List of Asian Nobel laureates

Last updated

The Nobel Prize is an annual, international prize first awarded in 1901 for achievements in Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, and Peace. An associated prize in Economics has been awarded since 1969. [1] Nobel Prizes have been awarded to over 800 individuals. [2]

Nobel Prize Set of annual international awards, primarily 5 established in 1895 by Alfred Nobel

The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.

Nobel Prize in Physics One of the five Nobel Prizes established in 1895 by Alfred Nobel

The Nobel Prize in Physics is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who have made the most outstanding contributions for humankind in the field of physics. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895 and awarded since 1901; the others being the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Peace Prize, and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.

Nobel Prize in Chemistry One of the five Nobel Prizes established in 1895 by Alfred Nobel

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895, awarded for outstanding contributions in chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine. This award is administered by the Nobel Foundation, and awarded by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on proposal of the Nobel Committee for Chemistry which consists of five members elected by Academy. The award is presented in Stockholm at an annual ceremony on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death.

Contents

Asians have been the recipients of all six award categories: Physics, Chemistry, Physiology or Medicine, Literature, Peace, and Economics. The first Asian recipient, Rabindranath Tagore, was awarded the Literature Prize in 1913. The most Nobel Prizes awarded to Asians in a single year was in 2014, when five Asians became laureates. The most recent Asian laureates, a Japanese scientist Tasuku Honjo and Iraqi Yazidi human rights activist Nadia Murad were awarded their prizes in 2018.

Rabindranath Tagore Bengali poet and philosopher

Rabindranath Tagore, also known by his sobriquets Gurudev, Kabiguru, and Biswakabi, was a Bengali polymath, poet, musician, and artist from the Indian subcontinent. He reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Author of the "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse" of Gitanjali, he became in 1913 the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature. Tagore's poetic songs were viewed as spiritual and mercurial; however, his "elegant prose and magical poetry" remain largely unknown outside Bengal. He is sometimes referred to as "the Bard of Bengal".

Tasuku Honjo Japanese immunologist, Nobel Laureate

Tasuku Honjo is a Japanese immunologist, and Nobel laureate best known for his identification of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1). He is also known for his molecular identification of cytokines: IL-4 and IL-5, as well as the discovery of activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) that is essential for class switch recombination and somatic hypermutation.

Nadia Murad Yazidi human rights activist from Iraq and winner of the 2018 Nobel Peace Prize

Nadia Murad Basee Taha is an Iraqi Yazidi human rights activist who lives in Germany. In 2014 she was kidnapped from her hometown Kocho and held by the Islamic State for three months.

To date, there have been seventy-four Asian winners of the Nobel Prize, including twenty-seven Japanese, twelve Israeli, and eight Chinese (not including non-Chinese Laureates born in China). The following are not including Russian.

Physics

As of 2018, there are 20 Asian won Nobel Prize in Physics, with the Japanese taking the most of the 11 winners.

YearImageLaureateCountry at the time of the awardCategoryComment
1930 Sir CV Raman.JPG Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman British Raj Red Ensign.svg  British India Physics First Asian and Indian Nobel laureate in science
1949 Yukawa.jpg Hideki Yukawa Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physics First Japanese Nobel laureate
1957 CNYang.jpg Chen Ning Yang Flag of the Republic of China.svg China Physics First Chinese Nobel laureate
1957 TD Lee.jpg Tsung-Dao Lee Flag of the Republic of China.svg China Physics First Chinese Nobel laureate
1965 Tomonaga.jpg Sin-Itiro Tomonaga Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physics
1973 Leo Esaki 1959.jpg Leo Esaki Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physics
1976 Samuel ting 10-19-10.jpg Samuel C. C. Ting Flag of the United States.svg  United States Physics Dual-citizen of Flag of the United States.svg  United States and Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China
1979 Abdus Salam 1987.jpg Abdus Salam Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Physics First Pakistani Nobel laureate
1983 Nobel prize medal grey.png Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar Flag of the United States.svg  United States Physics Born in India
1997 Steven Chu official DOE portrait.jpg Steven Chu Flag of the United States.svg  United States Physics
1998 Daniel Chee Tsui.jpg Daniel C. Tsui Flag of the United States.svg  United States Physics Born in China
2002 Masatoshi Koshiba 2002.jpg Masatoshi Koshiba Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physics
2008 YoichiroNambu.jpg Yoichiro Nambu Flag of the United States.svg  United States Physics Born in Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
2008 Makoto Kobayashi-press conference Dec 07th, 2008-2b.jpg Makoto Kobayashi Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physics
2008 Toshihide Masukawa-press conference Dec 07th, 2008-4.jpg Toshihide Maskawa Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physics
2009 Charles K. Kao cropped 2.jpg Charles K. Kao Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom and Flag of the United States.svg  United States, Physics First Hong Kong citizenship Nobel laureate
2014 Isamu Akasaki 20141211.jpg Isamu Akasaki Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physics
2014 Hiroshi Amano 20141211.jpg Hiroshi Amano Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physics
2014 Shiju.jpg Shuji Nakamura Flag of the United States.svg  United States Physics Born in Flag of Japan.svg  Japan
2015 Takaaki Kajita 5171-2015.jpg Takaaki Kajita Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physics

Chemistry

As of 2018, there are 16 Asian won Nobel Prize in Chemistry, with the Japanese taking the most of the 7 winners.

YearImageLaureateCountry at the time of the awardCategoryComment
1981 Kenichi Fukui.jpg Kenichi Fukui Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Chemistry First Asian and Japanese Nobel laureate in Chemistry
1986 Yuan T. Lee 1-1.jpg Yuan T. Lee Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan and Flag of the United States.svg  United States Chemistry First Taiwanese Nobel laureate
2000 Hideki Shirakawa 20011212.jpg Hideki Shirakawa Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Chemistry
2001 Rioji Noyori.jpg Ryōji Noyori Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Chemistry
2002 Koichi Tanaka 2003.jpg Koichi Tanaka Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Chemistry
2004 Aaron Ciechanover 01.JPG Aaron Ciechanover Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Chemistry
2004 Flickr - Government Press Office (GPO) - Nobel Laureate Avram Hershko.jpg Avram Hershko Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Chemistry
2008 Osamu Shimomura-press conference Dec 06th, 2008-2.jpg Osamu Shimomura Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Chemistry
2009 Nobel Prize 2009-Press Conference KVA-08.jpg Venkatraman Ramakrishnan Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom and Flag of the United States.svg  United States Chemistry Born in India
2009 Ada E. Yonath.jpg Ada Yonath Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Chemistry
2010 Nobel Prize 2010-Press Conference KVA-DSC 7398.jpg Ei-ichi Negishi Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Chemistry
2010 Nobel Prize 2010-Press Conference KVA-DSC 7383.jpg Akira Suzuki Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Chemistry
2011 Dan Shechtman.jpg Dan Shechtman Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Chemistry
2013 AW TW PS.jpg Arieh Warshel Flag of Israel.svg  Israel and Flag of the United States.svg  United States Chemistry
2013 Nobel Prize 17 2013.jpg Michael Levitt Flag of Israel.svg  Israel, Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom and Flag of the United States.svg  United States Chemistry
2015 Aziz Sancar 0060.jpg Aziz Sancar Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey and Flag of the United States.svg  United States Chemistry First Turkish Nobel laureate in science

Physiology or Medicine

As of 2018, there are 7 Asian won Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, with the Japanese taking the most of the 5 winners.

Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine One of five Nobel Prizes established in 1895 by Alfred Nobel

The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, administered by the Nobel Foundation, is awarded yearly for outstanding discoveries in the fields of life sciences and medicine. It is one of five Nobel Prizes established in his will in 1895 by Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite. Nobel was interested in experimental physiology and wanted to establish a prize for scientific progress through laboratory discoveries. The Nobel Prize is presented at an annual ceremony on 10 December, the anniversary of Nobel's death, along with a diploma and a certificate for the monetary award. The front side of the medal displays the same profile of Alfred Nobel depicted on the medals for Physics, Chemistry, and Literature. The reverse side is unique to this medal. The most recent Nobel prize was announced by Karolinska Institute on 1 October 2018, and has been awarded to American James P. Allison and Japanese Tasuku Honjo – for their discovery of cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation.

YearImageLaureateCountry at the time of the awardCategoryComment
1968 Har Gobind Khorana nobel.jpg Har Gobind Khorana Flag of the United States.svg  United States Physiology or Medicine First Asian born and Indian born Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine
1987 Susumu Tonegawa Photo.jpg Susumu Tonegawa Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physiology or Medicine First Asian and Japanese Nobel laureate in Physiology or Medicine
2012 Shinya yamanaka10.jpg Shinya Yamanaka Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physiology or Medicine
2015 Satoshi Omura 5040-2015.jpg Satoshi Ōmura Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physiology or Medicine
2015 Tu Youyou 5012-1-2015.jpg Tu Youyou Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Physiology or Medicine First Chinese woman Nobel laureate
2016 Yoshinori Osumi cropped 2 Yoshinori Osumi 20161003.jpg Yoshinori Ohsumi Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physiology or Medicine
2018 Tasuku Honjo 201311.jpg Tasuku Honjo Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Physiology or Medicine

Literature

As of 2018, there are 8 Asian won Nobel Prize in Literature, with the Japanese taking the most of the 3 winners.

YearImageLaureateCountry at the time of the awardCategoryComment
1913 Rabindranath Tagore in 1909.jpg Rabindranath Tagore British Raj Red Ensign.svg  British India Literature First Asian and Indian Nobel laureate
1966 Agnon.jpg Shmuel Yosef Agnon Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Literature First Israeli Nobel laureate
1968 Yasunari Kawabata 1938.jpg Yasunari Kawabata Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Literature
1994 Paris - Salon du livre 2012 - Kenzaburo Oe - 003.jpg Kenzaburō Ōe Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Literature
2000 Gao Xingjian Galerie Simoncini Luxembourg.jpg Gao Xingjian Flag of France.svg  France Literature Born in China
2006 Orhan Pamuk in Rustaveli Theatre, Tbilisi, Georgia, 2014.jpg Orhan Pamuk Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Literature First Turkish Nobel laureate
2012 MoYan Hamburg 2008.jpg Mo Yan Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Literature
2017 Kazuo Ishiguro in Stockholm 2017 02.jpg Kazuo Ishiguro Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Literature Born in Flag of Japan.svg  Japan

Peace

As of 2018, there are 20 Asian won Nobel Prize in Literature, with the Israeli and Indian taking the most of the 3 winners.

YearImageLaureateCountry at the time of the awardCategoryComment
1973 LeDucTho1973.jpg Lê Đức Thọ
(declined award)
Flag of North Vietnam (1955-1975).svg  North Vietnam Peace First Asian and Vietnamese Nobel laureate in Peace
1974 Eisaku Sato 1960.jpg Eisaku Satō Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Peace
1978 Menachem Begin, Andrews AFB, 1978.JPG Menachem Begin Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Peace
1979 MotherTeresa 094.jpg Mother Teresa Flag of India.svg  India Peace First Asian woman Nobel laureate
1988 Dalailama1 20121014 4639.jpg Tenzin Gyatso, the 14th Dalai Lama Flag of India.svg  India Peace First Tibetan Nobel laureate
1991 Remise du Prix Sakharov a Aung San Suu Kyi Strasbourg 22 octobre 2013-18.jpg Aung San Suu Kyi Flag of Myanmar (1974-2010).svg Burma Peace First Myanmar Nobel laureate
1994 ArafatEconomicForum.jpg Yasser Arafat Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine Peace First Palestinian Arab in Nobel laureate
1994 Shimon Peres by David Shankbone.jpg Shimon Peres Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Peace
1994 Flickr - Israel Defense Forces - Life of Lt. Gen. Yitzhak Rabin, 7th IDF Chief of Staff in photos (11).jpg Yitzhak Rabin Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Peace
1996 Carlosbelo.jpg Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo Flag of East Timor.svg  Timor-Leste Peace First Timorese Nobel laureate
1996 Jose Ramos-Horta Portrait.jpg José Ramos-Horta Flag of East Timor.svg  Timor-Leste Peace First Timorese Nobel laureate
2000 Kim Dae-jung (Cropped).png Kim Dae-jung Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Peace First Korean Nobel laureate
2003 Shirin-Ebadi-Amsterdam-2011-Photo-by-Persian-Dutch-Network.jpg Shirin Ebadi Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Peace First Iranian Nobel laureate
2006 Professor Muhammad Yunus- Building Social Business Summit (8758300102).jpg Muhammad Yunus Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh Peace First Bangladeshi Nobel laureate in Peace
2007 Fr. Jett Villarin.jpg Jose Ramon Villarin Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Peace Jointly won with former US Vice President Al Gore as part of a team of climate scientists of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [3] , "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change" [4]
2010 Nobel prize medal grey.png Liu Xiaobo Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China Peace First Asian Nobel laureate in prison
2011 Tawakkul Karman (2011).jpg Tawakkul Karman Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen Peace First Arab Woman and First Yemeni Nobel laureate
2014 Kailash Satyarthi March 2015.jpg Kailash Satyarthi Flag of India.svg  India Peace First Indian Nobel laureate in Peace
2014 Malala Yousafzai at Girl Summit 2014.jpg Malala Yousafzai Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Peace First Pakistani Woman Nobel laureate and youngest Nobel laureate
2018 Nadia Murad in Washington - 2018 (42733243785) (cropped).jpg Nadia Murad Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq Peace First Iraqi Nobel laureate

Economics

As of 2018, there are 3 Asian won Nobel Prize in Literature, with the Israeli taking the most of the 2 winners.

YearImageLaureateCountry at the time of the awardCategoryComment
1998 Amartya Sen , c2000 (4379246038).jpg Amartya Sen Flag of India.svg  India Economics First Asian and Indian Nobel laureate in Economics
2002 Daniel KAHNEMAN.jpg Daniel Kahneman Flag of Israel.svg  Israel and Flag of the United States.svg  United States Economic
2005 Robert Aumann 2010.jpg Robert Aumann Flag of Israel.svg  Israel and Flag of the United States.svg  United States Economic

Non-Asian born Laureates of Asian descent

Non-Asian Laureates born in Asia

References

  1. "Nobel Prize" (2007), in Encyclopædia Britannica , accessed 14 November 2007, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online:
    An additional award, the Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, was established in 1968 by the Bank of Sweden and was first awarded in 1969
  2. "All Nobel Laureates". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2010-03-01.
  3. "Aquino to swear in Ateneo's new president". ABS-CBN News. September 7, 2011. Retrieved November 20, 2018.
  4. "The Nobel Peace Prize for 2007". Oslo: The Norwegian Nobel Committee. 12 October 2007. Archived from the original on 2010-11-28. Retrieved 20 November 2018.