Central Arcot District
|Municipalities||1.Tiruvannamalai, 2.Arani, 3.Cheyyar, 4.Vandavasi|
|Total Urban areas||22|
|Named for||King Sambhuvarayar|
|Talukas||Tiruvannamalai taluk, Tiruvannamalai Rural Arani, Cheyyar, Chengam, Polur, Vandavasi, Kalasapakkam, Chetpet, Thandarampattu, and Vembakkam|
|• Body||District collectrate|
|• Collector||Murugesh I.A.S|
|• District of Tamil Nadu||6,191 km2 (2,390 sq mi)|
|• District of Tamil Nadu||2,464,875|
|• Rank||4th rank in Tamil Nadu|
|• Density||654/km2 (1,690/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||[[ISO 3166-2:IN|]]|
|Coastline||0 kilometres (0 mi)|
|Sex ratio||1000:994 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Arani and Tiruvannamalai|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Arani, Cheyyar, Chengam, Kalasapakkam, Peranamallur, Polur, Tiruvannamalai city, Tiruvannamalai rural, Thandarampattu, Pudupalayam, chettupattu and Vandavasi|
|Precipitation||5,646 millimetres (222.3 in)|
Tiruvannamalai district (previously known as Central Arcot, Tiruvannamalai Sambhuvarayar District) is the largest and one of the 38 districts in the state of Tamil Nadu, in South India. It was formed in the year 1989 through the bifurcation of North Arcot into the Tiruvannamalai Sambuvarayar and Vellore Ambedkar districts. The city of Tiruvannamalai is the district headquarters.
The district is divided into 12 Taluks—Arani, Chengam, Tiruvannamalai, Polur, Thandarampattu, Vandavasi, Kalasapakkam, Chetpet , Kilpennathur, Jamunamarathoor, Cheyyar and Vembakkam. As of 2011, the district had a population of 2,464,875 with a sex-ratio of 994 females for every 1,000 males.
Tiruvannamalai is one of the most venerated places in Tamil Nadu. In ancient times, the term "Annamalai" meant an inaccessible mountain. The word "Thiru" was prefixed to signify its greatness, and coupled with the two terms, it was called Thiruvannamalai. Thiru means 'holy' or 'sacred' and is traditionally used in front of names in all parts of Tamil Nadu like Thiruneermalai (Lord Ranganatha), Thirunageswaram (Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva), Thirumayam (Lord Vishnu and Lord Shiva), Thirumayilai (Lord Adikeshava Perumal and Lord Kapali Eshwaran), Tiruvannamalai (Lord Shiva), Thiruchendur (Lord Muruga), Tiruchirappalli (Rockfort Lord Thaiyumanavar and Lord Sriranganathar), Thiruttani (Lord Muruga), Tiruchengode (Lord Shiva), Thiruchitrambalam (Lord Shiva), Thirumanancheri (Lord Shiva), Thirunallar (Lord Shani Eshwaran), Thiruporur (Lord Muruga), Thirukkadaiyur (Lord Shiva), Tirukalukundram (Lord Vedagiriswarar temple), Thirukarugavur (Lord Garbharakshambigai temple), Tirunelveli, Tiruppur, Tiruvallur and many more.
The temple town of Tiruvannamalai is one of the most ancient heritage sites of India and is a centre of the Saiva religion. The Arunachala hill and its environs have been held in great regard by the Tamils for centuries. The temple is grand in conception and architecture and is rich in tradition, history and festivals. The main Deepam festival attracts devotees from far and wide throughout South India. It has historic places besides Tiruvannamalai, Polur, Arani, Vandavasi, Devikapuram connected to East India and French companies. Arani and Vandavasi had important places in the history of pre-independence. In the late Chola period the district was ruled by the Cholan of Sambuvarayar having Padavedu near Arani as HQ. We can now find the fort and note along with a Shiva temple namely Kailasanathar in Arani town.
After independence Tiruvannamalai was under North Arcot District. The civil district of North Arcot was divided into Vellore District and Tiruvannamalai District in October 1989. P. Kolappan was the first Collector of Tiruvannamalai District. On the whole Tiruvannamalai is traditionally rich in Historic and spiritual values but lacks in industrial growth.
The district shares borders with Kanchipuram and Chengalpattu districts in the east, Villupuram and Kallakurichi districts in the south, Krishnagiri and Dharmapuri districts in the west, and Vellore, Ranipet and Tirupattur districts in the north.
According to 2011 census, Tiruvannamalai District had a population of 2,464,875 with a sex-ratio of 994 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.A total of 272,569 were under the age of six, constituting 141,205 males and 131,364 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 22.94% and 3.69% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 66.%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. The district had a total of 588,836 households. There were a total of 1,238,177 workers, comprising 265,183 cultivators, 351,310 main agricultural labourers, 37,020 in house hold industries, 316,559 other workers, 268,105 marginal workers, 27,458 marginal cultivators, 173,753 marginal agricultural labourers, 9,700 marginal workers in household industries and 57,194 other marginal workers.
Tiruvannamalai District has an area of 6,191 km2. It is bounded on the north by Vellore District and Tirupattur District, on the east by Kanchipuram District, on the south by Villupuram District, and on the west by Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri districts. Tiruvannamalai District is divided into 3 sub districts (Arani, Tiruvannamalai and Cheyyar), twelve taluks, 27 blocks and 1,061 villages covering an area of 631,205 ha. The twelve taluks of Tiruvannamalai are listed below:
|1||Tiruvannamalai-Urban||Tiruvannamalai||102 km2||135||409,826||3,382 /km2|
|2||Tiruvannamalai-Rural||Kul Pennathur||102 km2||77||169,759||3,382 /km2|
|3||Thandarampattu||Thandarampattu||691 km2||63||179,559||593 /km2|
|4||Chengam||Chengam||510 km2||121||280,581||639 /km2|
|5||Arani||Arani||327 km2||55||294,976||673 /km2|
|6||Polur||Polur||509 km2||111||251,685||645 /km2|
|7||Kalasapakkam||Kalasapakkam||532 km2||52||140,301||618 /km2|
|8||Javvadhumalai||Jamunamarathoor||645 km2||42||47,271||291 /km2|
|9||Cheyyar||Tiruvethipuram||344 km2||131||218,188||618 /km2|
|10||Vandavasi||Vandavasi||645 km2||161||275,079||652 /km2|
|11||Chettupattu||Chettupattu||493 km2||76||146,806||588 /km2|
|12||Vembakkam||Vembakkam||310 km2||91||124,188||581 /km2|
List of cities having population of one lakh and above as per 2011 Census:
|5||Tiruvethipuram||87,901||13||Thyagi Annamalai Nagar||24,329|
The average annual rainfall of the study area[ which? ] is 987 mm, out of which 80 percent is received during monsoon. The soils of the study area have an Ustic moisture regime and Hyperthermic temperature regime. Tiruvannamalai District comes under the Eastern Ghats (TN uplands) and Deccan plateau, hot semiarid region with red loamy soil with cropping period of 90 to 150 days. Excepting hills, the district falls in the North Eastern agro climatic zone of Tamil Nadu. The average annual rainfall of the study area is 987.4 mm, out of which 80 percent is received during monsoon. The soils of the study area have an Ustic moisture regime and Hyperthermic temperature regime.
The district is composed of Talukas namely Tiruvannamalai taluk, Tiruvannamalai Rural Arani, Cheyyar, Chengam, Polur, Vandavasi, Kalasapakkam, Chetpet Thandarampattu, and Vembakkam
In the District Arani and Tiruvannamalai regions are the highest revenue-generating regions.
In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Tiruvannamalai one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).It is one of the six districts in Tamil Nadu currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Tiruvannamalai District is known for its two major businesses, agriculture and silk saree weaving. Rice cultivation and processing is one of the biggest businesses in this district. 112013 hectares of paddy cultivation is irrigated by 1965 lakes and 18 reservoirs and small dams. It has 18 regulated markets through which the farmers sell their agri products directly to the government. Through these regulated markets, 271411 metric tonnes of paddy harvested in 2007. There are many rice mills to process paddy found throughout the district. The modern rice mill near Cheyyar is the biggest government owned mill and Arani has around 278 rice mills. Kalambur is also has around 20 Rice mills and known for variety of rice called Kalambur Ponni rice. Kalambur Ponni rice is famous across the state and being shipped to places like Chennai, Coimbatore, Vellore, and the like.
The district has a large populace of weavers who are specialize in making Silk sarees. Hand looms are often engaged for weaving, although recently some have turned to mechanized methods of using Power looms. Arani taluk contributes high percent of Silk weaving. Arani is the most important revenue earning town in the district. Though the town is not popular off the state, a bulk of India's Silk apparels is produced by the people of Arani.[ citation needed ]
The district started to industrialize following the establishment of the industrial complex near Cheyyar by the State Industries Promotion Corporation of Tamil Nadu (SIPCOT). 250-acre (1.0 km2) hi-tech Special Economic Zone for automative components, a 300-acre (1.2 km2) electronics hardware park and the commitment from the Taiwanese Shoe Company to set up its unit. In November 2009 the Tamil Nadu cabinet approved the Mahindara and Mahindra's Rs 1800 core automobile project in 450 acres. This unit will produce tractors, SUVs and commercial vehicles and auto parts. Aluminum die cast unit by Ashley Alteams, a joint venture by Ashok Leyland and Finland-based Alteams Oy started its production in January 2010. This High pressure die cast will manufacture automobile and telecommunication components with initial capacity of 7000 ton per year. One of the largest sugar mills in the country - Cheyyar co-operative sugars - is situated near Cheyyar.This is evidenced by the recent announcements of a
Since Tiruvannamalai District has its capital at Tiruvannamalai City, there are many factories around Tiruvannamalai. Scent factories are large in number due to the high production of flowers around Tiruvannamalai. They are listed as follows: 1. Hindusthan house hold factories, 2. Sarala birla factory of aroma oil, 3. Parthiban cottages aroma oil factory. The Tamil Nadu government is planning for a SIPCOT at naidumangalam and kilpennathur both near Tiruvannamalai. Arani has the factories related to rice and silk with in the town and in the Taluk area. As well, there are few other mills near Arani, such as Lakshmi Saraswathi Cotton mills Arni Pvt Ltd and some engineering industry.
Arahanthgiri Jain Math is a Jain math that was established at this ancient Jain site on 8 February 1998, at Thirumalai, Near Arani.The complex includes three Jain caves, four Jain temples and a 16-meter-high sculpture of Neminatha thought to date from the 12th century that is the tallest Jain idol in Tamil Nadu.
Arcot is a town and urban area of Ranipet district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Located on the southern banks of Palar River, the city straddles a trade route between Chennai and Bangalore or Salem, between the Mysore Ghat and the Javadi Hills. As of 2018, the city had a population 129,640. The sweet makkan peda is a local speciality while Arcot biryani, a rice-based traditional food, is also served here. Arcot Mudaliars and Muslims are the dominant communities followed by Naidus and Vanniyars in Arcot town.
Tamil Jains are Tamils from Tamil Nadu, India, who practice Jainism. The Tamil Jain is a microcommunity of around 85,000, including both Tamil Jains and north Indian Jains settled in Tamil Nadu. They are predominantly scattered in northern Tamil Nadu, largely in the districts of Madurai, Viluppuram, Kanchipuram, Vellore, Tiruvannamalai, Cuddalore and Thanjavur. Early Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions in Tamil Nadu date to the 3rd century BCE and describe the livelihoods of Tamil Jains. Samaṇar wrote much Tamil literature, including the important Sangam literature, such as the Nālaṭiyār, the Silappatikaram, the Valayapathi and the Seevaka Sinthamaṇi. Three of the five great epics of Tamil literature are attributed to Jains.
Vandavasi or Wandiwash is a Town and municipality in the Tiruvannamalai district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. As of 2011, the town had a population of 74,320.
Cheyyar, officially Tiruvetipuram is a Town in the Tiruvannamalai District in the Tamil Nadu state of South India. The most common name of this town is Cheyyar but it is also referred to as Tiruvetipuram in many government records. It gets its name Cheyyar River as the town initially was developed on the river beds of cheyyaru. As of 2011, the town had a population of 37802.
Chengam or Chengamma as on British records, is an important market town and a taluk headquarter in the Foot hills of Eastern ghats in Tiruvannamalai district of Tamil Nadu, India. Chengam is the gateway to the Chengam pass in the Eastern ghats between Javvadhu hills to the north and Chennakesava hills to the south. The town is also the center for various industrial activities which includes Sathanur dam hydro-electric project, Aavin milk processing plant and Periya Kolappadi SIDCO estate.
Kalambur is a selection grade town panchayat in Polur taluk, Tiruvanamalai district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, famous for its rice production. As of the 2011 census, the town had a population of 31,751.
Peranamallur is a panchayat town in Tiruvanamalai district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.
Polur is a scenic town, divisional headquarters and a market center in Tiruvannamalai district of Tamil Nadu in India. Located at the foothills of Javvadhi hills, a popular section of Eastern Ghats, Polur is often regarded as Gateway of Eastern ghats. Polur was once a eminent center of Tamil Jainism. The town is home to Dharani sugars, chemicals and fertiliser Pvt., Ltd, and number of agro based industries including coir industries. The famous Chittor - Cuddalore road passes through the town. The town is located 29 Kilometres north of city of Tiruvannamalai and 45 kilometres south of Vellore Metropolis.
Officially Arni, otherwise spelled Arani, also known as Periya arani is a major commercial, Industrial and Cultural hub and also a divisional headquarter in Tiruvanamalai district of Tamil Nadu, India. The town is the second largest urban center only next to the district headquarters, Tiruvannamalai and administered by a selection grade municipality. Arni is home to silk weaving, spinning mills and agricultural industries. Famous Arni silk and a paddy variety named Arni Ponni, known for its rich aroma originates at Arni. The town is often nicknamed as The Silk City. Arni also has a rich cultural heritage - a major center of Tamil Jainism.
Chetput is a taluk in Tiruvannamalai district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.
Perungattur is a village located in Tiruvannamalai district, Tamil Nadu, South India. It is suburb of Cheyyar town. Its 24 km away from the temple town Kanchipuram.
Arani taluk is a taluk of Tiruvannamalai district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The headquarters is the town of Arani.
Devikapuram, also called Devigai, is a town and a Panchayat board in Tiruvannamalai district, located in Tamil Nadu, India. The town is famous for handlooms, Silk weaving and ricemills, which process Arni Ponni rice. Located on the Polur - Sadras state highway, 45 kilometres from the city of Tiruvannamalai, also the district headquarters.
Brahmadesam is an Indian Panchayat, town panchayat village located in Cheyyar taluk of Thiruvannamalai district in the state of Tamil Nadu. It is one of the 64 village panchayats under Vembakkam block of the Thiruvannamalai district. Brahmadesam is located on Right Bank of Palar River. The village code for Brahmadesam is 07 and it falls under the Venbakkam Block.
Mullandrum is a village in Tiruvanamalai district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The pincode of Mullandrum is 632512. The name "Mulladrum" is derived from Mullai Vanam. Also called as "Mulladhiram".
Periya Kozhappalur is a village in Chetpet Taluk, Tiruvannamalai District, Tamil Nadu, India. Periya Kozhappalur is located 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) east of the state highway SH-4, between Arani and Chetpet, 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) from Arani, 40 kilometres (25 mi) from Vandavasi, and 11 kilometres (6.8 mi) from its taluk main town of Chetpet. Kolappalur is 47 kilometres (29 mi) from its district main city Tiruvannamalai. It is 132 kilometres (82 mi) from its state capital Chennai.
Ariyathur is a village in Polur Taluk in Tiruvannamalai District of Tamil Nadu, India. It is located 47 km towards east from district headquarters Thiruvannamalai. 167 km from state capital Chennai.
Purisai is a village panchayat of Cheyyar Taluk. The village is famous for temples and festivals.
Kunnathur is a Village in Arani Taluk in Tiruvannamalai District of Tamil Nadu State, India. It lies on the border between Tiruvannamalai District and Vellore District and is located 64 KM north of the District Headquarters in Tiruvannamalai, 8 KM from Arani, and 139 KM from the state capital Chennai.
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