Hungarians have won 13 Nobel Prizes since 1905. The following is a complete list of Nobel laureates from Hungary:
|1905||Philipp Lenard||Physics||"for his work on cathode rays"|
|1914||Robert Bárány||Medicine||"for his work on the physiology and pathology of the vestibular apparatus"|
|1925||Richard Adolf Zsigmondy||Chemistry||"for his demonstration of the heterogeneous nature of colloid solutions and for the methods he used, which have since become fundamental in modern colloid chemistry"|
|1937||Albert Szent-Györgyi||Medicine||"for his discoveries in connection with the biological combustion processes, with special reference to vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid"|
|1943||George de Hevesy||Chemistry||"for his work on the use of isotopes as tracers in the study of chemical processes"|
|1961||Georg von Békésy||Medicine||"for his discoveries of the physical mechanism of stimulation within the cochlea"|
|1963||Eugene Wigner||Physics||"for his contributions to the theory of the atomic nucleus and the elementary particles, particularly through the discovery and application of fundamental symmetry principles"|
|1971||Dennis Gabor||Physics||"for his invention and development of the holographic method"|
|1986||John Polanyi||Chemistry||"for their contributions concerning the dynamics of chemical elementary processes"|
|1994||George Olah||Chemistry||"for his contribution to carbocation chemistry"|
|1994||John Harsanyi||Economics||"pioneering analysis of equilibria in the theory of non-cooperative games"|
|2002||Imre Kertész||Literature||"for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history"|
|2004||Avram Hershko||Chemistry||"for the discovery of ubiquitin-mediated protein degradation"|
The Nobel Prize is a set of annual international awards bestowed in several categories by Swedish and Norwegian institutions in recognition of academic, cultural, or scientific advances.
The Nobel Prize in Physics is a yearly award given by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences for those who have made the most outstanding contributions for humankind in the field of physics. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895 and awarded since 1901; the others being the Nobel Prize in Chemistry, Nobel Prize in Literature, Nobel Peace Prize, and Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine.
Imre Kertész was a Hungarian author and recipient of the 2002 Nobel Prize in Literature, "for writing that upholds the fragile experience of the individual against the barbaric arbitrariness of history". He was the first Hungarian to win the Nobel in Literature. His works deal with themes of Nazi Holocaust, dictatorship and personal freedom. He died on 31 March 2016, aged 86, at his home in Budapest after suffering from Parkinson's disease for several years.
The Abel Prize is a Norwegian prize awarded annually by the King of Norway to one or more outstanding mathematicians. It is named after Norwegian mathematician Niels Henrik Abel (1802–1829) and directly modeled after the Nobel Prizes. It comes with a monetary award of 6 million Norwegian Kroner (NOK).
Avram Hershko is a Hungarian-born Israeli biochemist and Nobel laureate in Chemistry.
The Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, commonly referred to as the Nobel Prize in Economics, is an award for outstanding contributions to the field of economics, and generally regarded as the most prestigious award for that field. The award's official name is The Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel.
The Nobel Prize in Chemistry is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences to scientists in the various fields of chemistry. It is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Alfred Nobel in 1895, awarded for outstanding contributions in chemistry, physics, literature, peace, and physiology or medicine. This award is administered by the Nobel Foundation, and awarded by Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences on proposal of the Nobel Committee for Chemistry which consists of five members elected by Academy. The award is presented in Stockholm at an annual ceremony on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel's death.
The Nobel Peace Prize is one of the five Nobel Prizes established by the will of Swedish industrialist, inventor, and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel, along with the prizes in Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine, and Literature. Since March 1901, it has been awarded annually to those who have "done the most or the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the holding and promotion of peace congresses".