Main Street (Hamilton, Ontario)

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Main Street, looking East MainEastHamilton.JPG
Main Street, looking East

Main Street is a street in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Hamilton, Ontario City in Ontario, Canada

Hamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario. An industrialized city in the Golden Horseshoe at the west end of Lake Ontario, Hamilton has a population of 536,917, and its census metropolitan area, which includes Burlington and Grimsby, has a population of 747,545. The city is 58 miles (93 km) southwest of Toronto, with which the Greater Toronto and Hamilton Area (GTHA) is formed.

Contents

History

Landed Banking & Loan Co. Building, Main Street East LandedBankingLoanHamilton.JPG
Landed Banking & Loan Co. Building, Main Street East
John Sopinka Courthouse, Main Street East JohnSopinkaCourthouse.JPG
John Sopinka Courthouse, Main Street East

Main Street was originally called Court Street, after the first courthouse that stood on it. It is now called Main Street because it formed the "main" concession line of Barton Township. [1]

On June 20, 1877, the first commercial telephone service in Canada began in Hamilton, Ontario. [2] Hugh Cossart Baker, Jr. learned of Alexander Graham Bell's invention in 1877 at the Philadelphia International Exposition and from there decided to test the communication tool in Hamilton. [3] Hugh Cossart Baker Jr. is credited with making the first telephone exchange in the British Empire from an office building (Exchange Building) at the corner of James and Main Street East which still stands there today (March 2007). [3]

Alexander Graham Bell scientist and inventor known for his work on the telephone

Alexander Graham Bell was a Scottish-born American inventor, scientist, and engineer who is credited with inventing and patenting the first practical telephone. He also co-founded the American Telephone and Telegraph Company (AT&T) in 1885.

British Empire States and dominions ruled by the United Kingdom

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states. It originated with the overseas possessions and trading posts established by England between the late 16th and early 18th centuries. At its height, it was the largest empire in history and, for over a century, was the foremost global power. By 1913, the British Empire held sway over 412 million people, 23% of the world population at the time, and by 1920, it covered 35,500,000 km2 (13,700,000 sq mi), 24% of the Earth's total land area. As a result, its political, legal, linguistic and cultural legacy is widespread. At the peak of its power, the phrase "the empire on which the sun never sets" was often used to describe the British Empire, because its expanse around the globe meant that the sun was always shining on at least one of its territories.

In 1925, The first traffic lights in Canada went into operation at the Delta. (11 June 1925). [4]

McMaster University arrived in Hamilton in 1930 from Bloor Street in Toronto. The total student population at McMaster University is well over 27,000. Almost two-thirds of the students come from outside the immediate Hamilton region. [5]

McMaster University public research university in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

McMaster University is a public research university in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. The main McMaster campus is on 121 hectares of land near the residential neighbourhoods of Ainslie Wood and Westdale, adjacent to the Royal Botanical Gardens. It operates six academic faculties: the DeGroote School of Business, Engineering, Health Sciences, Humanities, Social Science, and Science. It is a member of the U15, a group of research-intensive universities in Canada.

Bloor Street major thoroughfare in Toronto

Bloor Street is a major east–west residential and commercial thoroughfare in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Bloor Street runs from the Prince Edward Viaduct, which spans the Don River Valley, westward into Mississauga where it ends at Central Parkway. East of the viaduct, Danforth Avenue continues along the same right-of-way. The street, approximately 25 kilometres (16 mi) long, contains a significant cross-sample of Toronto's ethnic communities. It is also home to Toronto's famous shopping street, the Mink Mile.

Toronto Provincial capital city in Ontario, Canada

Toronto is the provincial capital of Ontario and the most populous city in Canada, with a population of 2,731,571 as of 2016. Current to 2016, the Toronto census metropolitan area (CMA), of which the majority is within the Greater Toronto Area (GTA), held a population of 5,928,040, making it Canada's most populous CMA. The city is the anchor of the Golden Horseshoe, an urban agglomeration of 9,245,438 people surrounding the western end of Lake Ontario. Toronto is an international centre of business, finance, arts, and culture, and is recognized as one of the most multicultural and cosmopolitan cities in the world.

Built in 1931, Westdale Secondary School was immediately deemed the largest composite school in the British Empire, having cost $1.3 million to build and consisting of 4.7 hectares of building, grounds and athletic fields. [6]

Westdale Secondary School High school in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Westdale Secondary School is a public high school founded in 1931 in Hamilton, Ontario. It is a school in the city of Hamilton and is located in Westdale Village, a suburb in the west-end of the city. It is administered by the Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board. Westdale is also the most populated public high school in Hamilton, Ontario.

Landmarks

Convention Centre & Hamilton Place Auditorium HamiltonPlaceConvention.JPG
Convention Centre & Hamilton Place Auditorium

Note: Listing of Landmarks from West to East.

Communities

Delta Secondary School DeltaHamilton.JPG
Delta Secondary School

Note: Listing of neighbourhoods from West to East. [8]

Parallel roads

Railway line at Main East, near Gage Avenue MainAndGageRailline.JPG
Railway line at Main East, near Gage Avenue
Railway line at Main East, near Gage Avenue MainAndGageRaillineA.JPG
Railway line at Main East, near Gage Avenue

Lower City Roads:

Niagara Escarpment (Mountain) Roads:

Intersecting roads

The Delta, where King & Main Streets cross over TheDeltaHamilton.JPG
The Delta, where King & Main Streets cross over

Note: Listing of streets from West to East.

Related Research Articles

Ancaster—Dundas—Flamborough—Westdale federal electoral district in Ontario

Ancaster—Dundas—Flamborough—Westdale was a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 2004 until the electoral boundaries were redrawn for the 2015 election.

Hamilton East was a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada. It was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1904 to 2004. It consisted of the eastern part of the city of Hamilton, Ontario. It is considered a working class district.

Queen Street (Hamilton, Ontario) street in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Queen Street is a Lower City arterial road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts off at Beckett Drive, a mountain-access road in the city and is a two-way street up to Herkimer Street and a one-way street (Southbound) the rest of the way north up to the Canadian National Railway Yard where the road turns right, merging with Stuart Street which travels in a west–east direction.

Gage Avenue (Hamilton, Ontario)

Gage Avenue is a Lower City arterial road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts off at Lawrence Road at the base of the Niagara Escarpment (mountain) at the south end of Gage Park. It is a two-way arterial road that extends north through the city's North End industrial neighbourhood and ends at Industrial Drive.

Parkdale Avenue (Hamilton, Ontario)

Parkdale Avenue, is a Lower City arterial road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts off just South of Lawrence Road at Hixon Road and is a two-way street throughout, stretching northward through the city's North End industrial neighbourhood and ends just north of the Nikola Tesla Boulevard East overpass at the front gates of Triple M Metal LP, a scrap & waste management company.

Nash Road is a Lower City street in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts off at King Street East in front of the Father Sean O'Sullivan Memorial Park and is a two-way collector road throughout that extends north to the Nashdale neighbourhood past Bancroft Street where it then hangs a right and turns into Brampton Street, a road that runs parallel with the northern portion of the Red Hill Valley Parkway and the Queen Elizabeth Expressway. After the 90 degree bend, the street signage labels the street as Nash Road where it intersects with Kenora Avenue, although all maps call that street Brampton Street. Nash Road then continues north of the QEW and ends shortly thereafter at Van Wagners Beach Road, the site of Confederation Park.

Barton Street (Hamilton, Ontario) arterial road in the Lower City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

Barton Street is an arterial road in the Lower City of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It's also the longest street (21.0 km) in the city. It starts off at the Western end of town at Locke Street North and is a two-way street that stretches eastward through a number of different and varied communities in the city and ends in Winona at Fifty Road just West of the Hamilton/Niagara regional boundary. The street is divided in East and West portions, divided by James Street. However, the East designation does not continue through Stoney Creek, which was a separate municipality prior to amalgamation in 2001. There, the street still retains its original address numbering system, and numbers reset at the former city limits at Centennial Parkway.

Cannon Street (Hamilton, Ontario) collector road in Hamilton, Ontario

Cannon Street, is a Lower City collector road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts off at Queen Street North as a one-way street (Westbound) up to Sherman Avenue North where it then switches over to a two-way street the rest of the way Eastward and ends just past Kenilworth Avenue North on Barons Avenue and merges with Britannia Avenue, a street that runs parallel with Cannon Street from Ottawa Street North to Barons Avenue.

Wilson Street (Hamilton, Ontario)

Wilson Street is a Lower City collector road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts off at James Street North and works its way East and ends at Sherman Avenue North. The section between James Street and Ferguson Avenue was a one-way road, but was converted to a two-way street at 10 am on December 10, 2010.

King Street (Hamilton, Ontario) road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada

King Street is a Lower City arterial road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, also known as Highway 8. The western-end starts off in front of the McMaster University Medical Centre as a two-way street and passes through Westdale. At Paradise Road, King Street switches over to a one-way street (westbound) right through the city's core up to "the Delta", a spot in town where King and Main streets intersect. From the Delta onwards, King Street then switches over to become a two-way street again and ends at Highway 8 in Stoney Creek.

Jackson Street (Hamilton, Ontario) street in Hamilton, Ontario

Jackson Street, is a Lower City collector road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts off West of Locke Street South at Jackson Playground as a one-way street (Westbound) up to Queen Street South where it then switches over to a two-way street and is interrupted at Bay Street South the site of the Hamilton City Hall and the Canadian Football Hall of Fame (museum), resumes again East of the property on MacNab Street South and then ends at Wellington Street South.

Charlton Avenue (Hamilton, Ontario) street in Ontario, Canada

Charlton Avenue, is a Lower City collector road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. This collector road starts off just West of Dundurn Street as a one-way street (Westbound) up to James Street South where it then switches over to a two-way street the rest of the way eastward and ends at Wentworth Street South right in front of Mountain Face Park and the Escarpment Rail Trail.

Aberdeen Avenue road in Ontario

Aberdeen Avenue is a Lower City minor arterial road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts off just West of Longwood Road South and East of Highway 403 as a two-way thoroughfare up to Queen Street South where it then switches over to a one-way collector road (Eastbound) to Bay Street South and then to another two-way section from Bay Street to James Mountain Road, a mountain-access road in the city near the base of the Niagara Escarpment (mountain).

Cochrane Road (Hamilton, Ontario) street in Hamilton, Canada

Cochrane Road is a two-way Lower City collector road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts off at the Queenston Traffic Circle and travels South between the Bartonville and Glenview neighbourhoods right through to the Rosedale neighbourhood where it ends at Greenhill Avenue in front of Rosedale Park. From this point onwards the road is now known as Whitehouse Road and weaves its way through King's Forest Golf Course and King's Forest Park.

Queenston Road is a two-way Lower City arterial road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. Also known as Highway 8. It starts off at the Queenston Traffic Circle and travels eastward over the Red Hill Valley Parkway and into Stoney Creek past the Fruitland and Winona communities and into Niagara Region as Niagara Regional Road 81.

Limeridge Road is a two-way Upper City (mountain) collector road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts off just West of Garth Street/William McCulloch Park as Limeridge Court and cuts across the Hamilton mountain eastward running parallel with the Lincoln M. Alexander Parkway and ends at Mountain Brow Boulevard, South of Mohawk Sports Park in front of Upper King's Forest Park.

Upper Wellington Street is an Upper City (mountain) arterial road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts at the Jolley Cut, a mountain-access road to the north, beside Sam Lawrence Park and extends southward past Rymal Road where it ends at the Mount Hamilton Cemetery. It is a two-way street throughout. As with most of the "Upper" streets, their addresses start at roughly the point where their lower counterpart finishes just below the Escarpment and were originally labelled without the "Upper" prefix.

Upper Gage Avenue is a Hamilton Mountain arterial road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts off at Concession Street in front of Mountain Drive Park and works its way southward and ends just past Rymal Road beside Broughton West Park 2. It is a two-way street throughout. Upper Gage starts at roughly the point where its lower counterpart Gage Avenue finishes just below the Escarpment and was originally labelled without the "upper" prefix.

Upper Paradise Road is an Upper City (mountain) collector road in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It starts off just north of Scenic Drive by Cliffview Park and extends southward where it ends just south of Rymal Road beside Carpenter Park. It is a two-way street throughout.

References

  1. Manson, Bill (2003). Footsteps In Time: Exploring Hamilton's heritage neighbourhoods. North Shore Publishing Inc. ISBN   1-896899-22-6.
  2. "Chronology of the Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Ontario" . Retrieved 2007-03-26.
  3. 1 2 Houghton, Margaret (2003). The Hamiltonians, 100 Fascinating Lives . James Lorimer & Company Ltd., Publishers Toronto. p.  6. ISBN   1-55028-804-0.
  4. Houghton, Margaret (2006). Vanished Hamilton Calendar. North Shore Publishing. ISBN   1-896899-39-0.
  5. "McMaster's Economic Impact on the Hamilton Community". McMaster University. Archived from the original on 2006-11-13. Retrieved 2007-04-23.
  6. "Celebrity High: Westdale Secondary Alumni" (Press release). The Hamilton Spectator. 2006-05-19. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-04-21.
  7. Bailey, Thomas Melville (1981). Dictionary of Hamilton Biography (Vol I, 1791-1875). W.L. Griffin Ltd.
  8. "Hamilton Neighbourhood Boundaries, (map.hamilton.ca)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-05-11.