Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Last updated

Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
UKRI BBSR Council-Logo Horiz-RGB.png
AbbreviationBBSRC
Formation1994 (from merger of 2 other organisations)
Type Non-Departmental Public Body
PurposeFunding of UK biological and biotechnological science research
HeadquartersPolaris House,
North Star Avenue,
Swindon,
SN2 1UH
Region served
United Kingdom
Chair
Sir Gordon Duff
Melanie Welham
Main organ
BBSRC Council
Parent organization
Affiliations AHRC, EPSRC, ESRC, MRC, NERC, STFC, Innovate UK, Research England, UKSA
Budget
c. £498M
Website bbsrc.ukri.org

Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC), part of UK Research and Innovation, is a non-departmental public body (NDPB), and is the largest UK public funder of non-medical bioscience. It predominantly funds scientific research institutes and university research departments in the UK.

Contents

Purpose

Receiving its funding through the science budget of the Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy (BEIS), BBSRC's mission is to "promote and support, by any means, high-quality basic, strategic and applied research and related postgraduate training relating to the understanding and exploitation of biological systems". [1]

Structure

BBSRC's head office is at Polaris House [2] in Swindon - the same building as the other councils of UK Research and Innovation, AHRC EPSRC, ESRC, Innovate UK, MRC, NERC, Research England and STFC, as well as the UKSA. Funded by Government, BBSRC invested over £498 million in bioscience in 2017–18. BBSRC also manages the joint Research Councils' Office in Brussels – the UK Research Office (UKRO).

History

BBSRC was created in 1994, merging the former Agricultural and Food Research Council (AFRC) and taking over the biological science activities of the former Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC). [3]

Chairs

Chief Executives

Executive Chairs

Governance and management

BBSRC is managed by the BBSRC Council consisting of a Chair (from 2015, Professor Sir Gordon Duff), an Executive Chair (Professor Melanie Welham) and from ten to eighteen representatives from UK universities, government and industry. The Council approves policies, strategy, budgets and major funding.

A Research Panel provides expert advice which BBSRC Council draws upon in making decisions. The purpose of the Research Panel is to advise on:

Boards, panels and committees

In addition to the Council and the Research Panel, BBSRC has a series of other internal bodies for specific purposes.

Institutes of BBSRC

The Council strategically funds eight research institutes in the UK, and a number of centres (BBSRC: Institutes and centres).

They have strong links with business, industry and the wider community, and support policy development.[ citation needed ]

The institutes' research underpins key sectors of the UK economy such as agriculture, bioenergy, biotechnology, food and drink and pharmaceuticals. In addition, the institutes maintain unique research facilities of national importance.

Other research institutes have merged with each other or with local universities. Previous BBSRC (or AFRC) sponsored institutes include:

Related Research Articles

Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council

The Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (PPARC) was one of a number of research councils in the United Kingdom. It directed, coordinated and funded research in particle physics and astronomy for the people of the UK. Its head office was at Polaris House in Swindon, Wiltshire, but it also operated three scientific sites: the UK Astronomy Technology Centre in Edinburgh, the Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes (ING) in La Palma and the Joint Astronomy Centre (JAC) in Hawaii. It published the Frontiers magazine three times a year, containing news and highlights of the research and outreach programmes it supports.

Sir Robert Brian Heap is a British biological scientist.

The Agricultural and Food Research Council (AFRC) was a British Research Council responsible for funding and managing scientific and technological developments in farming and horticulture.

The Pirbright Institute is a research institute in Surrey, England, dedicated to the study of infectious diseases of farm animals. It forms part of the UK government's Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). The institute employs scientists, vets, PhD students and operations staff.

Babraham Institute Life sciences research institution

The Babraham Institute is a life sciences research institution and a partner organisation of the University of Cambridge. The Babraham Institute is based on the Babraham Research Campus, partly occupying a former manor house, but also laboratory and science facility buildings on the campus, surrounded by an extensive parkland estate, just south of Cambridge, England. It is an independent and charitable organization which is involved in biomedical research, including healthy aging and molecular biology. Its latest director was Professor Michael Wakelam, who had been in post since 2007.

The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) is a British Research Council that provides government funding for grants to undertake research and postgraduate degrees in engineering and the physical sciences, mainly to universities in the United Kingdom. Since 2018 it has been part of UK Research and Innovation, which is funded through the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy.

Sir Brian K Follett, FRS DL is a British biologist, academic administrator and policy maker. His research focussed upon how the environment, particularly the annual change in day-length (photoperiod), controls breeding in birds & mammals. This led to over 400 scientific papers and symposia proceedings. He was Head of the Department of Zoology at the University of Bristol for fifteen years (1978-1993), and Biological Secretary of the Royal Society from 1978 until 1993. He then served for eight years as Vice-Chancellor of the University of Warwick. He was the founding Chair of the Arts and Humanities Research Council (2001-2009). He also chaired the government's Teacher Training Agency (TTA) and its successor body the Training and Development Agency for Schools (TDA) from 2004-2010. For sixteen years he was a visiting Professor in Zoology at Oxford, teaching environmental physiology to undergraduates.

Research Councils UK

Research Councils UK (2002–2018), sometimes known as RCUK, was a non-departmental public body which coordinated science policy in the United Kingdom. It was an umbrella organisation that coordinated the seven separate research councils that are responsible for funding and coordinating academic research for the arts, humanities, science and engineering. The strategic partnership of the UK's seven research councils, Research Councils UK has now transitioned into UK Research and Innovation (UKRI).

The Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) is part of UK Research and Innovation (UKRI). UKRI is a non-departmental public body (NDPB) funded by the UK government. ESRC provides funding and support for research and training in the social sciences. It is the UK's largest organisation for funding research on economic and social issues.

The Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences (IBERS) is a department of Aberystwyth University within its Faculty of Earth and Life Sciences, and is located in Aberystwyth, Ceredigion, Wales. It has a remit for teaching, research and business innovation in the area of bio-sciences, land use and the rural economy.

Douglas Kell

Douglas Bruce Kell is a British biochemist and Professor of Bioanalytical Sciences in the School of Chemistry at the University of Manchester, based in the Manchester Institute of Biotechnology (MIB). He served as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) of the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) from 2008 to 2013.

Earlham Institute Life science research institute in Norwich, England

Earlham Institute is a life science research institute located at the Norwich Research Park (NRP), Norwich, England. EI's research is focused on exploring living systems by applying computational science and biotechnology to answer ambitious biological questions and generate enabling resources.

Norwich Research Park Research orientated business community in Norwich, England

Norwich Research Park is a business community located to the southwest of Norwich, Norfolk, in East Anglia, England close to the A11 and the A47 roads.

(Ann) Jacqueline Hunter CBE FMedSci FBPharmacolS FRSB FZL PhD Hons DSc is a board director of BenevolentAI. Jackie Hunter is also a visiting Professor at St George's Hospital Medical School and Imperial College. She is Chair of the Trustees of the Sainsbury Laboratories at Norwich, Chair of the Board of the Stevenage Bioscience Catalyst and Chair of the Board of Brainomix. She was previously CEO of the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council.

James Naismith (chemist)

James Henderson Naismith is Professor of Structural Biology at the University of Oxford, Director of the Research Complex at Harwell and Director of the Rosalind Franklin Institute. He previously served as Bishop Wardlaw Professor of Chemical Biology at the University of St Andrews.

Nick Talbot

Nicholas José Talbot FRS FRSB is Group Leader and Executive Director at The Sainsbury Laboratory in Norwich.

Nigel Scrutton

Nigel Shaun Scrutton is a British biochemist and biotechnology innovator known for his work on enzyme catalysis, biophysics and synthetic biology. He is Director of the UK Future Biomanufacturing Research Hub, Director of the Fine and Speciality Chemicals Synthetic Biology Research Centre (SYNBIOCHEM), and Co-founder and Director of the 'fuels-from-biology' company C3 Biotechnologies Ltd. He is Professor of Enzymology and Biophysical Chemistry in the Department of Chemistry at the University of Manchester. He is former Director of the Manchester Institute of Biotechnology (MIB).

Anne Ridley Professor of Cell Biology

Anne Jacqueline Ridley is professor of Cell Biology and Head of School for Cellular and Molecular Medicine at the University of Bristol. She was previously a professor at King's College London.

Peter Smith (biologist)

Pete Smith is Professor of Soils and Global change at the University of Aberdeen where he directs the Scottish Climate Change Centre of Expertise, ClimateXChange.

Tina Lorraine Barsby is a plant geneticist working in the UK, she primarily works in the agriculture sector and is currently the CEO of the National Institute of Agricultural Botany (NIAB). Her most notable work has been in global food security and has been awarded an OBE in the 2018 New Year Honours List for services to agricultural science and biotechnology.

References

  1. BBSRC mission http://www.bbsrc.ac.uk/organisation/mission.aspx
  2. http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?q=polaris+house+swindon&oe=utf-8&rls=org.mozilla:en-GB:official&client=firefox-a&um=1&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=Polaris+House,+N+Star+Ave,+Swindon+SN2+1UJ&gl=uk&ei=A92UTbvfEdG5hAfc9en8CA&sa=X&oi=geocode_result&ct=title&resnum=1&ved=0CBoQ8gEwAA
  3. 1 2 3 "Our mission and history". BBSRC. Retrieved 31 March 2016.
  4. Tom Blundell (2014). Annual Report and Accounts 2013-2014. Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council. p. 2.
  5. "26 March 2018 - Professor Melanie Welham selected for the role of Executive Chair of the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council - BBSRC". bbsrc.ukri.org. Retrieved 3 December 2018.