King's Pawn Game

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King's Pawn Game
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Moves1.e4
ECO B00–B99, C00–C99
Parent Starting position
Synonym(s)e4

The King's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move:

Chess opening Initial moves of a chess game

A chess opening or simply an opening refers to the initial moves of a chess game. The term can refer to the initial moves by either side, White or Black, but an opening by Black may also be known as a defense. There are dozens of different openings, and hundreds of variants. The Oxford Companion to Chess lists 1,327 named openings and variants. These vary widely in character from quietpositional play to wild tactical play. In addition to referring to specific move sequences, the opening is the first phase of a chess game, the other phases being the middlegame and the endgame.

Contents

1. e4

It is among the most popular opening moves in chess. [1]


Details about the move and the game plan

White opens with the most popular of the twenty possible opening moves. Although effective in winning for White (54.25%), it is not quite as successful as the four next most common openings for White: 1.d4 (55.95%), 1.Nf3 (55.8%), 1.c4 (56.3%), and 1.g3 (55.8%). [2] Since nearly all openings beginning 1.e4 have names of their own, the term "King's Pawn Game", unlike Queen's Pawn Game, is rarely used to describe the opening of the game.

Queens Pawn Game Chess opening

The Queen's Pawn Game is any chess opening starting with the move:

Advancing the king's pawn two squares is highly useful because it occupies a center square, attacks the center square d5, and allows the development of White's king's bishop and queen. Chess legend Bobby Fischer said that the King's Pawn Game is "Best by test", [3] and proclaimed that "With 1.e4! I win." [4]

Queen (chess) Chess piece

The queen is the most powerful piece in the game of chess, able to move any number of squares vertically, horizontally or diagonally. Each player starts the game with one queen, placed in the middle of the first rank next to the king. Because the queen is the strongest piece, a pawn is promoted to a queen in the vast majority of cases.

Bobby Fischer American chess player and chess writer

Robert James Fischer was an American chess grandmaster and the eleventh World Chess Champion. Many consider him to be the greatest chess player of all time.

King's Pawn Games are further classified by whether Black responds with 1...e5 or not. Openings beginning with 1.e4 e5 are called Double King's Pawn Games (or Openings), Symmetrical King's Pawn Games (or Openings), or Open Games these terms are equivalent. Openings where Black responds to 1.e4 with a move other than 1...e5 are called Asymmetrical King's Pawn Games or Semi-Open Games.

A Semi-Open Game is a chess opening in which White plays 1.e4 and Black breaks symmetry immediately by replying with a move other than 1...e5. The Semi-Open Games are also called Single King Pawn, Asymmetrical King Pawn, or Half-Open Games, and are the complement of the Open Games or Double King Pawn Games which begin 1.e4 e5.

The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings (ECO) classifies all King's Pawn Games into volumes B or C: volume C if the game starts with 1.e4 e6 (the French Defence) or 1.e4 e5; volume B if Black answers 1.e4 with any other move. The rare instances where the opening does not fall into a more specific category than "King's Pawn Game" are included in codes B00 (includes the Nimzowitsch Defence and unusual moves after 1.e4), C20 (includes Alapin's Opening and unusual moves after 1.e4 e5), C40 (includes the Latvian Gambit and unusual moves after 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3), and C50 (includes the Hungarian Defence, the Giuoco Pianissimo, and unusual moves after 1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bc4).

French Defence Chess opening

The French Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves:

Nimzowitsch Defence Chess opening

The Nimzowitsch Defence is a somewhat unusual chess opening characterised by the moves:

Alapins Opening Chess opening

Alapin's Opening is an unusual chess opening that starts with the moves:

The Black responses which are given one or more chapters in the Encyclopedia of Chess Openings (ECO) are given below, ranked in order of popularity according to ChessBase.

Uncommon continuations

Apart from these eight responses, all other replies from Black are covered together in ECO chapter B00 ("Uncommon King's Pawn Opening"). A few of these are not entirely obscure, and have received extensive analysis.

Rare continuations

The remaining replies to 1.e4 are very rare, and have not received significant and serious attention by masters. MCO does not cover them, considering them so bad as not to merit discussion. [7] These openings sometimes lead to wild and exciting games, and are occasionally employed by weaker players to get better trained opponents "out-of-book". Some have exotic names, they are listed below along with instances where they have been used by strong players.

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Chess pdt45.svg
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Duras gambit after 2.exf5 Nf6

See also

Related Research Articles

Ruy Lopez Chess opening

The Ruy Lopez, also called the Spanish Opening or Spanish Game, is a chess opening characterised by the moves:

Sicilian Defence, Smith–Morra Gambit Chess opening

In chess, the Smith–Morra Gambit is an opening gambit against the Sicilian Defence distinguished by the moves:

Grünfeld Defence Chess opening

The Grünfeld Defence is a chess opening characterised by the moves:

<i>Encyclopaedia of Chess Openings</i> classification system for the opening moves in a game of chess

The Encyclopedia of Chess Openings is a classification system for the opening moves in chess. It is presented as a five-volume book collection describing chess openings. The moves were taken from hundreds of thousands of games between masters, from published analysis in the Chess Informant since 1966, and then compiled by notable chess players. The main editor is Aleksandar Matanović. Both the ECO and the Chess Informant are published by the Serbian company Šahovski Informator. These openings are typically provided in an ECO table that concisely presents the best opening lines.

Kings Gambit Chess opening

The King's Gambit is a chess opening that begins with the moves:

Modern Defense Chess opening

The Modern Defense is a hypermodern chess opening in which Black allows White to occupy the center with pawns on d4 and e4, then proceeds to attack and undermine this "ideal" center without attempting to occupy it himself. The opening has been most notably used by British grandmasters Nigel Davies and Colin McNab.

English Opening Chess opening

The English Opening is a chess opening that begins with the move:

Alekhines Defence Chess opening

Alekhine's Defence is a chess opening that begins with the moves:

Réti Opening Chess opening

The Réti Opening is a hypermodern chess opening whose traditional or classic method begins with the moves:

Petrovs Defence Chess opening

Petrov's Defence or the Petrov Defence is a chess opening characterised by the following moves:

Bishops Opening Chess opening

The Bishop's Opening is a chess opening that begins with the moves:

Danish Gambit Chess opening

The Danish Gambit, known as the Nordisches Gambit in German and the Noords Gambiet in Dutch, is a chess opening that begins with the moves:

Queens Gambit Declined Chess opening

The Queen's Gambit Declined is a chess opening in which Black declines a pawn offered by White in the Queen's Gambit:

Semi-Slav Defense Chess opening

The Semi-Slav Defense is a variation of the Queen's Gambit chess opening defined by the position reached after the moves:

Indian Defence Chess opening

In the game of chess, Indian Defence or Indian Game is a broad term for a group of openings characterised by the moves:

Open Game Chess opening

An Open Game is a chess opening that begins with the following moves:

Scandinavian Defense Chess opening

The Scandinavian Defense is a chess opening characterized by the moves:

References

  1. Keene, Raymond; Levy, David (1993). How to Play the Opening in Chess. ISBN   978-0805029376.
  2. Chess Opening Explorer. Chessgames.com. Retrieved on 2013-09-27.
  3. Fischer, Bobby (1969). "45. Fischer–Bisguier, New York State Open 1963". My 60 Memorable Games. Simon and Schuster. p. 280. ISBN   978-0-671-21483-8.
  4. Seirawan, Yasser (2003). Winning Chess Brilliancies. Microsoft Press. ISBN   978-1857443479.
  5. Karpov–Miles, European Team Championship, Skara 1980
  6. Nick de Firmian, Modern Chess Openings, 15th edition, Random House, 2008, p. 384. ISBN   978-0-8129-3682-7.
  7. "Other defenses, such as 1...h5, are not considered as they are simply too bad and need no discussion." Modern Chess Openings, 15th edition, p. 384.
  8. 1 2 Wall, Bill (April 30, 2006). "Unorthodox Openings". Archived from the original on 2009-08-03. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
  9. Philip W. Sergeant, Morphy's Games of Chess, Dover Publications, 1957, pp. 238–40. ISBN   0-486-20386-7
  10. Morphy–Barnes, 1858

Bibliography