Sumitra Guha

Last updated

PS

Vidushi Sumitra Guha
సుమిత్రా గుహ/ সুমিত্রা গুহ
SumitraGuha.jpg
Guha on the occasion of Indian Republic Day celebrations in Paris, 2018.
Born
Sumitra Raju

21 January
Education Visva-Bharati University, (B.A, M.A)
Years active1972–present
Spouse(s)Pran Kumar Guha
Parents
  • R. G. Narayana Raju (father)
  • Rajyalakshmi Raju (mother)
Relatives Shobha Raju(sister), Sreyash Sarkar(grand-nephew), Phulrenu Guha(grand aunt-in-law)
Awards Padma Shri
Musical career
Genres Hindustani Classical Music, Carnatic Music, World Music, Kirana Gharana
Occupation(s)Hindustani Classical Vocalist
InstrumentsVocals
Associated acts
  • Gondwana Dawn
  • OMKARA 2
  • Musical Journey towards Rising India
  • Rupam Sarmah
Website www.sumitraguha.in

Vidushi Sumitra Guha is an Indian classical vocalist, known for her expertise in the Carnatic and Hindustani schools of classical music. [1] The Government of India honored her in 2010, with the fourth highest civilian award of Padma Shri. [2]

Contents

Biography

Sumitra Guha, née Raju, was born in Andhra Pradesh [3] to a locally known singer, Smt. Rajyalakshmi Raju and R. G. Narayana Raju, a retired Deputy Collector, a native of Tirumala Reddypalle, Chitoor Dist. Her sister is the noted Carnatic vocalist and exponent of the sankirtana of gospel of the 15th-century saint-composer, Annamacharya, Smt. Shobha Raju [4] and her grandnephew, is Sreyash Sarkar. Guha took to music at an early age, receiving the first lessons in music from her mother. [5] [6] Her formal education in music started at the age of eleven from S. R. Janakiraman, a renowned music guru of Carnatic Classical Music. [1] [5] [7] Having grown up in a small village of Andhra Pradesh, she wanted to become a doctor because of the nobility of the profession. Her father, having been transferred to Nepal, suggested that she join Visva-Bharati University, Shantiniketan. [8] She carried on with her academic education, pursuing graduate studies in philosophy. [5] [6] [7] She started learning Hindustani music in 1964 and continued her music studies under Pandit A. Kanan and Vidushi Malabika Kanan of Kirana Gharana, and later received some guidance from Sushil Kumar Bose, a renowned exponent of music who learned under the tutelage of Ustad Bade Ghulam Ali Khan of the Patiala Gharana, all in the culturally enriching atmosphere of Calcutta. [1] [5] [6] [7]

Guha continued her studies even after her marriage in a Bengali family [8] at the age of 19, and in 1972, became a B-grade artist of the All India Radio. [7] The same year, she debuted as a performer with her concert at Thirumala temple in Tirupati. At AIR, she got the opportunity to participate in four chain concerts of the station in 1982, 85, 89 and 90 and several Radio Sangeet Sammelans and national programmes for AIR and Doordarshan. By 1995, she got the title of Vidhushi. [1] [6] and the same year she became a Top Grade artist of the All India Radio. [7]

Guha is proficient in Carnatic and Hindustani schools of music and is the first Andhra woman to sing Hindustani music, [5] but is more aligned to the latter with a known leaning towards the Kirana Gharana. [1] [3] The depth of the alaap, the slow elaboration of notes in the vistaar and the stability of swaras became her signature style and she became one with the putative Gharana with an exceptional quality of infusing indomitable spirituality in her renditions, as substantiated by concerts in India and later on, abroad. Having been invited to and sponsored by various music foundations abroad, she has travelled widely giving performances and holding workshops in the United States, Canada, Mauritius, West Asia, South-East Asia, Europe including Russia, Algeria, Ukraine, France, Italy, Korea, Germany, Yugoslavia, Holland and the UK. [9] [10] [11] [12]

In his 'Khayal Vocalism: Continuity Within Change', Deepak Raja, the eminent musicologist writes about Guha's prowess as a classical musician:

Despite her early cultivation in the Carnatic tradition, her delivery of Hindustani Music bears no trace of the linguistic and stylistic barriers that divides India's south from the north. Her intonation of Hindustani melodies is authentic, and her diction in the enunciation of Hindi poetry, immaculate. The core of her music remains anchored to the melody-dominated music-making of the Kirana Gharana along with its architecture. In superficial aspects, however, her khayals exhibit, the influence of her brief Patiala exposure. Her musical mind has also acquired some tendencies not traceable to obvious influences. Guha has painstakingly absorbed two substantially different traditions and has mastered the subtleties of the various genres associated with each tradition. Her music exhibits a conviction, that comes from knowing precisely, what she is doing and why. [13]

In 1995, the Central Production Centre of Doordarshan made a documentary, Ek Mulakat on the life of Guha. [5] She has also recorded for the Sangeet Natak Akademi and others such as MMY Music Foundation and HMV. [1] [5] [6]

For the Sangeet Natak Academy and the national channels of AIR, Guha has recorded many performances. She has also sung fusion music with renowned musicians from abroad. [5] Her performance at the India Habitat Centre, Delhi, in tandem with the double Grammy award winner, Robin Hogarth, [5] based on Sant Kabir's music was a blend of Hindustani and African gospel music traditions. [14] She has also done a music series by name, Tribute to the Musical Saints of India, was performed at various concerts in India. [5] She has worked on a research-based music project by name, OMKARA - The Sound of Divine Love, [15] Directed by Guinness World Record® holder Rupam Sarmah, Grammy award winner Pandit Vishwa Mohan Bhatt and others. Recently, she has introduced a new project "Musical Journey Towards Rising India". This project is in collaboration with internationally acclaimed Indian Classical musician Rupam Sarmah, Co-Producer, award-winning singer, songwriter & Guinness World Record® holder who is based in California. Guha and Rupam Sarmah have represented India for Festival of India concerts in France (2018) organized by Ministry of Culture, Govt. of India, and Embassy of India in Paris on the occasion of India's 70th Independence.

Guha founded the Sumadhur School of Performing Arts which continues to teach music in the traditional gurukula style. [5] [7] The primary purpose of such a system is the direct interaction between the Guru (teacher) and Shishya (disciple), a one-to-one association which forms a channel through which knowledge is imparted. This enables to create a wonderful environment and relationship between the guru and shishya.

Awards and recognitions

Guha has received many awards and honors starting from the gold medals she received from the Tirumala Tirupati Devasthanam at Tirupati and from the All India Vaggeykar Utsavams at Bhadrachalam in 1972. [5] [6] West Bengal Journalists Association awarded her the Best Vocalist of the Year prize in 1991 and a year later, she received the title Vidushi, in 1995. [5] [6]

Many music and arts organizations have recognized her; Sangeet Kala Ratna from the Sangeet Kala Kendra, Agra in 1997, Best Music Teacher award from the Sangam Kala Group at the National Music Awards 2006, Pt. Gama Maharaj Smriti Samman in 2006, Rashtra Bhushan Samman from the Vishwa Jagriti Mission in 2007, DTA Excellence Award from the Delhi Telugu Academy in 2008, Mahandhra Excellence Award from the Telugu Employers’ Welfare Association (Delhi), Face Award in 2009, Naadbrahm Shiromani from Sangeetanjali, Mumbai in 2010, Sangeet Vibhuti Samman from the Gandhi Hindustani Sahitya Sabha and Sangeet Shree Award from the Art and Cultural Trust of India, in 2011 are some of the awards Guha has received during her career. [5] [6]

The Government of India included her in the 2010 Republic Day honours list for the fourth highest award of Padma Shri. [2]

Rave Reviews

  1. A Rare Breed ...The Statesman
  2. Andhra's gift to the nation ...The Statesman
  3. Now, there's magic ...The Times of India
  4. Sumitra Guha scaling new peaks ...The New Indian Express, Vijayawada
  5. The ebb and flow of melody ...The Hindu
  6. Soulful Soloist ...Metro Now
  7. Sumitra sang like the cuckoo bird with its honeyed voice in Spring ...Vanitha Jyothi
  8. Sumitra's instant victory of voice in Mauritius ...The Statesman
  9. It was obvious from the opening German Concert in Saarbrücken that it was a very special tour. The audience was so entranced that they did not want to leave the blissful atmosphere created by the musicians ...Konzertburo Report, Wegberg, Germany
  10. She unfolded the raga with the tender care one would bestow on unfurling the petals of a delicate flower awaiting full bloom ...The Hindustan times
  11. She is not merely better. She is different ...The Times of India
  12. Enthralled listeners with her technical prowess and devotional fervor ...The Hindu
  13. She is not only a versatile singer but also a gifted composer ...The Hindu
  14. Certainly, music has no barriers. The scintillating performance by Padma Shree Vidushi Sumitra Guha and Double Grammy Award Winner Robin Hogarth bore testament to the fact that when it comes to music language has no role to play ...The Times of India

See also

Related Research Articles

Gangubai Hangal Indian Hindustani classical vocalist

Gangubai Hangal was an Indian singer of the khayal genre of Hindustani classical music from Karnataka, who was known for her deep and powerful voice. Hangal belonged to the Kirana gharana.

Shahid Parvez Indian musician

Ustad Shahid Parvez Khan is an Indian classical sitar maestro from the Imdadkhani gharana. He represents the seventh generation of the Etawah Gharana as its primary exponent. He is praised especially for the vocalistic phrasing and quality of his raga improvisations, known as "Gayaki Ang." This translates to "Singing branch/limb". The sitar legend, Ustad Vilayat Khan resurrected and re-introduced Gayaki Ang as a widely accepted sitar genre in India and abroad, and his nephew, Ustad Shahid Parvez Khan has carried this torch into the present day.

Kirana gharana is one of the most prolific Indian classical khyal gharanas, and is concerned foremost with perfect intonation of notes (swara).

Ajoy Chakrabarty Indian classical vocalist

Pandit Ajoy Chakrabarty is an Indian Hindustani classical vocalist, composer, lyricist and Gurudev. He is considered to be one of the proverbial figures of Indian classical music. He has also dominated for other major classical genres of India especially - Indore, Delhi, Jaipur, Gwalior, Agra, Kirana, Rampur and even Carnatic music in South India. He was given Padma Bhushan Award, the third highest civilian award in India in 2020.

Prabha Atre Indian classical vocalist

Prabha Atre is an Indian classical vocalist from the Kirana gharana. Dr. Prabha Atre holds the world record to have released 11 books. She released 11 books on music in Hindi and English at India Habitat Centre, New Delhi on 18 April 2016.

Rashid Khan (musician) Indian classical musician

Ustad Rashid Khan is an Indian classical musician in the Hindustani music tradition. He belongs to the Rampur-Sahaswan gharana, and is the great-grandson of gharana founder Inayat Hussain Khan. He is married to Soma Khan.

Hirābai Barodekar was an Indian Hindustāni classical music singer, of Kirana gharana. She was disciple of Ustād Abdul Wahid Khān.

Chhannulal Mishra Hindustani classical singer

Pandit Chhannulal Mishra is a celebrated Hindustani classical singer from Banaras, a noted exponent of the Kirana gharana (school) of the Hindustani classical music and especially the Khayal and the 'Purab Ang' – Thumri.

Padma Talwalkar is an Indian classical vocalist.

Venkatesh Kumar Musical artist

Pandit M. Venkatesh Kumar is an Indian Hindustani vocalist. He is best known for his rendition of devotional songs composed by Swami Haridas.

Rupam Sarmah is a musician, filmmaker, entrepreneur, and computer scientist. Rupam is a Guinness World Records® holder, #1 Billboard Artist in World Music chart and The Telly Awards, Gold winner. He has also directed feature films and documentaries.

Shanno Khurana Musical artist

Shanno Khurana is a noted Indian classical vocalist and composer, from the Rampur-Sahaswan gharana of Hindustani classical music. A disciple of the doyen of the gharana, Ustad Mushtaq Hussain Khan, she is known for performing rare bandish and raag, though her singing style includes genres like khayal, tarana, thumri, dadra, tappa, to chaiti and bhajan. Born and brought up in Jodhpur, she started singing on All India Radio in 1945 in Lahore, later shifted to Delhi, where she continued her singing on All India Radio, Delhi and in concerts and music festivals. She also pursued music education, finally earning her M. Phil. and PhD in music from the Kairagarh University, and has undertakes extensive research on folk music of Rajasthan.

Naina Devi also known as Naina Ripjit Singh, was Indian vocalist of Hindustani classical music, most known for her thumri renditions, though she also sang dadra and ghazals. She was a music producer at All India Radio and later with Doordarshan. She started her musical training under Girja Shankar Chakravarty in her teens, later restarted it with Ustad Mushtaq Hussain Khan of Rampur-Sahaswan gharana and Rasoolan Bai of Benaras gharana, in the 1950s. Born in an aristocratic family in Kolkata, she was married into the royal family of Kapurthala State at age 16, and was started singing in concerts only after her husband died in 1949, and she moved to Delhi.

Professor B. R. Deodhar was an Indian classical singer, musicologist and music educator. He was a vocalist of Khayal-genre of Hindustani classical music.

Aarti Nayak Musical artist

Aarti Nayak-Kamath is a Hindustani classical music vocalist working in the Gwalior gharana tradition. She has also performed in Sangeet Natak musical drama.

Gokulotsavji Maharaj

Pandit Gokulotsavji Maharaj is a Hindustani classical musician, specializing in Khayal, Dhrupad Dhammar, Prabandh Gayaki and various Ancient Indian musical styles. He is also a singer cum composer, writer, poet, musicologist, and philosopher-Vedant scholar.

Vasundhara Komkali

Vasundhara Komkali (1931–2015), popularly known as Vasundhara Tai, was an Indian classical musician and one of the leading exponents of the Gwalior gharana, an old Khyal tradition of Hindustani music. She was the wife of renowned musician, Kumar Gandharva, and was a recipient of the 2009 Sangeet Natak Akademi Award. The Government of India awarded her the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2006, for her contributions to Indian classical music.

Meeta Pandit Musical artist

Dr. Meeta Pandit is a Hindustani Classical vocalist and a leading exponent of the Gwalior Gharana. She is the granddaughter and disciple of Krishnarao Shankar Pandit and daughter of Laxman Krishnarao Pandit. She is the sixth in the unbroken lineage and the first woman in the family to have taken up music as a profession.

Krishnarao Shankar Pandit (1893–1989) was an Indian musician, considered by many as one of the leading vocalists of the Gwalior gharana. He authored several articles and 8 books on music and was the founder of Shankar Gandharva Mahavidyalaya, a music college based in Gwalior. The Government of India awarded him the third highest civilian honour of the Padma Bhushan, in 1973, for his contributions to music. He was also a recipient of several other honors, including the 1959 Sangeet Natak Akademi Award and the 1980 Tansen Award of the Government of Madhya Pradesh.

References

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "University of Massachusetts" (PDF). University of Massachusetts. 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  2. 1 2 "Padma Shri" (PDF). Padma Shri. 2014. Retrieved 11 November 2014.
  3. 1 2 "The Hindu". 5 September 2013. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  4. "Profile". Sumitraguha.in. 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 "Maharishi Gandharva". Maharishi Gandharva. 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Lokvani". Lokvani. 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Under Score Records". Under Score Records. 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014.
  8. 1 2 "The Hindu". 7 May 2009.
  9. "Maharishi University of Management Press". Maharishi University of Management Press. 3 February 2010.
  10. "The Prasanthi Reporter". The Prasanthi Reporter. 18 November 2011.
  11. "Summer School Showcase Hindustani Vocal by Sumitra Guha". The Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan Centre, London. 31 July 2016.
  12. Vidushi Sumitra Guha at Korea. Routledge. 17 July 2015. ISBN   9781317341574.
  13. "Khayal Vocalism: Continuity Within Change". Khayal Vocalism: Continuity Within Change. 2 January 2014.
  14. "Music has no barriers". TOI. 31 October 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
  15. "OMKARA - The Sound of Divine Love".