Gajam Anjaiah

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Gajam Anjaiah
Gajam Anjaiah.jpg
The Government of India conferred Gajam Anjaiah, Padma Shri award in the year 2013.
Born (1955-05-16) 16 May 1955 (age 65)
Puttapaka, Nalgonda district
NationalityIndia
OccupationHandloom designer
Known forPuttapaka Tie and Dye

Gajam Anjaiah, an Indian master handloom designer, who is widely recognised in the handloom industry for his innovations and developments of Tie and Dye handloom products along with Telia Rumal technique of weaving based on Ikat tie-dye process. He received Padma Shri from Government of India under Art category in 2013. [1] [2] He is known for his excellence in traditional handloom design works, such as Puttapaka Sarees in Tie and dye skill, that is the traditional art of designing on paper and then transferring it on to cloth. His dedication to the Handloom Industry has kept the Indian tradition of weaving alive, brought livelihood to the weavers and gave exclusive/unique designed handloom products to the people in India.

Contents

Early life and Family

He was born on 16 May 1955, in a Padmashali community in Puttapaka village, Narayanpur mandal in Nalgonda district, Telangana to Narasimha, also a textile designer, who is credited with bringing Telia Rumal to his community from Chirala. The traditional Telia Rumals are produced by him in its original and traditional methods since its inception by his father in the Puttapaka village. Gajam Anjaiah married Anasuya and they have three sons, Ramesh, Murali and Shravan and one daughter, Dhanalaxmi. [3]

Career

He started his career in the late 1970s. He received many awards for his design skills. He designs for other weavers in Nalgonda and Mahbubnagar districts. His specialisation is in sarees such as Puttapaka, Kanchi, Dharmavaram, Benaras, Coimbatore, Uppada and Venkatagiri.

During the process of learning handloom weaving, Gajam Anjaiah came across social, economical and professional problems faced by the handloom weavers and he made up his mind to bring the smile on their faces while they work and ensure them with better living standards to the extent possible. Some of the weavers of Tie & Dye weaving process in different villages like Puttapaka, Chandur, Ghattupal, Koratikallu, Narsinghbatla, Munugodu of Nalgonda District and Amangal in Mahboobnagar District are attracted for his exclusive creations, developments, unique design products and continued to work under his guidance. [4]

The recent innovations of Gajam Anjaiah are production of cotton saree with 16 Auspicious Symbols depicted in the Literature of Jainism. Each symbol in the design carries special effect, which brings religious significance to the saree, which can be worn during important festivals and religious occasions. Another recent innovative Tie and Dye cotton saree is with 108 Astrological Symbols which has much more intricate designs. Each Astrological Symbol is depicted in a size of 2.25-inch space with very minute details. The total process of transforming the paper design to fabric is much more laborious and requires high degree of skill, is taken care by Anjaiah himself in this regard.

He has imparted training to many weavers in the village of Chundur in Nalgonda district and in the village of Amangal in Mahboobnagar District in learning designing/weaving of the famous varieties like Gadwal & Tie and Dye combination, traditional Kancheevaram, Uppada and Kota sarees production. All these weavers are engaged for their regular employment and earning higher wages at present. Anjaiah apart from providing regular employment to 200 weavers’ families in Nalgonda and Mahboobnagar Districts, he has also contributed donations to some of the choultrys of weavers’ community at Srisailam, Bhadrachalam and Tirupathi.

He has participated in several handloom exhibitions such as Suraj Kund Mela held at Haryana in Feb 1990, Pravinya Exhibition organized by Crafts Council of Andhra Pradesh in September 1991, An exhibition and seminar on Handlooms/Handicrafts conducted by Annalaxmi National Museum in Singapore on two occasions i.e. on 18 December 2003 and 26 February 2004, 33rd World Crafts Councils – APR Regional Meeting in Dauge, South Korea on 19 October 2011. He has also met relevant dignitaries/officers and presented the problems of handloom weavers and suggested possible solutions. [5]

Gajam Anjaiah participated in Pagnes & Sari exhibition at the Blue Penny Museum, Mauritius on 5 November 2013. The exhibition attracted many tourists and local people in Mauritius. The Fashion and Design Institute students of Mauritius also paid visit to the exhibition and enquired about various weaving techniques of Handloom products. The exhibition was marked by the presence of Mrs. Purryag (the First Lady of Mauritius), Mr. T. P. Seetharam (the High Commissioner of India in Mauritius), Mrs. Martin (the Minister of Gender Equality, Child Development and Family Welfare) and Mr. Richon (the Curator of Blue Penny Museum). [6]

He has participated in India Unlimited event 2014 (a platform which aims to connect India and Sweden) organised in Stockholm, Sweden, where he has exhibited his weaving techniques and his handloom textile products. Several visitors, Government officials of Sweden and Ms. Banashri Bose Harrison, Indian Ambassador in Sweden, interacted with Gajam Anjaiah. [7]

In 2016, he participated in India Textile - Handloom Exhibition held at Rome on 7 July and Anzio on 9 July organised by Handloom Export Promotion Council. The event was co-ordinated by Embassy of India, Rome, Italy. The Secretary (Textiles), Ministry of Textiles, Government of India and the Ambassador of India inaugurated the India Textile - Handloom Exhibition. [8]

Padmanjali, A new saree / fabric (fusion of Ikat and Kanchi) innovated by Shri Gajam Anjaiah is generating employment for many weavers. [9]

Awards and honours

Gajam Anjaiah is the recipient of numerous certificates and awards. He received several Appreciation Certificates by a few important personnel hailing from Loksabha/Rajyasabha/Vidhaan Sabha/Vidhana Parishath and some other higher officials. He received Appreciation Certificate by Surajkund Crafts Mela, Haryana and also a Certificate for his participation in the special exhibition for celebration of golden jubilee of Indian Independence held at Dilli Haat in 1997.[ citation needed ]

He received National Award for his best Craftmanship in Teliya Rumal saree in 1987. He received Sant Kabir for his contribution to the Handloom Industry in the year 2010. The Government of India conferred on him Padma Shri in the year 2013. [10]

Related Research Articles

Sari Womans draped garment of South Asia

A sari is a women's garment from the Indian subcontinent that consists of an unstitched drape varying from 4.5 to 9 metres in length and 600 to 1,200 millimetres in breadth that is typically wrapped around the waist, with one end draped over the shoulder, partly baring the midriff. There are various styles of sari manufacture and draping, the most common being the Nivi style, which originated in the Deccan region. The sari is worn with a fitted bodice commonly called a choli and a petticoat called ghagra, parkar, or ul-pavadai. In the modern Indian subcontinent, the sari is considered a cultural icon.

Ikat is a dyeing technique used to pattern textiles that employ resist dyeing on the yarns prior to dyeing and weaving the fabric. In ikat, the resist is formed by binding individual yarns or bundles of yarns with a tight wrapping applied in the desired pattern. The yarns are then dyed. The bindings may then be altered to create a new pattern and the yarns dyed again with another color. This process may be repeated multiple times to produce elaborate, multicolored patterns. When the dyeing is finished all the bindings are removed and the yarns are woven into cloth. In other resist-dyeing techniques such as tie-dye and batik, the resist is applied to the woven cloth, whereas in ikat the resist is applied to the yarns before they are woven into cloth. Because the surface design is created in the yarns rather than on the finished cloth, in ikat both fabric faces are patterned.

Khadi Hand-spun cloth from the Indian Subcontinent, usually made out of cotton

Khadi, also called khaddar, is a hand-woven natural fibre cloth originating from eastern regions of the Indian subcontinent, mainly Eastern India, Northeastern India and Bangladesh, but is now broadly used throughout India and Pakistan.

Banarasi sari

A Banarasi sari is a sari made in Varanasi, an ancient city which is also called Benares (Banaras). The saris are among the finest saris in India and are known for their gold and silver brocade or zari, fine silk and opulent embroidery. The saris are made of finely woven silk and are decorated with intricate design, and, because of these engravings, are relatively heavy.

Sambalpuri sari

A Sambalpuri sari is a traditional handwoven ikat or sari wherein the warp and the weft are tie-dyed before weaving. It is produced in the Sambalpur, Balangir, Bargarh, Boudh and Sonepur districts of Odisha, India. The sari is a traditional female garment in the Indian subcontinent consisting of a strip of unstitched cloth ranging from four to nine metres in length that is draped over the body in various styles.

Baluchar Sari or Baluchuri Sari is a type of sari, a garment worn by women in West Bengal and Bangladesh. This particular type of sari originated in Bengal and is known for depictions of mythological scenes on the pallu of the sari. It was mainly produced in Murshidabad but presently Bishnupur and its surrounding places of West Bengal is the only place where authentic Baluchuri saris are produced. It takes approximately one week to produce one such sari. The Baluchari Sari has been granted the status of geographical indication in India.

Pochampally sari

Pochampally sari or Pochampalli ikat is a saree made in Bhoodan Pochampally, Yadadri Bhuvanagiri district, Telangana State, India. They have traditional geometric patterns in Ikat style of dyeing. The intricate geometric designs find their way into sarees and dress materials. The Indian government's official airplane company, Air India, has its cabin crew wear specially designed Pochampally silk sarees.

Telia Rumal is a method for the oil treatment of yarn. It originated from Chirala in Andhra Pradesh. At Chirala, in the Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh where the craft started, the weavers had virtually stopped making Telia Rumals. People who acquired skill in this dying art took the lead to introduce this in Puttapaka village of Nalgonda district in Telangana. Recently Puttapaka Telia Rumal was accorded with Geographical indication (GI) tag. It is an art of Ikat tradition using natural vegetable dyes. Some noted designers like Gajams are popular for Telia Rumal designs. These rumals were patronised by Nizams of Hyderabad.

Puttapaka Sari is a saree made in Puttapaka village, Samsthan Narayanpuram mandal in Nalgonda district, India. It is known for its unique Puttapaka tie and dye style of sarees.

Kailash Chandra Meher

Kailash Chandra Meher is an Indian artist, inventor, and social activist. He is a painter of contemporary modern art paintings and traditional Tussar Pattachitra paintings of Odisha. He was a recipient of the Padma Shri by the Government of India in 2013.

Gajam Govardhana is an Indian master weaver, known for his mastery over the art of Ikkat dyeing of Telia Rumal tradition and for his handloom creations. The Government of India honoured him in 2011, with the fourth highest civilian award of Padma Shri.

Handloom sari Sari woven by hand-operated loom

Handloom saris are a traditional textile art of Bangladesh and India. The production of handloom saris are important for economic development in rural India.

A Solapuri chaddar, also known as Solapur, is a cotton bed sheet made in the Solapur city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. These chaddars are popular in India where they are manufactured using hand looms and are known for their design and durability. Solapuri chaddars were the first product in Maharashtra to obtain Geographical Indication (GI) status.

Kunja Bihari Meher was an Indian master craftsman and weaver from Odisha. Born in the Bargarh district, he is known for the Ikkat tradition of weaving, found in the Sambalpuri sarees of Odisha, and is credited with the development of Sambalpuri handloom industry. He was awarded the fourth highest civilian award of the Padma Shri by the Government of India, in 1998. He won the National Award for Handicrafts of the National Centre for Textile Design in 2009. His son, Surendra Meher, is also a known weaver.

Chaturbhuj Meher is an Indian weaver, considered by many as one of the master weavers of the Tie-dye handloom tradition of Odisha. Born on 13 October 1935 at Sonepur in Odisha, he had formal education only up to school level but learned the traditional weaving craft to join Weavers' Service Centre as a Weaver. Vayan Vihar, a handloom factory and Handloom Research and Training Center, a research institute in Sonepur have been founded by him and he is known to have trained over 10,000 craftsmen.

Padmanabhan Gopinathan is an Indian master weaver of handloom textiles and the founder of Eco Tex Handloom Consortium, an organization promoting handloom weaving in Manjavilakom, a small hamlet in Thiruvananthapuram, in the south Indian state of Kerala. Under the aegis of the organization, he provides employment to over 1800 women in the village. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2007, for his social commitment and his contributions to the art of weaving.

Habaspuri sari

Habaspuri is a cotton-based traditional handloom textiles of Odisha, India. Habaspuri sari is a major product of this textile. The Kondha weavers of Chicheguda, Kalahandi district, Odisha are originally attributed for weaving of the Habaspuri fabric. For its uniqueness in weaving, design and production, it has been identified as one of the 14 Geographical Indications of Odisha. The textile has traditional patterns of the region like kumbha (temple), fish and flowers.

Kotpad Handloom is a vegetable-dyed fabric woven by the tribal weavers of the Mirgan community of Kotpad village in Koraput district, Odisha, India. Cotton sarees with solid border and Pata Anchal, duppatta with typical Buties / motifs, Scolrfs on cotton, silk, handloom stoles, and dress materials are all dyed with organic dyes. The natural dye is manufactured from the aul tree grown in this area. The Kotpad tussar silk saree with tribal art and Kotpad handloom fabrics with natural color is its specialty.

The handloom industry in Tangail is one of the oldest cottage industries of Bangladesh. This traditional saree is produced in Tangail district and is named after the place.

Gobardhan Panika is an Indian master weaver of Kotpad handloom a traditional tribal craft. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian honour of the Padma Shri, in 2018, for his contributions to the art of weaving.

References

  1. http://tehelka.com/padma-awards-to-rajesh-khanna-sharmila-tagore-rahul-dravid/
  2. "Padma Awards: List of Awardees". indiatimes.com. 26 January 2013. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  3. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 27 January 2013.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. "Top News in India: India News, Bollywood News, Sports News, Business News & Current Affairs, National & International News". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  5. Padma Awards 2013. Ministry of Home Affairs. Government of India. 2013.
  6. http://www.potomitan.info/ki_nov/pagnes-saris.pdf
  7. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. "Calendar of events 2016 | Handloom Export Promotion Council" . Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  9. "#Padmanjali hashtag on Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  10. "Padma bonanza ..." The Hindu. 26 January 2013. ISSN   0971-751X . Retrieved 26 April 2020.