James, Viscount Severn

Last updated

James
James, Viscount Severn 2016.jpg
Viscount Severn in 2016
Born
James Alexander Philip Theo Mountbatten-Windsor

(2007-12-17) 17 December 2007 (age 11)
TitleViscount Severn
Parents
Family House of Windsor

James, Viscount Severn (James Alexander Philip Theo Mountbatten-Windsor; born 17 December 2007), is the younger child and only son of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and Sophie, Countess of Wessex, and the youngest grandchild of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. He is 12th in line of succession to the British throne.

Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex Youngest son of Elizabeth II

Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, is the youngest of four children and the third son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. At the time of his birth, he was third in line of succession to the British throne; as of May 2019, he is 11th. The Earl is a full-time working member of the British royal family and supports the Queen in her official duties – often alongside his wife, the Countess of Wessex - as well as undertaking public engagements for a large number of his own charities. In particular he has assumed many duties from his father, the Duke of Edinburgh, who retired from public life in 2017. Prince Edward succeeded Prince Philip as president of the Commonwealth Games Federation and opened the 1990 Commonwealth Games in New Zealand and the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Malaysia. He has also taken over the Duke's role in the Duke of Edinburgh's Award Scheme.

Sophie, Countess of Wessex member of the British royal family

Sophie, Countess of Wessex,, is a member of the British royal family. She is the wife of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, the youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Married in 1999, she worked in public relations until 2002 and now is a full-time working member of the royal family who splits her time between her work in support of the Queen and a large number of her own charities and organisations. The Earl and Countess have two children: Lady Louise Windsor and James, Viscount Severn, who are respectively thirteenth and twelfth in line to the British throne.

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Member of the British Royal Family, consort to Queen Elizabeth II

Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II.

Contents

Birth and baptism

James was born by caesarean section at 16:20 UTC on 17 December 2007, at Frimley Park Hospital. [1] Prince Edward, who was present for the birth of his second child, remarked that the birth was "a lot calmer than last time" (a reference to the emergency delivery of their first child, Lady Louise), that his wife was "doing very well," and that his son was "like most babies, rather small, very cute and very cuddly." [1] The baby and his mother were released from hospital on 20 December, and the following day his names were announced as James Alexander Philip Theo. [2] He was admitted to Great Ormond Street Hospital in London on 24 January 2008, with what Buckingham Palace called a "minor allergic reaction." [3] He was released from the hospital within days.

Caesarean section surgical procedure in which one or more incisions are made through a mothers abdomen and uterus to deliver one or more babies

Caesarean section, also known as C-section, or caesarean delivery, is the use of surgery to deliver babies. A caesarean section is often necessary when a vaginal delivery would put the baby or mother at risk. This may include obstructed labor, twin pregnancy, high blood pressure in the mother, breech birth, or problems with the placenta or umbilical cord. A caesarean delivery may be performed based upon the shape of the mother's pelvis or history of a previous C-section. A trial of vaginal birth after C-section may be possible. The World Health Organization recommends that caesarean section be performed only when medically necessary. Some C-sections are performed without a medical reason, upon request by someone, usually the mother.

Frimley Park Hospital Hospital in Surrey, England

Frimley Park Hospital is a large, 938-bed general hospital in Frimley, Surrey. It is managed by Frimley Health NHS Foundation Trust, and houses a private wing.

Great Ormond Street Hospital Hospital in London

Great Ormond Street Hospital is a children's hospital located in the Bloomsbury area of the London Borough of Camden, and a part of Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Foundation Trust.

He was baptised on 19 April 2008, in the Private Chapel of Windsor Castle by David Conner, the Dean of Windsor and his godparents were Alastair Bruce of Crionaich, Duncan Bullivant, Thomas Hill, Denise Poulton and Jeanye Irwin. [4] [5] He wore a newly made replica of the royal christening gown originally used by Victoria, the eldest daughter of Queen Victoria, in 1840. It has been worn for most royal christenings since then, and the original gown has now been preserved. [4]

Infant baptism Christian baptism of infants or young children

Infant baptism is the practice of baptising infants or young children. In theological discussions, the practice is sometimes referred to as paedobaptism, or pedobaptism, from the Greek pais meaning "child". This can be contrasted with what is called "believer's baptism", or credobaptism, from the Latin word credo meaning "I believe", which is the religious practice of baptising only individuals who personally confess faith in Jesus, therefore excluding underage children. Opposition to infant baptism is termed catabaptism. Infant baptism is also called "christening" by some faith traditions.

Windsor Castle Royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire

Windsor Castle is a royal residence at Windsor in the English county of Berkshire. It is notable for its long association with the English and later British royal family and for its architecture.

David John Conner, is a British Anglican bishop. He is the current Dean of Windsor, and was formerly the Bishop to the Forces (2001–2009).

Education

James currently attends St George's School in Windsor Castle. [6]

St George's School, Windsor Castle is a coeducational independent preparatory school in Windsor, near London, England. Founded to provide choirboys for the Choir of St George's Chapel, it now educates over 400 boys and girls.

Official appearances

In April 2015, James and his sister participated in their first overseas engagement. They accompanied their parents on a trip to South Africa. [7]

South Africa Republic in the southernmost part of Africa

South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. It is bounded to the south by 2,798 kilometres (1,739 mi) of coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans; to the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana, and Zimbabwe; and to the east and northeast by Mozambique and Eswatini (Swaziland); and it surrounds the enclaved country of Lesotho. South Africa is the largest country in Southern Africa and the 25th-largest country in the world by land area and, with over 57 million people, is the world's 24th-most populous nation. It is the southernmost country on the mainland of the Old World or the Eastern Hemisphere. About 80 percent of South Africans are of Bantu ancestry, divided among a variety of ethnic groups speaking different African languages, nine of which have official status. The remaining population consists of Africa's largest communities of Whites, Asian (Indian), and multiracial (Coloured) ancestry.

Titles, styles and honours

Titles and styles

Letters patent issued in 1917 assign a princely status and the style of Royal Highness to all male-line grandchildren of a monarch. [8] Therefore, all else being equal, James would have been styled as "His Royal Highness Prince James of Wessex". However, when his parents married, the Queen, via a Buckingham Palace press release, announced that their children would be styled as the children of an earl, rather than as princes or princesses. [9] Thus, as is customary for the eldest son of an earl, court communications refer to him as Viscount Severn, which is one of his father's subsidiary titles.

Letters patent type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order

Letters patent are a type of legal instrument in the form of a published written order issued by a monarch, president, or other head of state, generally granting an office, right, monopoly, title, or status to a person or corporation. Letters patent can be used for the creation of corporations or government offices, or for the granting of city status or a coat of arms. Letters patent are issued for the appointment of representatives of the Crown, such as governors and governors-general of Commonwealth realms, as well as appointing a Royal Commission. In the United Kingdom they are also issued for the creation of peers of the realm. A particular form of letters patent has evolved into the modern patent granting exclusive rights in an invention. In this case it is essential that the written grant should be in the form of a public document so other inventors can consult it to avoid infringement and also to understand how to "practice" the invention, i.e., put it into practical use. In the Holy Roman Empire, Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary, imperial patent was also the highest form of generally binding legal regulations, e. g. Patent of Toleration, Serfdom Patent etc.

Royal Highness is a style used to address or refer to some members of royal families, usually princes or princesses. Monarchs and their consorts are usually styled Majesty. When used as a direct form of address, spoken or written, it takes the form "Your Royal Highness". When used as a third-person reference, it is gender-specific and, in plural, Their Royal Highnesses (TRH).

Buckingham Palace Official London residence and principal workplace of the British monarch

Buckingham Palace is the London residence and administrative headquarters of the monarch of the United Kingdom. Located in the City of Westminster, the palace is often at the centre of state occasions and royal hospitality. It has been a focal point for the British people at times of national rejoicing and mourning.

The title Viscount Severn is derived from the Welsh roots of the Countess's family, [10] the River Severn rising in Wales.

Honours

In June 2008, to recognise a visit by his father to the Canadian province of Manitoba, the Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba-in-Council named a lake in the north of the province after James. [11]

Related Research Articles

British royal family Family consisting of close relatives of the monarch of the United Kingdom

The British royal family comprises Queen Elizabeth II and her close relations. There is no strict legal or formal definition of who is or is not a member of the British royal family.

Mountbatten-Windsor Family name

Mountbatten-Windsor is the personal surname used by some of the male-line descendants of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. Under a declaration made in Privy Council in 1960, the name Mountbatten-Windsor applies to male-line descendants of the Queen without royal styles and titles. Individuals with royal styles do not usually use a surname, but some descendants of the Queen with royal styles have used Mountbatten-Windsor when a surname was required.

Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood member of the British Royal Family, daughter of King George V and Queen Mary

Mary, Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood was a member of the British royal family. She was the third child and only daughter of King George V and Queen Mary and was born during the reign of Queen Victoria, her great-grandmother. Mary was the paternal aunt of the current British monarch, Queen Elizabeth II. Her education started at home. World War I brought Mary out of seclusion as she launched a charity campaign to support British troops and sailors. She eventually became a nurse. Mary married Viscount Lascelles in 1922. She was an avid collector of jewellery.

Duke of Kent title created several times in the peerages of Great Britain and the United Kingdom

The title of Duke of Kent has been created several times in the peerages of Great Britain and the United Kingdom, most recently as a royal dukedom for the fourth son of King George V. Since 1942, the title has been held by Prince Edward, Queen Elizabeth II's cousin.

Duke of Sussex royal dukedom in the United Kingdom

Duke of Sussex is a substantive title, one of several royal dukedoms, that has been created twice in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It takes its name from the county of Sussex in England.

Lady Louise Windsor daughter of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex and Sophie Rhys-Jones

Lady Louise Windsor is the elder child and only daughter of Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, and Sophie, Countess of Wessex. She is the youngest granddaughter of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh. She is 13th in the line of succession to the British throne.

Earl of Wessex

Earl of Wessex is a title that has been created three times in British history, twice in the pre-Conquest Anglo-Saxon nobility of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The region of Wessex, in the south and southwest of England, had been one of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms, whose expansion in the tenth century created a united Kingdom of England.

British princess Wikimedia list article

This is a list of those who have held the title Princess of the United Kingdom from the accession of George I in 1714. This article deals with both princesses of the blood royal and women who become princesses upon marriage.

Earl of Forfar Title of Scottish nobility

Earl of Forfar is a title of Scottish nobility, referring to Forfar, the county town of Angus, Scotland.

Rupert Cambridge, Viscount Trematon British viscount

Prince Rupert of Teck was a member of the British Royal Family, a great grandson of Queen Victoria. During World War I, the British Royal Family relinquished their Germanic titles, and in 1917 Prince Rupert assumed the title Viscount Trematon, a subsidiary title to his father, who was created Earl of Athlone.

Wedding of Prince Edward and Sophie Rhys-Jones

The wedding of Prince Edward and Sophie Rhys-Jones took place on 19 June 1999 in St George's Chapel at Windsor Castle. Queen Elizabeth II's youngest child, Prince Edward, was created Earl of Wessex hours before the ceremony.

The wedding dress of Sophie Rhys-Jones refers to the bridal gown worn by her at her wedding to Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex, the youngest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh on 19 June 1999 at St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle. The dress was designed by Samantha Shaw.

Sir Marcus Edward Setchell, is a leading British obstetrician and gynaecologist and the former Surgeon-Gynaecologist to Queen Elizabeth II's Royal Household.

Prince George of Cambridge British prince; Son of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge

Prince George of Cambridge is a member of the British royal family. He is the eldest child of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, and third in the line of succession to the British throne behind his grandfather Prince Charles and his father. As he is expected to be king someday, his birth was widely celebrated across the Commonwealth realms. George occasionally accompanies his parents on royal tours, and has affected business and popular culture.

Prince Louis of Cambridge is a member of the British royal family. He is the third and youngest child and second son of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. He is fifth in the line of succession to the British throne.

References

  1. 1 2 "Countess gives birth to baby boy". BBC News. 17 December 2007.
  2. "Edward and Sophie name baby James". BBC News. 21 December 2007.
  3. "Royal baby has allergic reaction". BBC News. 25 January 2008.
  4. 1 2 "Announcement of the Arrangement for the Christening of Lord Severn". royal.gov.uk . 15 April 2008. Archived from the original on 20 April 2008.
  5. "Queen sees grandson's christening". BBC News. 19 April 2008.
  6. "Prince Edward and Sophie, Countess of Wessex: Children's school has this sweet family link". express.co.uk. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  7. "Lady Louise and James accompany mother Sophie on royal mission in South Africa". 11 April 2015.
  8. "No. 30428". The London Gazette . 14 December 1917. p. 13086.
  9. "Title of HRH The Prince Edward". UK Government News. 19 June 1999. Archived from the original on 18 January 2014. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  10. "Wessex titles for Edward and Sophie". BBC News. 19 June 1999. Retrieved 3 May 2011.
  11. "Prince Edward begins Winnipeg visit". The Vancouver Sun . Canada. 2 June 2008. Archived from the original on 15 April 2011. Retrieved 30 March 2010.
James, Viscount Severn
Born: 17 December 2007
Lines of succession
Preceded by
The Earl of Wessex
Line of succession to the British throne
12th position
Followed by
Lady Louise Windsor
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Duke of Sussex
Gentlemen
Viscount Severn
Followed by
Peter Phillips