Wave Energy Scotland

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Wave Energy Scotland (WES) is a technology development body set up by the Scottish Government to facilitate the development of wave energy in Scotland. It was set up in 2015 and is a subsidiary of Highlands and Islands Enterprise (HIE) based in Inverness. WES manages a number of projects resulting from its pre-commercial procurement funding calls.

The Scottish Government is the executive in Scotland for areas of public policy which are not reserved. The government was established in 1999 as the Scottish Executive under the Scotland Act 1998, which created a devolved administration for Scotland in line with the result of the 1997 referendum on Scottish devolution. Following increasing use of the name "government" in place of "executive" during the first decade of the 21st century, its name was formally changed in law to Scottish Government by the Scotland Act 2012.

Scotland Country in Northwest Europe, part of the United Kingdom

Scotland is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain, with a border with England to the southeast, and is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the north and west, the North Sea to the northeast, the Irish Sea to the south, and more than 790 islands, including the Northern Isles and the Hebrides.

Highlands and Islands Enterprise (HIE) is the Scottish Government's economic and community development agency for a diverse region which covers more than half of Scotland and is home to around 450,000 people.



The Scottish Government took positive action to support the ailing wave energy sector in Scotland, following the demise of one of the leading developers Pelamis Wave Power. The Energy Minister Fergus Ewing announced an initial budget for the body of £14.3 million over 13 months at the RenewableUK conference in February 2015 [1]

Pelamis Wave Power designed and manufactured the Pelamis Wave Energy Converter – a technology that uses the motion of ocean surface waves to create electricity. The company was established in 1998 and had offices and fabrication facilities in Leith Docks, Edinburgh, Scotland. It went into administration in November 2014.

Fergus Ewing Scottish politician

Fergus Stewart Ewing is a Scottish politician, serving as the Scottish Government's Cabinet Secretary for Rural Economy and the Scottish National Party Member of the Scottish Parliament (MSP) for Inverness and Nairn.

RenewableUK, formerly known as the 'British Wind Energy Association' (BWEA), is the trade association for wind power, wave power and tidal power industries in the United Kingdom. RenewableUK has over 660 corporate members, from wind, wave and tidal stream power generation and associated industries.

Organisation objectives

The original objectives for WES were set out by the Scottish Government as: [2]

Project calls

To date, WES has held four funding calls, [3] .

Call TitleLaunch DateCall ClosedBudgetNotice
Secondary energy conversion technologies (power take-off systems, PTO)19 March 201522 May 2015£7m MAR203890
Novel wave energy converters10 June 201513 August 2015up to £2.4m JUN211095
Structural materials and manufacturing processes 18 July 201615 July 20168 September 2016up to £3m JUL250786
Control systems5 April 201712 June 2017£660k

Power Take-off

A total of 42 applications were made for this £7m call, with contracts awarded to nine consortia. [4] [5]

Project nameLead organisationOther partnersContract value
Advanced Hydraulic-electric Power Take Off (AHPTO)Nova Innovation Ltd Aquamarine Power, Siemens £89,929
Direct contact dielectric elastomer PTO for submerged wave energy convertersScuola Superiore di Studi Uniersitari e di Perfezionamento Sant'Anna (SSSA) University of Edinburgh, Universita di Bologna £96,000
Edinburgh Designs Adaptive Power Take Off (EDAPTO)Edinburgh DesignsNone£78,090
New Electric Automotive Power Extraction Device (NEAPED)Marine Design International (MDI)4c Design£79,400
Power Electronic Controlled Magnet Gear (PECMAG)Ecosse Subsea SystemsBathwick Electrical Design Ltd, Pure Marine Ltd, Supply Design Ltd.£100,000
Power Sharing Transmission based Bi-directional to Uni-directional PTO (PST-PTO)Cofely Fabricom Ghent University £99,990
Survivable and Efficient OLeo-hydraulic assisted power TAke-off (SEÒLTA)TECNALIA Research & InnovationOCEANTEC Energías Marinas S.L.£87,271
Wave Energy Transmission ModuleRomax Technology LtdSea Power Ltd, Limerick Wave & Pure Marine Gen£100,000
'WEC-Direct' - The application of a direct drive, contra-rotating generator to wave energy convertersEnergy Systems Research Unit, University of Strathclyde Nautricity Ltd£99,128

Novel Wave Energy Converter Call (stage 1)

Eight projects were funded for the first stage of the Novel Wave Energy Converter call, out of 37 applications. [6]

Project NameLead OrganisationOther PartnersContract Value
Attenuator Cost of Energy Reduction (ACER)4C EngineeringSea Power Ltd£300,000
WaveTrain Sloped Pneumatic WECJoules Energy Efficiency Services LtdNone£291,039
WaveNET Series 12Albatern LtdNone£259,867
Mocean Wave Energy ConverterMocean Energy Ltd The University of Edinburgh £299,491
CCell Mark 3 – Novel Curved WEC OptimisationZyba Limited The University of Bath £252,024.88
AISV - Automatically Inflatable and Stowable Volume for step reduction in WEC cost of energyQuoceant LtdNone£300,000
Anaconda Novel Wave Energy ConverterCheckmate Seaenergy LtdNone£271,012
Advanced Archimedes WaveswingAWS Ocean Energy LtdNone£284,853

Structural Materials and Manufacturing Processes Call (stage 1)

Ten projects were funded from this third Innovation Call

Project NameLead OrganisationOther PartnersContract Value
HydrocompCorPower OceanBalmoral Offshore Engineering, Wave Venture£248,600
Reinforced polymers for Wave EneRgyCruz Acheson Consulting Engineers LdaCarnegie Wave Energy, CorPower Ocean, Arup Consulting Engineers, DNV-GL, National Composites Centre£249,614
Advanced Rotational Moulding for Ocean Renewables (ARMOR)Haydale Composite Solutions LtdCrompton Moulding Ltd., Wave Venture, Carbon Trust£249,762
Concrete as a Technology Enabler (CREATE)Ove Arup & PartnersCruz Atcheson Consulting Engineers, MPA: The Concrete Centre, MPA British precast, SeaPower Ltd., Wello OY£250,000
Advanced Rotational Moulding for Wave Energy Technologies (ARMWET)Polygen Ltd.Wave Venture, Rototek Ltd.£209,000
Advanced Concrete Engineering - WEC (ACE-WEC)Quoceant Ltd.University of Dundee, Black and Veatch, Innosea, David Kerr£245,231
PolyshellTechnology from Ideas ltd.DuPont, Cruz Atcheson Consulting Engineers, Radius Systenms£244,500
NetbuoyTension Technology International Ltd.Black and Veatch Ltd., Optimus ( Abderdeen) Ltd., Quoceant Ltd.£245,300
ELASTO ( A feasibility Study on Elastomeric-based WECs.University of EdinburghUniversity of Plymouth, Griffon Hoverwork£244,714
Rotational Moulding of Polymers, Composites and Hybrid WEC StructuresUniversity of EdinburghQueens University Belfast, Pelagic Innovation, CETO UK, Eire Composites, Kingspan Environmental£250,000

Control Systems

Thirteen concepts were funded from this fourth Innovation Call.

Project NameOther PartnersContract Value
SURF-MATICWave Venture, Mocean Energy Ltd., Altran Ltd., CorPower Ocean AB£48,860
Predictability Bounded Control of the Mocean WECMocean Energy Ltd., University of Bath£34,434
WEETICSUniversity of Edinburgh, Oceantec Energias Marinas SL, Tecnalia Research and Innovation£45,000
Adaptive Control of the WaveSub WEC using a Romax electromechanical PTOMarine Power Systems Ltd., University of Bath, Romax Technology Ltd.£41,850
DataWaveMocean Energy Ltd., Wave Venture, CorPower Ocean AB, Polygen Ltd., MarynSol Ltd£46,200
WEQUAD FRAME ProjectINNOSEA Ltd., EPF Elettrotecnica Srl£41690
Cost of Energy Optimised by Reinforcement Learning (CEORL)Maxsim Ltd., Caelulum Ltd., Aquaharmonics Inc, Wave Conundrums Consulting, David Forehand, David Pizer, Mocean Energy Ltd, CorPower Ocean AB£46,926
Control of WECs based on dielectric elastomer generatorsUniversity of Edinburgh, Cheros Srl, University of Bologna, University of Trento£47,000
Non-linear Optimal Control: Concepts, Practicalities and BenefitsMocean Energy ltd., Pelagic Innovation Ltd., Industrial Systems and Control Ltd.£47,000
Adaptive hierarchical model predictive control of wave energy convertersMocean Energy Ltd, Queen Mary University of London£28,209
ForewaveInnosea Ltd., Politecnico di Torino, Wave for Energy Srl, Industrial Systems and control Ltd.£37,600
IMPACT Integrated Marine Point Absorber Control ToolSgurrControl Ltd., Cruz Atcheson Consulting Engineers£47,000
Wave Energy Advanced Control System (WEACS)CPower Alba Ltd., SgurrControl Ltd., Wave Venture.£46,900

Stage Gate Selections

Intellectual Property

WES has acquired intellectual property developed by the now defunct companies Pelamis Wave Power and Aquamarine Power. The former as part of the inception of Wave Energy Scotland, whilst the latter was completed in September 2016. [7]

Aquamarine Power was a wave energy company, which was founded in 2005 to commercialise a wave energy device concept known as the Oyster wave energy converter. The company's head offices were based in Edinburgh. The company had further operations in Orkney, Ireland, Northern Ireland and the United States. Its chief executive officer was Martin McAdam, who joined the company in 2008. The company was advised by Trevor Whittaker, inventor of the Oyster concept, and Stephen Salter, inventor of the Salter's Duck. The company ceased to trade on 20 November 2015.

Annual Conference

The first Wave Energy Scotland annual conference was held on 2 December 2016 at Pollock Halls in Edinburgh "Wave Energy Scotland's first Annual Conference" . Retrieved 2 December 2016. This provided an update of ongoing and future calls, plus quick-fire updates from participants ongoing PTO and NWEC calls.

A second annual conference was held on 28 November 2017 [8] .

The third annual conference was held on 6 December 2018 at the Edinburgh International Conference Centre [9]

See also

Related Research Articles

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  1. "Over £14 million for Wave Energy Scotland". The Scottish Government. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  2. "Wave Energy Scotland Fact Sheet" (PDF). The Scottish Government. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  3. "Project calls". Wave Energy Scotland. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  4. "WES announces PTO call contract awards". Tidal Energy Today. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  5. "International search for innovative power take-off systems for wave energy results in £7m award to technology innovators | hie.co.uk". www.hie.co.uk. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  6. "Search for novel wave energy converters results in £2.25m award to technology innovators | hie.co.uk". www.hie.co.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2016.
  7. "WES purchases Aquamarine Power IP". Wave Energy Scotland. Retrieved 13 November 2016.
  8. "WES Annual Conference - 27/11/2017". www.waveenergyscotland.co.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  9. "Third Annual Conference". www.waveenergyscotland.co.uk. Retrieved 12 November 2018.