Cuddalore district

Last updated

Cuddalore district
Catamaran boat,cuddalore.tamilnadu - panoramio.jpg
A catamaran on the seashore of Cuddalore
India Tamil Nadu districts Cuddalore.svg
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°45′0″N79°45′0″E / 11.75000°N 79.75000°E / 11.75000; 79.75000 Coordinates: 11°45′0″N79°45′0″E / 11.75000°N 79.75000°E / 11.75000; 79.75000
Country Flag of India.svg  India
State TamilNadu Logo.svg Tamil Nadu
Founded by J. Jayalalithaa
Headquarters Cuddalore
Taluks Bhuvanagiri,
Cuddalore,
Chidambaram,
Kattumannarkoil,
kurinjipadi,
Panruti,
Titakudi,
Srimushnam,
Veppur,
Vriddachalam
Government
   District Collector Chandra Sekhar Sakhamuri I.A.S, [1] IAS
   Superintendent of Police ShreeAbinav, [2] IPS
Population
 (2011)
  Total2,605,914
  Density702/km2 (1,820/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Tamil, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
607xxx
Telephone code91 04142
ISO 3166 code ISO 3166-2:IN
Vehicle registration TN-31,TN-91 [3]
Largest city Cuddalore
Nearest city Pondicherry, Chennai
Sex ratio 984 /
Literacy79.04%
Legislature typeelected
Vidhan Sabha constituency Cuddalore
Avg. summer temperature41 °C (106 °F)
Avg. winter temperature20 °C (68 °F)
Website www.cuddalore.tn.nic.in

Cuddalore District is one of the 38 districts of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Contents

History

Since ancient times, the old town has been a seaport. Through the centuries, Cuddalore has been subject to a number of foreign powers including the Netherlands, Portugal, France and more recently, the British. In the 1600s, the French and English came to Cuddalore for trade and business. The French established a settlement at Pondicherry and the British at Cuddalore. The French and English, while engaged in the Seven Years' War, fought the naval "Battle of Cuddalore" on 29 April 1758. It was an indecisive battle between a British squadron, under Vice-Admiral George Pocock and a French squadron, under Comte d'Aché and the newly appointed Governor General Comte Thomas Lally. Cuddalore surrendered to French troops on 29 April 1758. From 1789 to 1794, there was further unrest in Cuddalore due to the War of American Independence and the Second Anglo-Mysore War culminating in the siege of Cuddalore, after which the town was returned to Britain as part of a peace treaty. In 1782, during the Second Anglo Mysore war, the French troops allied with Tipu Sultan and won over the British, after which Cuddalore became a chief port against the French. In 1783, General James Stuart (1735–1793) led his troops to fend off French troops. There were five different naval actions off the coast during the same year, all of which were indecisive.

Some streets in Cuddalore retain British names such as Clive street, Wellington street, Sloper Street, Canning Street, Rope Street (Rope Street, Wellington Street, Sloper Street and Canning Street jointly known as Salangukara Village), Lawrence road and Imperial road. The Cuddalore Central Prison, opened in 1865, is an historically important landmark. Subramanya Bharathi and other political leaders served prison terms there.[ citation needed ]

Tsunami waves that followed the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake near Sumatra hit the eastern coast of India on 26 December 2004 at 08:32 am, resulting in 572 casualties. Several fishing hamlets disappeared, while Silver Beach and the historically important Cuddalore Port were devastated. Fort St. David survived without damage. In 2012, Cyclone Thane caused widespread damage to crops and buildings.[ citation needed ]

Geography

The district has an area of 3,564 km². It is bounded on the north by Viluppuram District and Kallakurichi district, on the east by the Bay of Bengal, on the northeast by Puducherry district of the union territory Puducherry, on the south by Mayiladuthurai district, on the west by Perambalur District and by a small part with Thanjavur district. The district is drained by Gadilam and Pennaiyar rivers in the north, Vellar and Kollidam River (Coleroon) in the south.[ citation needed ]

Economy

In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Cuddalore one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). [4] It is one of the six districts in Tamil Nadu currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF). [4]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901868,748    
1911974,673+1.16%
1921957,148−0.18%
19311,012,603+0.56%
19411,076,237+0.61%
19511,145,551+0.63%
19611,300,513+1.28%
19711,569,323+1.90%
19811,827,917+1.54%
19912,122,759+1.51%
20012,285,395+0.74%
20112,605,914+1.32%
source: [5]

According to 2011 census, Cuddalore district had a population of 2,605,914 with a sex-ratio of 987 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. [6] A total of 279,950 were under the age of six, constituting 147,644 males and 132,306 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 29.32% and .6% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the district was 79%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. [6] The district had a total of 635,578 households. There were a total of 1,169,880 workers, comprising 136,035 cultivators, 325,599 main agricultural labourers, 19,151 in house hold industries, 356,486 other workers, 332,609 marginal workers, 29,135 marginal cultivators, 213,813 marginal agricultural labourers, 12,876 marginal workers in household industries and 76,785 other marginal workers. [7] The district has a population density of 702 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,820/sq mi) . [8]

Divisions

Cuddalore District comprises 10 taluks, 13 Blocks, 5 Municipalities and 18 Town Panchayats.

Urban centres

Cuddalore district consists of the following urban cities:

Agriculture

The district contributes significantly to the Tamil Nadu state production of cashew nut and jack fruit. [9]

Tourist attractions

Pichavaram Pichavaram mangrove forest panorama.jpg
Pichavaram

Natural Calamities

Cuddalore district is prone to natural calamities having experienced landfalls of major cyclones formed in the Bay of Bengal region. Apart from the cyclones, 2004 Tsunami caused massive damages to life and property in Cuddalore and its adjacent Nagapattinam district. Cyclone Thane, which made landfall here, caused major loss to life and property.

2015 Floods

Cuddalore district was among those most severely affected by the flooding. Six of the district's 13 blocks suffered extensive damage during the floods in November. The resumption of heavy rainfall from 1 December once again inundated the Cuddalore municipality and the district, displacing tens of thousands of people. Rains continued through 9 December. Despite the state government and individuals sending rescue teams and tonnes of relief materials to the district, thousands of those affected continued to lack basic supplies due to inadequate distribution efforts; this resulted in several relief lorries being stopped and looted by survivors. Large swaths of Cuddalore city and the district remained inundated as of 10 December, with thousands of residents marooned by floodwaters and over 60,000 hectares of farmland inundated; over 30,000 people had been evacuated to relief camps.[ citation needed ]

See also

Related Research Articles

Arcot, Tamil Nadu Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Arcot is a town and urban area of Ranipet district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Located on the southern banks of Palar River, the city straddles a trade route between Chennai and Bangalore or Salem, between the Mysore Ghat and the Javadi Hills. As of 2011, the city had a population 55,955. The sweet makkan peda is a local speciality while Arcot biryani, a rice-based traditional food, is also served here. Arcot Mudaliars and Muslims are the dominant communities followed by Naidus and Vanniyars in Arcot town.

Cuddalore Place in Tamil Nadu, India

Cuddalore is the headquarters of the Cuddalore District in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Sivaganga Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Sivaganga is a town and headquarters of the Sivaganga district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The town is located at a distance of 48 km (30 mi) from Madurai and 449 km (279 mi) from the state capital Chennai. It is an important town in this district for official and commercial purposes.

Walajapet Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Walajapet is a town or municipality and a part of Ranipet district in the state of Tamil Nadu. The streets in the town form a square shape which is a unique feature of the town. It will be easy for you to reach any part of the town with this kind of infrastructure. The streets are wide and nicely structured. As of 2011, the town had a population of 32,397.

Panruti Developing Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Panruti is a developing city, municipality and taluk headquarters of Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu, India. Panruti is located between Cuddalore and Neyveli. Panruti is famous for jackfruit and cashew nuts. The jackfruit grown here is exported worldwide and is very sweet. It is a business capital of Cuddalore district. Kananchavadi one of the village in panruti taluk,famous for palm juice. It has been a great commercial area for more than 200 years. The name Panruti came from the Tamil words "Pann" and "Urutti" meaning "composing song and music", as the place is where many saints and great religious singers such as nayanmars and vainavas sung. A 150-year-old government school was built here by the British East India Company and a more-than-1000-year-old temple Veerattaneswarar temple is nearby in Thiruvathigai. As of 2011, the town had a population of 60,323.

Ramanathapuram district District of Tamil Nadu in India district

Ramanathapuram District is one of the 38 districts an administrative district) of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The town of Ramanathapuram is the district headquarters. Ramanthapuram District has an area of 4123 km2. It is bounded on the north by Sivaganga District, on the northeast by Pudukkottai District, on the east by the Palk Strait, on the south by the Gulf of Mannar, on the west by Thoothukudi District, and on the northwest by Virudhunagar District. The district contains the Pamban Bridge, an east-west chain of low islands and shallow reefs that extend between India and the island nation of Sri Lanka, and separate the Palk Strait from the Gulf of Mannar. The Palk Strait is navigable only by shallow-draft vessels. As of 2011, Ramanathapuram district had a population of 1,353,445 with a sex-ratio of 983 females for every 1,000 males.

Tiruverkadu Suburb in Thiruvallur, Tamil Nadu, India

Thiruverkadu is a western suburb of Chennai, Tamil Nadu. It comes under Thiruvallur district administration. It is famous for its Devi Karumariamman Temple. There is also Vedapureeswarar Temple in Thiruverkadu, where Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvathi are seen in their wedding pose inside the sanctum sanctorum. As of 2011, the town had a population of 62,289.

Jayankondam Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Jayankondam is a Second Grade Municipality in Ariyalur district of Tamil Nadu in India. It is also called Gangaikonda Cholapuram. As of 2011, the town had a population of 33,945.

Melpattampakkam panchayat Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Melpattampakkam is a panchayat town in Cuddalore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Nellikuppam Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Nellikuppam is a town and a municipality in Cuddalore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. As of 2011, the town had a population of 46,678.

Vadalur Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Vadalur is a panchayat town in Cuddalore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It is 208 km from Chennai, the state capital of Tamil Nadu. Vadalur is the most developed town in Cuddalore.

Virudhachalam Railway Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Virudhachalam or Pazhamalaim is a railway town and taluk headquarters in Cuddalore district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The ancient name of this town is Thirumudhukundram. As of 2011, the town had a population of 73,585. The ancient Lord Siva temple is located in the heart of town. This is the 41st Devaram Padal Petra Siva Thiruthalam and 9th Thiruthalam in Nadu Naadu(நடுனாடு). Moovar has sung hymns in praise of Lord Siva of this temple. The temple was constructed by one of the Chola Cmpires. The famous Kolanjiappar Temple is located 3 km away from the town. Both of them are located near Cuddalore - Salem highway in Pazhamalai.

Arani, Tiruvannamalai Select Grade Municipality in Tamilnadu, India

Arni otherwise spelled Arani, also Periya Arani is a town and a municipality in Tiruvanamalai district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. The name comes from the word Aranyam which means a place surrounded by forest. Arani is known for its rich history - a Fort and few palaces, ancient Hindu temples and Jain centres stand today as a testimony.

Viluppuram district District of Tamil Nadu in India

Viluppuram, Villupuram or Vizhuppuram is one of the 38 districts that make up the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It was founded on 30 September 1993, prior to which it was part of the Cuddalore district district. Vizhuppuram district lies between the national highways of Tiruchirappalli and Chennai, and contains some historical landmarks, such as the Gingee Fort that is over 500 years old.

Sri Jayaram Engineering College is co-educational engineering college established in 2002. It is located in Cuddalore, a district capital in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.

Satyagnana Sabha, Vadalur

Satyagnana Sabha is a temple constructed by the Saivite saint Sri Raamalinga Swaamigal (Vallalaar) in the town of Vadalur in Cuddalore district, Tamil Nadu, India. It is an octagonal structure; the sanctum sanctorum of this temple is concealed from the main hall by seven curtains which are parted only on the Thai Poosam day. All the four towers of the Chidambaram Nataraajar temple are visible from the sabha.

Cuddalore is connected to other parts of Tamil Nadu through a very good rail and road network. Frequent buses run to nearby towns like Pondicherry (Puducherry), Chidambaram, Panruti, Tindivanam and Viluppuram. Buses to major cities of Tamil Nadu such as Chennai, Tiruchirapalli, Coimbatore, Salem, Madurai Tiruvannamalai, Nagerkoil, Palani, Tanjore, Kumbakonam are also available from Cuddalore.

Rayanallur Village Panchayat in Tamil Nadu, India

Rayanallur village is situated on the banks of the veeranam lake in North Chidambaram town, Cuddalore District in the state of Tamil Nadu.

Nallathur Village in Tamil Nadu, India

Nallathur is a village in the Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu, one of 28 states of India. Nallathur's postal code is 605 106.

References

  1. Cuddalore District Collector
  2. Cuddalore Superintendent of Police
  3. Registration Series Allotted to Regional Transport Offices [ dead link ] Archived 23 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  4. 1 2 Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  5. Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  6. 1 2 "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  7. "Census Info 2011 Final population totals – Cuddalore district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  8. "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  9. Agriculture, Tamil Nadu state
  10. 1 2 "Tourist attraction in Cuddalore". Cuddalore municipality. 2011. Archived from the original on 23 September 2009. Retrieved 29 December 2012.
  11. "Sri Padaleeswarar temple". Dinamalar. Retrieved 3 January 2014.