Timeline of chess

Last updated


This is a timeline of chess .

Early history

16th century

17th century

18th century

19th century

20th century

– Kasparov and Flag of England.svg  Nigel Short  (England) break from FIDE to play their world championship match, forming the Professional Chess Association (PCA).

21st century

See also


  1. Henry Davidson, A Short History of Chess, p. 6
  2. Helena M. Gamer: "The Earliest Evidence of Chess in Western Literature: The Einsiedeln Verses", Speculum, Vol. 29, No. 4 (1954), pp. 734–50
  3. Brief notes on the history of chess 1500 Archived 2008-05-02 at the Wayback Machine chess-poster.com
  4. Wall, Bill. "Earliest Chess Manuscripts and Books". BILL WALL'S CHESS PAGE. Retrieved 25 February 2021.

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Anatoly Karpov</span> Russian chess grandmaster (born 1951)

Anatoly Yevgenyevich Karpov is a Russian and former Soviet chess grandmaster, former World Chess Champion, ⁣and politician. He was the 12th World Chess Champion from 1975 to 1985, a three-time FIDE World Champion, twice World Chess champion as a member of the USSR team, and a six-time winner of Chess Olympiads as a member of the USSR team. The International Association of Chess Press awarded him nine Chess Oscars.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">FIDE</span> International chess governing body

The International Chess Federation or World Chess Federation, commonly referred to by its French acronym FIDE, is an international organization based in Switzerland that connects the various national chess federations and acts as the governing body of international chess competition. FIDE was founded in Paris, France, on July 20, 1924. Its motto is Gens una sumus, Latin for 'We are one Family'. In 1999, FIDE was recognized by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). As of December 21, 2023, there are 201 member federations of FIDE.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Max Euwe</span> Dutch chess player & mathematician

Machgielis "Max" Euwe was a Dutch chess player, mathematician, author, and chess administrator. He was the fifth player to become World Chess Champion, a title he held from 1935 until 1937. He served as President of FIDE, the World Chess Federation, from 1970 to 1978.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">World Chess Championship</span> Competition to determine the World Champion in chess

The World Chess Championship is played to determine the world champion in chess. The current world champion is Ding Liren, who defeated his opponent Ian Nepomniachtchi in the 2023 World Chess Championship. Magnus Carlsen, the previous world champion, had declined to defend his title.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mikhail Tal</span> Soviet-Latvian chess grandmaster (1936–1992)

Mikhail Nekhemyevich Tal was a Soviet-Latvian chess player and the eighth World Chess Champion. He is considered a creative genius and is widely regarded as one of the most influential players in chess history. Tal played in an attacking and daring combinatorial style. His play was known above all for improvisation and unpredictability. Vladislav Zubok said of him, "Every game for him was as inimitable and invaluable as a poem".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Mikhail Botvinnik</span> Soviet chess player (1911–1995)

Mikhail Moiseyevich Botvinnik was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster who held five world titles in three different reigns. The sixth World Chess Champion, he also worked as an electrical engineer and computer scientist and was a pioneer in computer chess. He also had a mathematics degree (honorary).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Vasily Smyslov</span> Soviet chess grandmaster (1921–2010)

Vasily Vasilyevich Smyslov was a Soviet and Russian chess grandmaster, who was the seventh World Chess Champion from 1957 to 1958. He was a Candidate for the World Chess Championship on eight occasions. Smyslov twice tied for first place at the USSR Chess Championships, and his total of 17 Chess Olympiad medals won is an all-time record. In five European Team Championships, Smyslov won ten gold medals.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Viswanathan Anand</span> Indian chess grandmaster (born 1969)

Viswanathan "Vishy" Anand is an Indian chess grandmaster and a former five-time World Chess Champion. He became the first grandmaster from India in 1988, and he has the eighth-highest peak FIDE rating of all time. In 2022, he was elected the deputy president of FIDE.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Efim Geller</span> Soviet chess player

Efim Petrovich Geller was a Soviet chess player and world-class grandmaster at his peak. He won the Soviet Championship twice and was a Candidate for the World Championship on six occasions. He won four Ukrainian SSR Championship titles and shared first in the 1991 World Seniors' Championship, winning the title outright in 1992. His wife Oksana was a ballet dancer while his son Alexander was also a chess master. Geller was coach to World Champions Boris Spassky and Anatoly Karpov. He was also an author.

The Candidates Tournament is a chess tournament organized by FIDE, chess's international governing body, since 1950, as the final contest to determine the challenger for the World Chess Championship. The winner of the Candidates earns the right to a match for the World Championship against the incumbent world champion.

Several methods have been suggested for comparing the greatest chess players in history. There is agreement on a statistical system to rate the strengths of current players, called the Elo system, but disagreement about methods used to compare players from different generations who never competed against each other.

Jón Loftur Árnason is an Icelandic chess grandmaster. He is a three-time Icelandic Chess Champion and was World U17 Chess Champion in 1977.

Events of 1999 in chess include the list of top chess players and news.

Below is a list of events in chess in 1991, as well as the top ten FIDE rated chess players of that year.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">World Blitz Chess Championship</span> Chess tournament

The World Blitz Chess Championship is a chess tournament held to determine the world champion in chess played under blitz time controls. Since 2012, FIDE has held an annual joint rapid and blitz chess tournament and billed it as the World Rapid & Blitz Chess Championships. The current world blitz champion is the Norwegian Grandmaster Magnus Carlsen. Valentina Gunina from Russia is the current women's blitz world champion. Magnus Carlsen has won the event a record seven times.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">World Rapid Chess Championship</span> Annual chess tournament

The World Rapid Chess Championship is a chess tournament held to determine the world champion in chess played under rapid time controls. Prior to 2012, FIDE gave such recognition to a limited number of tournaments, with non-FIDE recognized tournaments annually naming a world rapid champion of their own. Since 2012, FIDE has held an annual joint rapid and blitz chess tournament and billed it as the World Rapid & Blitz Chess Championships. FIDE also holds the Women's World Rapid & Blitz Chess Championship. The current rapid world champion is grandmaster Magnus Carlsen. Anastasia Bodnaruk from Russia is the current women's rapid world champion. Carlsen has won the event a record five times.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Viktor Korchnoi</span> Soviet/Swiss chess grandmaster (1931–2016)

Viktor Lvovich Korchnoi was a Soviet and Swiss chess grandmaster (GM) and chess writer. He is considered one of the strongest players never to have become World Chess Champion.