White Light/White Heat

Last updated
White Light/White Heat
Whitelightwhiteheat.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedJanuary 30, 1968 (1968-01-30)
RecordedSeptember 1967
Studio Mayfair Recording, Manhattan
Genre
Length40:13
Label Verve
Producer Tom Wilson
The Velvet Underground chronology
The Velvet Underground & Nico
(1967)
White Light/White Heat
(1968)
The Velvet Underground
(1969)
1976 UK reissue cover
VUToySoldiers.jpg
1988 reissue cover
WhiteLightWhiteHeat 1985.jpg
Singles from White Light/White Heat
  1. "White Light/White Heat" / "Here She Comes Now"
    Released: November 1967 [1]

White Light/White Heat is the second studio album by American rock band the Velvet Underground, released in 1968 on Verve Records. It was the band's last studio recording of new material with bassist and founding member John Cale.

Contents

Background

After the disappointing sales of the Velvet Underground's first album, The Velvet Underground & Nico (1967), their relationship with Andy Warhol deteriorated. They toured throughout most of 1967. Many of their live performances featured noisy improvisations that became key elements on White Light/White Heat. [2] The band fired Warhol, parted ways with Nico, [3] and recorded their second album with Tom Wilson credited as producer.

Recording

The album was recorded in just two days, and with a noticeably different style from that of The Velvet Underground & Nico. Decades after its release, John Cale described White Light/White Heat as "a very rabid record... The first one had some gentility, some beauty. The second one was consciously anti-beauty." [4] Sterling Morrison said: "We were all pulling in the same direction. We may have been dragging each other off a cliff, but we were all definitely going in the same direction." [5]

Content

The album has been described as experimental rock, [6] noise rock, [7] [8] proto-punk [9] and art rock [10] by writers and critics.

The record's lyrics vary from themes of drug use and sexual references (such as fellatio and orgies), including the song "Lady Godiva's Operation", about a transsexual woman's botched lobotomy, [11] [ unreliable source? ] and the title track "White Light/White Heat", which describes intravenous use of methamphetamine. [12]

"Here She Comes Now" is built around a double-entendre. On the album's last track, "Sister Ray", Lou Reed tells a tale of debauchery involving drag queens having a failed orgy, while the band plays an improvised seventeen-minute jam around three chords.

Album covers

The original album cover to White Light/White Heat is a faint image of a tattoo of a skull. The tattoo was that of Joe Spencer, who played the lead role in Warhol's 1967 film Bike Boy . Spencer starred as a hustler in a motorcycle gang and is seen taking a shower in the movie. Although he was not credited for the cover design as with their debut album, it was Warhol's idea to use a black-on-black picture of the tattoo. Reed selected the image from the negatives from the film, and it was enlarged and distorted by Billy Name, one of the members of the Factory. [13] It is difficult to distinguish the tattoo, as the image is black, printed on a slightly lighter black background. On this cover, the album name, the Verve logo, and the band name are all on one line.

An alternative cover was used for Polydor's mid-1980s reissues. This cover had a completely black background, without the arm in the background. On this version, the album name, Verve logo, and band name are printed on three separate lines.

There also exists a unique MGM Records UK cover, produced from 1976 until the early 1980s, featuring a white background and abstract toy soldiers.

In 1974, the album was reissued by MGM under the title "Archetypes". The cover of this version features two men wearing helmets standing in front of a Woolworth's. [14]

Reception

Retrospective professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [15]
Chicago Tribune Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar half.svg [16]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg [17]
The Guardian Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [18]
Pitchfork 10/10 [19]
Record Collector Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [20]
Rolling Stone Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar empty.svg [21]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [22]
Spin Alternative Record Guide 9/10 [23]
Uncut 10/10 [24]

Like other releases by the group, the album's socially transgressive lyrical themes and avant-garde instrumentation challenged popular music sensibilities at the time, creating a muted reception. [15] The album briefly appeared on the Billboard 200, peaking at number 199. [25] Retrospective reviews have been much more positive, with the album being listed at number 292 on Rolling Stone magazine's 2003 list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, with the ranking slipping to number 293 in the 2012 revision and climbing to number 272 in the 2020 reboot of the list. [26] [27] [28] It was voted number 309 in the third edition of Colin Larkin's All Time Top 1000 Albums (2000). [29]

Legacy

White Light/White Heat contains distorted, feedback-driven, and roughly recorded sound, which is regarded as influential. [30] British rock band Buzzcocks were formed by Pete Shelley and Howard Devoto out of a shared interest in "Sister Ray". [31]

Track listing

All tracks are written by Lou Reed except where noted.

Side A
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."White Light/White Heat" 2:47
2."The Gift"Reed, Sterling Morrison, John Cale, Maureen Tucker 8:18
3."Lady Godiva's Operation" 4:56
4."Here She Comes Now"Reed, Morrison, Cale2:04
Total length:18:05
Side B
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."I Heard Her Call My Name" 4:38
2."Sister Ray"Reed, Morrison, Cale, Tucker17:28
Total length:22:06
45th Anniversary Deluxe Edition disc one (stereo version) bonus tracks
No.TitleLength
7."I Heard Her Call My Name" (Alternate take)4:39
8."Guess I'm Falling In Love" (new mix)3:34
9."Temptation Inside Your Heart" (Original mix)2:33
10."Stephanie Says" (Original mix)2:50
11."Hey Mr. Rain" (Version one – new mix)4:40
12."Hey Mr. Rain" (Version two – new mix)5:24
13."Beginning to See the Light" (new mix – previously unreleased early version)3:39
Total length:27:19
45th Anniversary Deluxe Edition disc two (mono version)
No.TitleLength
1."White Light/White Heat"2:47
2."The Gift"8:17
3."Lady Godiva's Operation"4:55
4."Here She Comes Now"2:04
5."I Heard Her Call My Name"4:38
6."Sister Ray"17:32
7."White Light/White Heat" (Mono single mix)2:48
8."Here She Comes Now" (Mono single mix)2:04
9."The Gift" (Vocal version)8:08
10."The Gift" (Instrumental version)8:16
Total length:61:29
45th Anniversary Deluxe Edition disc three: Live at the Gymnasium, New York City, April 30, 1967)
No.TitleLength
1."Booker T."6:46
2."I'm Not a Young Man Anymore" (previously unreleased)6:17
3."Guess I'm Falling in Love"4:10
4."I'm Waiting for the Man" (previously unreleased)5:28
5."Run Run Run" (previously unreleased)6:58
6."Sister Ray" (previously unreleased)19:03
7."The Gift" (previously unreleased)10:25
Total length:59:07

Personnel

The Velvet Underground
Technical personnel

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References

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Further reading