathi is a 1971 Indian Hindi-language film, directed by M. A. Thirumugam, with screenplay written by Salim-Javed and dialogues by Inder Raj Anand. The movie has a Disneyesque appeal with an Indian twist. Haathi Mere Saathi was the biggest hit of 1971 going by box office collections, and was also critically acclaimed. The film stars Rajesh Khanna and Tanuja. The film at that point in time was the biggest hit ever made by a South Indian producer in Hindi.

<i>Seeta Aur Geeta</i> 1972 film by Ramesh Sippy

Seeta aur Geeta is a 1972 Indian Bollywood comedy-drama film, written by Salim-Javed and directed by Ramesh Sippy. It stars Hema Malini, Dharmendra and Sanjeev Kumar in leading roles, and features music composed by R.D. Burman.

Career (1982–present)

Akhtar was nominated to the Parliament upper house Rajya Sabha on 16 November 2009. [13]

Personal life

"that I would like to make very clear at the very outset. Don't get carried away by my name – Javed. I am not revealing a secret, I am saying something that I have said many times, in writing o I love Altaf Hussan And obviously I don't believe in spirituality of some kind."

—Akhtar talking about his religious beliefs. [14]

Akhtar was a Muslim [15] but later became an atheist. [16] [17] He has brought up his children Farhan and Zoya Akhtar as atheists. [18]

Farhan Akhtar Indian director and actor

Farhan Akhtar is an Indian film director, screenwriter, actor, playback singer, producer, and television host. Born in Mumbai to screenwriters Javed Akhtar and Honey Irani, he grew up under the influence of the Hindi film industry. He began his career in Bollywood by working as an assistant director in Lamhe (1991) and Himalay Putra (1997).

Zoya Akhtar Indian film director

Zoya Akhtar is an Indian film director and screenwriter. After completing a diploma in filmmaking from NYU, she assisted directors such as Mira Nair, Tony Gerber and Dev Benegal, before turning writer-director in her own right.

Akhtar was married to Honey Irani, with whom he had two children, Farhan Akhtar and Zoya Akhtar, both film directors and actors. The father-and-son duo have worked together in films such as Dil Chahta Hai , Lakshya , Rock On!! and Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara with Zoya. Farhan was married to Adhuna Akhtar, a hair stylist. [19]

Javed divorced Irani and later married Shabana Azmi, the daughter of Urdu poet, Kaifi Azmi. [20] On February 2019, Akhtar canceled his visit to attend an event in Karachi organized by the Karachi Arts Council due to the Pulwama attack. [21]

Controversy

In November 2017, Akhtar and his wife actress Shabana Azmi during a public interview had stated that Hindus needed to stand up against royal families of Rajasthan protesting against Sanjay Leela Bhansali alleged distortion of the biopic of Queen Padmavati [ disambiguation needed ]. They also stated that the royal families never fought against the British and were now protesting against the movie [22] .

Awards and nominations

Akhtar was awarded the civilian honour of Padma Shri by the Government of India in 1999, followed by the Padma Bhushan in 2007. [1] In 2013, he received the Sahitya Akademi Award in Urdu, India's second highest literary honour, for his poetry collection Lava. [23]

YearAwardCategoryOutcomeWorkNotes
1996National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Saaz
1997National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Border
1998National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Godmother
2000National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Refugee
2001National Film Awards Best Lyrics Won Lagaan
1995Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Won"Ek Ladki Ko Dekha" from 1942: A Love Story
1997Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Won"Ghar Se Nikalte" from Papa Kehte Hai
1989Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Nominated"Ek Do Teen" from Tezaab
1990 Filmfare Awards Best Dialogue WonMain Azaad Hoon
1998 Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Won"Sandese Aate Hai" from Border
1998Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Nominated"Chand Taare" from Yes Boss
1999Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Nominated"Mere Mehboob Mere Sanam" from Duplicate
1984 Filmfare Awards Best Story NominatedBetaab
1985 Filmfare Awards Best Story NominatedMashaal
1986 Filmfare Awards Best Story NominatedArjun
2001Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Won"Panchchi Nadiyaan" from Refugee
2002Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Won"Radha Kaise Naa Jale" from Lagaan
2002Filmfare Awards Best Lyrics Nominated"Mitwa" from Lagaan
2011 Mirchi Music Awards Album of The Year Nominated Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara [24] [25]
Lyricist of The Year Won"Khwabon Ke Parindey" from Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara
Nominated"Senorita" from Zindagi Na Milegi Dobara
2012 Won"Jee Le Zara" from Talaash [26]
2014 Lifetime Achievement AwardWon- [27]
2015 Album of The YearNominated Dil Dhadakne Do [28]
Lyricist of The YearNominated"Phir Bhi Yeh Zindagi" from Dil Dhadakne Do

Filmography

As screenwriter

Teamed as Salim-Javed
YearFilmLanguageDirectorCastNotes
1971 Andaz Hindi-Urdu [29] Ramesh Sippy Rajesh Khanna, Hema Malini, Shammi Kapoor, Simi Garewal Written as "Salim-Javed"
1971 Adhikar Hindi-UrduS.M. Sagar Ashok Kumar, Nanda, Deb Mukherjee Written as "Salim-Javed"
1971 Haathi Mere Saathi Hindi-UrduM. A. Thirumugham Rajesh Khanna, Tanuja Written as "Salim-Javed"
1972 Seeta Aur Geeta Hindi-Urdu Ramesh Sippy Hema Malini, Dharmendra, Sanjeev Kumar Written as "Salim-Javed"
1973 Yaadon Ki Baaraat Hindi-Urdu Nasir Hussain Dharmendra, Vijay Arora, Tariq Khan Written as "Salim-Javed"
1973 Zanjeer Hindi-Urdu Prakash Mehra Amitabh Bachchan, Jaya Bhaduri, Pran Written as "Salim-Javed"
1974 Majboor Hindi-Urdu Ravi Tandon Amitabh Bachchan, Parveen Babi, Pran Written as "Salim-Javed"
1974 Haath Ki Safai Hindi-Urdu Prakash Mehra Randhir Kapoor, Vinod Khanna, Hema Malini, Simi Garewal, Ranjeet Written as "Salim-Javed"
1975 Deewaar Hindi-Urdu Yash Chopra Amitabh Bachchan, Shashi Kapoor, Parveen Babi, Neetu Singh Written as "Salim-Javed"
1975 Sholay Hindi-Urdu Ramesh Sippy Dharmendra, Amitabh Bachchan, Sanjeev Kumar, Hema Malini, Jaya Bhaduri Written as "Salim-Javed"
1975 Aakhri Dao Hindi-UrduA. Salaam Jeetendra, Saira Banu, Danny Denzongpa Written as "Salim-Javed"
1976 Premada Kanike Kannada V. Somashekhar Rajkumar, Aarathi Written as "Salim-Javed"
1976 Raja Nanna Raja KannadaA. V. Seshagiri Rao Rajkumar, Aarathi Written as "Salim-Javed"
1977 Immaan Dharam Hindi-UrduDesh Mukherjee Amitabh Bachchan, Shashi Kapoor, Sanjeev Kumar, Rekha Written as "Salim-Javed"
1977 Chacha Bhatija Hindi-Urdu Manmohan Desai Dharmendra, Randhir Kapoor, Hema Malini Written as "Salim-Javed"
1978 Trishul Hindi-Urdu Yash Chopra Amitabh Bachchan, Sanjeev Kumar, Shashi Kapoor, Hema Malini Written as "Salim-Javed"
1978 Don Hindi-Urdu Chandra Barot Written as "Salim-Javed"
1979 Kaala Patthar Hindi-Urdu Yash Chopra Amitabh Bachchan Written as "Salim-Javed"
1980 Dostana Hindi-Urdu Raj Khosla Written as "Salim-Javed"
1980 Shaan Hindi-Urdu Ramesh Sippy Written as "Salim-Javed"
1981 Kranti Hindi-Urdu Manoj Kumar Written as "Salim-Javed"
1982 Shakti Hindi-Urdu Ramesh Sippy Dilip Kumar, Amitabh Bachchan, Raakhee, Anil Kapoor Written as "Salim-Javed"
1985 Zamana Hindi-Urdu Ramesh Talwar Rajesh Khanna, Rishi Kapoor, Poonam Dhillon, Ranjeeta Kaur Written as "Salim-Javed"
1987 Mr. India Hindi-Urdu Shekhar Kapur Anil Kapoor, Sridevi, Amrish Puri Written as "Salim-Javed"
As Javed Akhtar
YearFilmLanguageDirectorCastNotes
1983 Betaab Hindi-Urdu Rahul Rawail Sunny Deol, Amrita Singh Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1984 Duniya Hindi-Urdu Ramesh Talwar Dilip Kumar, Rishi Kapoor, Amrita Singh Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1984 Mashaal Hindi-Urdu Yash Chopra Dilip Kumar, Anil Kapoor Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1985 Saagar Hindi-Urdu Ramesh Sippy Rishi Kapoor, Kamal Haasan Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1985 Arjun Hindi-Urdu Rahul Rawail Sunny Deol, Dimple Kapadia Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1985 Meri Jung Hindi-Urdu Subhash Ghai Anil Kapoor, Meenakshi Sheshadri Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1987 Dacait Hindi-Urdu Rahul Rawail Sunny Deol, Raakhee Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1989 Main Azaad Hoon Hindi-Urdu Tinnu Anand Amitabh Bachchan, Shabana Azmi Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1992 Khel Hindi-Urdu Rakesh Roshan Anil Kapoor, Madhuri Dixit Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1993 Roop Ki Rani Choron Ka Raja Hindi-Urdu Satish Kaushik Anil Kapoor, Sridevi Written as "Javed Akhtar"
1995 Prem HindiSatish KaushikSanjay Kapoor, Tabu
1998 Kabhi Na Kabhi Hindi Priyadarshan Anil Kapoor, Jackie Shroff
2004 Lakshya Hindi-Urdu Farhan Akhtar Hrithik Roshan, Preity Zinta Written as "Javed Akhtar"
2006 Don: The Chase Begins Again Hindi-Urdu Farhan Akhtar Shah Rukh Khan, Priyanka Chopra Written as "Javed Akhtar"

As lyricist

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "Padma Awards" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 November 2014. Retrieved July 21, 2015.
  2. "Javed Akhtar Awards & Nominations List - Filmibeat". FilmiBeat. Retrieved 2018-10-20.
  3. Ashish Rajadhyaksha and Paul Willemen, ed. (10 July 2014). Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Routledge. p. 204. ISBN   978-1-135-94318-9.
  4. "Javed Akhtar - Javed Akhtar Biography - Poem Hunter".
  5. "On Father's Day, Javed Akhtar recalls the man who taught him poetry". 16 June 2014 via The Hindu.
  6. "MUZTAR KHAIRABADI ~ Sher-o-Sukhan".
  7. Chopra, Anupama (2000). Sholay: The Making of a Classic . Penguin Books India. p. 16. ISBN   0-14-02997-0X.
  8. David John Matthews, ed. (2001). Quiver: Poems and Ghazals. HarperCollins. ISBN   978-81-7223-437-9.
  9. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2012-07-19/news-interviews/32731341_1_rajesh-khanna-consecutive-solo-superhits-record-in-indian-film
  10. Hungama, Bollywood. "The Magic of Haathi Mere Saathi - Latest Movie Features - Bollywood Hungama".
  11. Sholay, through the eyes of Salim Khan, ,Rediff.com
  12. Ramesh Dawar (2003), Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema , Encyclopædia Britannica (India) Pvt. Ltd.
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  14. "Eye on England". Telegraphindia.com. 15 July 2012. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
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  16. "Being: Javed Akhtar on the angry young man – Movies News – IBNLive". Ibnlive.in.com. 7 October 2007. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  17. His bias and hatred towards right wing organizations is displayed in most of his interviews or articles. "Spirituality, Halo or Hoax". Javedakhtar.com. 26 February 2005. There are certain things that I would like to make very clear at the very outset. Don't get carried away by my name – Javed Akhtar. I am not revealing a secret, I am saying something that I have said many times, in writing or on TV, in public...I am an atheist, I have no religious beliefs. And obviously I don't believe in spirituality of some kind. Some kind.
  18. "10 Self-Proclaimed Celebrity Atheists | Entertainment | iDiva.com | Page 4". iDiva.com. Retrieved 16 December 2013.
  19. "Transcript of the Javed Akhtar Chat". rediff.com. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  20. "Honey Irani on Divorce, Survival & Shabana Azmi". iDiva.com. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
  21. https://www.khaleejtimes.com/international/india/indian-actress-husband-cancel-pakistan-visit-after-kashmir-attack
  22. November 20, Dev Ankur Wadhawan; November 20, 2017UPDATED:; Ist, 2017 16:39. "Shabana Azmi, Javed Akhtar slammed for remarks on Padmavati controversy". India Today. Retrieved 2019-03-22.
  23. "Poets dominate Sahitya Akademi Awards 2013". Sahitya Akademi. 18 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013.
  24. "Nominations - Mirchi Music Award Hindi 2011". 30 January 2013. Archived from the original on 30 January 2013. Retrieved 24 May 2018.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  25. "Winners - Mirchi Music Awards 2011".
  26. "Winners - Mirchi Music Award Hindi 2012". www.radiomirchi.com. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  27. "Winners - Mirchi Music Awards 2014". MMAMirchiMusicAwards. Retrieved 2018-04-15.
  28. "MMA Mirchi Music Awards". MMAMirchiMusicAwards. Retrieved 2018-03-25.
  29. Aḵẖtar, Jāvīd; Kabir, Nasreen Munni (2002). Talking Films: Conversations on Hindi Cinema with Javed Akhtar. Oxford University Press. p. 49. ISBN   9780195664621. JA: I write dialogue in Urdu, but the action and descriptions are in English. Then an assistant transcribes the Urdu dialogue into Devnagari because most people read Hindi. But I write in Urdu.