Pakistan is home to 108 peaks above 7,000 metres and 4555 above 6,000 m. There is no count of the peaks above 5,000 and 4,000 m. Five of the 14 highest independent peaks in the world (the eight-thousanders) are in Pakistan (four of which lie in the surroundings of Concordia; the confluence of Baltoro Glacier and Godwin Austen Glacier). Most of the highest peaks in Pakistan lie in the Karakoram mountain range (which lies almost entirely in the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan, and is considered to be a part of the greater Himalayan range) but some peaks above 7,000 m are included in the Himalayan and Hindu Kush ranges. Moreover, Pakistan is home to over 7,000 glaciers, more than anywhere except the polar regions.
The list is an incomplete list of mountains in Pakistan. There are many named and unnamed peaks in Pakistan that are currently not included in this list. The list also includes many peaks that are not usually classed as independent mountains, but instead are considered sub-peaks of other mountains, due to having low topographic prominence. Also, many of the elevations listed are approximate, due to imprecise and inconsistent surveys. The ranks in the peaks above 7,000 metres (23,000 ft) are derived from the list of highest mountains.
The dividing line between a mountain with multiple peaks and separate mountains is not always clear (see Highest unclimbed mountain). A popular and intuitive way to distinguish mountains from subsidiary peaks is by their height above the highest saddle connecting it to a higher summit, a measure called topographic prominence or re-ascent (the higher summit is called the "parent peak"). A common definition of a mountain is a summit with 300 m prominence (1,000 ft; also 10 traditional rope lengths). Alternatively, a relative prominence (prominence or height) is used (usually 7–8%) to reflect that in higher mountain ranges everything is on a larger scale. The list of highest mountains ranks the highest 100 summits with at least 500 m prominence, approximating a 7% relative prominence. A drawback of a prominence-based list is that it may exclude well-known or spectacular mountains that happen to be connected via a high ridge to a taller summit. Many such peaks and mountains with less than sufficient prominence are included but not numbered in the list.
It is very unlikely that all the heights given are correct to the nearest meter; indeed, problems of definition of sea level can arise when a mountain is remote from the sea. Different sources often differ by many meters, and the heights given below may well differ from those elsewhere in Wikipedia. Many mountains in the Karakorum differ by over 100 metres on different maps. These discrepancies serve to emphasise the uncertainties in the listed heights.
Most of the highest mountains in Pakistan are located in the Karakoram range (the highest of which is K2, globally ranked 2nd, 8611m), some high mountains are in Himalaya (the highest of which is Nanga Parbat, globally ranked 9th, 8126 m) and Hindu Kush (the highest of which is Tirich Mir, globally ranked 33rd, 7708 m).
The locations of the highest mountains are shown on the composite satellite image of Karakoram and Hindu Kush below. The numbers refer to the global ranking in this "List of highest mountains". For clarity, lower peaks with labels overlapping higher peaks are left out of the main image.
Most of the high peaks in Pakistan lie specifically in Gilgit–Baltistan with the exception of a few 7,000+ m peaks in the high Hindu Kush (the peaks marked in the northwest most region of Pakistan).
The peak marked as number 9 is Nanga Parbat (8,125 m), which is the 2nd highest Himalayan peak in Pakistan. All other peaks above 8,000m are in the Baltoro Muztagh subrange of Karakoram.
|World Rank||Rank (Pakistan)||Name||Height (m)||Location|
|9||2||Nanga Parbat||8126||Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan|
|11||3||Gasherbrum I (K5)||8080||Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan|
|12||4||Broad Peak||8051||Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan|
|13||5||Gasherbrum II (K4)||8035||Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan|
|World Rank||Rank (Pakistan)||Name||Height (m)||Location||Sub-Range|
|Gasherbrum III (K3a)||7952||Karakoram||Baltoro Muztagh|
|17||6||Gasherbrum IV (K3)||7925|
|22||9||Masherbrum (K1)||7821||Masherbrum Mountains|
|25||10||Batura I||7795||Batura Muztagh|
|Batura II||7762||Batura Muztagh|
|31||Saltoro Kangri||7742||Saltoro Mountains|
|Batura III||7729||Batura Muztagh|
|33||13||Tirich Mir||7708||Hindu Kush|
|36||14||Chogolisa I||7665||Karakoram||Masherbrum u|
|Batura IV||7594||Karakoram||Batura Muztagh|
|44||17||Skyang Kangri||7,545||Baltoro Muztagh|
|53||19||Pumari Chhish (W)||7492||Karakoram||Shimshal|
|54||20||Passu Sar||7476||Batura Muztagh|
|55||21||Yukshin Gardan Sar||7530||Shimshal|
|58||23||Malubiting (W)||7458||Rakaposhi-Haramosh Mountains|
|Muchu Chhish||7453||Batura Muztagh|
|63||25||Sia Kangri||7422||Baltoro Muztagh|
|66||27||Skil Brum||7420||Baltoro Muztagh|
|69||30||Ghent Kangri||7400||Karakoram||Saltoro Mountains|
|70||31||Ultar Sar||7388||Batura Muztagh|
|74||33||Sherpi Kangri||7380||Saltoro Mountains|
|82||36||Baltoro Kangri||7280||Masherbrum Mountains|
|Bojohagur Duanasir I||7329||Batura Muztagh|
|Gasherbrum V||7321||Baltoro Muztagh|
|Passu Diar||7295||Batura Muztagh|
|87||38||Baintha Brakk (The Ogre)||7285||Panmah Muztagh|
|89||40||Baltistan Peak (K6)||7282||Masherbrum Mountains|
|91||41||Muztagh Tower||7273||Baltoro Muztagh|
|104||43||Malungutti Sar (Mulungutti)||7207||Shimshal|
|109||44||Lupghar Sar (Central)||7200||Shimshal|
|Snow Dome||7160||Baltoro Muztagh|
|Latok I||7151||Panmah Muztagh|
|Kampir Dior||7143||Batura Muztagh|
|Kunyang Chhish N||7108||Hispar Muztagh|
|Udren Zom||7108||Hindu Kush|
|Ghenta Peak||7090||Batura Muztagh|
|Rakhiot Peak||7070||Himalaya||Nanga Parbat Group|
|Sangemarmar Sar||7050||Karakoram||Batura Muztagh|
|Link Sar||7041||Masherbrum Mountains|
|Spantik (Golden Peak)||7027||Spantik-Sosbun Mountains|
|Akher Chhish||7020||Hindu Kush|
|Mohsin Mir||7004||Baltoro Muztagh|
|Laila Peak||6986||Karakoram||Haramosh Valley, Chogurunma Glacier|
|Beka Brakai Chhok||6882|
|Koyo Zom||6871||Hindu Raj||Pechus Glacier|
|Angel Sar||6858||K2 and Concordia|
|Chongra Peak||6830||Himalaya||Nanga Parbat|
|Seiri Porkush||6771||Batura Glacier|
|Thui I||6660||Hindu Raj||Ponarillo Glacier|
|Gul Lasht Zom||6657||Lutkho Valley|
|Ganalo Peak||6606||Himalaya||Nanga Parbat|
|Buni Zom||6550||Hindu Raj||Booni,Chitral|
|Thui II||6523||Shetor Glacier, Thui Pass|
|Ghamubar I||6518||Ghamu Bar Glacier|
|Ghamubar II||6432||Hindu Raj||Ghamubar Glacier|
|Trango Towers||6363||Baltoro Muztagh|
|Namika Peak||6325||Hushe and Shyok Valleys|
|Urdukas I||6320||Baltoro Glacier|
|Shimshal Whitehorn (odver sar)||6303||Shimshal|
|Bullah||6294||Braldu River Valley|
|Mango Gusor||6288||Braldu River Valley|
|Gama Sokha Lumbu||6282|
|Urdukas II||6280||Baltoro Glacier|
|Hunza Peak||6270||Hunza Valley|
|Marbal Peak||6256||Baltoro Glacier and Concordia|
|Ghuchhar Sar||6249||Hindu Kush|
|Garmush||6244||Garmush Glacier, Darkot|
|Blatts Yaz||6191||Hindu Kush||Ghamubar Glacier, Darkot|
|Bilchar Dubani||6134||Karakoram||Bagrot Valley|
|Urdukas III||6130||Baltoro Glacier|
|Chikar Zom||6110||Hindu Raj||Chatebori Glacier|
|Uli Biaho Tower||6109||Karakoram||Braldu River Valley|
|Laila Peak||6096||Gondogoro Glacier, Hushe Valley|
|Ilford Peak||6080||Khane Valley|
|Balti Peak||6050||Hushe Valley|
|Mitre Peak||6025||Karakoram||Baltoro Muztagh, Concordia|
|Bublimating (Ladyfinger)||6000||Ultar Peak, Hunza Valley|
|Laila Peak||5971||Himalaya||Rupal Valley|
|Falak Sar||5957||Swat Valley|
|Urdukas IV||5900||Karakoram||Baltoro Glacier|
|Shani Peak||5887||Naltar, Shani Glacier|
|Chari Khand||5886||Naltar Valley|
|Quz Sar (Kuz Sar Peak)||5854||Shimshal|
|Cathedral Peak||5828||Baltoro Glacier|
|Khaltar Peak||5798||Naltar Valley|
|Bat Koshi||5791||Baltar Glacier, Hunza|
|Trident Peak (Pakistan)||5780||Khane Valley|
|Mankial||5726||Hindu Kush||Swat Valley|
|Lobsang Spire||5707||Karakoram||Baltoro Glacier|
|Twin Peaks South||5700||Pakora Pass|
|Borit Sar||5640||Karakoram||Batura Glacier, Gojal|
|Mehrbani Peak||5639||Chaprot Pass|
|Buldar Peak||5602||Himalaya||Nanga Parbat|
|Shinlep Bluk||5517||Braldu River Valley|
|Khiatar Peak||5454||Naltar Valley|
|Godeli Peak||5325||Bagrot-Haramosh Valleys|
|Malika Parbat||5290||Himalaya||Kaghan Valley|
|Jalipur Peak South||5215||Nanga Parbat|
|Rush Pari Peak||5098||Nagar Valley|
|Tusserpo La||5084||Karakoram||Hushe Valley and Shyok Valleys|
|Khas Kamur||5048||Naltar Valley|
|Snow Dome||5029||Chaprot Pass|
|Sasai Khand||5001||Naltar Valley|
|Mount Sikaram||4761||Safed Koh, Hindu Kush||Parachinar|
|Marpo Chungi||4695||Karakoram||Shigar Valley|
|Naltar Peak||4678||Naltar Valley|
|Thalle La||4572||Hushe and Shyok Valleys|
|Busper Peak||4564||Braldu River Valley|
|Jabardar||4511||Himalaya||Fairy Meadows, Jalipur|
|Dianyor Peak||4358||Karakoram||Dianyor Village, Gilgit|
|Churko Peak||4211||Himalaya||Siren Valley, Mansehra|
|Musa ka Musalla||4100||Himalaya||Kaghan Valley/Siran Valley|
|Highest peak Dwasari||3700+ m||Buner District|
|Highest peak Elum||3600+ m)|
|Pir Ghar Highest peak, Waziristan mountains||3,596m||Bospa Region||, South Waziristan|
|Highest peak, Looi Sar Naikan||3,578 m||Sulaiman Mountains||Zarghoon Ghar, Quetta|
|Makra Peak||3,885 m||Himalayas||Kaghan|
|Ganga Choti||3,044 m||Pir Panjal||Bagh|
|Pir Kanthi||3,321 m||Bagh|
|Highest peak, Loai Saar||3,472 m||Sulaiman Mountains||Koh-i-Takatu, Quetta|
|Highest peak, Lwarrh Saar||3,194 m||Koh-i-Chiltan, Quetta|
|Highest peak, Salore Ghasha||3,184 m||Koh-i-Murdaar, Quetta|
|Takht-i-Sulaiman||3,487 m||East of Quetta|
|Sadozaitop||3,449 m||Toba Kakar Range|
In geography and geology, a cliff is a vertical, or nearly vertical, rock exposure. Cliffs are formed as erosion landforms by the processes of weathering and erosion. Cliffs are common on coasts, in mountainous areas, escarpments and along rivers. Cliffs are usually formed by rock that is resistant to weathering and erosion. Sedimentary rocks most likely to form cliffs include sandstone, limestone, chalk, and dolomite. Igneous rocks such as granite and basalt also often form cliffs.
The Karakoram is a mountain range spanning the borders of China, India, and Pakistan, with the northwest extremity of the range extending to Afghanistan and Tajikistan; its highest 15 mountains are all based in Pakistan. It begins in the Wakhan Corridor (Afghanistan) in the west, encompasses the majority of Gilgit-Baltistan, and extends into Ladakh and Aksai Chin. It is the second highest mountain range in the world and part of the complex of ranges including the Pamir Mountains, the Hindu Kush and the Himalayan Mountains. The Karakoram has eighteen summits over 7,500 m (24,600 ft) height, with four of them exceeding 8,000 m (26,000 ft): K2, the second highest peak in the world at 8,611 m (28,251 ft), Gasherbrum I, Broad Peak and Gasherbrum II.
Muztagh Tower, also: Mustagh Tower; Muztagh: ice tower), is a mountain in the Baltoro Muztagh, part of the Karakoram range in Baltistan on the border of the Gilgit–Baltistan region of Pakistan and the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region of China. It stands between the basins of the Baltoro and Sarpo Laggo glaciers.
Masherbrum is located in the Ghanche District, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan. At 7,821 metres (25,659 ft) it is the 22nd highest mountain in the world and the 9th highest in Pakistan. It was the first mapped peak in the Karakoram mountain range, hence the designation "K1".
Chogolisa is a trapezoidal mountain in the Karakoram range in the Gilgit-Baltistan region of Pakistan. It lies near the Baltoro Glacier in the Concordia region, which is home to some of the highest peaks of the world. Chogolisa has several peaks: the highest, on the SW face, rises to 7,668 metres (25,157 ft); the second highest at 7,654 metres on the NE side is the one named Bride Peak by Martin Conway in 1892.
Baltistan, also known as Baltiyul or Little Tibet, is a mountainous region in Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan-administered Kashmir. It is located near the Karakoram mountains just south of K2, and borders Gilgit to the west, China's Xinjiang to the north, Ladakh to the southeast, and the Kashmir Valley to the southwest. Its average altitude is over 3,350 metres (10,990 ft).
The Karakoram Highway is a 1,300 km (810 mi) national highway which extends from Hasan Abdal in the Punjab province of Pakistan to the Khunjerab Pass in Gilgit-Baltistan, where it crosses into China and becomes China National Highway 314. The highway connects the Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa plus Gilgit-Baltistan with China's Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region. The highway is a popular tourist attraction and is one of the highest paved roads in the world, passing through the Karakoram mountain range, atat maximum elevation of 4,714 m (15,466 ft) near Khunjerab Pass. Due to its high elevation and the difficult conditions in which it was constructed, it is often referred to as the Eighth Wonder of the World. The highway is also a part of the Asian Highway AH4.
Kunyang Chhish or Kunyang Chhish is the second-highest mountain in the Hispar Muztagh, a subrange in the Karakoram mountains in Pakistan. An alternate variation of the name is Kunyang Kish. Its height, also sometimes given as 7,823 metres (25,666 ft), is ranked 21st in the world and 8th in Pakistan.
Batura Sar, also referred to as Batura I, is the 25th highest mountain on earth and the 10th highest in Pakistan. It is the highest peak of the Batura Muztagh, which is the westernmost subrange of the Karakoram range. It forms the apex of the Batura Wall, which is a continuously high part of the backbone of the Batura Muztagh.
The Baltoro Muztagh is a subrange of the Karakoram mountain range, in Baltistan region of the Gilgit-Baltistan, northernmost political entity of Pakistan; and in Xinjiang, China. The crest of the range forms part of the Pakistan-China border.
The Masherbrum Mountains are a subrange of the Karakoram mountain range, in Ghanche District, Baltistan region of the Gilgit-Baltistan province in northern Pakistan.
Rakhiot Peak is a peak in the Himalayas range of the Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. It is one of the many subsidiary summits of the Nanga Parbat massif.
The Saltoro Mountains are a subrange of the Karakoram Range. They are located in the southeast Karakoram on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier, one of the two longest glaciers outside the polar regions. The name given to this range is shared with the Saltoro Valley which is located to the west of this range, downslope on the Pakistan side of the Saltoro Range which generally follows the Actual Ground Position Line. Saltoro Kangri peak, Saltoro River, and Saltoro Valley are features on this range. Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL) between India held and Pakistan held area runs through this range where higher peaks and passes of disputed Siachen area are held by India and Pakistan occupies the lower peaks and valleys.
Gasherbrum V is a mountain in the Gasherbrum massif, located in the Karakoram range of Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan.
Gilgit-Baltistan has been under Pakistan administration since 1947 and was given self-governing status on August 29, 2009. Gilgit-Baltistan comprises 10 districts within three divisions. The four districts of Skardu Kharmang Shigar and Ghanche are in the Baltistan Division, four districts of Gilgit Ghizer Hunza and Nagar districts which were carved out of Gilgit District are in the Gilgit Division and the third division is Diamir, comprising Chilas and Astore. The main political centres are the towns of Gilgit and Skardu.
Chongra Peak is a peak in the Himalaya range of Asia. Located in Gilgit–Baltistan, Pakistan, it is one of the many subsidiary summits of the Nanga Parbat massif. The peak lies just south of the Indus River, in Pakistan. Not far to the north is the western end of the Karakoram range.
Safar Hai Shart is a travelogue television show on-air on Express News. The show was hosted by Waqar Ahmed Malik and Mukkaram Kaleem. Safar Hai Shart was an exclusive travelogue produced by Waqar Ahmed Malik, completed on nothing but motorbikes. Two guys on bikes explored the wonders of the Karakoram Highway in Pakistan. The Karakoram Highway (KKH) is the highest paved international road in the world and often known as 9th wonder of the world. The travels started from Rawalpindi and end on Khunjerab Pass, the highest paved international border crossing in the world and the highest point on the Karakoram Highway. The show comprises the adventure, thrill and depiction of native culture of Kohistan, Gilgit and Hunza. Safar Hai Shart also showed Nanga Parbat and the related expedition stories specially of Hermann Buhl, Reinhold Messner in 6th and 7th episodes. This program was produced with the cooperation of Frontier Works Organisation and World Wide Fund for Nature.
Tourism in Gilgit-Baltistan, an administrative unit of Pakistan, focuses on the mountains. Gilgit-Baltistan borders Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province to the west, a small portion of the Wakhan Corridor of Afghanistan to the north, Xinjiang, China to the northeast, the Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to the southeast, and the Pakistani-administered state of Azad Kashmir to the south.
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