List of mergers and acquisitions by Microsoft

Last updated

Microsoft logo Microsoft logo (2012).svg
Microsoft logo

Microsoft is an American public multinational corporation headquartered in Redmond, Washington, USA that develops, manufactures, licenses, and supports a wide range of products and services predominantly related to computing through its various product divisions. Established on April 4, 1975 to develop and sell BASIC interpreters for the Altair 8800, Microsoft rose to dominate the home computer operating system market with MS-DOS in the mid-1980s, followed by the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems. Microsoft would also come to dominate the office suite market with Microsoft Office. The company has diversified in recent years into the video game industry with the Xbox, the Xbox 360, the Xbox One, and the Xbox Series X as well as into the consumer electronics and digital services market with Zune, MSN and the Windows Phone OS.

Contents

The company's initial public offering was held on March 14, 1986. The stock, which eventually closed at US$27.75 a share, peaked at $29.25 a share shortly after the market opened for trading. After the offering, Microsoft had a market capitalization of $519.777 million. [1] Microsoft has subsequently acquired over 225 companies, purchased stakes in 64 companies, and made 25 divestments. Of the companies that Microsoft has acquired, 107 were based in the United States. Microsoft has not released financial details for most of these mergers and acquisitions.

Since Microsoft's first acquisition in 1987, it has purchased an average of six companies a year. The company purchased more than ten companies a year between 2005 and 2008, and it acquired 18 firms in 2006, the most in a single year, including Onfolio, Lionhead Studios, Massive Incorporated, ProClarity, Winternals Software, and Colloquis. Microsoft has made eleven acquisitions worth over one billion dollars: Skype (2011), aQuantive (2007), Fast Search & Transfer (2008), Navision (2002), Visio Corporation (2000), Yammer (2012), Nokia's mobile and devices division (2013), Mojang (2014), LinkedIn (2016) , GitHub (2018) and Affirmed Networks(2020)

Microsoft has also purchased several stakes valued at more than a billion dollars. It obtained an 11.5% stake in Comcast for $1 billion, a 22.98% stake in Telewest for $2.263 billion, and a 3% stake in AT&T for $5 billion. Among Microsoft's divestments, in which parts of the company are sold to another company, only Expedia Group was sold for more than a billion dollars; USA Networks purchased the company on February 5, 2002 for $1.372 billion.

Key acquisitions

Microsoft's first acquisition was Forethought on July 30, 1987. Forethought was founded in 1983 and developed a presentation program that would later be known as Microsoft PowerPoint. [2]

On December 31, 1997, Microsoft acquired Hotmail.com for $500 million, its largest acquisition at the time, and integrated Hotmail into its MSN group of services. [3] Hotmail, a free webmail service founded in 1996 by Jack Smith and Sabeer Bhatia, [4] had more than 8.5 million subscribers earlier that month. [5]

Microsoft acquired Seattle-based Visio Corporation on January 7, 2000 for $1.375 billion. Visio, a software company, was founded in 1990 as Axon Corporation, and had its initial public offering in November 1995. [6] The company developed the diagramming application software, Visio, which was integrated into Microsoft's product line as Microsoft Visio after its acquisition.

On July 12, 2002, Microsoft purchased Navision for $1.33 billion. The company, which developed the technology for the Microsoft Dynamics NAV enterprise resource planning software, was integrated into Microsoft as a new division named Microsoft Business Solutions, [7] later renamed to Microsoft Dynamics. [8]

Microsoft purchased aQuantive, an advertising company, on August 13, 2007 for $6.333 billion. Before the acquisition, aQuantive was ranked 14th in terms of revenue among advertising agencies worldwide. aQuantive had three subsidiaries at the time of the acquisition: Avenue A/Razorfish, one of the world's largest digital agencies, [9] Atlas Solutions, and DRIVE Performance Solutions. [10] Microsoft acquired the Norwegian enterprise search company Fast Search & Transfer on April 25, 2008 for $1.191 billion to boost its search technology. [11]

On May 10, 2011, Microsoft announced its acquisition of Skype Technologies, creator of the VoIP service Skype, for $8.5 billion. [12] With a value 32 times larger than Skype's operating profits, the deal was Microsoft's largest acquisition at the time. [13] [14] Skype would become a division within Microsoft, with Skype's former CEO Tony Bates —then the division's first president —reporting to the CEO of Microsoft. [15]

On September 2, 2013, Microsoft announced its intent to acquire the mobile hardware division of Nokia (which had established a long-term partnership with Microsoft to produce smartphones built off its Windows Phone platform) [16] in a deal worth 3.79 billion euros, along with another 1.65 billion to license Nokia's portfolio of patents. Steve Ballmer considered the purchase to be a "bold step into the future" for both companies, primarily as a result of its recent collaborations. The acquisition, scheduled to close in early 2014 pending regulatory approval, will not include the Here mapping service or the infrastructure division Nokia Solutions and Networks, which will be retained by Nokia. [17] [18]

On June 13, 2016, Microsoft announced it planned to acquire the professional networking site LinkedIn for $26.2 billion, to be completed by the end of 2016. The acquisition would keep LinkedIn as a distinct brand and retain its current CEO, Jeff Weiner, who will subsequently report to Microsoft CEO Satya Nadella. [19] The acquisition was completed on December 8, 2016. [20]

On June 4, 2018, Microsoft acquired the popular code repository site GitHub for $7.5 billion in Microsoft stock. [21]

Acquisitions

DateCompanyBusinessCountryValue (USD)References
July 30, 1987 Forethought, Inc. Computer softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 14,000,000 [22]
March 31, 1991 Consumers Software SoftwareFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [23]
June 29, 1992Fox SoftwarePC database softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [24]
February 28, 1994 Softimage Wholesale 3-D visualization softwareFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [25]
September 27, 1994 Altamira Software SoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [26]
November 1, 1994 NextBase SoftwareFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom [27]
November 15, 1994One Tree SoftwareSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [28]
February 23, 1995 RenderMorphics 3D graphics hardwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [29]
July 10, 1995Network ManagersSystems designFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom [30]
October 17, 1995 The Blue Ribbon SoundWorks SoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [31]
November 6, 1995NetwiseComputer softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [32]
December 12, 1995 Bruce Artwick OrganizationProgrammingFlag of the United States.svg  United States [33]
January 16, 1996 Vermeer Technologies SoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 133,000,000 [34]
March 6, 1996VGA-Animation Software Div [note 1] SoftwareFlag of Germany.svg  Germany [35]
March 12, 1996Colusa SoftwareSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [36]
April 16, 1996ExosVideo game controllersFlag of the United States.svg  United States [37]
April 23, 1996Aspect Software EngineeringComputer softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 14,150,000 [38]
June 11, 1996 eShop Inc. SoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [39]
June 17, 1996 Electric Gravity Electronic gamesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [40]
November 1, 1996Panorama Software Sys-On-Line [note 2] SoftwareFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [41]
February 3, 1997 NetCarta Internet softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 20,000,000 [42]
March 3, 1997InterseInternet softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [43]
April 30, 1997 WebTV Networks Internet service providerFlag of the United States.svg  United States 425,000,000 [44]
May 7, 1997Dimension XJava-based platformsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [45]
June 13, 1997 Cooper & Peters ProgrammingFlag of the United States.svg  United States [46]
June 30, 1997 LinkAge Software Internet software developmentFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [47]
August 5, 1997 VXtreme Internet video softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [48]
December 31, 1997 Hotmail Internet softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 500,000,000 [49]
February 23, 1998 Flash Communications Enterprise instant messaging softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [50] [51]
April 15, 1998 Firefly Relationship management softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 40,000,000 [52]
April 28, 1998MESA GroupData sharing softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [53]
August 25, 1998Valence ResearchInternet softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [54]
November 6, 1998 LinkExchange Internet advertising networkFlag of the United States.svg  United States 265,000,000 [55]
January 11, 1999 FASA Interactive Computer game softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [56]
March 4, 1999CompareNetShopping onlineFlag of the United States.svg  United States [57]
March 26, 1999Numinous TechnologiesSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [58]
April 27, 1999Interactive Objects-DigitalWeb music softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [59]
April 30, 1999 Jump Networks Internet service providerFlag of the United States.svg  United States [60]
June 7, 1999 ShadowFactor Software Wholesale computer softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [61]
June 15, 1999 Omnibrowse Internet softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [62]
June 28, 1999IntrinsaDefect detection softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 58,900,000 [63]
July 1, 1999SenditApplication softwareFlag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 125,420,000 [64]
July 7, 1999ZoomitEncryption softwareFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [65]
July 21, 1999STNCCommunity softwareFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom [66]
September 19, 1999Softway SystemsComputer programmingFlag of the United States.svg  United States [67]
October 29, 1999EntropicSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [68]
January 7, 2000 Visio Corporation Wholesale drawing softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 1.375×10^9 [69]
February 29, 2000 Peach Networks Digital TV servicesFlag of Israel.svg  Israel [70]
March 17, 2000TravelscapeInternet service providerFlag of the United States.svg  United States 89,750,000 [71]
April 12, 2000Titus CommunicationsCable televisionFlag of the United States.svg  United States 944,800,000 [72]
June 19, 2000 Bungie Computer softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [73]
July 12, 2000 NetGames SoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [74]
September 13, 2000 MongoMusic Online music search engineFlag of the United States.svg  United States 65,000,000 [75]
September 27, 2000Pacific MicrosonicsDigital audio technologyFlag of the United States.svg  United States [76]
December 5, 2000 Digital Anvil Video gamesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [77]
March 17, 2001VacationspotInternet service providerFlag of the United States.svg  United States 70,850,000 [78]
April 5, 2001Great Plains SoftwareBusiness management softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 939,884,000 [79]
May 2, 2001Intellisol InternationalSoftwareFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [80]
May 3, 2001 Ensemble Studios Video gamesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [81]
May 31, 2001 NCompass Labs Internet softwareFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 36,000,000 [82]
June 21, 2001Maximal Innovative IntelligenceSoftwareFlag of Israel.svg  Israel 20,000,000 [83]
July 1, 2001 Yupi Online Spanish portalFlag of the United States.svg  United States [84]
March 11, 2002Classic Custom VacationsTravel agencyFlag of the United States.svg  United States 78,000,000 [85]
May 22, 2002Sales Management SystemsSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [86]
July 12, 2002NavisionSoftware programmingFlag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 1.33×10^9 [87]
July 29, 2002MobilocityComputer consultingFlag of the United States.svg  United States [88]
September 10, 2002XDegreesSecurity softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [89]
September 24, 2002 Rare Video gamesFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 375,000,000 [90]
December 13, 2002VicinityOnline enterprise locationFlag of the United States.svg  United States 95,849,000 [91]
February 25, 2003 Connectix SoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [92]
March 3, 2003DCGInternet softwareFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia [93]
April 30, 2003 PlaceWare Web conferencingFlag of the United States.svg  United States 200,000,000 [94]
May 27, 2003G.A. SullivanInformation technologyFlag of the United States.svg  United States [95]
June 10, 2003 GeCAD Software Antivirus technologyFlag of Romania.svg  Romania [96]
August 29, 2003 3DO Co-High Heat Baseball SoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 450,000 [97]
April 22, 2004Encore Bus Solutions-IP AstsIP assetsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [98]
April 26, 2004ActiveViewsReporting systemsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [99]
July 16, 2004Lookout SoftwarePersonal search toolFlag of the United States.svg  United States [100]
December 16, 2004 GIANT Company Software Anti-spywareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [101]
March 2, 2005en'tegrateSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [102]
April 9, 2005 Groove Networks Community softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [103]
May 11, 2005MessageCastMessagingFlag of the United States.svg  United States 7,000,000 [104]
May 31, 2005Tsinghua-Shenxun-Cert AstsCertain assetsFlag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 15,000,000 [105]
June 21, 2005Sybari SoftwareSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [106]
August 29, 2005 Teleo VoIPFlag of the United States.svg  United States [107]
August 31, 2005FrontBridge TechnologiesEmail protectionFlag of the United States.svg  United States [108]
September 19, 2005AlacrisCertificate management softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [109]
November 3, 2005media-streams.comSoftwareFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland [110]
November 17, 20055th FingerMobileFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 3,153,000 [111]
January 19, 2006UMT-Software and IP AssetsSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [112]
February 13, 2006MotionBridgeSearchFlag of France.svg  France 17,858,000 [113]
February 13, 2006 Seadragon Software SoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [114]
March 7, 2006ApptimumSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [115]
March 7, 2006 Onfolio Internet softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [116]
April 6, 2006 Lionhead Studios Video gamesFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom [117]
April 26, 2006AssetMetrixEnterprise asset intelligence (SaaS)Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 18,000,000 [118]
May 4, 2006 Massive Incorporated Video game advertisingFlag of the United States.svg  United States [119]
May 4, 2006 Vexcel Mapping softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [120]
May 15, 2006 DeepMetrix Web log analysisFlag of the United States.svg  United States [121]
June 6, 2006 ProClarity Analysis softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [122]
June 27, 2006iView MultimediaDigital asset managementFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom [123]
July 17, 2006 Softricity Application virtualization softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [124]
July 18, 2006 Winternals SoftwareSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [125]
July 26, 2006 Whale Communications ApplicationsFlag of Israel.svg  Israel [126]
September 26, 2006GtekoApplicationsFlag of Israel.svg  Israel [127]
October 2, 2006DesktopStandardApplicationsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [128]
October 12, 2006 Colloquis Natural language softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [129]
March 9, 2007MedstoryInternet search engineFlag of the United States.svg  United States [130]
March 26, 2007devBiz Business SolutionsSoftware toolsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [131]
May 3, 2007 ScreenTonic Advertising and marketingFlag of France.svg  France [132]
May 3, 2007 Tellme Networks Mobile phone softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [133]
May 9, 2007 SoftArtisans Business Intelligence softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [134]
June 4, 2007EngyroInformation technologyFlag of the United States.svg  United States [135]
June 7, 2007StratatureMaster data managementFlag of the United States.svg  United States [136]
June 29, 2007Savvis Inc-Data CentersNetworkingFlag of the United States.svg  United States 200,000,000 [137]
August 13, 2007AdECNAd ExchangeFlag of the United States.svg  United States [138]
August 13, 2007 aQuantive Digital marketingFlag of the United States.svg  United States 6.333×10^9 [139]
October 2, 2007 Jellyfish.com Search engineFlag of the United States.svg  United States [140]
October 5, 2007ParlanoEnterprise messaging softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [141]
October 29, 2007Global Care Solutions-AssetsAssetsFlag of Thailand.svg  Thailand [142]
November 1, 2007HOB Business SolutionsInformation technologyFlag of Denmark.svg  Denmark [143]
November 15, 2007MusiwaveMobile music entertainmentFlag of France.svg  France [144]
December 12, 2007 Multimap.com MappingFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom [145]
January 22, 2008 Calista Technologies SoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [146]
February 7, 2008 Caligari Corporation SoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [147]
February 27, 2008YaDataSoftwareFlag of Israel.svg  Israel [148]
March 14, 2008RaptAdvertising yield management softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [149]
March 19, 2008KomokuRootkit security softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 5,000,000 [150]
March 31, 200890 Degree SoftwareBusiness intelligence softwareFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [151]
April 14, 2008 Farecast Online search softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 75,000,000 [152]
April 15, 2008 Danger Mobile Internet softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 500,000,000 [153]
April 25, 2008 Fast Search & Transfer Enterprise search[ clarification needed ]Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 1.191×10^9 [154]
May 26, 2008KidaroSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [155]
June 4, 2008QuadreonSoftwareFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium [156]
June 18, 2008Navic NetworksManagement softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [157]
June 26, 2008MobicompMobile applicationsFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal [158]
August 11, 2008 Powerset Semantic SearchFlag of the United States.svg  United States [159]
September 16, 2008 DATAllegro Data softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [160]
September 28, 2008Greenfield OnlineSearch and e-commerce servicesFlag of the United States.svg  United States 486,000,000 [161]
March 1, 2009 3DV Systems Developer of ZCam, a time-of-flight cameraFlag of Israel.svg  Israel 35,000,000 [162]
May 7, 2009 BigPark Interactive online gamingFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
June 1, 2009Rosetta BiosoftwareBioinformatics solutions for life science researchFlag of the United States.svg  United States [163]
September 22, 2009Interactive SupercomputingSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [164]
December 10, 2009Opalis SoftwareSoftwareFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [165]
February 2, 2010Sentillion, Inc.Software for the healthcare industryFlag of the United States.svg  United States [166]
October 6, 2010AVIcode, Inc..Net monitoring technologyFlag of the United States.svg  United States [167]
October 29, 2010 Canesta, Inc. 3-D sensing technologyFlag of the United States.svg  United States [168]
May 10, 2011 Skype Technologies TelecommunicationsFlag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 8.5×10^9 [169]
June 7, 2011ProdianceSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [170] [171]
October 12, 2011 Twisted Pixel Games Video gamesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [172]
November 22, 2011VideosurfVideo searchFlag of the United States.svg  United States 100,000,000 [173] [174]
June 25, 2012 Yammer Social networkingFlag of the United States.svg  United States 1.2×10^9 [175]
July 9, 2012 Perceptive Pixel Multi touch hardwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [176]
October 4, 2012 PhoneFactor Two-factor authentication systemFlag of the United States.svg  United States [177]
October 16, 2012 StorSimple Cloud-storage appliance vendorFlag of the United States.svg  United States [178]
October 17, 2012MarketingPilotMarketing automation firmFlag of the United States.svg  United States [179]
January 3, 2013id8 Group R2 StudiosHome automationFlag of the United States.svg  United States [180]
February 2, 2013 Pando Networks Peer-to-peer (P2P) media distributionFlag of the United States.svg  United States [181]
March 4, 2013MetricsHubCloud monitoringFlag of the United States.svg  United States [182]
March 19, 2013NetbreezeSocial analyticsFlag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland [183]
June 3, 2013InReleaseRelease managementFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [184]
September 2, 2013 Nokia mobile phones unit Mobile phones, smartphones Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 7.2×10^9 [185]
October 12, 2013HLW SoftwareRDP applicationsFlag of Austria.svg  Austria [186]
October 25, 2013ApiphanyAPI managementFlag of the United States.svg  United States [187]
January 7, 2014ParatureCustomer service softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 100,000,000 [188]
May 1, 2014 GreenButton Cloud computingFlag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand [189]
May 1, 2014Capptain(Mobile) application developmentFlag of France.svg  France [190]
July 2, 2014SyntaxTreeDeveloper toolsFlag of France.svg  France [191]
July 11, 2014 InMage Disaster recovery solutionsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [192]
August 1, 2014Inception Mobile Inc.SoftwareFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [193]
November 6, 2014 Mojang Video gamesFlag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 2.5×10^9 [194]
November 13, 2014AoratoEnterprise security & machine learningFlag of Israel.svg  Israel [195]
December 2, 2014 Acompli Mobile email appsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [196]
December 11, 2014HockeyAppMobile beta distribution & crash analyticsFlag of Germany.svg  Germany [197]
January 20, 2015EquivioText analytics serviceFlag of Israel.svg  Israel [198]
January 23, 2015 Revolution Analytics Statistical computing and predictive analyticsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [199]
February 4, 2015Sunrise Atelier, Inc. Sunrise Calendar applicationsFlag of the United States.svg  United States 100,000,000 [200]
February 12, 2015N-trigStyli and pen input hardware and softwareFlag of Israel.svg  Israel 200,000,000 [201]
March 26, 2015LiveLoopPowerPoint collaborationFlag of the United States.svg  United States [202]
April 14, 2015Datazen Software, Inc.Mobile business intelligence & data visualizationFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [203]
June 2, 20156 Wunderkinder GmbH Wunderlist to-do list applicationsFlag of Germany.svg  Germany [204]
June 10, 2015BlueStripe SoftwareApplication managementFlag of the United States.svg  United States [205]
July 16, 2015FieldOne Systems LLCEnterprise field serviceFlag of the United States.svg  United States [206]
July 19, 2015 Adallom Cloud securityFlag of Israel.svg  Israel 320,000,000 [207] [208]
August 3, 2015Incent Games, LLCSales-gamificationFlag of the United States.svg  United States [209]
September 3, 2015 VoloMetrix, Inc. Organisational analyticsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [210]
September 11, 2015Double Labs, Inc.Mobile lock screen softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [211]
September 28, 2015Adxstudio Inc.Web portal and application lifecycle management solutionsFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [212]
October 2, 2015 Havok Video game physics engineFlag of Ireland.svg  Ireland [213]
November 5, 2015Mobile Data Labs, Inc. MileIQ, a mileage tracking applicationFlag of the United States.svg  United States [214]
November 9, 2015 Secure Islands Technologies Ltd. Data protectionFlag of Israel.svg  Israel [215]
December 18, 2015MetanautixBig data analyticsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [216]
December 21, 2015Talko, Inc.Mobile communicationsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [217]
January 19, 2016Teacher Gaming LLCEducation softwareFlag of Finland.svg  Finland [218]
February 3, 2016 SwiftKey Virtual keyboard Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 250,000,000 [219] [220] [221]
February 9, 2016GrooveMusic discoveryFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [222]
February 24, 2016 Xamarin Mobile application developmentFlag of the United States.svg  United States [223] [224] [225] [226]
May 3, 2016SolairInternet of Things platformFlag of Italy.svg  Italy [227]
June 16, 2016Wand LabsConversation as a serviceFlag of the United States.svg  United States [228]
August 8, 2016 Beam Video game streaming Flag of the United States.svg  United States [229] [230]
August 20, 2016GeneeAI-powered scheduling assistant serviceFlag of the United States.svg  United States
December 8, 2016 LinkedIn Professional social networkFlag of the United States.svg  United States 2.62×10^10 [231]
January 13, 2017 Maluuba Artificial intelligenceFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [232]
January 17, 2017 Simplygon 3D graphics optimizationFlag of Sweden.svg  Sweden [233]
April 10, 2017DeisContainer managementFlag of the United States.svg  United States [234] [235]
April 18, 2017 Intentional Software Intentional programming Flag of the United States.svg  United States [236]
June 8, 2017HexaditeCybersecurityFlag of Israel.svg  Israel 100,000,000 [237]
June 28, 2017CloudynCloud business managementFlag of Israel.svg  Israel 50,000,000 [238]
August 15, 2017Cycle ComputingCloud HPCFlag of the United States.svg  United States [239]
October 3, 2017 AltspaceVR Virtual realityFlag of the United States.svg  United States [240]
November 7, 2017SWNGCinemagraphic photo appFlag of the United States.svg  United States [241] [242]
January 3, 2018 Avere Systems Data managementFlag of the United States.svg  United States [243]
January 29, 2018PlayfabGaming backend serviceFlag of the United States.svg  United States [244] [245]
May 18, 2018Semantic MachinesConversational AIFlag of the United States.svg  United States 400,000,000 [246]
June 11, 2018 Ninja Theory Video gamesFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom [247]
June 11, 2018 Undead Labs Video gamesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [247]
June 11, 2018 Compulsion Games Video gamesFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [247]
June 11, 2018 Playground Games Video gamesFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom [247]
June 18, 2018FlipgridEducation, video discussion platformFlag of the United States.svg  United States [248]
June 20, 2018BonsaiIndustrial AI platformFlag of the United States.svg  United States [249]
September 13, 2018LobeArtificial intelligenceFlag of the United States.svg  United States [250]
October 9, 2018GlintEmployee engagementFlag of the United States.svg  United States 400,000,000 [251] [252]
October 26, 2018 GitHub Software development and version control platformFlag of the United States.svg  United States 7.5×10^9 [253] [254] [255]
November 10, 2018 inXile Entertainment Video gamesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [256] [257]
November 10, 2018 Obsidian Entertainment Video gamesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [256] [257]
November 14, 2018XOXCOConversational AIFlag of the United States.svg  United States [258]
November 19, 2018FSLogixApplication provisioning and virtualizationFlag of the United States.svg  United States [259]
November 30, 2018SpectrumSocial networks for design and developmentFlag of the United States.svg  United States [260]
January 24, 2019Citus DataDatabase managementFlag of the United States.svg  United States [261]
February 4, 2019DataSenseDatabase managementFlag of the United States.svg  United States [262]
April 18, 2019Express LogicReal-time operating systemsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [263]
June 9, 2019 Double Fine Productions Electronic game development studioFlag of the United States.svg  United States [264]
July 29, 2019 BlueTalon Data privacy and governance serviceFlag of the United States.svg  United States [265]
August 5, 2019PromoteIQRetail e-commerce improvementFlag of the United States.svg  United States [266]
August 19, 2019jClarityJava software optimizationFlag of the United States.svg  United States [267] [268]
September 5, 2019MovereCloud migrationFlag of the United States.svg  United States [269] [270]
October 21, 2019MoverFile migrationFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada [271]
March 26, 2020Affirmed Networks5G networkingFlag of the United States.svg  United States 1,350,000,000 [272] [273]
May 14, 2020 Metaswitch Networks5G NetworkingFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom [274]
May 19, 2020Softomotive Robotic Process Automation Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom [275]
June 18, 2020ADMR Softwaredata modeling startupFlag of the United States.svg  United States [276]
June 22, 2020CyberXIoT/OT SecurityFlag of the United States.svg  United States 165,000,000 [277]

Stakes

DateCompanyBusinessCountryValue (USD)References
June 15, 1989 Santa Cruz Operation [note 3] Wholesale computer softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [278]
March 18, 1991 Dorling Kindersley [note 4] Reference booksFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 14,340,000 [279]
June 21, 1994 Stac Electronics Data compression softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 39,900,000 [280]
January 19, 1995 UUNet Internet service providerFlag of the United States.svg  United States [281]
May 30, 1995 Wang Laboratories Software consultingFlag of the United States.svg  United States 90,000,000 [282]
October 12, 1995IndividualOn-line information retrievalFlag of the United States.svg  United States [283]
April 1, 1996Mobile Telecom Technologies [note 5] Cellular telephonesFlag of the United States.svg  United States 25,000,000 [284]
April 22, 1996Helicon PublishingElectronic booksFlag of the United States.svg  United States [285]
September 9, 1996 SingleTrac Video gamesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [286]
October 1, 1996 WebTV Networks Internet service providerFlag of the United States.svg  United States [287]
October 28, 1996VDOnetInternet servicesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [288]
February 3, 1997 CMGI [note 6] Direct mailFlag of the United States.svg  United States 20,000,000 [289]
February 18, 1997 Digital Anvil Video gamesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [290]
March 3, 1997InterseInternet softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [291]
June 30, 1997 Comcast [note 7] Cable televisionFlag of the United States.svg  United States 1×10^9 [292]
August 6, 1997 Apple Inc. [note 8] Personal computersFlag of the United States.svg  United States 150,000,000 [293]
August 19, 1997Progressive Networks [note 9] Internet softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 30,000,000 [294]
September 11, 1997 Lernout & Hauspie Speech [note 10] Multilingual softwareFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 45,000,000 [295]
September 23, 1997E-Stamp [note 11] Internet softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [296]
March 4, 1998 General Magic Community softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 6,000,000 [297]
March 6, 1998WavePhore [note 12] Radio and television equipmentFlag of the United States.svg  United States [298]
June 18, 1998Pluto TechnologiesNetwork and storageFlag of the United States.svg  United States [299]
December 14, 1998 Qwest Communications [note 13] TelecommunicationsFlag of the United States.svg  United States 200,000,000 [300]
January 6, 1999SkyTel Communications [note 14] Cellular telephonesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [301]
January 31, 1999 United Pan-Europe Comm NV [note 15] Broadband communitiesFlag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 300,000,000 [302]
February 1, 1999 NTL [note 16] CommunicationsFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 500,000,000 [303]
February 2, 1999 Banyan [note 17] SoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 10,000,000 [304]
March 2, 1999 Dialogic Computer telephonyFlag of the United States.svg  United States 24,200,000 [305]
March 8, 1999ReciprocalCopyright protectionFlag of the United States.svg  United States [306]
April 1, 1999 TV Cabo Portugal SACable televisionFlag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 38,600,000 [307]
April 10, 1999 Lernout & Hauspie SpeechMultilingual softwareFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 15,000,000 [308]
June 8, 1999 Inprise Computer softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 125,000,000 [309]
June 8, 1999 NaviSite [note 18] Internet service providerFlag of the United States.svg  United States [310]
June 19, 1999 AT&T [note 19] TelecommunicationsFlag of the United States.svg  United States 5×10^9 [311]
June 22, 1999 Concentric Network IP-based networksFlag of the United States.svg  United States 50,000,000 [312]
July 5, 1999 WebMD Web-based health informationFlag of the United States.svg  United States 250,000,000 [313]
August 20, 1999Tuttle Decision SystemsMortgage pricing informationFlag of the United States.svg  United States [314]
August 25, 1999 Rogers Communications Radio and television stationsFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 405,120,000 [315]
December 3, 1999 Korea Thrunet [note 20] Internet service providerFlag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 36,000,000 [316]
December 28, 1999 Globo Cabo [note 21] Cable televisionFlag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 126,000,000 [317]
December 30, 1999 Commtouch Software [note 22] Community security softwareFlag of Israel.svg  Israel 20,000,000 [318]
December 31, 1999 Gigamedia [note 23] Internet service providerFlag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan 31,470,000 [319]
January 24, 2000IntertainerInteractive systemsFlag of the United States.svg  United States 56,000,000 [320]
January 24, 2000VerticalNet [note 24] Management solutionsFlag of the United States.svg  United States 100,000,000 [321]
February 23, 2000BroadBand OfficeCommunicationFlag of the United States.svg  United States 25,000,000 [322]
March 2, 2000Ecoss [note 25] Computer programmingFlag of Japan.svg  Japan 46,000 [323]
March 13, 2000 RealNames [note 26] Internet navigationFlag of the United States.svg  United States [324]
March 14, 2000MEASAT Broadcast Network [note 27] Television broadcastingFlag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 100,000,000 [325]
April 14, 2000 Best Buy Retail storesFlag of the United States.svg  United States 200,000,000 [326]
July 7, 2000 Telewest Communications [note 28] Cable televisionFlag of the United States.svg  United States 2.263×10^9 [327]
July 13, 2000Blixer NetOnline telecommunicationsFlag of Italy.svg  Italy [328]
August 4, 2000CAIS InternetInternet accessFlag of the United States.svg  United States 40,000,000 [329]
October 2, 2000 Corel Corporation [note 29] SoftwareFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 89,370,000 [330]
November 29, 2000 Chyron Corporation [note 30] Digital graphicsFlag of the United States.svg  United States 6,000,000 [331]
February 12, 2001 Audible.com Online audio retailFlag of the United States.svg  United States 10,000,000 [332]
July 23, 2001 Sendo [note 31] Mobile handsetFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom [333]
February 14, 2002 USA Networks [note 32] Television stationsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [334]
July 31, 2003 Televisa Mass mediaFlag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 6,350,000 [335]
November 3, 2005ByteTaxiSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [336]
October 24, 2007 Facebook [note 33] Social networkFlag of the United States.svg  United States 240,000,000 [337]
April 8, 2008OKWave [note 34] On-line community siteFlag of Japan.svg  Japan 2,515,000 [338]
June 12, 2008Zignals [note 35] Online tradingFlag of Ireland.svg  Ireland [339]
April 7, 2011Toyota Media Service Corp [note 36] Web marketing servicesFlag of Japan.svg  Japan [340]
February 7, 201224/7 [note 37] Outsourcing and call center servicesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [341]
April 30, 2012 Barnes & Noble [note 38] Book retailerFlag of the United States.svg  United States 605,000,000 [342]
October 9, 2018 Grab Ride-hailing firmFlag of Singapore.svg  Singapore [343]
February 4, 2019 Databricks Software for processing large-scale data in public cloudsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [344]

Divestitures

DateAcquirerTarget companyTarget businessAcquirer countryValue (USD)References
March 31, 1989 Steve Ballmer Microsoft [note 39] Wholesale computer softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 46,200,000 [345]
June 17, 1992 Microsoft Microsoft [note 40] Wholesale computer softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 63,750,000 [346]
July 6, 1994 Microsoft Microsoft [note 41] Wholesale computer softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 348,000,000 [347]
December 22, 1994TCI Technology Ventures MSN [note 42] Internet service providerFlag of the United States.svg  United States 125,000,000 [348]
November 15, 1996 Microsoft MSN [note 43] Internet service providerFlag of the United States.svg  United States 125,000,000 [349]
December 19, 1996 Proginet TransAccessSoftwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 1,740,000 [350]
August 3, 1998 Avid Technology Softimage 3-D visualization softwareFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 284,295,000 [351]
September 21, 1999 Ticketmaster Online-CitySearch MSN SidewalkInternet city guideFlag of the United States.svg  United States 340,000,000 [352]
February 24, 2000 Electronic Arts DreamWorks Interactive Video gamesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [353]
August 10, 2000Envoy CommunicationsSage Information ConsultantsConsultingFlag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 23,730,000 [354]
September 1, 2000Jupiter TelecommunicationsTitus CommunicationsCable televisionFlag of Japan.svg  Japan [355]
December 31, 2000Technology Crossover Ventures Expedia, Inc. [note 44] Online travelFlag of the United States.svg  United States 50,000,000 [356]
June 26, 2001 CNBC MSN MoneyCentralFinancial informationFlag of the United States.svg  United States [357]
February 5, 2002 USA Networks Expedia, Inc. Online travelFlag of the United States.svg  United States 1.372×10^9 [358]
July 26, 2002 Liberty Media Chofu CATVCable televisionFlag of Japan.svg  Japan 16,000,000 [359]
August 12, 2002 Agency.com KPE Inc-Certain AssetsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [360]
February 22, 2003 The Reynolds and Reynolds Company MSN Autos-Dealerpoint BusinessOnline auto retailFlag of the United States.svg  United States [361]
May 29, 2003 Telewest 22.98% IDT Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 5,000,000 [362]
October 31, 2003Perri Croshaw HWW Ltd-Women's Money MagazineMagazinesFlag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia [363]
November 4, 2003 Northgate Information Solutions PWA GroupSoftwareFlag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 7,052,000 [364]
January 14, 2005 The Washington Post Company Slate Online magazineFlag of the United States.svg  United States [365]
February 28, 2005 Ubisoft Entertainment Microsoft Games- Sports GamesVideo gamesFlag of the United States.svg  United States [366]
August 17, 2006 Microsoft Microsoft [note 45] Wholesale computer softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 2×10^10 [367]
May 11, 2007 MacDonald Dettwiler Vexcel CanadaMapping softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States [368]
September 22, 2008 Microsoft Microsoft [note 46] Wholesale computer softwareFlag of the United States.svg  United States 3.62×10^10 [369]
May 25, 2010 Phase One Expression MediaDigital media asset management softwareFlag of Denmark.svg  Denmark [370]
October 16, 2011Orion Health Asia Pacific of New ZealandMicrosoft-HIS Software (Hospital Information System Software)Hospital information systemsFlag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand [371]
March 19, 2012LeGuide.com SACiao GmbHProvider of online shopping servicesFlag of France.svg  France [372]
September 5, 2013 Ericsson Microsoft Mediaroom End-to-end video platformFlag of Sweden.svg  Sweden [373]
December 18, 2014 Line Corporation (Naver) MixRadio Online music streamingFlag of Japan.svg  Japan [374]
June 30, 2015 Uber Street-mapping dataOnline mapsFlag of the United States.svg  United States [375]
June 30, 2015 AOL (Verizon)Display adsOnline advertisingFlag of the United States.svg  United States [376]

See also

Notes

  1. VGA-Animation Software Div was acquired from VGA.
  2. Panorama Software Sys-On-Line was acquired from Panorama Software.
  3. Microsoft acquired an interest representing less than 20% of Santa Cruz Operation.
  4. Microsoft acquired a 26% stake in Dorling Kindersley.
  5. Microsoft acquired a 2.5% stake in Mobile Telecom Technologies.
  6. Microsoft acquired a 4.9% stake in CMGI.
  7. Microsoft acquired an 11.5% stake in Comcast.
  8. Microsoft acquired a 5% stake in Apple Inc.
  9. Microsoft acquired a 10% in Progressive Networks.
  10. Microsoft acquired an 8% stake in Lernout & Hauspie Speech.
  11. Microsoft acquired a 10% stake in E-Stamp.
  12. Microsoft acquired a 2.88% stake in WavePhore.
  13. Microsoft acquired a 1.32% stake in Qwest Communications.
  14. Microsoft acquired a 5.7% stake in SkyTel Communications.
  15. Microsoft acquired a 7.9% stake in United Pan-Europe Comm NV.
  16. Microsoft acquired a 5.25% stake in NTL.
  17. Microsoft acquired a 7.5% stake in Banyan.
  18. Microsoft acquired a 4.4% stake in NaviSite.
  19. Microsoft acquired a 3% stake in AT&T.
  20. Microsoft acquired a 6% stake in Korea Thrunet.
  21. Microsoft acquired an 11.5% stake in Globo Cabo.
  22. Microsoft acquired a 5.6% stake in CommTouch Software.
  23. Microsoft acquired a 10% stake in Gigamedia.
  24. Microsoft acquired a 1.35% stake in VerticalNet.
  25. Microsoft acquired a 5% stake in Ecoss.
  26. Microsoft acquired a 20% stake in RealNames.
  27. Microsoft acquired a 9% stake in MEASAT Broadcast Network.
  28. Microsoft acquired 22.98% of Telewest Communications.
  29. Microsoft acquired 24 million preferred shares of Corel Corporation.
  30. Microsoft acquired an 8.73% stake in Chyron Corporation.
  31. Microsoft acquired a 10% stake in Sendo.
  32. Microsoft acquired a 15.4% stake in USA Networks.
  33. Microsoft acquired a 1.6% stake in Facebook.
  34. Microsoft acquired a 10.52% stake in OKWave.
  35. Microsoft acquired a 15% stake in Zignals.
  36. Microsoft acquires minority stake in Toyota Media Service Corp
  37. Microsoft acquires minority stake in 24/7
  38. Microsoft acquires a 17.6% stake in Newco
  39. Steve Ballmer acquired 945,000 Microsoft shares.
  40. Microsoft repurchased 1.9% of Microsoft shares.
  41. Microsoft repurchased 3% of Microsoft's common stock.
  42. TCI Technology Ventures acquired 20% of MSN.
  43. Microsoft acquired the remaining 20% stake that it did not already own in MSN from Tele-Communications Inc.
  44. Technology Crossover Ventures has acquired 6% of Expedia, Inc.
  45. Microsoft acquired 7.92% of its own common stock outstanding.
  46. Microsoft repurchased 7.92% of its common stock outstanding.

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