Thoothukudi district

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Thoothukudi
Tuticorin Thermal Power Station at Night 1 crop.jpg
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Thoothukudi district
Thoothukudi district
Location in Tamil Nadu
Coordinates: 8°48′10.8″N78°8′40.2″E / 8.803000°N 78.144500°E / 8.803000; 78.144500 Coordinates: 8°48′10.8″N78°8′40.2″E / 8.803000°N 78.144500°E / 8.803000; 78.144500
CountryFlag of India.svg  India
State TamilNadu Logo.svg Tamil Nadu
Established20 October 1986
(35 years ago)
 (1986-10-20)
Founded by M. G. Ramachandran
Headquarters Thoothukudi
Talukas Thoothukudi, Thiruvaikundam, Kovilpatti, Ottapidaram, Ettayapuram, Vilathikulam, Kayathar, Tiruchendur, Sathankulam, Eral
Government
  TypeDistrict Administration
  BodyThoothukudi District Collectorate
   District Collector K. Senthil Raj, I.A.S.
   Superintendent of Police L. Balaji Saravanan, I.P.S.
  District Revenue OfficerS. Kannabiran
  Project DirectorV. Saravanan
Area
  Total4,707 km2 (1,817 sq mi)
  Rank8
Population
 (2011)
  Total1,750,176
  Rank18
  Density372/km2 (960/sq mi)
Languages
  Official Tamil
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
628xxx
Telephone code0461
ISO 3166 code ISO 3166-2:IN-TN
Vehicle registration TN-69, TN-96, TN-92 [1]
Central location: 8°48′N78°8′E / 8.800°N 78.133°E / 8.800; 78.133
Website thoothukudi.nic.in

Thoothukudi District is one of the 38 districts of Tamil Nadu state in southern India. The district was formed by bifurcation of Tirunelveli district on 20 October 1986. Thoothukudi is the district headquarters and largest city of the district. The district is known for fishing as well as pearl cultivation, with an abundance of pearls being found in the seas offshore. Thoothukudi district has many historical sites such as Adichanallur and the ancient trade port of Korkai. [2]

Contents

Geography

Thoothukudi district is situated in the south-eastern corner of Tamil Nadu. It is bounded by the districts of Virudhunagar on the north, Ramanathapuram on the north-east, Tirunelveli on the west and south-west, Tenkasi on the north-west and Gulf of Mannar on the east and southeast. The total area of the district is 4,621 km2 (1,784 sq mi).

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901705,534    
1911762,625+0.78%
1921787,166+0.32%
1931840,656+0.66%
1941910,729+0.80%
1951957,735+0.50%
19611,052,970+0.95%
19711,228,295+1.55%
19811,370,289+1.10%
19911,475,872+0.75%
20011,592,769+0.77%
20111,750,176+0.95%
source: [3]

According to 2011 census, Thoothukudi district had a population of 1,750,176 with a sex-ratio of 1,023 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929. [4] A total of 183,763 were under the age of six, constituting 93,605 males and 90,158 females. It has a large numbers of Nadars (Thiruchendur, Sathankulam, Thoothukudi, Eral), Appanad Maravars (Kovilpatti, Tiruvaikuntam, Ottapidaram, Kayatharu), Vellalars (Ettayapuram, Ottapidaram),Devendra Kula velalars(Thoothukudi, Kovilpatti, Vilathikulam, Ootaipidaram), Nayakars/Naidu (Kovilpatti and Vilathikulam) and Parathars (Thoothukudi and Tiruchendur). Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 19.88% and 0.28% of the population, respectively, mostly in Ottapidaram and Puthiyamputhur. The average literacy of the district was 77.12%, compared to the national average of 72.99%. [4] The district had a total of 462,010 households. There were a total of 748,095 workers, comprising 44,633 cultivators, 161,418 main agricultural labourers, 17,872 in house hold industries, 433,524 other workers, 90,648 marginal workers, 3,882 marginal cultivators, 39,226 marginal agricultural labourers, 4,991 marginal workers in household industries and 42,549 other marginal workers. [5]

Religious census
ReligionPercent(%)
Hindu
78.50%
Christian
16.68%
Muslim
4.61%
Sikh
0.01%
Buddhist
0.02%
Other
0.18%

Water bodies

There are no large reservoirs in this district so the Papanasam and Manimuthar dams located in the Tirunelveli district in the Thamirabarani River's flow are the main sources of irrigation. Other than the Thamirabarani River, the river Vaipar in Vilathikulam taluk, the river Karumeni which traverses through Sathankulam, and Tiruchendur taluks, Palayakayal are all sources.

Politics

DistrictNo.ConstituencyNamePartyAllianceRemarks
Thoothukudi district 213 Vilathikulam Markandayan V Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
214 Thoothukkudi P. Geetha Jeevan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
215 Tiruchendur Anitha Radhakrishnan Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
216 Srivaikuntam S. Amirtharaj Indian National Congress UPA
217 Ottapidaram (SC) C. Shunmugaiah Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam UPA
218 Kovilpatti Kadambur C. Raju All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam NDA

Administrative divisions

Thoothukudi District is divided into three revenue divisions and ten taluks. [6] There are forty-one revenue firkas and 480 revenue villages. [7]

Revenue
Divisions
TalukasNumber of
Revenue
Villages
ThoothukudiThoothukudi33
Thiruvaikundam46
KovilpattiKovilpatti33
Ottapidaram63
Ettayapuram56
Vilathikulam89
Kayathar54
TiruchendurTiruchendur36
Sathankulam25
Eral45

The district is divided into twelve revenue blocks for rural and urban development. The twelve revenue blocks are Thoothukudi, Tiruchendur, Udangudi, Sathankulam, Thiruvaikundam, Alwarthirunagari, Karunkulam, Ottapidaram, Kovilpatti, Kayathar, Vilathikulam, and Pudur. The district has one municipal corporation: Thoothukudi; three municipalities: Kayalpattinam, Kovilpatti and Tiruchendur; eighteen town panchayats: Alwarthirunagiri, Arumuganeri, Athur, Eral, Ettayapuram, Kadambur, Kalugumalai, Kanam, Kayatharu, Nazerath, Perungulam, Sathankulam, Sayapuram, Srivaikuntam, Thenthiruperai, Udangudi, V. Pudur and Vilathikulam [8] and 403 panchayat villages. [9]

Parliamentary Lok Sabha Constituency

No.Constituency NumberConstituency NameElected RepresentativePolitical PartyReserved for
(SC/ST/None)
136 Thoothukkudi Kanimozhi Karunanidhi DMK None

Tamil Nadu Assembly Constituencies

No.Constituency NumberConstituency NameElected RepresentativePolitical PartyReserved for (SC/ST/None)
1213 Vilathikulam V. Markandayan DMK None
2214 Thoothukkudi P. Geetha Jeevan DMK None
3215 Tiruchendur Anitha R. Radhakrishnan DMK None
4216 Srivaikuntam Oorvasi S. Amirtharaj INC None
5217 Ottapidaram C. Shunmugaiah DMK SC
6218 Kovilpatti Kadambur C. Raju AIADMK None

Economy

The V. O. Chidambaranar Port Trust contributes majorly to the economy of the district besides providing employment. Thoothukudi hosts industries such as SPIC, Thoothukudi alkaline chemicals, DCW zirconium plant and numerous salt packing companies. Many coal based power plants are at various stages of commissioning. Kovilpatti consists of many small sized industry especially match stick industries.

Agriculture

Paddy is the most cultivated crop in most of the villages like Uzhakkudi, Vallanadu, Aarumugamangalam, Palayakayal, Thiruvaikundam, Sattankulam and Tiruchendur taluks. Cumbu, Cholam, Kuthiraivali and other pulses are raised in the dry tracts of Kovilpatti, Vilathikulam, Nagalapuram Ottapidaram, and Thoothukudi taluks. Cotton is cultivated in Kovilpatti, Ottapidaram and Thoothukudi Taluks. Groundnut cultivation is undertaken in Kovilpatti, Tiruchendur, and Sattankulam taluks. Groundnut cake is being used as manure and cattle feed. Nagalapuram makes its economy to be solely dependent agriculture. Sugarcane and Plantain (Banana) are cultivated on a large scale along the stretch of Uzhakkudi. Banana and Beetel cultivation is more prominent in villages like Aarumugamanagalam and Yeral. Also vegetables like tomato, chillies, brinjal, lady's finger, beans are cultivated in village of Uzhakkudi. Summers are made use to cultivate cotton on a smaller scale. Main business of this area is dry chilly, cholam, cumbu, wood charcoal, etc. With 35% share, the district is the top producer of Cumbu in Tamil Nadu. [10] Palmyrah trees are grown mostly in Tiruchendur, Srivaikundam, Sattankulam and Vilathikulam taluks. Jaggery is produced from palmyrah juice; the production of jaggery is the main occupation of the people of Tiruchendur and Sattankulam taluks. Banana and other vegetables are raised in Srivaikundam and Tiruchendur taluks.

Salt production

The district constitutes 70 percent of the total salt production of Tamil Nadu and 30 percent of that of India. Tamil Nadu is the second largest producer of Salt in India next to Gujarat.

Transport

National Highway 45B, 7A and State Highways SH-32,33,40,44,75,76,77,93,176 connect to other parts of the State. Government buses connect the district with other parts of state. Thoothukudi and Kovilpatti railway station are the major stations of Indian Railways. V.O. Chidambaranar Port Authority in the district was declared as the tenth major seaport in India also provides container services. Tuticorin Airport is situated at Vaigaikulam and currently has flights to and from Chennai and Bengaluru. Thoothukudi is the one of the cities which is having four ways of transportation (Roadways, Railways, Airways and Seaways).

Spaceport

The Government of India is to set up a new Rocket launch pad near Kulasekaranpattinam in Thoothukudi district. The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has begun work on its second Rocket launching pad or Spaceport, which will be Kulasekaranpattinam, Thoothukudi in Tamil Nadu. Like the Sriharikota spaceport in the Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Thoothukudi was selected as a spaceport due to its nearness to the equator. "A rocket launch site should be on the east coast and near the equator. And Thoothukudi district satisfies that condition", a former ISRO official stated. [11]

Education

There are numerous educational institutions, colleges, schools providing education. The Agricultural College and Research Institute, Killikulam was established in 1984 – 85 as the third constituent College of Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. These include: [12]

Notable people

Villages

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ettayapuram</span> Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Ettayapuram is a panchayat town in Thoothukudi district of Tamil Nadu, India. It is the birthplace of Tamil poets Mahakavi Bharathiar and Umaru Pulavar. Muthuswami Dikshitar, one of the triads of Carnatic music, was patronized in his final years by the ruler of Ettayapuram.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Aruppukkottai</span> Town in Tamil Nadu, India

Aruppukottai is a town and a municipality in Virudhunagar district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Aruppukottai's classical name is "Sengattu Aravakotai". Aruppukottai is about 50 km from Madurai. It is in the middle of Madurai-Tuticorin National Highways NH-38. The villages and towns surrounding Aruppukottai makes this as a major town as well as a major transit hub and they are also famous for production of jasmine. Aruppukottai is always famous for producing yarn. Sri Ramana Maharishi was born in Tiruchuli near Aruppukottai town. Aruppukottai was part of king Sethupathi of Ramnad. King Sethupathi has Zamin Palace in Palyampatti. As of 2011, the town had a population of 87,722. The town also hosts two famous temples – Arulmigu Meenakshi Chokkanatha Swamy Temple built in 13th century by Pandiya King Maravarma Sundarapandiya Thevar and Malaiyarasan Temple..

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Thoothukudi</span> City in Tamil Nadu, India

Thoothukudi is a port city, a municipal corporation and an industrial city in Thoothukudi district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The city lies in the Coromandel Coast of Bay of Bengal. Thoothukudi is the capital and headquarters of Thoothukudi district. It is located about 590 kilometres southwest of Chennai, 190 kilometres northeast of Thiruvananthapuram and 580 kilometres southeast of Bangalore. According to Confederation of Indian Industry, Thoothukudi has the second highest Human Development Index in Tamil Nadu next to Chennai. Thoothukudi City serves as the headquarters of Tamilnad Mercantile Bank Limited. Major educational establishments in the city include Government Thoothukudi Medical College, Fisheries College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Maritime Academy, V.O. Chidambaram College, Kamaraj College, Anna University and Government Polytechnic College. V. O. Chidambaranar Port Trust is one of the fastest growing Major Ports in India. Thoothukudi is an "Emerging Energy and Industrial hub of South India".

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Tirunelveli district is one of the 38 districts of Tamil Nadu state in India. It is the largest district in terms of area with Tirunelveli as its headquarters. The district was formed on 1 September 1790 by the British East India Company, and comprised the present Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi, Tenkasi and parts of Virudhunagar and Ramanathapuram district. As of 2011, the undivided district had a population of 3,077,233.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">V. O. Chidambaram Pillai</span> Indian freedom fighter, first Indian helmsman and former leader of INC

Valliyappan Olaganathan Chidambaram Pillai , also known as Kappalottiya Tamizhan, was an Indian freedom fighter and former leader of the Indian National Congress. He founded the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company in 1906 to compete against the monopoly of the British India Steam Navigation Company (BISNC). He launched the first indigenous Indian shipping service between Tuticorin (India) and Colombo with the Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company (SSNC), competing against British ships. Tuticorin Port Trust, one of India's thirteen major ports, is named after him. At one time a member of the Indian National Congress, he was later charged with sedition by the British government and sentenced to life imprisonment, and his barrister license was revoked.

Arumuganeri is a panchayat town at Tiruchendur constituency from Thoothukudi district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India.In ancient times, the town was part of the Kuda Nadu division headed by Korkai.

Kadambur is a panchayat town in Kayathar taluk of the Thoothukudi district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The temples in and around Kadambur portray the authentic Chola art and architecture. There is also another village with the same name Kadambur in the district of Salem under Gangavalli taluk.

Moolakaraipatti is a Panchayat town in Tirunelveli district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Sathankulam is a panchayat town in Thoothukudi district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Ottapidaram is a small town in Thoothukudi district and headquarters of Ottapidaram taluk, the biggest taluk in Tamil Nadu state, India. Ottapidaram is a tourism centre with accessibility to many places in Tamil Nadu. Thoothukudi or Tirunelveli can be easily accessed from anywhere and Ottapidaram is very close to these two places. The great freedom fighter V. O. Chidambaram Pillai called VOC hails from Ottapidaram. VOC is also called as "Kappalottiya Tamizhan" because he launched one of the first shipping companies, Swadeshi Steam Navigation Company which operated ship between Tuticorin and Colombo against the British during the rule in India.

Panchalankurichi is a village, 3 km from Ottapidaram and 21 km from Thoothukudi in Thoothukudi district, Tamil Nadu, India. Panchalankurichi was once a Palayam and is best known as the birthplace of Veerapandiya Kattabomman, an 18th-century Palayakarrar ('Polygar'), who opposed the British East India Company governance in the area and its revenue-raising methods.

Pasuvanthanai also spelt as Passuvandanai is a panchayat village in Ottapidaram Taluk in Thoothukudi district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Panpoli is a village situated near Sengottai Taluk in Tenkasi district, Tamil Nadu, India.

Kayamozhi is a village 9 km west of Thiruchendur in Thoothukudi district, Tamil Nadu, India. Its history goes back to the 16th century as the capital of the old Vadapattu region.

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Puthiamputhur is a town in Thoothukudi district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu.

Thoothukudi is an Industrial City and it has transport connections via road, rail, sea and air. After Chennai, Thoothukudi is the only city in Tamil Nadu to have all four means of transport.

South Maranthalai is a Village in Thoothukudi district in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Alwarthirunagari block is the nearby panchayat town.

Melaseithalai is a village in Ottapidaram taluk of Thoothukudi District, Tamil Nadu, India. The village comes under Vilathikulam and Thoothukudi.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kovilpatti railway station</span>

Kovilpatti railway station is a train station connecting the city of Thoothukudi, Tirunelveli, Madurai in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The station belongs to the Madurai railway division, a part of Southern Railway Zone.

References

  1. Thoothukudi district Archived 12 September 2012 at the Wayback Machine . Government of Tamil Nadu. State Transport Authority.
  2. Majeed, A. Abdul (1987). "A note on Korkai Excavations". Tamil Civilization. Tamil University, Thanjavur. 5 (1/2): 73–77.
  3. "Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901". Archived from the original on 8 August 2019. Retrieved 9 August 2019.
  4. 1 2 "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  5. "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Thoothukudi district". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  6. Palanithurai, Ganapathy; Parthiban, T. & Vanishree, Joseph (2007). Empowering Women: Grassroots Experience from Tamil Nadu. New Delhi: Concept Publishing Company. p.  35. ISBN   978-81-8069-454-7.
  7. "Administration". District Collectorate, Thoothukudi. Archived from the original on 3 April 2012.
  8. "Thoothukudi District, Tamil Nadu". Thoothukudi.nic.in. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 20 September 2011.
  9. "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Block Panchayats of Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2011.
  10. Agriculture Archived 9 April 2009 at the Wayback Machine . Government of Tamil Nadu. State Transport Authority.
  11. "Why Thoothukudi was chosen as ISRO's second spaceport". www.thenewsminute.com. Archived from the original on 2 December 2019. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  12. "Agricultural College & Research Institute, Killikulam". sites.google.com.