32nd parallel north

Last updated
Earthmap1000x500compac.jpg
32°
32nd parallel north
Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap  
Download coordinates as: KML  ·  GPX
In the United States, the parallel defines part of the border between New Mexico and Texas. 32nd parallel US.svg
In the United States, the parallel defines part of the border between New Mexico and Texas.
Sign marking the 32nd parallel north at Yusui, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan. Route268 Yusui Yoshimatsu 01.jpg
Sign marking the 32nd parallel north at Yusui, Kagoshima Prefecture, Japan.

The 32nd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 32 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

Circle of latitude Geographic notion

A circle of latitude on Earth is an abstract east–west circle connecting all locations around Earth at a given latitude.

Degree (angle) angle unit; π/180 radians

A degree, usually denoted by °, is a measurement of a plane angle, defined so that a full rotation is 360 degrees.

True north is the direction along Earth's surface towards the geographic North Pole or True North Pole.

Contents

In the United States, the parallel defines part of the border between New Mexico and Texas. It was the proposed route of the Texas Pacific Railroad.[ citation needed ]

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

New Mexico State of the United States of America

New Mexico is a state in the Southwestern region of the United States of America; its capital and cultural center is Santa Fe, which was founded in 1610 as capital of Nuevo México, while its largest city is Albuquerque with its accompanying metropolitan area. It is one of the Mountain States and shares the Four Corners region with Utah, Colorado, and Arizona; its other neighboring states are Oklahoma to the northeast, Texas to the east-southeast, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua to the south and Sonora to the southwest. With a population around two million, New Mexico is the 36th state by population. With a total area of 121,592 sq mi (314,920 km2), it is the fifth-largest and sixth-least densely populated of the 50 states. Due to their geographic locations, northern and eastern New Mexico exhibit a colder, alpine climate, while western and southern New Mexico exhibit a warmer, arid climate.

Texas State of the United States of America

Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Geographically located in the South Central region of the country, Texas shares borders with the U.S. states of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the southwest, and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast.

From 27 August 1992 to 4 September 1996, the parallel defined the limit of the southern no-fly zone in Iraq as part of Operation Southern Watch. This limit was then moved to the 33rd parallel north. [1]

Iraqi no-fly zones no-fly zones in Iraq proclaimed by the USA, UK and France between 1991–2003

The Iraqi no-fly zones were a set of two separate no-fly zones (NFZs) that were proclaimed by the United States, United Kingdom, and France after the Gulf War of 1991 to protect the ethnic Kurdish minority in northern Iraq and Shiite Muslims in the south. Iraqi aircraft were forbidden from flying inside the zones. The policy was enforced by U.S., British, and French aircraft patrols until France withdrew in 1998. While the enforcing powers had cited United Nations Security Council Resolution 688 as authorizing the operations, the resolution contains no explicit authorization. The Secretary-General of the UN at the time the resolution was passed, Boutros Boutros-Ghali called the no-fly zones "illegal" in a later interview with John Pilger.

Operation Southern Watch

Operation Southern Watch was an air-centric military operation conducted by the United States Department of Defense from Summer 1992 to Spring 2003.

33rd parallel north circle of latitude

The 33rd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 33 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses North Africa, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

At this latitude the sun is visible for 14 hours, 15 minutes during the summer solstice and 10 hours, 3 minutes during the winter solstice. [2]

Sun Star at the centre of the Solar System

The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System. It is a nearly perfect sphere of hot plasma, with internal convective motion that generates a magnetic field via a dynamo process. It is by far the most important source of energy for life on Earth. Its diameter is about 1.39 million kilometers, or 109 times that of Earth, and its mass is about 330,000 times that of Earth. It accounts for about 99.86% of the total mass of the Solar System. Roughly three quarters of the Sun's mass consists of hydrogen (~73%); the rest is mostly helium (~25%), with much smaller quantities of heavier elements, including oxygen, carbon, neon, and iron.

Summer solstice Astronomical phenomen when Earths axial tilt toward the Sun is a maximum (currently 23.44°)

The summer solstice, also known as midsummer, occurs when one of the Earth's poles has its maximum tilt toward the Sun. It happens twice yearly, once in each hemisphere. For that hemisphere, the summer solstice is when the Sun reaches its highest position in the sky and is the day with the longest period of daylight. At the pole, there is continuous daylight around the summer solstice. On the summer solstice, Earth's maximum axial tilt toward the Sun is 23.44°. Likewise, the Sun's declination from the celestial equator is 23.44°.

Winter solstice astronomical phenomenon marking the day with the shortest period of daylight and the longest night of the year

The winter solstice, also known as midwinter, occurs when one of the Earth's poles has its maximum tilt away from the Sun. It happens twice yearly, once in each hemisphere. For that hemisphere, the winter solstice is the day with the shortest period of daylight and longest night of the year, when the Sun is at its lowest daily maximum elevation in the sky. At the pole, there is continuous darkness or twilight around the winter solstice. Its opposite is the summer solstice.

Around the world

Starting at the Prime Meridian and heading eastwards, the parallel 32° north passes through:

Co-ordinatesCountry, territory or seaNotes
32°0′N0°0′E / 32.000°N 0.000°E / 32.000; 0.000 (Prime Meridian) Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria
32°0′N9°8′E / 32.000°N 9.133°E / 32.000; 9.133 (Tunisia) Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia
32°0′N10°47′E / 32.000°N 10.783°E / 32.000; 10.783 (Libya) Flag of Libya.svg  Libya
32°0′N15°21′E / 32.000°N 15.350°E / 32.000; 15.350 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea Gulf of Sirte
32°0′N19°58′E / 32.000°N 19.967°E / 32.000; 19.967 (Libya) Flag of Libya.svg  Libya
32°0′N24°49′E / 32.000°N 24.817°E / 32.000; 24.817 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea
32°0′N34°44′E / 32.000°N 34.733°E / 32.000; 34.733 (Israel) Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Passing through Tel Aviv's Ben Gurion Airport
32°0′N35°0′E / 32.000°N 35.000°E / 32.000; 35.000 (West Bank) West Bank Controlled by Flag of Israel.svg  Israel and Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine
32°0′N35°32′E / 32.000°N 35.533°E / 32.000; 35.533 (Jordan) Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan Passing just north of Amman
32°0′N39°0′E / 32.000°N 39.000°E / 32.000; 39.000 (Saudi Arabia) Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia
32°0′N40°6′E / 32.000°N 40.100°E / 32.000; 40.100 (Iraq) Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq
32°0′N47°42′E / 32.000°N 47.700°E / 32.000; 47.700 (Iran) Flag of Iran.svg  Iran
32°0′N60°50′E / 32.000°N 60.833°E / 32.000; 60.833 (Afghanistan) Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan
32°0′N69°18′E / 32.000°N 69.300°E / 32.000; 69.300 (Pakistan) Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Federally Administered Tribal Areas
Balochistan - for about 16 km
Federally Administered Tribal Areas
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Punjab
32°0′N74°50′E / 32.000°N 74.833°E / 32.000; 74.833 (India) Flag of India.svg  India Punjab
Himachal Pradesh
32°0′N78°40′E / 32.000°N 78.667°E / 32.000; 78.667 (Aksai Chin) Aksai Chin Disputed between Flag of India.svg  India and Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China
32°0′N78°44′E / 32.000°N 78.733°E / 32.000; 78.733 (China) Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  People's Republic of China Tibet
Qinghai
Tibet (for about 12 km)
Qinghai (for about 6 km)
Tibet (for about 4 km)
Qinghai (for about 4 km)
Tibet
Sichuan
Chongqing
Shaanxi
Hubei
Henan
Anhui
Jiangsu — passing just south of Nanjing
32°0′N121°45′E / 32.000°N 121.750°E / 32.000; 121.750 (East China Sea) East China Sea
32°0′N130°11′E / 32.000°N 130.183°E / 32.000; 130.183 (Japan) Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Island of Kyūshū:
Kagoshima Prefecture
Miyazaki Prefecture
32°0′N131°30′E / 32.000°N 131.500°E / 32.000; 131.500 (Pacific Ocean) Pacific Ocean
32°0′N116°51′W / 32.000°N 116.850°W / 32.000; -116.850 (Mexico) Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Baja California
Sonora
32°0′N113°12′W / 32.000°N 113.200°W / 32.000; -113.200 (United States) Flag of the United States.svg  United States Arizona
New Mexico
New Mexico / Texas border
Texas — passing through the cities of Midland and Hillsboro
Louisiana
Mississippi
Alabama
Georgia — passing through the city of Savannah
32°0′N80°50′W / 32.000°N 80.833°W / 32.000; -80.833 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean Passing just south of Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda
Passing just south of the Desertas Islands, Madeira, Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal
32°0′N9°22′W / 32.000°N 9.367°W / 32.000; -9.367 (Morocco) Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco
32°0′N2°56′W / 32.000°N 2.933°W / 32.000; -2.933 (Algeria) Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria

See also

31st parallel north

The 31st parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 31 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

The Country Club Area is a suburb of El Paso, Texas. It was the object of a lengthy border dispute between Texas and New Mexico.

Related Research Articles

42nd parallel north circle of latitude

The 42nd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 42 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

37th parallel north circle of latitude that is 37 degrees north of the Earths equatorial plane

The 37th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 37 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Africa, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

36th parallel north circle of latitude

The 36th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 36 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

35th parallel north circle of latitude

The 35th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 35 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

34th parallel north circle of latitude

The 34th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 34 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

55th parallel north circle of latitude

The 55th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 55 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

10th parallel north circle of latitude

The 10th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 10 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Ocean, Central America, South America and the Atlantic Ocean.

20th parallel north circle of latitude

The 20th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 20 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, North America, the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean.

60th parallel north circle of latitude

The 60th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 60 degrees north of Earth's equator. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

60th parallel south circle of latitude

The 60th parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 60 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane. No land lies on the parallel — it crosses nothing but ocean. The closest land is a group of rocks north of Coronation Island of the South Orkney Islands, which are about 54 km south of the parallel, and Thule Island and Cook Island of the South Sandwich Islands, which both are about 57 km north of the parallel.

25th parallel north circle of latitude

The 25th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 25 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, North America and the Atlantic Ocean.

52nd parallel south circle of latitude

The 52nd parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 52 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean and South America.

52nd parallel north Circle of latitude

The 52nd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 52 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

47th parallel north circle of latitude

The 47th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 47 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

23rd parallel north

The 23rd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 23 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Africa, Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, North America, the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean.

32nd parallel south circle of latitude

The 32nd parallel south is a circle of latitude that is 32 degrees south of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses the Atlantic Ocean, Africa, the Indian Ocean, Australasia, the Pacific Ocean and South America.

53rd parallel north

The 53rd parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 53 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean.

38th parallel north circle of latitude

The 38th parallel north is a circle of latitude that is 38 degrees north of the Earth's equatorial plane. It crosses Europe, the Mediterranean Sea, Asia, the Pacific Ocean, North America, and the Atlantic Ocean. The 38th parallel north formed the border between North and South Korea prior to the Korean War.

References

  1. "Containment: The Iraqi no-fly zones". BBC News. 29 December 1998. Retrieved 4 February 2012.
  2. "Duration of Daylight/Darkness Table for One Year". aa.usno.navy.mil. Retrieved 11 June 2014.