Windsor, Colorado

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Windsor, Colorado
Windsor, CO.jpg
Larimer County and Weld County Colorado Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Windsor Highlighted 0885485.svg
Location of Windsor in Larimer County and Weld County, Colorado.
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Windsor
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°28′38″N104°54′43″W / 40.47722°N 104.91194°W / 40.47722; -104.91194 Coordinates: 40°28′38″N104°54′43″W / 40.47722°N 104.91194°W / 40.47722; -104.91194
CountryUnited States
State Colorado
Counties [1] Larimer, Weld
Platted 1882
Incorporated April 2, 1890 [2]
Government
  Type Home Rule Municipality [1]
   Mayor Paul Rennemeyer [3]
Area
[4]
  Total26.26 sq mi (68.02 km2)
  Land25.08 sq mi (64.96 km2)
  Water1.18 sq mi (3.06 km2)
Elevation
[5]
4,797 ft (1,462 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total18,644
  Estimate 
(2019) [6]
30,477
  Density1,215.24/sq mi (469.20/km2)
Time zone UTC−7 (Mountain (MST))
  Summer (DST) UTC−6 (MDT)
ZIP codes [7]
80528, 80550-80551
Area code(s) 970
FIPS code 08-85485
GNIS feature ID 0204693
Website Town of Windsor

Windsor is a Home Rule Municipality in Larimer and Weld counties in the U.S. state of Colorado. [8] According to the 2010 census, the population of the town was 18,644. [9] Windsor is located in the region known as Northern Colorado. Windsor is situated 59 miles (95 km) north of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver.

Contents

History

In 1873, a settler named J.L. Hilton built a small house situated half-way between Greeley and Fort Collins. The “half-way” house, as it became known, directed travelers along a route, which was soon adopted by the Greeley, Salt Lake and Pacific railway. The railroad brought investors and farmers to Windsor in increasing numbers. Windsor's rich alluvial plains lent themselves to extensive wheat production and the establishment of one of the town's first commercial enterprises, a flour mill, which through a subsequent fire in 1899, was rebuilt and became the Windsor Milling and Elevator Company.

A rich wheat farming district, the area around Windsor first drew permanent residents in the early 1870s. Two factors were to play a critical role in stimulating Windsor's early development: irrigation and the railroad. Irrigation increased crop variety and production and the railroad shipped this bounty to market. The town was platted in 1882, the same year the Windsor Railroad Depot was built, and incorporated in 1890. It was named for the Rev. Samuel Asa Windsor. [10] By 1900, tariffs on foreign sugar had created a market for new sources of sugar. Research in the improved cultivation of sugar beets was taking place at Colorado Agricultural College in Fort Collins, and the capital to advance production and manufacture of beet sugar was coming together. In 1903 a factory for producing sugar from sugar beets was built in Windsor. Sugar beet cultivation required large numbers of "stoop laborers," a need that was met by ethnic German immigrants from Russia. With large families and a strong work ethic, the German-Russians who settled in Windsor and other sugar beet areas would achieve financial success within one generation and own the highest producing beet farms. The Great Western Sugar Company fueled Windsor's economy through the mid-1960s, when the Windsor factory closed. Plentiful water and land drew Kodak to Windsor where it opened a manufacturing plant on the heels of the sugar factory's closing.

Kodak's opening spurred economic development in the town, and a population surge as the sugar beet factory closed. Later in the 1980s Metal Container Corporation (MCC) opened a can factory and Deline Box Company opened a factory, which closed in December 2010, that primarily served the Budweiser facility in Fort Collins, Colorado.

In the last two decades, its central location among the population centers of northern Colorado, together with its proximity to Interstate 25, have made it the site of rapid urban growth, particularly on the western edge of town, as it grows towards the interchange on I-25. In the 1990s, the town limits were westward into Larimer County. The incorporated town limits west of Interstate 25 are now contiguous with Loveland, and are separated from southeast Fort Collins by the Fossil Creek Open Space public lands of Larimer County acquired through a county-wide vote-approved sales tax.

In this century, there has been significant industrial development on the southeast side of town. Vestas has a wind turbine factory, and several related companies, Hexcel and Ice Energy have headquarters in Windsor. Owens Illinois has a glass factory that primarily serves the Budweiser facility in Fort Collins, Colorado. Windsor has also attracted digital services providers in recent years, such as farm management software provider Agworld whose North American headquarters is based here.

Windsor ranked No. 1 in a study [11] of the "Best Cities to Live in Colorado," from 2014. The town's low crime rate, ideal location and nearby amenities helped it beat out other favorable locations in the state.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.6 square miles (66 km2), of which, 24.33 square miles (63.0 km2) of it is land and 1.27 square miles (3.3 km2) of it is water.

The Cache la Poudre River runs through the west and south sides of town. It is approximately halfway between Fort Collins and Greeley on the BNSF Railway, and somewhat near the midpoint of a triangle formed by those two cities and Loveland. The town is bordered on the east by Greeley, on the northeast by Severance, on the northwest by Timnath, on the west by Fort Collins, the southwest by Loveland, and on the south by Johnstown. The town has a scenic view of Longs Peak and other Front Range mountain available throughout most all the town when looking to the west.

The main business district of town is east-west, along State Highway 392, which also serves as Windsor's Main Street. The BNSF line runs north of Main Street. The historic early grid of the town extends for roughly six blocks north and south of Main, and less than 10 blocks east and west, with a vibrant square green, called Main Park southeast of downtown. The park is surrounded by residences, and by the Town Hall (formerly Park School), at the north end.

In recent years, commercial development has extended to the Water Valley development, along State Highway 257, near the intersection with Windsor Lake, [12] a small reservoir in the irrigation system of Weld County, is one block north of the BNSF tracks. The lake is a popular spot for fishing. In the last decade, a 2.25 mile bike path was completed which circumscribes the lake. In addition to this reservoir, there are a number of other lakes and reservoirs that are former gravel mines along the Cache la Poudre river. These lakes have spurred housing developments and a golf course along their banks.

The Poudre Trail bicycle and pedestrian trail along the north bank of the Poudre includes a segment within the town of Windsor that connects the town with the City of Greeley.

Climate

Windsor experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk). High temperatures are generally around 85 °F (29 °C) in the summer and 42 °F (5 °C) in the winter, although there is significant variation. The hottest days generally occur in late July and the coldest in January. Nighttime lows are near 57 °F (14 °C) in the summer and around 15 °F (-9 °C) in the winter. Record high temperatures of 103 °F (39 °C) have been recorded, as have record low temperatures of -41 °F (-40 °C). The first freeze typically occurs around September 17, and the last often occurs in mid-May. The most precipitation typically occurs in May.

Extratropical cyclones which disrupt the weather for the eastern two-thirds of the US often originate in or near Colorado, which means Windsor does not experience many fully developed storm systems. Thunderstorms are frequent during summer afternoons. Windsor typically experience between 6 and 12 hail days per year and one of the highest concentrations of tornadic activity anywhere. The area where Colorado, Nebraska and Wyoming meet receives the most hail of any location in the United States. [13]

Some days in the winter and spring can be warm and extremely dry, with Chinook winds often raising temperatures to near 70 °F (21 °C) in January and February, and sometimes to near 90 °F (32 °C) in April. Windsor's elevation and low year-round humidity means that nighttime low temperatures are practically never above 68 °F (20 °C), even in the very hottest part of the summer. The diurnal temperature range is usually rather wide, with a 50-degree (Fahrenheit) difference between daytime high and nighttime low not uncommon, especially in the spring and fall months. Rapid fluctuation in temperature is also common – a sunny 80 °F (27 °C) October afternoon can easily give way to a 28 °F (-2 °C) blizzard within 12 hours.

Climate data for Windsor, Colorado
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)74
(23)
76
(24)
82
(28)
91
(33)
96
(36)
103
(39)
106
(41)
102
(39)
99
(37)
91
(33)
80
(27)
75
(24)
106
(41)
Average high °F (°C)41.9
(5.5)
46.6
(8.1)
53.9
(12.2)
61.4
(16.3)
70.6
(21.4)
80.9
(27.2)
86.2
(30.1)
84.4
(29.1)
76.5
(24.7)
64.9
(18.3)
50.6
(10.3)
44.0
(6.7)
63.5
(17.5)
Average low °F (°C)14.5
(−9.7)
19.2
(−7.1)
25.7
(−3.5)
33.2
(0.7)
42.7
(5.9)
51.4
(10.8)
56.8
(13.8)
55.0
(12.8)
46.2
(7.9)
35.2
(1.8)
22.8
(−5.1)
16.1
(−8.8)
34.9
(1.6)
Record low °F (°C)−25
(−32)
−20
(−29)
−4
(−20)
−3
(−19)
25
(−4)
35
(2)
42
(6)
41
(5)
17
(−8)
5
(−15)
−7
(−22)
−24
(−31)
−25
(−32)
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.31
(7.9)
0.23
(5.8)
0.84
(21)
1.79
(45)
2.20
(56)
2.03
(52)
1.33
(34)
1.01
(26)
1.07
(27)
0.89
(23)
0.61
(15)
0.41
(10)
12.72
(322.7)
Average snowfall inches (cm)6.8
(17)
5.9
(15)
10.8
(27)
4.9
(12)
1.1
(2.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.9
(2.3)
3.9
(9.9)
5.8
(15)
7.6
(19)
47.7
(120)
Source: NOAA [14]

2008 tornado

On May 22, 2008 at approximately 11:50 a.m., a tornado devastated the town and many areas of Weld County and Larimer County, killing one camper in his RV, and injuring 14 other people in its wake. The National Weather Service tornado damage assessments conducted on Friday May 23 and Saturday May 24 documented large areas of damage. On the Enhanced Fujita scale there were pockets of EF3 damage especially near the Missile Silo Park Campground west of Greeley and to homes and businesses in eastern Windsor. Wind estimates in the heavily damaged areas were as high as 130 to 150 mph. [15] While the time of year and location of the tornado were not unusual, the west to northwest path of the tornado was highly unusual, and the tornado occurred earlier in the day than is typical for the area. [15] The storm was preceded by golf-ball to baseball sized hail and heavy rain, with hail damaging a much larger area than the actual tornado.

Home in Windsor, CO severely damaged by tornado on May 22, 2008. Windsor-co-tornado-2008-05-22.jpg
Home in Windsor, CO severely damaged by tornado on May 22, 2008.

In addition to the damages to homes, the tornado damaged many businesses and government buildings. The winds knocked over 15 railroad cars, vehicles, and semi trucks. The tornado hit the Windmill Daycare Center; the staff and children all survived, suffering only minor cuts and bruises. The tornado caused extensive damage to the Windsor Milling and Elevator Co. Building, a building on the National Register of Historic Places. It would take nearly 10 years for the damage to be repaired. The tornado devastated many of the town's park and recreation facilities, including the cemetery, ball fields, swimming pool, the town's main park, and a new arts and heritage center.

The Red Cross housed several hundred individuals and arranged for housing of livestock in the immediate aftermath of the tornado. Governor Bill Ritter visited the Windsor area and declared a local state of emergency. The Colorado National Guard was dispatched to assist and protect the town. On May 26, 2008, President George W. Bush designated the area as a Federal disaster area. [16]

The tornado caused $193.5 million in damage from about 24,000 auto and homeowner claims. [17] The U. S. Small Business Administration (SBA) approved more than $3 million in disaster loans to individuals and businesses in Weld County who suffered damage from the storm. [18]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 173
1900 30576.3%
1910 935206.6%
1920 1,29038.0%
1930 1,85243.6%
1940 1,811−2.2%
1950 1,548−14.5%
1960 1,509−2.5%
1970 1,5643.6%
1980 4,277173.5%
1990 5,06218.4%
2000 9,89695.5%
2010 18,64488.4%
2019 (est.)30,477 [6] 63.5%
U.S. Decennial Census [19]

Historically, many of the town's inhabitants were of Germans-from-Russia origin. Beginning in the early 1970s, as the population grew with industrialization, the ethnic makeup diversified. The town's German-Russian heritage is still evident in the town's churches, festivals and traditions.

Population

Total Population: ~24,500

Male: ~12,495

Female: ~12,005

Age distribution

Youth (0–19 years): 29%

Young Adult (20–34 years): 16%

Middle Adulthood (35–54 years): 29%

Seniors (55+ years): 26%

Housing

Total Housing Units: 8,908

Owner Occupied: 7,126 (80% of total housing units)

Renter Occupied: 1,782 (20% of total housing units)

Vacant Housing : <178 (< 2% of total housing units)

Main Park in Windsor, CO Main Park 2 - Windsor CO.jpg
Main Park in Windsor, CO

Housing unit types

Single-family Detached: 82%

Single-family Attached: 7%

Multi-Family: 11%

Household

Median Household Income: $80,980

Persons per Household: 2.76

Education attainment (age 25+)

High School Graduate/GED or Higher: 97.6%

Bachelor's Degree: 27.7%

Graduate or professional degree: 17.1%

Top three employment industries

Manufacturing: 35.8%

Professional, Scientific and Technical Services (includes education): 10%

Health Care: 10%

Community and culture

Mass media

The town is served by two newspapers. The Windsor Beacon, a Gannett Co. paper, publishes Wednesdays and Fridays, and the Windsor Now, a Northern Colorado Communications Group paper, publishes Wednesdays. The Windsor Beacon first began publication as the Windsor Ledger in 1898. In 1902 the name changed to the Poudre Valley, and in 1946 to the Windsor Beacon. [20]

KUAD-FM 99.1 is a country music station owned by Townsquare Media Group. Prior to becoming a country music station, the station played Top 40 hits. The station's first broadcast location was at the corner of 5th and Main in Windsor.

Museums

The Town of Windsor operates two museums.

At the Boardwalk Park Museum visitors discover what makes Windsor unique as they walk through the 1882 train depot, 1886 schoolhouse and teacher's quarters, farm house, summer kitchen, beet shack, and chapel. Visitors of all ages learn about Windsor's American Indian bison kill site, early town settlement, and the expansion of Windsor during the sugar beet boom.

The Art & Heritage Center (AHC) is a hub for arts, culture, and history in Windsor, Colorado. The AHC hosts a number of art and history exhibits throughout the year, and provides opportunities for the community to participate in art and cultural programs for all ages.

Located at 121 N. 6th Street, the Windsor Severance Fire Rescue Museum houses many displays of the history of Windsor Fire Department, established in 1902. The fire department was dissolved as a division of the Town of Windsor and re-organized in 1950 as the Windsor Severance Fire Protection District. Today, the agency operates under the name of Windsor Severance Fire Rescue, which more accurately describes the mission of the organization. The displays are stored in a replica of a two-bay, 2,500-square-foot fire house constructed in 2009.

The Windsor Severance Fire Rescue Museum restores, preserves, and displays historic fire apparatus, tools, equipment, and memorabilia. Among the collection are three fire trucks which include a 1925 REO Speed Wagon Chemical Hose Wagon, a 1941 Howe International Engine, known as “The Indian,” and a 1951 Ford Howe Engine, all of which were owned by the agency at one time. The museum has hand-held, hand-drawn, and truck-carried chemical fire extinguishers on display, as well as glass fire grenades that were found in the community.

Windsor Lake facing West Windsor Lake CO - West ariel.jpg
Windsor Lake facing West

The town hosts a Summer Concert Series each summer, featuring local, regional and nationally known bands on Thursday evenings at the lakeside Boardwalk Park, complete with food vendors and a beer garden that serves locally brewed beer. The town also hosts a Farmers Market on Thursdays that begins at the end of June and runs until the end of September. Over Labor Day weekend, the town's largest event, Harvest Festival, provides a weekend full of activities, including a parade, carnival, concerts, hot air balloon festival, and home and garden fair.

Parks and recreation

The town has 25 developed and undeveloped parks, totaling over 200 acres. Main Park sits south of the town hall and features pickleball courts, basketball courts, sand volleyball courts, a playground and several picnic shelters. Boardwalk Park is adjacent to Windsor Lake, and features a barrier-free wheelchair-accessible playground, picnic shelters, swim beach, boating, fishing and a lake trail. Chimney Park, which features athletic fields, baseball diamonds and an outdoor swimming pool, sits on the eastern edge of town and includes property that was part of the Great Western Sugar factory. Eastman Park, adjacent to the Cache la Poudre River, features a skate park, picnic shelters, athletic fields, trails, playground, and off-leash dog park. Diamond Valley features baseball and softball diamonds.

The Windsor Community Recreation Center, adjacent to the police station and high school, offers classes, events, athletic leagues, senior recreation, and adaptive recreation for people with disabilities of all ages.

Windsor Lake is located at Boardwalk Park, 100 N. 5th Street, Windsor, CO. Take a walk, run, or bike ride around the Windsor Lake Trail which runs the perimeter of the lake, 2.25 miles around. Windsor Lake offers many opportunities for recreational activities including:

List of parks

  • Aberdour Park
  • Belmont Ridge Open Space
  • Bison Ridge Park
  • Boardwalk Community Park
  • Brunner Farm Park
  • Chimney Park
  • Covenant Park
  • Coyote Gulch Park
  • Diamond Valley Community Park
  • Eastman Park
  • Founders Green Park
  • Main Park
  • Northern Lights Park
  • Poudre Heights Park
  • Poudre Natural Area
  • Riverbend Natural Area
  • Windsor Highlands Park
  • Windsor Village Park
  • Windsor West Park

Arts and culture

The Windsor Art and Heritage Center hosts a variety of art shows of all mediums throughout the year and children, teen and adult programming. Located in the heart of downtown Windsor and directly across from Boardwalk Park, it is a perfect stop while on the way to the park.

In addition, the Boardwalk Park Museum boasts seven historical buildings, all original to Windsor and open to the public during the summer, including a historic train depot with caboose and freight car, schoolhouse, farmhouse with summer kitchen, beet shanty and prayer meeting house. Tours are available throughout the summer.

The Windsor Community Playhouse, founded in 1981, produces several theatrical productions each year. The Playhouse, located on the east side of town, is primarily a volunteer organization that produces shows ranging from Broadway blockbusters to children's shows. Owing to its close proximity to Fort Collins and Greeley, residents have easy access to productions and shows at the Unioenter, the Lincoln Center, as well as local dinner theaters.

Sports

Windsor will receive its first professional sports franchise of any kind in 2021, as the former Orem Owlz of the Independent Pioneer League will relocate to the new Future Legends Complex, a 2,800-seat stadium currently under construction, as part of a new agreement between the Pioneer League and Major League Baseball. The franchise is currently expected to be named the Northern Colorado Owlz. [21]

The Owlz will be the first professional baseball franchise to call Northern Colorado home since 1898, when nearby Fort Collins fielded a team in the short-lived Colorado State League. [22]

Notable people

Education

The town is served by three school districts, Windsor-Severance School District, Thompson Valley School District, and Poudre School District. Thompson Valley and Poudre serve students in the Larimer County portions of the town.

The Windsor-Severance school district has five elementary schools, two middle schools, one high school, one K-12 charter school, and an 18-21 transition program for students with disabilities.

SchoolYear OpenedGrades ServedMascot
Tozer Primary School1951pre-K-2Cougar
Mountain View Elementary19793-5Cougar
Skyview Elementary1982pre-K-5Falcon
Grandview Elementary2003pre-K-5Eagles
Rangeview Elementary2010pre-K-5Trailblazers
Windsor Middle School1976 (as WMS only)6-8Wizards
Severance Middle School20096-8Hawks
Windsor High School 19769-12Wizards
Windsor Charter Academny2001K-12Firebirds
W.E.S.T. Program2008ages 18–21Wizards

See also

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The North Central Colorado Urban Area comprises the four contiguous metropolitan statistical areas in the north central region of the State of Colorado: the Denver–Aurora Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Boulder Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Fort Collins-Loveland Metropolitan Statistical Area, and the Greeley Metropolitan Statistical Area. With the exception of southeastern Elbert County, southeastern Park County, and tiny portions of southern Douglas County, the entire North Central Colorado Urban Area is drained by the South Platte River and its tributaries. The North Central Colorado Urban Area is the central, and the most populous, of the three primary subregions of the Front Range Urban Corridor.

North Front Range Metropolitan Planning Organization

The North Front Range Metropolitan Planning Organization (NFRMPO) is an association of 15 local governments working together to improve regional transportation and air quality. The NFRMPO does long-range and short-range planning, and prioritizes which projects in those plans will receive state and federal funding. The goal of the NFRMPO is to enhance air quality and mobility among northern Colorado communities, and between the North Front Range and the Denver Metro area, by developing cooperative working relationships and financial partnerships among our member governments: Berthoud, Eaton, Evans, Fort Collins, Garden City, Greeley, Johnstown, Larimer County, LaSalle, Loveland, Milliken, Severance, Timnath, Weld County, and Windsor, the Colorado Department of Transportation (CDOT), Federal Highway Administration, the Federal Transit Administration (FTA), and the private sector, giving local governments a voice in regional transportation planning.

Front Range Urban Corridor Megaregion of the U.S. in the United States

The Front Range Urban Corridor is an oblong region of urban population located along the eastern face of the Southern Rocky Mountains, encompassing 18 counties in the US states of Colorado and Wyoming. The corridor derives its name from the Front Range, the mountain range that defines the western boundary of the corridor which serves as a gateway to the Rocky Mountains. The region comprises the northern portion of the Southern Rocky Mountain Front geographic area, which in turn comprises the southern portion of the Rocky Mountain Front geographic area of Canada and the United States. The Front Range Urban Corridor had an estimated population of 4,976,781 on July 1, 2018, an increase of +14.84% since the 2010 United States Census. It is estimated that the population exceeded 5 million in 2019. Roughly 98% of the population within the entire urban corridor region is within Colorado and roughly 85% of Colorado's population resides within the urban corridor region.

Cameron Peak Fire

The Cameron Peak fire was a wildfire that started near Chambers Lake, Colorado, 25 miles (40.2km) east of Walden and 15 miles (24.1km) southwest of Red Feather Lakes near Cameron Pass on August 13, 2020 and was declared 100% contained on December 2, 2020. The fire burnt 208,663 acres through the Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forests in Larimer and Jackson Counties and Rocky Mountain National Park. At its peak, the fire forced the evacuation of over 20,000 residents in Estes Park, Chambers Lake, Rustic, Glacier View Meadows, Red Feather Lakes, Masonville, Glen Haven, Spring Canyon, various small communities along Highway 14, Stove Prairie Landing Road, as well as the Colorado State University Mountain Campus and had over 1,000 personnel fighting the fire. 469 structures were destroyed by the fire, including 220 outbuildings and 42 primary residences. The fire became the largest wildfire in Colorado history, surpassing the Pine Gulch Fire, which had set the same mark just seven weeks prior.

References

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