Jean-Claude Van Damme

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Jean-Claude Van Damme
Van Damme Cannes 2010 (cropped).jpg
Van Damme in 2010
BornJean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg
(1960-10-18) 18 October 1960 (age 62)
Sint-Agatha-Berchem, Brussels-Capital, Belgium
Other names
  • "JCVD"
  • "The Muscles from Brussels"
Division Middleweight
Style Karate, Kickboxing, Muay Thai, Taekwondo
Fighting out ofBrussels, Belgium
TeamTeam Goetz
TrainerClaude Goetz
Dominique Valera
Rank  2nd Dan Black Belt in Shōtōkan Karate
Years active1976–1982 (martial arts)
1979–present (acting)
Kickboxing record
By knockout18
Amateur record
Other information
OccupationActor, former martial artist
    María Rodríguez
    (m. 1980;div. 1984)
      Cynthia Derderian
      (m. 1985;div. 1986)

Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg (French:  [ʒɑ̃ klod kamij fʁɑ̃swa van vaʁənbɛʁɡ] , Dutch:  [vɑɱ ˈvaːrə(m)ˌbɛr(ə)x] ; born 18 October 1960), known professionally as Jean-Claude Van Damme (French:  [van dam] , Dutch:  [vɑn ˈdɑmə] ), is a Belgian actor, martial artist, filmmaker, and fight choreographer. Born and raised in Brussels, Belgium, at the age of ten his father enrolled him in martial arts classes, which led to Van Damme participating in several competitions. With the desire of becoming an actor, he moved to the United States in 1982, where he did odd jobs and worked on several films, until he got his break as the lead in the martial arts film Bloodsport (1988).


Van Damme became a popular action film star and followed up with Cyborg (1989), Kickboxer (1989), Lionheart (1990), Death Warrant (1990), Double Impact (1991), Universal Soldier (1992), Nowhere to Run (1993), Hard Target (1993), Timecop (1994), Street Fighter (1994), Sudden Death (1995), The Quest (1996), Maximum Risk (1996), etc. After a decline, Van Damme returned to prominence with the critically acclaimed crime drama JCVD (2008).

From thereon, Van Damme continued starring in more action films and playing supporting roles in The Expendables 2 (2012), the Kung Fu Panda franchise (2011–2016), and the Kickboxer reboot (2016–2018).

Early life and education

Van Damme was born Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg, on 18 October 1960, in Berchem-Sainte-Agathe, Brussels, Belgium, the son of Eliana and Eugène Van Varenberg, who was an accountant and florist. [1] [2] [3] [4] His father is from Brussels and bilingual, and his mother is Flemish (Dutch-speaking). [5] Van Damme was brought up Roman Catholic. His paternal grandmother was Jewish. [6]

He began martial arts at the age of ten, enrolled by his father in a Shōtōkan karate school. [7] His styles consist of Shōtōkan Karate and Kickboxing. [8] He eventually earned his black belt in karate at 18. [9] He started lifting weights to improve his physique, which eventually led to a Mr. Belgium bodybuilding title. [10] At the age of 16, he took up ballet, which he studied for five years. According to Van Damme, ballet "is an art, but it's also one of the most difficult sports. If you can survive a ballet workout, you can survive a workout in any other sport." [11] Later he took up both Taekwondo and Muay Thai. [12]


Early 1970s to 1980: Martial arts and first film appearance

At the age of 12, [13] Van Damme joined the Centre National de Karaté (National Center of Karate) under the guidance of Claude Goetz in Belgium. Van Damme trained for four years and he earned a spot on the Belgian Karate Team; he later trained in full-contact karate and kickboxing with Dominique Valera. [14]

At the age of 15, Van Damme started his competitive karate career in Belgium. From 1976 to 1980, Van Damme compiled a record of 44 victories and 4 defeats in tournament and non-tournament semi-contact matches.

Van Damme was a member of the Belgium Karate Team when it won the European Karate Championship on 26 December 1979 at La Coupe François Persoons Karate Tournament in Brussels. [14] [15]

Van Damme placed second at the Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials). At the 3-day tournament, Van Damme defeated 25 opponents before losing in the finals to teammate Angelo Spataro. [14]

On 8 March 1980, in Brussels, Belgium, Van Damme competed against his former teammate Patrick Teugels at the Forest National Arena on the undercard of the Dan Macaruso-Dominique Valera Professional Karate Association Light-Heavyweight World Championship bout. [14] Prior to this match, Teugels had defeated Van Damme twice by decision, including a match for the Belgium Lightweight Championship. Van Damme had a 1977 victory over Teugels. Teugels was coming off an impressive showing at the World Association of Kickboxing Organizations World Championships four months earlier, and was favored by some to win this match. According to reports, and Patrick Teugels' own interview (with photos), Teugels lost to Van Damme by TKO in the 1st round. Teugels was kicked in the nose and was unable to continue as a result. [14] In a 2013 interview, Van Damme called this fight his most memorable match. [16]

Van Damme began his full-contact career in 1977, when Claude Goetz promoted the first ever full-contact karate tournament in Belgium.

From 1977 to 1982, Van Damme compiled a record of 18 victories (18 knockouts) and 1 defeat [ citation needed ].

In 1979, he had an uncredited role in André Delvaux's Woman Between Wolf and Dog , a Belgian-French drama film starring Marie-Christine Barrault, and Rutger Hauer.

In 1980, Van Damme caught the attention of Professional Karate Magazine publisher and editor Mike Anderson and multiple European champion Geert Lemmens. Both men tabbed Van Damme as an upcoming prospect. [17] Van Damme retired from competition in 1982.

During his early life, Van Damme sold flowers in restaurants, and got a loan to open a gym to save some money before his move to the United States. [18]

1982 to 1988: Early works and breakthrough

In 1982, Van Damme and childhood friend Michel Qissi moved to the United States in the hope of working as actors. They did a variety of jobs to support themselves. Their first job working on a film as extras in the hip hop dance film Breakin' (1984), made by Cannon Films. They are seen dancing in the background at a dance demonstration. [19]

Around that time he developed a friendship with action martial art film star Chuck Norris. They started sparring together, and Van Damme started to work as a bouncer at a bar named Woody's Wharf, owned by Norris. [20]

In the 1984 action film Missing in Action starring Norris, which was also released by Cannon Films, Van Damme is credited in the stunt team crew. [21] That same year he also had a role in the comedy short film Monaco Forever. [22] [23]

On 2 May 1986, Corey Yuen's martial arts film No Retreat, No Surrender premiered in Los Angeles. [24] It was Van Damme's first sizeable role when he was cast as the Russian villain. It starred Kurt McKinney, and was released through New World Pictures. [25] [26] McKinney performs as Jason Stillwell, a U.S. teenager who learns karate from the spirit of Bruce Lee. Stillwell uses these lessons to defend his martial arts dojo against a Soviet martial artist played by Van Damme. [27] He was set to star in No Retreat, No Surrender 2, but backed out. [28]

Van Damme worked for director John McTiernan for the film Predator (1987) as an early (eventually abandoned) version of the titular alien, before being removed and replaced by Kevin Peter Hall. [29] As the first choice to play the titular Predator character, with the intent that he would use his martial arts skills to make the alien an agile, ninja-like hunter, but after few days shot, he left the film. It was reported that Van Damme constantly complained about the monster suit being too hot and causing him to pass out; he allegedly also voiced reservations about only appearing on camera in the suit. Additionally, it became apparent that a more physically imposing actor was needed to make the creature appear threatening against the team of soldiers. The role eventually went to Kevin Peter Hall. [30] After Predator was a success, Van Damme said that he appreciated the movie and that he had no regrets about missing that role.

Van Damme's breakout film was Bloodsport , which opened on 26 February 1988, based on the alleged true story of Frank Dux. [31] It was shot on a $1.5-million budget for Cannon. [32] [33] The film is about U.S. Army Captain Frank Dux (played by Van Damme), trained from his youth in the ways of ninjutsu by Senzo Tanaka, who honors his mentor by taking the place of Tanaka's deceased son Shingo in the illegal martial-arts tournament Kumite in Hong Kong. [34] [35] It became a U.S. box-office hit in the spring of 1988. Producer Mark Di Salle said he was looking for "a new martial arts star who was a ladies' man, [but Van Damme] appeals to both men and women. He's an American hero who fights for justice the American way and kicks the stuffing out of the bad guys." [36] Also in 1988, Van Damme played another Russian villain, in Black Eagle , opposite Sho Kosugi. In the film, Sho Kosugi is a martial artist and special operative for the U.S. government codenamed "Black Eagle", and summoned by his superiors after an F-111 carrying an experimental black ops laser tracking device was shot down over Malta by Russian forces. [37]

1989 to 1999: International stardom

After the success of Bloodsport , Cannon Films offered Van Damme the lead in Delta Force 2 , American Ninja 3 or Cyborg , a cyperpunk martial arts film directed by Albert Pyun. [38] Van Damme chose Cyborg which premiered in 1989. The film was a low budget box office success and led to two sequels, neither of which Van Damme appeared in.

Cannon used Van Damme again in Kickboxer released that same year. It was highly successful, returning over $50 million on a $3-million budget. [39] The film started the Kickboxer franchise. Van Damme did not appear in any of the film's four sequels, though he did return as a different character in the reboot series.

In 1990 Van Damme starred in Death Warrant , the first script credit for David S. Goyer. Also that year he starred in Lionheart . [40] Lionheart was directed by Sheldon Lettich who had co-written Bloodsport, and said the film was "the first movie to demonstrate that Van Damme was more than just a flash-in-the-pan "Karate Guy" who would never rise above simplistic low-budget karate movies." [41] It also featured rear nudity from Van Damme which Lettich says "became a very memorable moment for the ladies in the audience, and for the gay guys as well. Showing off his butt (clothed or unclothed) almost became a signature trademark of his after that." [41]

In 1991, Double Impact was released. Directed by Lettich it featured Van Damme in the dual role of Alex and Chad Wagner, estranged twin brothers fighting to avenge the deaths of their parents. This film reunited him with his former Bloodsport co-star, Bolo Yeung and was very popular.

In 1992, Van Damme starred in one of the biggest blockbusters of the year in the sci-fi action picture Universal Soldier directed by Roland Emmerich for Carolco. Van Damme (as Luc Deveraux) and Dolph Lundgren (as Sergeant Andrew Scott) play U.S. soldiers during the Vietnam War who are sent to secure a village against North Vietnamese forces. However they end up shooting each other dead after Devereaux discovers that Scott has gone insane and has resorted to mutilating the villagers and barbarically cutting off their ears, taking an innocent girl and boy hostage. [42] They are later reanimated in a secret Army project along with a large group of other previously dead soldiers and sent on a mission as GR operatives. At the 1992 Cannes Film Festival, Van Damme and Lundgren were involved in a verbal altercation that almost turned physical when both men pushed each other only to be separated, but it was believed to have only been a publicity stunt. [43] [44] Universal Soldier opened in theatres on 10 July 1992, a moderate success domestically with $36,299,898 in US ticket sales, but a major blockbuster worldwide, making over $65 million overseas, which earned the film a total of $102 million worldwide, on a $23 million budget. [45]

Van Damme was considered to play Simon Phoenix in Demolition Man [46] and was briefly considered for the role of Michael Cheritto in Heat . [47]

Van Damme at the Cannes Film Festival in 1993 Van Damme Cannes.jpg
Van Damme at the Cannes Film Festival in 1993

In 1993 Van Damme made a cameo in Last Action Hero , and starred in Nowhere To Run . The film was the first in a three-picture deal between Van Damme and Columbia Pictures and his fee was $3.5 million. Columbia said the film is "true to his audience and goes beyond his audience." [49]

In 1994, he starred in Hard Target for Universal, the first American film from director John Woo. Also released that year he starred in Timecop , playing a time-traveling cop. [50] Directed by Peter Hyams, the film was a huge success, grossing over $100 million worldwide, and remains his highest-grossing film in a lead role to date. Also that year, Van Damme starred in Street Fighter, written and directed by Steven E. de Souza for Universal and based on the video game. It was poorly received critically. Though a commercial success, making approximately three times its production cost.

Van Damme and Hyams re-teamed for Universal' on Sudden Death released in 1995. Van Damme plays a French Canadian-born firefighter with the Pittsburgh Fire Bureau who suffered a personal crisis after he was unable to save a young girl from a house fire. Now removed from active duty, Darren has become demoted to being fire marshal for the Pittsburgh Civic Arena, where a gang of terrorists are holding U.S. Vice President and several other VIPs hostage in a luxury suite during a game.

In 1996, Van Damme starred and turned director for The Quest . That year, he appeared in the TV show Friends in the two-part episode "The One After the Superbowl". He also starred in Maximum Risk , the first American film directed by Ringo Lam, and their first collaboration.

Van Damme's first box office bomb since he became a star was Double Team (1997), a buddy film with basketball superstar Dennis Rodman. It was Hong Kong director Tsui Hark's American debut.

In 1998, he and Hark reunited on Knock Off. Also that year, Van Damme acted in the costume action film, Legionnaire . Despite a $35 million budget, it was not released theatrically in the US, only overseas. [51]

In 1999, Van Damme starred in Universal Soldier: The Return , (1999), where he returns as Luc Deveraux. That year he also starred in Inferno.

2000s: Subsequent films

Van Damme in 2007 Jean-Claude Van Damme June 2, 2007.jpg
Van Damme in 2007

Released in 2001, Replicant is the second collaboration between Van Damme and director Ringo Lam, and the fifth time that Van Damme has starred in a dual role. It co-stars Michael Rooker. Also that year he starred in The Order , directed by Sheldon Lettich, and written by Van Damme. [52]

In 2002 he starred in Derailed.

In Hell is a 2003 American prison action film directed by Ringo Lam. It is the third collaboration between Van Damme and Lam. Van Damme plays an American working overseas in Magnitogorsk, Russia. That same year, Van Damme employed his dancing training in the music video for Bob Sinclar's "Kiss My Eyes".

His 2004 film was Wake of Death, an action film directed by Philippe Martinez. Ringo Lam was the original director, but he left the project after a few weeks of filming in Canada. It co-stars Simon Yam, Valerie Tian, Tony Schiena, etc.

In 2005, he played himself in the French film Narco.

In 2006, he starred in Second in Command directed by Simon Fellows, and The Hard Corps directed by Sheldon Lettich.

In 2007, played a small role in The Exam , a Turkish comedy-drama film directed by Ömer Faruk Sorak. Also that year he starred in Until Death . [53]

Van Damme on the set of JCVD in October 2007 Jean claude Van Damme sur le tournage de JCVD en octobre 2007.jpg
Van Damme on the set of JCVD in October 2007

Van Damme returned to the mainstream with the limited theatrical release of the 2008 film JCVD , which received positive reviews. Time Magazine named Van Damme's performance in the film the second best of the year (after Heath Ledger's The Joker in The Dark Knight ), [54] having previously stated that Van Damme "deserves not a black belt, but an Oscar." [55] Also in 2008, he starred in Isaac Florentine's The Shepherd: Border Patrol.

He then reprised his role as Luc Deveraux alongside Dolph Lundgren in the 2009 film Universal Soldier: Regeneration , directed by John Hyams. The film was released theatrically in the Middle East and Southeast Asia and directly to video in the United States and other parts of the world. Since its release, the film has received better than average reviews for a straight-to-DVD franchise sequel. [56] [57] [58]

2010–present: Current work

In 2010, Van Damme directed himself in the barely released Full Love. That same year, he turned down the role of Gunner Jensen in the first instalment of The Expendables and the role went to Dolph Lundgren. [59]

In 2011, Van Damme voiced Master Croc in the computer animation film Kung Fu Panda 2 . In the film, Van Damme voices a character who helps the heroes of the previous film. That same year, he co-starred with Scott Adkins in Assassination Games . Also in 2011, he played a role in the French comedy Beur sur la ville. Also that year, Van Damme starred in his own reality TV show Behind Closed Doors . The show showcases his family life, his personal troubles, and an upcoming fight. Since 2009, Van Damme has been planning to make a comeback to fight former boxing Olympic gold-medalist Somluck Kamsing. [60] [61] [62] The fight was a focal point in his ITV reality show Behind Closed Doors . The fight has been repeatedly postponed, with many critics doubting it will occur, especially due to the difficulty of booking the venue. [63]

In 2012, he acted in the Russian comedy film named Rzhevsky Versus Napoleon, and U.F.O. [ additional citation(s) needed ] [64] He starred in Dragon Eyes , Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning , and Six Bullets .[ additional citation(s) needed ] [65] Also that year, he starred as the main villain in The Expendables 2 . The film series follows a mercenary group as they undertake a mission which evolves into a quest for revenge against a rival mercenary (Van Damme). The film was a success. it grossed over $310 million worldwide. Also that year, Van Damme was seen as part of Kam Sing's ring crew when Kam Sing fought against Jomhod Kiatadisak. [66] He also appeared in commercials for Coors Light beer, showing him on a snow-covered mountain wearing a sleeveless denim jacket, [67] and for the washing powder Dash. On 21 October 2012, Van Damme was honored with a life-size statue of himself in his hometown of Brussels. He told reporters during the unveiling, "Belgium is paying me back something, but really it's to pay back to the dream. So when people come by here, it is not Jean-Claude van Damme but it's a guy from the street who believed in something. I want the statue to represent that". [68]

In 2013 Van Damme acted in the comedy Welcome to the Jungle. Also that year, he played the main villain in Enemies Closer, an American action thriller film directed by Peter Hyams. [69] On 13 November 2013, Volvo Trucks released an advertisement on YouTube that shows Van Damme doing the splits while perched with each of his feet on the outer rearview mirrors of one semi-trailer truck and one box truck moving backwards, which Van Damme describes in the commercial as "the most epic of splits". The video quickly went viral around the web, receiving more than 11 million views in three days, [70] 35 million in the first week. [71] It was dubbed as The Epic Split . [72]

Swelter is a 2014 American action film where he plays one of the leads. It stars Lennie James, and co-stars Grant Bowler, Josh Henderson, and Alfred Molina. James plays a sheriff in a small town who has a dark past that he can not remember, only to have to confront it when his ex-partners show up looking for stolen money they believe he has.

2015, he starred in the action thriller film Pound of Flesh, directed by Ernie Barbarash. Also that year, he had a supporting role in a Chinese superhero parody film.

In 2016, he returned to his voice role of Master Croc in the Kung Fu Panda franchise for the third installment. Also that year, he acted in Kickboxer: Vengeance directed by John Stockwell. It is a reboot of the original where Van Damme was the lead. That year he also played the lead in the tv serie Jean-Claude Van Johnson .

In 2017, he starred in Kill 'Em All , an action film directed by Peter Malota.

In 2018, he returned to his role in Kickboxer: Retaliation, a sequel to the reboot. [73] That same year, he acted in Black Water . It co-stars Dolph Lundgren in the fifth collaboration between both actors [74] as well as the first time they appear together as on-screen allies. [75] In 22 August of that same year, he starred in Julien Leclercq's The Bouncer.

In 2019, Van Damme starred in We Die Young.

In 2021, Van Damme starred in The Last Mercenary.

In 2022, Van Damme voiced the character Jean-Clawed in the computer animation film Minions: The Rise of Gru .


The unveiling of the Van Damme statue in Belgium (2012) Zh.-K. van Damm (cropped).jpg
The unveiling of the Van Damme statue in Belgium (2012)
Van Damme Monument in Qabala, Azerbaijan Van Damme Monument in Azerbaijan.jpg
Van Damme Monument in Qabala, Azerbaijan

In 2012, a statue of the actor was unveiled in Anderlecht, Belgium. The artwork, which depicts a younger incarnation of the Muscles from Brussels in one of his fighting poses from the movie Kickboxer, was commissioned to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the Westland Shopping complex. The unveiling took place on Boulevard Sylvain Dupuis and was attended by Van Damme, his parents, Wallonia-Brussels culture minister Fadila Laanan  [ nl ] and nearly 2,000 fans. Van Damme said the statue "represented the dream of a Brussels kid" and was "for all the children who want something bad", adding that "if you believe in something strongly enough, it can come true". [76]

In 2019, a Van Damme monument was mounted in the Vandam village of Qabala, Azerbaijan, due to the similarity of the village name and Van Damme's name. The actor subsequently published a post on his Facebook account, thanking those responsible. [77]


Lawsuit and fight record controversy

In 1997, Frank Dux, the martial artist whom Van Damme portrayed in Bloodsport, filed a lawsuit against Van Damme for $50,000 for co-writing and consultation work Dux did on the 1996 film The Quest . According to the lawsuit, Dux also accused Van Damme of lying to the public about his martial arts fight record, stating that when Dux tutored Van Damme while Van Damme was laying carpet for a living, Van Damme exhibited a lack of martial arts skills. Van Damme's lawyer, Martin Singer, responded, "There are records to document his martial arts acclaim. Why, just look at his movies; he didn't get those roles on his acting ability! He's the one who does those splits on chairs. He doesn't have a stuntman to do that." [78]

Steven Seagal incident

In 2008, actor Sylvester Stallone declared to the British magazine FHM that "At a party in my home in Miami in 1997, Van Damme was tired of Steven Seagal claiming he could kick his ass so he offered Seagal outside into my back yard." According to Stallone, Seagal made his excuses and left while Van Damme tracked him down at a nightclub and challenged him again. Stallone finished by stating "Van Damme was too strong. Seagal wanted none of it." [79]

Chuck Zito incident

Tensions arose between Van Damme and bodyguard/stuntman Chuck Zito when Zito began dating Van Damme's estranged wife Darcy LaPier. Zito was reportedly unhappy about LaPier's claim in a divorce action that Van Damme had abused her. [80] On 6 February 1998, the New York Daily News reported that Van Damme had been punched by Zito the previous night at the Scores strip club in Manhattan, New York. [81] Zito, who had previously bodyguarded Van Damme and did stunts on the film Nowhere to Run , recalled the incident in his 2002 autobiography Street Justice, claiming that he suffered a broken hand as a result of striking Van Damme several times after Van Damme made disparaging remarks about him to a club bouncer, who then relayed the comments to Zito. [82] Van Damme denied in an appearance on Inside Edition days after the incident that he had been struck by Zito and challenged Zito to a fight. [80] Zito has stated: "I hope we can be friends again, but he was abusive. Some people will take that kind of abuse. I am not one of them." [83]

Kadyrov event

In October 2011, Van Damme, along with other celebrities including Hilary Swank, Vanessa-Mae and Seal attracted criticism from human rights groups for attending an event in Russian federal subject Chechnya's capital Grozny on the 35th birthday of Chechen president Ramzan Kadyrov on 5 October. [84] Human rights groups, who had urged the celebrities to cancel their appearances because of abuses carried out under Kadyrov, criticised the celebrities for attending the event. [85] Human Rights Watch released a statement which said, "Ramzan Kadyrov is linked to a litany of horrific human rights abuses. It's inappropriate for stars to get paid to party with him [...] And getting paid to be part of such a lavish show in Chechnya trivializes the suffering of countless victims of human rights abuses there." [86] [87]

Public image and influence

In the French-speaking world, Van Damme is well known – and often mocked – for the picturesque aphorisms that he delivers on a wide range of topics (personal well-being, spirituality, the environment, women, dogs, his ability to crack walnuts with his buttocks, his realization that Christianity is flawed based on the fact that "snakes are nice" and "apples contain pectin which is anti-cholesterol", etc.) in a sort of Zen franglais. [88] He was deeply affected by his depiction in the media and the frequent derisive use of his interviews in comedy shows in the early 2000s, becoming increasingly reluctant to grant new interviews in French. He later explained that he was trying to communicate bits of his hard-earned wisdom to young uneducated people dreaming of success, like he used to be himself, and had to struggle with the time constraints of TV, with his difficulties reacquainting with the French language, and with the effects of jet lag, often resulting in a clumsy, haphazard delivery. His public image in the French-speaking world became a major theme of the 2008 movie J.C.V.D. (directed by Mabrouk El Mechri, a fan of Van Damme's from his childhood, who sought to rehabilitate him by exploring those issues head-on).

The original video game Mortal Kombat was conceived as a fighting game based on Van Damme. [89] Creators Ed Boon and John Tobias had originally wanted to star Van Damme himself in the game. That fell through as he had a prior deal for another game under the auspices of the Sega Genesis platform. Ed Boon and John Tobias eventually decided to create a different character for the game named Johnny Cage, who is modelled after Van Damme, primarily from Van Damme's appearance and outfit in the martial arts film Bloodsport. [90] [91] In the German version of the Donkey Kong 64 website, DK's greatest hero is Jean-Claude van Kong.

Renowned UFC fighter Georges St-Pierre was inspired by Van Damme, and described fighting him in the film Kickboxer: Vengeance as "a dream come true". [92]

In January 2017, Van Damme featured in an Ultra Tune television advert which was part of a controversial series of ads. [93] Two women were confronted in a car park by a gang of youths in a threatening manner, Van Damme appears to defend them and then the mood lightens and they take pictures with the star. [94]

In October 2020, Van Damme rescued a three-month-old chihuahua, saving her from euthanasia after a legal tussle between Norway and Bulgaria. [95]

Personal life

By the mid-1990s, the stress of the constant filming and promotion of his films, as Van Damme explains, led him to develop a cocaine habit, on which he spent up to $10,000 a week, and consuming up to 10 grams per day by 1996. He was arrested for driving under the influence in 1999. [96] [97] [98] Attempts at drug rehabilitation were unsuccessful, and he resorted to resolve his addiction via quitting cold turkey and exercise. [96] In 1998, he was diagnosed with bipolar disorder. [96] [97] [99] In 2011, he discussed the condition on the British reality show Behind Closed Doors , saying, "Sometimes you're gonna like me, and sometimes you're gonna hate me. But what can I do? I'm not perfect ... I'm an extreme bipolar, and I'm taking medication for this ... When I was young, I was suffering those swing moods. In the morning, the sky was blue [when I was] going to school, and to me, the sky was black. I was so sad." [100]

Van Damme has been married five times to four different women. Until 1992 he was married to his third wife, bodybuilder Gladys Portugues, with whom he has two children, Kristopher (born 1987) and Bianca Brigitte (born 1990). [101] ) He had begun an affair with actress Darcy LaPier, whom he married in February 1994. From this marriage, the couple has a son named Nicholas (born 10 October 1995). That same year he had an affair with his Street Fighter co-star Kylie Minogue during filming in Thailand. [102] [103] LaPier, who was pregnant with their son at the time, did not become aware of the affair until Van Damme publicly admitted it in 2012. [104]

Van Damme had been in a decade long relationship with Model Alena Kaverina, though still married to Gladys Portugues. [105] Kaverina was born in Ukraine; Van Damme visited the country during the Russian invasion of Ukraine to show his support. [106] [107]



1979 Woman Between Wolf and Dog Movie goer / Man in gardenUncredited extra [108]
1984 Monaco Forever Gay karate manMinor role
Breakin' Spectator in first dance sceneUncredited extra
1986 No Retreat, No Surrender Ivan KraschinskyMain antagonist role
1988 Bloodsport Frank Dux First starring role; also editor (uncredited)
Black Eagle AndreiAntagonist role
1989 Cyborg Gibson RickenbackerAlso editor (uncredited)
Kickboxer Kurt SloaneAlso writer, fight director and choreographer
1990 Lionheart Léon GaultierAlso writer and fight choreographer
Death Warrant Louis Burke
1991 Double Impact Alex Wagner / Chad Wagner Dual role; also writer, producer and fight choreographer
1992 Universal Soldier Luc Deveraux
1993 Nowhere to Run Sam Gillen
Last Action Hero HimselfCameo
Hard Target Chance Boudreaux
1994 Timecop Max Walker
Street Fighter Colonel William F. Guile
1995 Sudden Death Darren McCord
The Quest Christopher DuboisAlso director and writer
1996 Maximum Risk Alain Moreau / Mikhail SuverovDual role
1997 Double Team Jack Quinn
1998 Knock Off Marcus Ray
Legionnaire Alain LefèvreAlso writer and producer
1999 Universal Soldier: The Return Luc DeverauxAlso producer
Inferno Eddie LomaxLimited release; also producer
2001 Replicant Edward "The Torch" Garrotte (Luc Savard) / The ReplicantDual role; direct-to-video
The Order Rudy Cafmeyer / Charles Le VaillantDirect-to-video; also writer
2002 Derailed Jacques KristoffDirect-to-video
2003 In Hell Kyle LeBlancDirect-to-video
2004 Narco Jean's ghost by Lenny
Wake of Death Ben ArcherDirect-to-video
2005 Second in Command Commander Samuel KeenanDirect-to-video
2006 The Hard Corps Philippe SauvageDirect-to-video
Sinav Charles
Until Death Anthony StoweDirect-to-video
2007 The Shepherd: Border Patrol Jack RobideauxDirect-to-video
2008 JCVD Himself (fictionalized autobiography)Limited release; also executive producer
2009 Universal Soldier: Regeneration Luc DeverauxDirect-to-video
2011 Kung Fu Panda 2 Master CrocVoice role
Assassination Games Vincent BrazilLimited release; also executive producer
Beur sur la ville Colonel MerotCameo
Rzhevsky versus Napoleon HimselfCameo
Dragon Eyes Jean-Louis TianoLimited release
2012 The Expendables 2 Jean VilainVan Damme's first widely released film since 1999
Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning Luc DeverauxLimited release
Six Bullets Samson GaulDirect-to-video; also executive producer
U.F.O. GeorgeLimited release
2013 Welcome to the Jungle Storm RothschildLimited release
Enemies Closer XanderLimited release
Swelter StillmanDirect-to-video
2015 Pound of Flesh Deacon LyleLimited release; also executive producer
Jian Bing Man HimselfCameo
2016 Kung Fu Panda 3 Master CrocVoice role
Kickboxer: Vengeance Master Durand Reboot; limited release
2017 Kill 'Em All PhilipDirect-to-video
2018 Kickboxer: Retaliation Master DurandLimited release
Black Water WheelerLimited release; also executive producer
The Bouncer LukasLimited release
2019We Die YoungDanielLimited release
2021 The Last Mercenary Richard Brumère / The Mist
2022 Minions: The Rise of Gru Jean ClawedVoice role
TBA Frenchy FrenchyAlso writer, director, producer and editor; post-production


1996 Friends HimselfEpisode: "The One After the Superbowl"
2004 Las Vegas HimselfEpisode: "Die Fast, Die Furious"
2009 Robot Chicken Himself / Count Dracula / Rhett Butler (voices)Episode: "Maurice Was Caught"
2011 Jean Claude Van Damme: Behind Closed Doors Himself8 episodes; also producer
2011Les Anges GardiensHimself20 episodes
2016 Sense8 HimselfEpisode: "Happy F*cking New Year"
2016–2017 Jean-Claude Van Johnson Johnson / Filip6 episodes; also executive producer for "Pilot"
2020Les Anges Asian DreamHimselfPost-production
2022 Ramez Movie Star HimselfArabian pranks show, represented by him and Ramez Galal

Music videos

YearSong titleArtist(s)
1992"Body Count's in the House" Body Count
1994"Time Won't Let Me" The Smithereens
"Straight to My Feet" MC Hammer featuring Deion Sanders
1995"Something There" Chage and Aska
1999"Crush 'Em" Megadeth
2003"Kiss My Eyes" Bob Sinclar
2008"Ya Lyublyu Ego" Iryna Bilyk and Olga Gorbacheva
2015"The Hum" [109] Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike vs. Ummet Ozcan
2020"Ultrarêve" [110] AaRON

Video games

1995 Street Fighter: The Movie Colonel Guile
2021Warpath [111] Himself (fictional general)

Awards and nominations

1988 Golden Raspberry Award Worst New Star [112] Bloodsport Nominated
1992 MTV Movie Award Most Desirable Male Double Impact Nominated
1993 Nowhere to Run Nominated
1994 Hard Target Nominated
1998Golden Raspberry AwardWorst Screen Couple (with Dennis Rodman) Double Team Won
2001 Video Premiere Award Best Actor Replicant Nominated
2004 Bollywood Movie Award International Action Super StarHimselfWon
2008 Silver Leopard Best Actor JCVD Nominated
2009 TFCA Award Best Performance, MaleNominated
2014 Golden Lotus Award Outstanding Achievement of Action Movies ShowHimselfWon

Championships and accomplishments

Mr. Belgium bodybuilding Championships (1976 Gold)

Belgium Karate Lightweight Championships (1977 Gold)

Belgium Karate team European Championships (1979 Gold)

Belgium Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament Championships (1980 Silver)

Semi-contact / light-contact record

Win44-4-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Jonny WellumDecision7 May 19803 WAKO Brussels, Belgium Light-Contact (Van Damme avenges early career defeat)
Win43-4-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Jordy Claes1980Gala International WAKO Light-Contact
Win42-4-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Patrick Teugels [14] l'abandon (TKO)8 March 19801Forest NationalsLight-Contact (Teugels suffers a broken nose and is unable to continue)
Win41-4-0 Flag of Hungary.svg Andras KovacsDecision19803 WAKO Semi-Contact
Win40-4-0 Flag of Algeria.svg Bekim-Moussa Muhammad
Win39-4-0 Flag of Algeria.svg Mustapha-Ahmad Benamou
Win38-4-0 Flag of Germany.svg Reinhard KrassDisq.26 December 19792Karate Tournament: Belgium Team vs. German Team Woluwe, Brussels, BelgiumLight-Contact [14]
Win37-4-0 Flag of Portugal.svg Gilberto Diasl'abandonNovember 19791World All-styles Karate OrganizationBrussels, BelgiumLight-Contact (Dias suffers ankle injury and is unable to continue)
Win36-4-0 Flag of Germany.svg Hans KohlerDecision19793 Ingelmunster, BelgiumSemi-Contact
Loss35-4-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Patrick Teugels WAKO Tampa, Florida, USA Light-Contact (Both men fight in karate-gi uniforms, no pads or gloves)
Win35-3-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Matthias EvrardCup of Antwerp World All-styles Karate OrganizationAntwerp, BelgiumSemi-Contact
Win34-3-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Paul SperatiWorld All-styles Karate OrganizationOpprebais, Belgium
Win33-3-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Lucus ReinfeldWorld All-styles Karate Organization, Europe Interland Cup Mulhouse, Belgium
Win32-3-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Robbe Bogaerts1978Hope Cup World All-styles Karate OrganizationBrussels, BelgiumSemi-Contact [113]
Win31-3-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Leonard BaptisteWorld All-styles Karate Organization Izegem, BelgiumSemi-Contact
Win30-3-0 Flag of Portugal.svg Fernando CabanelaWorld All-styles Karate Organization
Loss29-3-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Angelo Spataro [14] Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)Antwerp, BelgiumLight-Contact
Win29-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Gabriel van der Driessche
Win28-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Farid Muhammad Mousseau
Win27-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Jacques van Laere
Win26-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Christian Hedin
Win25-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Gerard Charon
Win24-2-0 Flag of Portugal.svg David Arranz
Win23-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Bernard Redden
Win22-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Antoine Redi
Win21-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Ben Salah Ellah
Win20-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Gaston AireyFoul1
Win19-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Abdembi Hassan AliDecision3
Win18-2-0 Flag of Portugal.svg Jonas "Marcel" CohenDecision
Win17-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Christian van Tieghem
Win16-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Max Roelandt
Win15-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Andre Verbon
Win14-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Michel Juvillier
Win13-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Joel Maoreau
Win12-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Ronald DuivenbodeSemi-Contact
Loss11-2-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Patrick TeugelsBelgium Lightweight ChampionshipAntwerp, BelgiumLight-Contact
Win11-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Gris Lubbers1976European Karate Union Ingelmunster, BelgiumSemi-Contact
Win10-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Andre Lemaire1977World Association of Kickboxing Organizations Open International Izegem, Belgium
Win9-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Patrick TeugelsAntwerp Open International Competition WAKOAntwerp, BelgiumLight-Contact[ citation needed ]
Win8-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Maurice DevosWorld Allstyles Kickboxing OrganizationSemi-Contact
Win7-1-0 Flag of France.svg Jacques Berri1976Antwerp Open WAKO
Win6-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Johannes BindingAntwerp, Belgium
Win5-1-0 Flag of France.svg Jean-Morin Devigne
Win4-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Roland Vedani19763European Karate Union Ingelmunster, Belgium
Win3-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Jean-Paul GastonBrussels, Belgium
Loss2-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Jonny Wellum22 January 1976La Federation Europeene de Karate (European Karate Federation)Brussels, BelgiumSemi-Contact (J. Vandenberg credit with defaite)
Win2-0-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Bernard BriersSemi-Contact (J. Vandenberg credit with victoire)
Win1-0-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Robin LomardSemi-Contact (J. Vandenberg credit with victoire - Karate magazine Boxe francaise)

Kickboxing record

Win18-1-0 Flag of India.svg Nedjad GharbiKKO19821Brussels, BelgiumKickboxing
Win17-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Daniel Le Jaouen1:05
Win16-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Lenny Leikman [14] 31st Journée des Arts Martiaux
Win15-1-0 Flag of Turkey.svg Ajom Mahmud UddinKO198110:19
Win14-1-0 Flag of Algeria.svg Mustapha-Ahmad BenamouKKO
Win13-1-0 Flag of the Netherlands.svg Henk BesselmanKO
Win12-1-0 Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Michael J. HemingKKO19800:46European Karate Federation Middleweight ChampionshipKickboxing [ citation needed ]
Win11-1-0 Flag of France.svg Georges VerlugelsKO2 PKA Middleweight ChampionshipKickboxing [17]
Win10-1-0 Flag of the United States.svg Sherman BergmanKKO1979 Nov 410:56 Tampa, Florida, USA Full-Contact
Win9-1-0 Flag of Germany.svg Rolf RisbergKKO1979 Ingelmunster, Belgium Kickboxing [ citation needed ]
Win8-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Emile Leibman Izegem, Belgium Kickboxing [ citation needed ]
Win7-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Cyrille Nollet1978Kickboxing
Win6-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Orlando LangKO0:26Antwerp, Belgium
Win5-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Jacques PiniarskiKKOBelgiumKickboxing [ citation needed ]
Win4-1-0 Flag of Germany.svg Eric "Basel" Strauss0:18Antwerp, BelgiumKickboxing [ citation needed ]
Win3-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Andre "Robar" Robaeys Mulhouse, BelgiumKickboxing [ citation needed ]
Win2-1-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Michel JuvillierKO0:39Antwerp, BelgiumFull-Contact [ citation needed ]
Loss1-1-0 Flag of France.svg Etienne "Tuf" AubryDQ7 March 19771:02 Marseilles, France Full-Contact (Karate magazine Boxe francaise)
Win1-0-0 Flag of Belgium (civil).svg Toon van OostrumKKO19770:46Brussels, BelgiumFull-Contact [ citation needed ]


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    Books cited

    Further reading