Local government in Pakistan

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Pakistan is a federal republic with three tiers of government: national, provincial and local. Local government is protected by the constitution in Articles 32 and 140-A, and each province also has its own local-government-enabling legislation and ministries responsible for implementation. District councils and metropolitan corporations are respectively the highest rural and urban tiers of local government in the provinces. Both urban and rural local government have two or three tiers in all provinces except Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, where councils are not identified as either urban or rural. There are 129 district councils across the four provinces, 619 urban councils made up of one city district, four metropolitan corporations, 13 municipal corporations, 96 municipal committees, 148 town councils, 360 urban union committees, and 1,925 rural councils. Additionally there are 3339 neighbourhood, ‘tehsil’ and village councils in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. [1]

Contents

Legislation

In response to the failure of central/provincial governments to account for local preferences, the National Reconstruction Bureau (NRB) designed a local government system which was presented in the blue print "Devolution Plan 2000". Consequently, a new local government system was implemented on August 14, 2001, after each of the four provinces passed the Local Government Ordinance, 2001. [2]

National Reconstruction Bureau

The National Reconstruction Bureau of Pakistan was an independent and constitutionally established federal institution tasked with economic recovery and prosperous development through the local government system. It was dissolved in May 2011.

Levels

 
 
Country
(e.g. Pakistan)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Province
(e.g. Punjab)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Division
(e.g. Rawalpindi Division)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
District
(e.g. Jhelum District)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tehsil
(e.g. Sohawa)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Union Council
(e.g. Domeli)

District

A district (Urdu : ضلع‬, zillah) is the first tier of local government. In total there are 149 districts in Pakistan, of which several are city districts. A District Government or a City District Government and Zillah Council form the governing body, with the District Coordination Officer serving as the administrative head. [3] The District Governor or Zila Nazim used to be the executive head of districts until 2010, when the government shifted power to the District Coordination Officers. Their role is similar to district governors, with responsibility for implementing government strategy and developing initiatives arising out of it. [4]

City Districts of Pakistan are districts in Pakistan that consists primarily of an urban area, such as a small city or large metropolitan area. While there are 149 total districts in Pakistan, only 10 have been designated "city districts". City Districts are assigned administrative boards responsible for certain areas of governance in their respective areas. The degree of administrative autonomy of these districts similarly varies greatly.

Tehsil

Among the three tiers of local government, Tesil government is second tier of it. It is where the functions, responsibilities and authorities of districts government is divided into more smaller units, these units are known as "Tehsil". The Tehsils are used in all over the Pakistan except Sindh province where the word "Taluka" is used instead, although the functions and authorities are same. The head of the Tehsil government is "Tehsil Nazim" who is assisted by the tehsil Naib-Nazim. Every tehsil has a Tehsil Municipal Administration, consisting of a Tehsil council, Tehsil Nazim, tehsil/taluka municipal officer(TMO), Chief officer and other officials of local council.[ citation needed ]

A Tehsil Municipal Administration (TMA) is an organization associated with each tehsil of Pakistan. TMAs are responsible for spatial planning and municipal services, and work closely with union councils.

Union Council

Members of Union Council including Union Administrator and Vice Union Administrator are elected through direct elections based on adult franchise and on the basis of joint electorate. However, for the election to the reserved seats for Women in Zila Council proportionately divided among Tehsils or Towns shall be all members of the Union Councils in a Tehsil or Town. It is the responsibility of the Chief Election Commissioner to organize and conduct these elections.

Related Research Articles

Administrative units of Pakistan The Provinces and Territories of Pakistan

The administrative units of Pakistan consists of four provinces, two autonomous territories and one federal territory. Each province and territory is subdivided into divisions, which are further subdivided into districts, which are further subdivided into tehsils, or taluka, which are further subdivided into union councils.

Subahdar Governor of a province during the Mughal era

Subahdar was one of the designations of a governor of a Subah (province) during the Mughal era of India who was alternately designated as Sahib-i-Subah or Nazim. The word, Subahdar is of Persian origin.

Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

The Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the provincial government of the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Its powers and structure are set out in the provisions of the 1973 Constitution, in which 32 districts come under its authority and jurisdiction. The government includes the cabinet, selected from members the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly, and the non-political civil staff within each department. The province is governed by a unicameral legislature with the head of government known as the Chief Minister. The Chief Minister, invariably the leader of a political party represented in the Assembly, selects members of the Cabinet. The Chief Minister and Cabinet are thus responsible the functioning of government and are entitled to remain in office so long as it maintains the confidence of the elected Assembly. The head of state of the province is known as the Governor, while the administrative boss of the province is Chief Secretary Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Kehal Urban Union council in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Kehal Urban is one of the 51 union councils of Abbottabad District in Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. It is located in the west of the district. It is one of the beautiful Union Councils of the District Abbottabad. After Local Bodies Election its Local Body members are:

Kabal Tehsil Place in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Kabal is a town in Swat District, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan located 10 kilometres (6 mi) from Mingora city. The old name of kabal was Chendakhwara. Population of the city 118,103 District Swat has 7 Tehsils: Tehsil Kabal, Tehsil Babuzai, Tehsil Matta, Tehsil Khwaza Khela, Tehsil Barikot, Tehsil Charbagh and Tehsil Bahrain. Each Tehsil comprises certain numbers of Union council. There are 65 Union council in district Swat, 56 rural and 09 urban.

Lahor is a tehsil located in Swabi, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The town of Lahor is the headquarters of the tehsil.

The Government of Karachi is the administrative body for the city of Karachi, Pakistan. Presently the Government of Karachi refers to the Karachi Local Government system which consists mainly of the Karachi Metropolitan Corporation, headed by the Mayor and Deputy Mayor.

Local government in Bangladesh

There are 8 divisions and 64 districts in Bangladesh, each district further subdivided into upazila. The area within each subdistrict, except for those in metropolitan areas, is divided into several unions, with each union consisting of multiple villages. Direct elections are held for each union, electing a chairperson and a number of members. In 1997, a parliamentary act was passed to reserve three seats in every union for female candidates. Following elections in the 2014–16 period, 25.2% of councillors were women, up from 23.4% in the 2011–13 period.

Manki is a village near by Tordher. It is 20km away from Swabi and 13km away from Jehangira. There are some great educational institute in Manki like Government Girls Degree college, Muslim College of Science, Darvesh Public School, Faran School and more. Manki is an administrative unit, known as Union council of Swabi District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Dobian is an administrative unit, known as a union council of Swabi District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Matta Tehsil Tehsil in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Matta is an administrative subdivision (Tehsil) of Swat District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Barikot Tehsil Tehsil in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Barikot is an administrative subdivision (Tehsil) of Swat District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Charbagh is an administrative subdivision (Tehsil) of Swat District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Gulibagh literally mean in pushto language “the garden of flowers” is an administrative unit, known as Union council, of Swat District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan. District Swat has 9 Tehsils i.e. Khwazakhela, Charbagh, Kabal, Madyan, Barikot, Mingora, and Kalam. Each Tehsill comprises certain numbers of union councils. There are 65 union councils in district Swat, 56 rural and 09 urban. Union council Gulibagh includes small villages i.e. Gulibagh, Landake, Dakorak, Alabad, waliabad, Alamgunj and Roria. Cadet college swat is located in Gulibagh while the main campus of University of Swat is under construction in Alabad. Main personalities Muhammad Zia Muhammad zaib khan (Nazim) Dr. Iftikhar Ali

Gulkada is an administrative unit, known as Union council in Tehsil Babuzai, or Wards of Swat District in the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province of Pakistan.

Ward is Administrative Unit in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK). It is notified in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Local Government Act 2013.

Nazim-e-Peshawar is the Mayor who heads the Municipal Corporation of Peshawar (MCP) which controls the City District Government of Peshawar.

References

  1. "The Local Government System in Pakistan" (PDF). Commonwealth Local Government Forum. Retrieved 1 August 2018.
  2. Anjum, Zulqarnain Hussain (Winter 2001). "New Local Government System: A Step Towards Community Empowerment?" (PDF). The Pakistan Development Review. 40 (4 Part II): 845–867. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
  3. DCO job description Archived 2013-04-30 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Zila Nazim job description Archived 2007-07-04 at the Wayback Machine

33% seats are reserved for women, 5% for farmers or workers, 5% for minorities