King's Pawn Game

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King's Pawn Game
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Moves1.e4
ECO B00–B99, C00–C99
Parent Starting position
Synonym(s)e4

The King's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move:

Contents

1. e4

It is among the most popular opening moves in chess. [1]


Details about the move and the game plan

White opens with the most popular of the twenty possible opening moves. Although effective in winning for White (54.25%), it is not quite as successful as the four next most common openings for White: 1.d4 (55.95%), 1.Nf3 (55.8%), 1.c4 (56.3%), and 1.g3 (55.8%). [2] Since nearly all openings beginning 1.e4 have names of their own, the term "King's Pawn Game", unlike Queen's Pawn Game, is rarely used to describe the opening of the game.

Advancing the king's pawn two squares is highly useful because it occupies a center square, attacks the center square d5, and allows the development of White's king's bishop and queen. Chess legend Bobby Fischer said that the King's Pawn Game is "Best by test", [3] and proclaimed that "With 1.e4! I win." [4] [ page needed ]

King's Pawn Games are further classified by whether Black responds with 1...e5 or not. Openings beginning with 1.e4 e5 are called Double King's Pawn Games (or Openings), Symmetrical King's Pawn Games (or Openings), or Open Games these terms are equivalent. Openings where Black responds to 1.e4 with a move other than 1...e5 are called Asymmetrical King's Pawn Games or Semi-Open Games.

The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings (ECO) classifies all King's Pawn Games into volumes B or C: volume C if the game starts with 1.e4 e6 (the French Defence) or 1.e4 e5; volume B if Black answers 1.e4 with any other move. The rare instances where the opening does not fall into a more specific category than "King's Pawn Game" are included in codes B00 (includes the Nimzowitsch Defence and unusual moves after 1.e4), C20 (includes Alapin's Opening and unusual moves after 1.e4 e5), C40 (includes the Latvian Gambit and unusual moves after 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3), and C50 (includes the Hungarian Defence, the Giuoco Pianissimo, and unusual moves after 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4).

The Black responses which are given one or more chapters in the Encyclopedia of Chess Openings (ECO) are given below, ranked in order of popularity according to ChessBase.

Uncommon continuations

Apart from these eight responses, all other replies from Black are covered together in ECO chapter B00 ("Uncommon King's Pawn Opening"). A few of these are not entirely obscure, and have received extensive analysis.

Rare continuations

The remaining replies to 1.e4 are very rare, and have not received significant and serious attention by masters. MCO does not cover them, considering them so bad as not to merit discussion. [7] These openings sometimes lead to wild and exciting games, and are occasionally employed by weaker players to get better trained opponents "out-of-book". Some have exotic names. Such openings are listed below along with instances where they have been used by strong players.

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Duras gambit after 2.exf5 Nf6
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Duras Gambit after 2.exf5 Kf7 3.Qh5 g6

See also

Related Research Articles

Chess opening Initial moves of a chess game

A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game. The term can refer to the initial moves by either side, White or Black, but an opening by Black may also be known as a defense. There are dozens of different openings, and hundreds of variants. The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants. These vary widely in character from quietpositional play to wild tactical play. In addition to referring to specific move sequences, the opening is the first phase of a chess game, the other phases being the middlegame and the endgame.

French Defence Chess opening

The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves:

Ruy Lopez Chess opening

The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves:

Grünfeld Defence Chess opening

The Grünfeld Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves:

<i>Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings</i> classification system for the opening moves in a game of chess

The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess. It is presented as a five-volume book collection describing chess openings. The moves were taken from hundreds of thousands of games between masters, from published analysis in the Chess Informant since 1966, and then compiled by notable chess players. The main editor is Aleksandar Matanović. Both the ECO and the Chess Informant are published by the Serbian company Šahovski Informator. These openings are typically provided in an ECO table that concisely presents the best opening lines.

Sicilian Defence Chess opening

The Sicilian Defence is a chess opening that begins with the following moves:

Modern Defense Chess opening

The Modern Defense is a hypermodern chess opening in which Black allows White to occupy the center with pawns on d4 and e4, then proceeds to attack and undermine this "ideal" center without attempting to occupy it themself. The opening has been most notably used by British grandmasters Nigel Davies and Colin McNab.

Kings Indian Defence Chess opening

The King's Indian Defence is a common chess opening. It arises after the moves:

Dutch Defence Chess opening

The Dutch Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves:

English Opening Chess opening

The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move:

Birds Opening Chess opening

Bird's Opening is a chess opening characterised by the move:

Réti Opening Chess opening

The Réti Opening is a hypermodern chess opening whose traditional or classic method begins with the moves:

Damiano Defence Chess opening

The Damiano Defence is a chess opening beginning with the moves:

  1. e4 e5
  2. Nf3 f6?
Benko Gambit Chess opening

The Benko Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the move 3...b5 in the Benoni Defence arising after:

Queens Pawn Game Chess opening

Most broadly, the term Queen's Pawn Game is defined as any chess opening starting with the move 1.d4, which is the second most popular opening move after 1.e4. Currently, the term "Queen's Pawn Game" is usually used to describe openings beginning with 1.d4 where White does not play the Queen's Gambit. The most common Queen's Pawn Game openings under this definition are:

Larsens Opening Chess opening

Larsen's Opening is a chess opening starting with the move:

Staunton Gambit Chess opening

The Staunton Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves:

Queens Gambit Declined Chess opening

The Queen's Gambit Declined is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit:

In chess, the pawn structure is the configuration of pawns on the chessboard. Since pawns are the least mobile of the chess pieces, the pawn structure is relatively static and thus largely determines the strategic nature of the position.

Open Game Chess opening

An Open Game is a chess opening that begins with the following moves:

References

  1. Keene, Raymond; Levy, David (1993). How to Play the Opening in Chess. ISBN   978-0805029376.
  2. Chess Opening Explorer. Chessgames.com. Retrieved on 2013-09-27.
  3. Fischer, Bobby (1969). "45. Fischer–Bisguier, New York State Open 1963". My 60 Memorable Games . Simon and Schuster. p.  280. ISBN   978-0-671-21483-8.
  4. Seirawan, Yasser (2003). Winning Chess Brilliancies. Microsoft Press. ISBN   978-1857443479.
  5. Karpov–Miles, European Team Championship, Skara 1980
  6. Nick de Firmian, Modern Chess Openings, 15th edition, Random House, 2008, p. 384. ISBN   978-0-8129-3682-7.
  7. "Other defenses, such as 1...h5, are not considered as they are simply too bad and need no discussion." Modern Chess Openings, 15th edition, p. 384.
  8. 1 2 Wall, Bill (April 30, 2006). "Unorthodox Openings". Archived from the original on 2009-08-03. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
  9. Philip W. Sergeant, Morphy's Games of Chess, Dover Publications, 1957, pp. 238–40. ISBN   0-486-20386-7
  10. Morphy–Barnes, 1858

Bibliography