Meitetsu

Last updated
Nagoya Railroad Co.,Ltd. [1]
Native name
名古屋鉄道株式会社
Type Public KK (TYO: 9048)
Industry Private railway
FoundedJune 13, 1921 (1921-06-13) [2]
Headquarters,
Japan
Area served
Aichi Prefecture, Gifu Prefecture
Website www.meitetsu.co.jp/eng/

Nagoya Railroad Co.,Ltd. (名古屋鉄道株式会社, Nagoya Tetsudō Kabushiki Kaisha), referred to as Meitetsu (名鉄), is a private railway company operating around Aichi Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture of Japan. TYO : 9048

Contents

Some of the more famous trains operated by Meitetsu include the Panorama Car and the Panorama Car Super , both of which offer views through their wide front windows. While the Panorama Super train is used extensively for the railroad's limited express service, the older and more energy-consuming Panorama Car train has been retired, the last run being on 27 December 2008.

In the Tōkai region around Nagoya, it is a central firm of the Meitetsu Group, which is involved in the transportation industry, the retail trade, the service industry, and the real estate industry, etc.

Meiji Mura is the corporate museum of Meitetsu.

As of March 31, 2010, Meitetsu operated 444.2 kilometres (276.0 mi) of track, 275 stations, and 1,090 train cars. [3]

Lines

Line map Nagoya Railroad Linemap en.svg
Line map
DirectionNameJapaneseTerminalsLength (km)
Main  NH  Nagoya Main Line 名古屋本線 Toyohashi - Meitetsu Gifu 99.8
Western Aichi and Gifu Area   TB   Tsushima Line 津島線 Sukaguchi - Tsushima 11.8
  TB    BS   Bisai Line 尾西線 Yatomi - Tamanoi 30.9
  TH   Takehana Line 竹鼻線 Kasamatsu - Egira 10.3
  TH   Hashima Line 羽島線Egira - Shin Hashima 1.3
Northern Aichi and Chūnō   IY   Inuyama Line [Note 1] 犬山線 Biwajima Junction - Shin Unuma 26.8
  KG   Kakamigahara Line 各務原線Meitetsu Gifu - Shin Unuma17.6
  HM   Hiromi Line 広見線 Inuyama - Mitake 22.3
  KM   Komaki Line [Note 2] 小牧線 Kami Iida - Inuyama20.4
Chita Peninsula   TA   Tokoname Line 常滑線 Jingū-mae - Tokoname 29.3
  TA   Airport Line 空港線Tokoname - Central Japan Int'l Airport 4.2
  CH   Chikkō Line 築港線 Ōe - Higashi Nagoyakō 1.5
  KC   Kōwa Line 河和線 Ōtagawa - Kōwa 28.8
  KC   Chita Line 知多新線 Fuki - Utsumi 13.9
Mikawa (Eastern Aichi)  TK   Toyokawa Line 豊川線 - Toyokawa-inari 7.2
  GN   Nishio Line 西尾線 Shin Anjō - Kira Yoshida 24.7
  GN   Gamagōri Line 蒲郡線Kira Yoshida - Gamagōri 17.6
  MU    MY   Mikawa Line 三河線 Sanage - Hekinan 39.8
  TT   Toyota Line [Note 1] 豊田線 Umetsubo - Akaike 15.2
Isolated from all Meitetsu lines  ST   Seto Line 瀬戸線 Sakaemachi - Owari Seto 20.6
  1. 1 2 Through operation to/from the Nagoya Municipal Subway Tsurumai Line
  2. Through operation to/from the Nagoya Municipal Subway Kamiiida Line

Major stations

The Meitetsu limited express network Meitetsu Limited Express Network 2.svg
The Meitetsu limited express network

Major stations in Nagoya

Nagoya Line (east side) and Toyokawa Line

Tokoname Line, Chikkō Line, and Airport Line

Kōwa Line and Chita New Line

Mikawa Line, Toyota Line, Nishio Line, and Gamagōri Line

Nagoya Line (west side), Takehana Line, and Hashima Line

Tsushima Line and Bisai Line

Inuyama Line, Kakamigahara Line, and Hiromi Line

Komaki Line

Seto Line

Rolling stock

Meitetsu 1000 series "Panorama Super" (left) and 2000 series "Airport Limited Express [mSky]" (right) Meitetsu 1000 & 2000 series 001.JPG
Meitetsu 1000 series "Panorama Super" (left) and 2000 series "Airport Limited Express [μSky]" (right)

Nippon Sharyo has produced nearly every car that Meitetsu operates or has operated, a notable exception being its DeKi 600, an electric locomotive, which was produced by Toshiba, but very few units were produced for Meitetsu. The DeKi 600 is one of the few locomotives that Meitetsu possesses: while the company used to engage in the freight business and still possesses some freight locomotives, it no longer carries freight on a regular basis.

Meitetsu is famous for its red trains, including its famous 7000 series "Panorama Car" which was retired in 2009 after a career lasting nearly half a century. The most recent cars, however, are not solid red but rather brushed steel as in the case of the 4000 series and 5000 series, or white as in the case of the 1700 series and 2000 series.

The following are the train types that Meitetsu operates today, as well as selected types that Meitetsu has retired.

Limited express

Commuter

Meitetsu 5000 series commuter train Meitetsu 5000 series ( II ) EMU 015.JPG
Meitetsu 5000 series commuter train

Withdrawn train types

Meitetsu 7000 series "Panorama Car" train Meitetsu 7000 Series EMU 051.JPG
Meitetsu 7000 series "Panorama Car" train

Electric locomotives

History

While Meitetsu is an old company in its own right, it has over time acquired many small railway and interurban companies in the area surrounding Nagoya. Meaning many lines that belong to modern-day Meitetsu were constructed and operated by other companies, mostly in the prewar and wartime period. For example, it acquired its Kōwa Line on the Chita Peninsula from its merger with Chita Railroad on February 1, 1943 and it acquired its Mikawa Line from its merger with Mikawa Railroad. [4] [5] However, the company that became modern Meitetsu was Aichi Horsecar Company, founded on June 25, 1894;126 years ago. [6]

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References

  1. Overview of the Meitetsu Group for Fiscal 2018
  2. 鷲田, 鉄也 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese), Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc. (8), p. 21, ISBN   978-4-02-340138-9 Missing or empty |title= (help)
  3. 鷲田, 鉄也 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese), Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc. (8), p. 1, ISBN   978-4-02-340138-9 Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. 鷲田, 鉄也 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese), Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc. (9), p. 10, ISBN   978-4-02-340139-6 Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. 佐藤, 信之 (19 June 2004), "高度経済成長期の鉄道整備―昭和30~40年代", 地下鉄の歴史首都圏・中部・近畿圏 (in Japanese), グランプリ出版, p. 129, ISBN   4-87687-260-0
  6. 鷲田, 鉄也 (September 2010), 週刊朝日百科, 週刊歴史でめぐる鉄道全路線 (in Japanese), Japan: Asahi Shimbun Publications, Inc. (8), p. 20, ISBN   978-4-02-340138-9 Missing or empty |title= (help)