Names of places in Finland in Finnish and in Swedish

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Two names for the same city on a Finnish road sign. Ajokaistan ylapuolinen viitta 631a.svg
Two names for the same city on a Finnish road sign.

Finland has two official languages, Finnish and Swedish. Many places in the country have different names in Finnish and Swedish, both being official endonyms.

Contents

Regions

English name (often the same as the Finnish name)Finnish nameSwedish name
Central Finland Keski-SuomiMellersta Finland
Central Ostrobothnia Keski-PohjanmaaMellersta Österbotten
Kainuu KainuuKajanaland
Kymenlaakso KymenlaaksoKymmenedalen
Lapland LappiLappland
North Karelia Pohjois-KarjalaNorra Karelen
North Ostrobothnia Pohjois-PohjanmaaNorra Österbotten
Pohjois-Savo Pohjois-SavoNorra Savolax
Ostrobothnia PohjanmaaÖsterbotten
Päijät-Häme Päijät-HämePäijänne-Tavastland
Pirkanmaa PirkanmaaBirkaland
Satakunta SatakuntaSatakunta
South Karelia Etelä-KarjalaSödra Karelen
South Ostrobothnia Etelä-PohjanmaaSödra Österbotten
Etelä-Savo Etelä-SavoSödra Savolax
Southwest Finland Varsinais-SuomiEgentliga Finland
Kanta-Häme Kanta-HämeEgentliga Tavastland
Uusimaa UusimaaNyland
Åland Islands [1] AhvenanmaaÅland

Municipalities

Some Finnish municipalities with endonyms in both Finnish and Swedish, the majority language of the municipality stands first:

Districts in cities and towns

Helsinki

See also

Related Research Articles

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Helsinki has a total area of 686 km2 (265 sq mi). 186 km2 (72 sq mi) of it is land and 500 km2 (190 sq mi) of the area is covered with water. It is located at 60°10′N24°56′E.

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Krepost Sveaborg

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History of the Helsinki tram system aspect of history

Helsinki is Finland's only remaining city with tram traffic. Two other cities—Turku (see Turku tram) and Vyborg —have had tram systems. Vyborg abandoned its trams in 1957 after it was ceded to the Soviet Union after the end of World War II. Turku withdrew its trams in 1972.

References

  1. Do note status as only autonomous region: Åland will officially only accept Swedish language.