Watkins Glen, New York

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Watkins Glen, New York
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Franklin Street in Watkins Glen
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Watkins Glen
Location within the state of New York
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Watkins Glen
Watkins Glen (the United States)
Coordinates: 42°22′52″N76°52′16″W / 42.38111°N 76.87111°W / 42.38111; -76.87111 Coordinates: 42°22′52″N76°52′16″W / 42.38111°N 76.87111°W / 42.38111; -76.87111
Country United States
State New York
County Schuyler
Government
  Luke LeszykMayor
Area
  Total2.2 sq mi (5.8 km2)
  Land1.9 sq mi (4.8 km2)
  Water0.4 sq mi (1.0 km2)
Elevation
463 ft (141 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total1,859
  Estimate 
(2016) [1]
1,890
  Density850/sq mi (320/km2)
Time zone UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
  Summer (DST) UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
14891
Area code(s) 607
FIPS code 36-78696 [2]
GNIS feature ID0974082 [3]

Watkins Glen is a village in Schuyler County, New York, United States, and it is the county seat of Schuyler County. [4] Watkins Glen lies within the towns of Dix and Reading. The village is home to the Watkins Glen International race track, which hosts NASCAR Cup Series and IndyCar races and formerly hosted the United States Grand Prix of Formula One.

Village Small clustered human settlement smaller than a town

A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though villages are often located in rural areas, the term urban village is also applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are normally permanent, with fixed dwellings; however, transient villages can occur. Further, the dwellings of a village are fairly close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement.

Schuyler County, New York County in New York

Schuyler County is a county in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,343, making it the second-least populous county in New York. The county seat is Watkins Glen. The name is in honor of General Philip Schuyler, one of the four major generals in the Continental Army in the American Revolutionary War.

New York (state) American state

New York is a state in the Northeastern United States. New York was one of the original thirteen colonies that formed the United States. With an estimated 19.54 million residents in 2018, it is the fourth most populous state. In order to distinguish the state from the city with the same name, it is sometimes referred to as New York State.

Contents

History

European peoples began to settle in the area around 1800. Watkins Glen was the northern terminus of the Chemung Canal, started in 1830 and completed in 1833, connecting Seneca Lake to the Chemung River. Catharine Creek, flowing into the lake through the village, was used to help create the canal. The village was incorporated in 1842 as Salubria, then Jefferson, but was renamed Watkins after Dr. Samuel Watkins, the founder, for his contributions to the community. The current name Watkins Glen was adopted in 1926.

The Chemung Canal is a former canal in New York, United States. The canal connected Seneca Lake at Watkins Glen to the Chemung River at Elmira, New York. It was planned to connect the Finger Lakes region and Pennsylvania's Susquehanna River watershed with New York's Erie Canal system. The latter connected the Great Lakes with the Hudson River and ultimately the Atlantic port of New York City.

Seneca Lake (New York) lake in New York, United States of America

Seneca Lake is the largest of the glacial Finger Lakes of the U.S. state of New York, and the deepest lake entirely within the state. It is promoted as being the lake trout capital of the world, and is host of the National Lake Trout Derby. Because of its depth and relative ease of access, the US Navy uses Seneca Lake to perform test and evaluation of equipment ranging from single element transducers to complex sonar arrays and systems. The lake takes its name from the Seneca nation of Native Americans. At the north end of Seneca Lake is the city of Geneva, New York, home of Hobart and William Smith Colleges and the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, a division of Cornell University. At the south end of the lake is the village of Watkins Glen, New York, famed for auto racing and waterfalls.

Chemung River river in the United States of America

The Chemung River is a tributary of the Susquehanna River, approximately 46.4 miles (74.7 km) long, in south central New York and northern Pennsylvania in the United States. It drains a mountainous region of the northern Allegheny Plateau in the Southern Tier of New York. The valley of the river has long been an important manufacturing center in the region but has suffered a decline in the late 20th century.

For the first half of the 20th century, the village was primarily known as the site of Glen Springs Sanitarium, one of the leading spas in the United States.

The Glen Springs Sanitarium was a hotel and sanatorium located high above Seneca Lake on the western hillsides of the village of Watkins Glen, in Schuyler County, New York. Known in the early 1900s as the "Nauheim of America", it remained a noted landmark of the area until it was demolished in 1996.

A spa is a location where mineral-rich spring water is used to give medicinal baths. Spa towns or spa resorts typically offer various health treatments, which are also known as balneotherapy. The belief in the curative powers of mineral waters goes back to prehistoric times. Such practices have been popular worldwide, but are especially widespread in Europe and Japan. Day spas are also quite popular, and offer various personal care treatments.

The A. F. Chapman House, First Baptist Church of Watkins Glen, Schuyler County Courthouse Complex, St. James Episcopal Church, United States Post Office, Watkins Glen Commercial Historic District, Watkins Glen Grand Prix Course, 1948-1952, and Watkins Glen High School are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. [5] [6] [7]

A. F. Chapman House United States historic place

The A. F. Chapman House is a historic house located at 115 South Monroe Street in Watkins Glen, Schuyler County, New York.

First Baptist Church of Watkins Glen United States historic place

First Baptist Church of Watkins Glen is a historic Baptist church located at Watkins Glen in Schuyler County, New York. It was built in 1888 and is a Victorian era religious building distinguished by a variety of vernacular Romanesque Revival and Queen Anne style inspired design and decorative detail. The brick structure rests on a raised stone foundation and features a large front corner tower.

Schuyler County Courthouse Complex United States historic place

The Schuyler County Courthouse Complex is a historic courthouse complex located on North Frankln Street between 9th and 10th Streets in Watkins Glen in Schuyler County, New York. It consists of a three building government complex. The courthouse, built in 1855, is a two-story, rectangular brick building on a stone foundation. It features an inseted square tower with an ogee roof and weather vane. It also has a small pedimented porch supported by Doric order columns. The Sheriff's residence is a two-story brick structure with hipped roof and cupola. The third building is the one story Clerk's office that measures 22 feet by 38 feet.

Geography

Watkins Glen State Park Watkins Glen State Park pano 6.jpg
Watkins Glen State Park

Watkins Glen is located at 42°22′52″N76°52′16″W / 42.38111°N 76.87111°W / 42.38111; -76.87111 (42.380984, -76.871079). [8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 2.2 square miles (5.7 km2). 1.9 square miles (4.9 km2) of the village is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) of it (17.41%) is water.

United States Census Bureau Bureau of the United States responsible for the census and related statistics

The United States Census Bureau is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American people and economy. The Census Bureau is part of the U.S. Department of Commerce and its director is appointed by the President of the United States.

New York State Route 14 joins New York State Route 79 and New York State Route 414 by Watkins Glen. NY-14 is one of the principal streets in Watkins Glen village. New York State Route 329 and New York State Route 409 lead into Watkins Glen from the west.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1870 2,039
1880 2,71633.2%
1890 2,604−4.1%
1900 2,94313.0%
1910 2,817−4.3%
1920 2,785−1.1%
1930 2,9566.1%
1940 2,913−1.5%
1950 3,0524.8%
1960 2,813−7.8%
1970 2,716−3.4%
1980 2,440−10.2%
1990 2,207−9.5%
2000 2,149−2.6%
2010 1,859−13.5%
Est. 20161,890 [1] 1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census [9]

As of the census [2] of 2010, there were 1,859 people, 873 households, and 442 families residing in the village. The population density was 845 per square mile (326.25/km²). There were 977 housing units at an average density of 444 per square mile (168.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 96.2% White, 0.50% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.50% Asian, 0.70% from other races, and 1.70% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.40% of the population.

There were 873 households out of which 22.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 33.70% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 49.40% were non-families. 42.40% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.09 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the village, the age distribution of the population was spread out with 22.70% under the age of 20, 5.40% from 20 to 24, and 31.80% from 25 to 50 and 17.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.20 years old. The Village of Watkins Glen had 866 male residents, and 993 female residents.

The median income for a household in the village was $34,969 and the median income for a family was $55,357. Males had a median income of $37,885 versus $29,000 for females. The per capita income for the village was $24,116. 5.0% of the population and 1.70% of families were living below the poverty line. 3.6% of those under the age of 18 and 6.80% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Notable events and attractions

Seneca Lake from Watkins Glen Seneca Lake from Watkins Glen July 2017.jpg
Seneca Lake from Watkins Glen

Watkins Glen State Park

Watkins Glen State Park is a 778-acre park with a 400-foot-deep (120 m) [10] narrow gorge featuring 19 waterfalls over less than 2 miles. It is considered a "flagship" park by the State of New York. [11]

Auto racing at Watkins Glen

The Sahlen's Six Hours of The Glen at Watkins Glen International Cars drive through the Esses during the 2014 Sahlen's Six Hours of The Glen.jpg
The Sahlen's Six Hours of The Glen at Watkins Glen International

Watkins Glen is noted for its role in auto racing, being the home of a street course used in road racing, a famous racetrack, Watkins Glen International, one of the premier automobile road racing tracks in the United States, which has hosted the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series I Love New York 355 at The Glen, IndyCar Series Grand Prix at The Glen, and the IMSA SportsCar Championship 6 Hours of Watkins Glen. The first Watkins Glen Sports Car Grand Prix, however, was held in 1948 on public streets in and near the village. Organized by local resident Cameron Argetsinger, it was the first post-WWII road race held in the United States and it marked the revival of American road racing.

The original course ran for 6.6 miles (10.6 km) and passed through the center of the village. The streets used for the original course remain intact today and a checkered flag marks the original start-finish line on the village's main street. During the 1952 race, driver Fred Wacker struck onlookers sitting on a curb, killing a 7-year-old boy and injuring 10 others. The tragedy caused the end of street racing at the Glen and elsewhere in the United States. [12]

A permanent racing facility, the Watkins Glen Grand Prix Race Course opened in 1956. It has hosted nearly every type of road racing, from the Sahlen's 6 Hours of Watkins Glen (1948-current), the Formula One United States Grand Prix (1961–1980), and the I Love New York 355 at The Glen (1957-current), one of the few races on the Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series schedule not conducted on an oval speedway, the other being Sonoma Raceway.

International Motor Racing Research Center

International Motor Racing Research Center International Motor Racing Research Center.jpg
International Motor Racing Research Center

The International Motor Racing Research Center, a professional archive of motorsports history, opened in June 1999 in an annex of the Watkins Glen Public Library. [13] The mission of the center is to preserve and share the history of motorsports around the world. [14]

Personal Watercraft racing at Watkins Glen

Since 2014, Watkins Glen has hosted a weekend of IJSBA (International Jet Sports Boating Association) closed course racing, and has become one of the largest race venues in the sport today. Originally promoted in Region 8 by NEWA (North East Watercraft Alliance), until 2016 when East Coast Watercross purchased the series, racing has been at Clute Memorial Park and Campground, and is typically the last weekend in August. The event has always been free to spectators, and features both closed course racing and freestyle competition using standup, sit-down, and sport class machines.

1973 Summer Jam at Watkins Glen rock festival

The racetrack was also the scene of the July 28, 1973 Summer Jam at Watkins Glen rock festival attended by an estimated 600,000 people, one-and-a-half time the crowd at 1969's historic Woodstock Festival and a world record for the largest number of people at a pop music festival. The concert featured The Allman Brothers Band, Grateful Dead, and The Band. The music started at noon Saturday and continued long into Sunday. The bands played in their normal make-up and continued as members drifted in and out for many hours afterward.

Phish festivals

On July 1–3 of 2011, the band Phish hosted Superball IX, a three-day music festival on the same grounds of the Summer Jam of '73. On August 21–23 of 2015, Phish hosted their 10th festival, Magnaball, on the grounds. Phish planned to return to Watkins Glen for their 11th festival, Curveball, on August 17–19, 2018 but was forced to cancel when their permit was revoked due to floods contaminating the local water supply. [15]

True Love schooner

Watkins Glen is the home port for True Love, a schooner built in 1926 that was featured in High Society (1940). [16]

Farm animal protection movement

Farm Sanctuary's headquarters in Watkins Glen FarmSanctuary.JPG
Farm Sanctuary's headquarters in Watkins Glen
Schuyler County Courthouse in Watkins Glen Schyuler County Courthouse, Watkins Glen, New York State.jpg
Schuyler County Courthouse in Watkins Glen

Watkins Glen is the home of Farm Sanctuary, a national farm animal protection organization co-founded by activist Gene Baur in 1986. In 1991, the organization opened a shelter in Watkins Glen that has since provided lifelong care for thousands of animals rescued from abuse; hosted numerous public events; and welcomed thousands of visitors from all over the world, including Joan Jett, Emily Deschanel, Biz Stone, Colbie Caillat, and Jonathan Safran Foer.[ citation needed ]

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Watkins Glen International Motorsport track in the United States

Watkins Glen International, nicknamed "The Glen", is an automobile race track located in Watkins Glen, New York, at the southern tip of Seneca Lake. It was long known around the world as the home of the Formula One United States Grand Prix, which it hosted for twenty consecutive years (1961–1980), but the site has also been home to road racing of nearly every class, including the World Sportscar Championship, Trans-Am, Can-Am, Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series, the International Motor Sports Association and the IndyCar Series.

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New York State Route 409 highway in New York

New York State Route 409 (NY 409) is a state highway in Schuyler County, New York, in the United States. It is more of a spur route as it is connected to the state highway system at only one end. It begins at a grade crossing with the Norfolk Southern Railway in the town of Dix and ends in downtown Watkins Glen at a junction with NY 14 and NY 414. Its western terminus is also the upper entrance to the gorge at Watkins Glen State Park. NY 409 is known as Station Road in Dix and as Steuben Street and West 4th Street in Watkins Glen. The route was assigned by 1970 and follows part of the original Watkins Glen Grand Prix Course.

Formula Libre

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Grand Prix at The Glen

The Grand Prix at The Glen was an IndyCar Series race held at Watkins Glen International in Watkins Glen, New York. American open wheel racing at the circuit dates back to 1979.

New York State Route 329 highway in New York

New York State Route 329 (NY 329) is a 2.57-mile (4.14 km) long state highway near Watkins Glen, New York, in the United States. The western terminus is at an intersection with Meads Hill Road in Dix. The eastern terminus is at a junction with NY 14 and NY 414 in Watkins Glen. NY 329 passes south of Watkins Glen State Park while New York State Route 419, a highway 0.30 miles (0.48 km) in length, connects NY 329 to the park. Both NY 329 and NY 419 pass through sparsely populated, rural areas.

6 Hours of Watkins Glen

The Six Hours of Watkins Glen is a sports car endurance race held annually at Watkins Glen International in Watkins Glen, New York. The race dates from 1948, and has been a part of the SCCA National Sports Car Championship, United States Road Racing Championship, World Sportscar Championship, IMSA GT Championship, Rolex Sports Car Series and currently the United SportsCar Championship.

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Watkins Glen Grand Prix Course, 1948–1952 United States historic place

Watkins Glen Grand Prix Course, 1948–1952 is a historic Grand Prix auto race track located at Watkins Glen in Schuyler County, New York. It includes the public rights of way that constituted the route of the original 6.6-mile (10.6 km) Watkins Glen Grand Prix course used from 1948 to 1952. After a car left the road in the 1952 race, killing one spectator and injuring several others, the race was moved to a new location on a wooded hilltop southwest of town.

The 1997 The Bud At The Glen, was a NASCAR Winston Cup Series race held on August 10, 1997, at Watkins Glen International in Watkins Glen, New York. Contested over 90 laps on the 2.45-mile (3.942 km) road course, it was the 20th race of the 1997 NASCAR Winston Cup Series season. Jeff Gordon of Hendrick Motorsports won the race. This is his 1st career victory on a road course, beginning a streak of 6 consecutive road course wins that lasted until 2000.

The 2006 AMD at The Glen was a NASCAR Nextel Cup Series race that was held on August 13, 2006 at Watkins Glen International in Watkins Glen, New York. Contested over 90 laps on the 2.45 mile road course, it was the 22nd race of the 2006 NASCAR Nextel Cup Series season. Kevin Harvick of Richard Childress Racing won the race.

The 2018 Go Bowling at The Glen is a Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series race held on August 5, 2018 at Watkins Glen International in Watkins Glen, New York. Contested over 90 laps on the 2.45-mile (3.94 km) road course, it was the 22nd race of the 2018 Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series season. Chase Elliott scored his first career win in this race after holding off a hard-charging Martin Truex Jr. who was the defending winner from last year. This was the final race for Brian France as the CEO of NASCAR, as he was arrested for DUI hours after the race occurred. Jim France was the CEO starting at Michigan.

The 2019 Go Bowling at The Glen was a Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series race held on August 4, 2019 at Watkins Glen International in Watkins Glen, New York. Contested over 90 laps on the 2.45-mile (3.94 km) road course, it was the 22nd race of the 2019 Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series season.

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. 1 2 "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  5. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places . National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
  6. "National Register of Historic Places". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 11/19/12 through 11/23/12. National Park Service. 2012-11-30.
  7. "National Register of Historic Places". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 2/09/15 through 2/13/15. National Park Service. 2015-02-20.
  8. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  9. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  10. "Section O: Environmental Conservation and Recreation, Table O-9". 2014 New York State Statistical Yearbook (PDF). The Nelson A. Rockefeller Institute of Government. 2014. p. 674. Retrieved April 3, 2016.
  11. "Watkins Glen State Park History". Watkins Glen Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  12. Defechereux, Philippe (1998). Watkins Glen 1948-1952: The Definitive Illustrated History. Beeman Jorgensen. ISBN   0-929758-17-X.
  13. "Our History". IMRRC. International Motor Racing Research Center. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  14. "Collecting, Preserving and Sharing History". IMRRC. International Motor Racing Research Center. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  15. http://phish.com/news/curveball-forced-to-cancel/
  16. Johnson, Shane. "True Love Schooner". WSKG. Retrieved 2019-05-02.