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A world's fair or world fair is a large international exhibition designed to showcase achievements of nations. These exhibitions vary in character and are held in different parts of the world at a specific site for a period of time, ranging usually from three to six months.
The term "world's fair" is typically used in the United States.In French the term Exposition universelle ('universal exhibition' ) is used; in other Romance languages such as Spanish, Italian, and Romanian, the translation of the French term is used. In the non-Romance languages of Europe, and in Asia and the Middle East, World Expo or Specialised Expo are commonly used. The short term Expo has been applied to both types of Expos in various locations since 1967.
Since the 1928 Convention Relating to International Exhibitions came into force, the Bureau International des Expositions has served as an international sanctioning body for international exhibitions. Four types of international exhibition are organised under the auspices of the BIE: World Expos, Specialised Expos, Horticultural Expos (regulated by the International Association of Horticultural Producers) and the Milan Triennial. Depending on their category, international exhibitions may last from three weeks to six months.
Milan, Italy, held the most recent World Expo in 2015, while Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan, held the most recent Specialised Expo in 2017. Dubai, United Arab Emirates, was selected to host the next World Expo in 2020, but due to the COVID-19 pandemic it was postponed to 2021. Buenos Aires, Argentina, who had been selected to host the next Specialised Expo in 2023, announced its withdrawal with no reschedule date.
In 1791 Prague organized the first World's Fair (List of world's fairs), Bohemia (modern-day Czech Republic).The first industrial exhibition was on the occasion of the coronation of Leopold II as a king of Bohemia, which took place in Clementinum, and celebrated the considerable sophistication of manufacturing methods in the Czech lands during that time period.
The French tradition of national exhibitions, a tradition that culminated with the French Industrial Exposition of 1844 held in Paris. This fair was followed by other national exhibitions in Europe. In 1851, under the title "Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations", the World Expo was held in The Crystal Palace in Hyde Park, London, the United Kingdom. The Great Exhibition, as it is often called, was an idea of Prince Albert, Queen Victoria's husband, and is usually considered to be the first international exhibition of manufactured products. It influenced the development of several aspects of society, including art-and-design education, international trade and relations, and tourism.This expo was the precedent for the many international exhibitions, later called World Expos, that have continued to be held to the present time.
The character of world fairs, or expositions, has evolved since the first one in 1851. Three eras can be distinguished: the era of industrialization, the era of cultural exchange, and the era of nation branding.
The first era, the era of "industrialization", roughly covered the years from 1800 to 1938. In these days, world expositions were largely focused on trade and displayed technological advances and inventions. World expositions were platforms for state-of-the-art science and technology from around the world. The world expositions of 1851 London, 1853 New York, 1862 London, 1876 Philadelphia, Paris 1878, 1888 Barcelona, 1889 Paris, 1891 Prague, 1893 Chicago, 1897 Brussels, 1900 Paris, 1904 St. Louis, 1915 San Francisco, and 1933–34 Chicago were notable in this respect.Inventions such as the telephone were first presented during this era. This era set the basic character of the world fair.
The 1939–40 New York World's Fair, and those that followed, took a different approach, one less focused on technology and aimed more at cultural themes and social progress. For instance, the theme of the 1939 fair was "Building the World of Tomorrow"; at the 1964–65 New York World's Fair, it was "Peace Through Understanding"; at the 1967 International and Universal Exposition in Montreal, it was "Man and His World". These fairs encouraged effective intercultural communication along with sharing of technological innovation.
The 1967 International and Universal Exposition in Montreal was promoted under the name Expo 67. Event organizers retired the term world's fair in favor of Expo (the Montreal Expos, a former Major League Baseball team, was named for the 1967 fair).
From World Expo 88 in Brisbane onwards, countries started to use expositions as a platform to improve their national image through their pavilions. Finland, Japan, Canada, France, and Spain are cases in point. A major study by Tjaco Walvis called "Expo 2000 Hanover in Numbers" showed that improving national image was the main goal for 73% of the countries participating in Expo 2000.[ citation needed ] Pavilions became a kind of advertising campaign, and the Expo served as a vehicle for "nation branding". According to branding expert Wally Olins, Spain used Expo '92 and the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona in the same year to underscore its new position as a modern and democratic country and to show itself as a prominent member of the European Union and the global community.[ citation needed ]
At Expo 2000 Hanover, countries created their own architectural pavilions, investing, on average, €12 million each. Given these costs, governments are sometimes hesitant to participate, because the benefits may not justify the costs. However, while the effects are difficult to measure, an independent study for the Dutch pavilion at Expo 2000 estimated that the pavilion (which cost around €35 million) generated around €350 million of potential revenues for the Dutch economy. It also identified several key success factors for world-exposition pavilions in general.
At present there are two types of international exhibition: World Expos (formally known as International Registered Exhibitions) and Specialised Expos (formally known as International Recognised Exhibitions).World Expos, previously known as universal expositions, are the biggest category events. At World Expos, participants generally build their own pavilions. They are therefore the most extravagant and most expensive expos. Their duration may be between six weeks and six months. Since 1995, the interval between two World Expos has been at least five years. World Expo 2015 was held in Milan, Italy, from 1 May to 31 October 2015.
Specialised Expos are smaller in scope and investments and generally shorter in duration; between three weeks and three months. Previously, these Expos were called Special Exhibitions or International Specialized Exhibitions but these terms are no longer used officially. Their total surface area must not exceed 25 ha and organizers must build pavilions for the participating states, free of rent, charges, taxes and expenses. The largest country pavilions may not exceed 1,000 m2. Only one Specialised Expo can be held between two World Expos.
An additional two types of international exhibition may be recognized by the BIE: horticultural exhibitions, which are joint BIE and AIPH-sanctioned 'garden' fairs in which participants present gardens and garden pavilions; and the semi-regular Milan Triennial (not always held every third year) art and design exhibition, held in Milan, Italy, with the BIE granting official international exhibition status to 14 editions of the Triennale between 1996 and 2016.
World Expos (formally known as International Registered Exhibitions) encompass universal themes that affect the full gamut of human experience, and international and corporate participants are required to adhere to the theme in their representations. Registered expositions are held every 5 years because they are more expensive as they require total design of pavilion buildings from the ground up. As a result, nations compete for the most outstanding or memorable structure—for example Japan, France, Morocco, and Spain at Expo '92. Registered Expositions include Brussels Expo '58, Montreal Expo 67, Vancouver Expo 86, Osaka Expo '70, and Seville Expo '92. Sometimes prefabricated structures are used to minimize costs for developing countries, or for countries from a geographical block to share space (i.e. Plaza of the Americas at Seville '92).
In the 21st century the BIE has moved to sanction World Expos every five years; following the numerous expos of the 1980s and 1990s, some see this as a means to cut down potential expenditure by participating nations. The move was also seen by some as an attempt to avoid conflicting with the Summer Olympics. World Expos are restricted to every five years, with Specialized Expos in the in-between years.
Specialized Expos (formally known as International Recognized Exhibitions) are usually united by a precise theme—such as 'Future Energy' (Expo 2017 Astana), 'The Living Ocean and Coast' (Expo 2012 Yeosu), or 'Leisure in the Age of Technology' (Brisbane, Expo '88). Such themes are more specific than the wider scope of world expositions.
The Specialized Exposition, Tsukuba, Japan, popularly known as Expo '85 was held in the city of Tsukuba located near Tokyo. This Exposition is more formally known as "The International Science Technology Exposition".
Specialized Expos are usually smaller in scale and cheaper to run for the host committee and participants because the architectural fees are lower and they only have to customize pavilion space provided free of charge from the Organiser, usually with the prefabricated structure already completed. Countries then have the option of 'adding' their own colours, design etc. to the outside of the prefabricated structure and filling in the inside with their own content.
List of official world expositions (Universal and International/Specialised) according to the Bureau International des Expositions.
|Dates||Name of Exposition||Country||City||Category||Theme|
|04/1851 – 10/1851||Great Exhibition||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||London||World Expo||Industry of all Nations|
|05/1855 – 11/1855||Exposition Universelle / Paris International||France||Paris||World Expo||Agriculture, Industry and Art|
|05/1862 – 11/1862||International Exhibition||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||London||World Expo||Industry and Arts|
|04/1867 – 11/1867||Exposition Universelle / Paris International||France||Paris||World Expo||Agriculture, Industry and Arts|
|05/1873 – 10/1873||Weltausstellung 1873 Wien / Austrian International Exposition||Austria-Hungary||Vienna||World Expo||Culture and Education|
|05/1876 – 11/1876||Centennial Exposition||United States||Philadelphia||World Expo||Arts, Manufactures and Products of the Soil and Mine|
|05/1878 – 11/1878||Exposition Universelle / Paris International Exposition||France||Paris||World Expo||New Technologies|
|10/1880 – 04/1881||Melbourne International Exhibition||Australia||Melbourne||World Expo||Arts, Manufacturing, Agriculture and Industrial Products of all Nations|
|04/1888 – 12/1888||Exposición Universal de Barcelona (1888)||Spain||Barcelona||World Expo||Fine and Industrial Art|
|05/1889 – 10/1889||Exposition Universelle / Paris International Exposition||France||Paris||World Expo||French Revolution|
|05/1893 – 10/1893||World's Columbian Exposition||United States||Chicago||World Expo||Discovery of America|
|05/1897 – 11/1897||Brussels International Exposition||Belgium||Brussels||World Expo||Modern Life|
|06/1898 – 11/1898||Trans-Mississippi Exposition||United States||Omaha||World Expo||Isolationism|
|04/1904 – 12/1904||Louisiana Purchase Exposition||United States||St. Louis||World Expo||Louisiana Purchase|
|04/1905 – 11/1905||Liège International (1905)||Belgium||Liège||World Expo||Commemoration of the 75th anniversary of independence|
|04/1906 – 11/1906||Milan International||Italy||Milan||World Expo||Transport|
|04/1910 – 11/1910||Brussels International Exhibition||Belgium||Brussels||World Expo||Works of Art and Science, Agricultural and Industrial Products of All Nations|
|04/1913 – 11/1913||Exposition universelle et international / Ghent International Exposition||Belgium||Ghent||World Expo||Peace, Industry and Art|
|02/1915 – 12/1915||Panama–Pacific International Exposition||United States||San Francisco||World Expo||Inauguration of the Panama Canal|
|05/1929 – 01/1930||Barcelona International Exposition||Spain||Barcelona||World Expo||Arts, Industry and Sport|
|05/1933 – 10/1934||Century of Progress||United States||Chicago||World Expo||The interdependence among industry and scientific research|
|04/1935 – 11/1935||Brussels International Exposition||Belgium||Brussels||World Expo||Transports|
|05/1936 – 06/1936||ILIS 1936||Sweden||Stockholm||Specialised Expo||Aviation|
|05/1937 – 11/1937||Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne / Paris International Exposition||France||Paris||World Expo||Arts and Technology in modern life|
|05/1938 – 05/1938||Second International Aeronautic Exhibition||Finland||Helsinki||Specialised Expo||Aerospace|
|02/1939 – 09/1940||Golden Gate International Exposition||United States||San Francisco||World Expo||Pageant of the Pacific|
|04/1939 – 10/1940||New York World's Fair||United States||New York||World Expo||Building The World of Tomorrow|
|05/1939 – 09/1939||Exposition internationale de l'eau (1939)||Belgium||Liège||Specialised Expo||Art of Water|
|07/1947 – 08/1947||International Exhibition on Urbanism and Housing||France||Paris||Specialised Expo||Urbanism and Housing|
|07/1949 – 08/1949||Universal Sport Exhibition (1949)||Sweden||Stockholm||Specialised Expo||Sport and physical culture|
|09/1949 – 10/1949||The International Exhibition of Rural Habitat in Lyon||France||Lyon||Specialised Expo||Rural Habitat|
|12/1949 – 06/1950||Exposition internationale du bicentenaire de Port-au-Prince||Haiti||Port-au-Prince||World Expo||The festival of Peace|
|04/1951 – 05/1951||The International Textile Exhibition||France||Lille||Specialised Expo||Textile|
|07/1953 – 10/1953||EA 53||Italy||Rome||Specialised Expo||Agriculture|
|09/1953 – 10/1953||Conquest of the Desert (exhibition)||Israel||Jerusalem||Specialised Expo||Conquest of the Desert|
|05/1954 – 10/1954||The International Exhibition of Navigation (1954)||Italy||Naples||Specialised Expo||Navigation|
|05/1955 – 06/1955||The International Expo of Sport (1955)||Italy||Turin||Specialised Expo||Sport|
|06/1955 – 08/1955||Helsingborg exhibition 1955||Sweden||Helsingborg||Specialised Expo||Modern Man in the Environment|
|05/1956 – 06/1956||Exhibition of citriculture||Israel||Beit Dagan||Specialised Expo||Citrus|
|07/1957 – 09/1957||Interbau||West Germany||Berlin||Specialised Expo||Reconstruction of Hansa District|
|07/1958 – 09/1958||Brussels World's Fair||Belgium||Brussels||World Expo||A World View: A New Humanism|
|05/1961 – 10/1961||Expo 61||Italy||Turin||Specialised Expo||Celebration of centennial of Italian unity|
|04/1962 – 10/1962||Century 21 Exposition||United States||Seattle||World Expo||Man in the Space Age|
|04/1964 – 10/1965||1964 New York World's Fair||United States||New York||World Expo||Peace Through Understanding|
|06/1965 – 10/1965||IVA 65||West Germany||Munich||Specialised Expo||Transport|
|04/1967 – 10/1967||Expo '67||Canada||Montreal||World Expo||Man and His World|
|04/1968 – 10/1968||HemisFair '68||United States||San Antonio||Specialised Expo||Confluence of Civilizations in the Americas|
|03/1970 – 09/1970||Expo '70||Japan||Osaka||World Expo||Progress and Harmony for Mankind|
|08/1971 – 09/1971||Expo 71||Hungary||Budapest||Specialised Expo||The Hunt through the World|
|05/1974 – 11/1974||Expo '74||United States||Spokane||Specialised Expo||Celebrating Tomorrow's Fresh New Environment|
|07/1975 – 01/1976||Expo '75||Japan||Okinawa||Specialised Expo||The Sea We would like to See|
|06/1981 – 07/1981||Expo 81||Bulgaria||Plovdiv||Specialised Expo||Hunting|
|05/1982 – 10/1982||1982 World's Fair||United States||Knoxville||Specialised Expo||Energy Turns the World|
|05/1984 – 11/1984||1984 World's Fair||United States||New Orleans||Specialised Expo||The World of Rivers– Fresh Water as a source of life|
|03/1985 – 09/1985||1985 World's Fair||Japan||Tsukuba||Specialised Expo||Dwellings and Surroundings – Science and Technology for Man at Home|
|11/1985 – 11/1985||Expo 85||Bulgaria||Plovdiv||Specialised Expo||Inventions|
|05/1986 – 10/1986||Expo '86||Canada||Vancouver||Specialised Expo||Transportation and Communication: World in Motion - World in Touch|
|04/1988 – 10/1988||Expo '88||Australia||Brisbane||Specialised Expo||Leisure in the Age of Technology|
|06/1991 – 07/1991||Expo 91||Bulgaria||Plovdiv||Specialised Expo||The activity of young people in the service of a World of Peace|
|04/1992 – 10/1992||Expo '92||Spain||Seville||World Expo||The Era of Discovery|
|05/1992 – 08/1992||Expo Colombo '92||Italy||Genoa||Specialised Expo||Christopher Columbus, The Ship and the Sea|
|08/1993 – 11/1993||Expo '93||South Korea||Daejeon||Specialised Expo||The Challenge of a New Road of Development|
|05/1998 – 09/1998||Expo '98||Portugal||Lisbon||Specialised Expo||The Oceans: A Heritage for the Future|
|06/2000 – 10/2000||Expo 2000||Germany||Hanover||World Expo||Man, Nature, Technology|
|03/2005 – 09/2005||Expo 2005||Japan||Aichi||World Expo||Nature's Wisdom|
|06/2008 – 09/2008||Expo 2008||Spain||Zaragoza||Specialised Expo||Water and Sustainable development|
|05/2010 – 10/2010||Expo 2010||China||Shanghai||World Expo||Better City, Better Life|
|05/2012 – 08/2012||Expo 2012||South Korea||Yeosu||Specialised Expo||The Living Ocean and Coast|
|05/2015 – 10/2015||Expo 2015||Italy||Milan||World Expo||Feeding the planet, Energy for life|
|06/2017 – 09/2017||Expo 2017||Kazakhstan||Astana||Specialised Expo||Future Energy|
|10/2021 – 04/2022||Expo 2020||United Arab Emirates||Dubai||World Expo||Connecting Minds, Creating the Future|
|01/2023 – 04/2023||Expo 2023||Argentina||Buenos Aires||Specialised Expo||Creative industries in Digital Convergence|
|04/2025 – 10/2025||Expo 2025||Japan||Osaka||World Expo||Designing Future Society for Our Lives|
Most of the structures are temporary and are dismantled after the fair closes, except for landmark towers. By far the most famous of these is the Eiffel Tower, built for the Exposition Universelle (1889). Although it is now the most recognized symbol of its host city Paris, there were contemporary critics opposed to its construction, and demands for it to be dismantled after the fair's conclusion.
Other structures that remain from these fairs:
Some world's fair sites became (or reverted to) parks incorporating some of the expo elements, such as:
Some pavilions have been transported overseas intact:
The Brussels Expo '58 relocated many pavilions within Belgium: the pavilion of Jacques Chocolats moved to the town of Diest to house the new town swimming pool. Another pavilion was relocated to Willebroek and has been used as dance hall Carréever since. One smaller pavilion still stands on the boulevard towards the Atomium: the restaurant "Salon 58" in the pavilion of Comptoir Tuilier.
Many exhibitions and rides created by Walt Disney and his WED Enterprises company for the 1964 New York World's Fair (which was held over into 1965) were moved to Disneyland after the closing of the Fair. Many of the rides, including "it's a small world", and "Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln", as well as the building that housed the Carousel of Progress are still in operation.
Disney had contributed so many exhibits to the New York fair in part because the corporation had originally envisioned a "permanent World's Fair" at the Flushing site. That concept instead came to fruition with the Disney Epcot theme park, an extension of the Walt Disney World Resort, near Orlando, Florida. Epcot has many characteristics of a typical universal exposition: national pavilions and exhibits concerning technology and/or the future, along with more typical amusement park rides. Meanwhile, several of the 1964 attractions that were relocated to Disneyland have been duplicated at the Walt Disney World Resort.
Occasionally other mementos of the fairs remain. In the New York City Subway system, signs directing people to Flushing Meadows, Queens remain from the 1964–65 event. In the Montreal subway at least one tile artwork of its theme, "Man and His World", remains. Also, a seemingly endless supply of souvenir items from fair visits can be found, and in the United States, at least, often turn up at garage or estate sales. Many fairs and expos produced postage stamps and commemorative coins.
The 1904 Olympic Games, officially the Games of the III Olympiad, were held in conjunction with the 1904 St. Louis fair, although no explicit coordination is evident. The Exposition Universelle (1900) Paris was also concomitant with the Olympic Games.
Expo 2020 will be held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates as a Registered Exposition, though it has been postponed because of COVID-19. The new dates are 1 October 2021 – 31 March 2022. Despite being postponed, organizers will keep the name Expo 2020 for marketing and branding purposes.
The bidding process for this larger sized exposition formally began in 2011, with four cities being selected to participate in the final round of votes:
Other participating cities and countries that were not selected for the final voting process to host Expo 2020, or did not submit bids for consideration by the BIE:
Expo 2023 will be held at the Argentine capital and will have a theme of “Science, Innovation, Art and Creativity for Human Development. Creative Industries in Digital Convergence”.
Four countries had submitted bids to host Specialised Expo 2022/23:
At the end of the project examination phase, BIE Member States voted for Buenos Aires as the host city of Expo 2022/23 via a secret ballot at the BIE General Assembly, held in November 2017.
Expo 2025 will be held at the Japanese city of Osaka and will have a theme of “Designing Future Society for Our Lives!”.
Four countries had submitted bids to host World Expo 2025:
Osaka made its official bid for the Expo on 24 April 2017with the theme “Designing Future Society for Our Lives”.
The Azerbaijani capital entered its candidacy before the deadlineunder the theme "Human Capital".
The French capital was the first to declare its candidacy,under the theme "Sharing our Knowledge, Caring for our Planet". The candidacy was withdrawn in January 2018 because of budget constraints.
The Russian city entered its candidacy on 22 May 2017under the theme "Changing world: inclusive innovation is for our children and future generations".
At the end of the project examination phase, BIE Member States voted for Osaka as the host city of Expo 2025 via a secret ballot at the BIE General Assembly, held in November 2018.
Potential host countries may apply to host 2030 expo between 6 and 9 years before its proposed opening date.Once one country has submitted an application, alternative countries have 6 months to submit theirs.
At the 167th BIE general assembly both Korea and Russia indicated their intention to bid for this expo.
The only Expo to be held without BIE approval was the 1964–1965 New York World's Fair; [ citation needed ]the sanctioning organization at Paris denied it "official" status because its president, Robert Moses, would not comply with the BIE rule limiting the duration of universal expositions to six months. The Fair proceeded without BIE approval, and turned to tourism and trade organizations to host national pavilions in lieu of official government sponsorship. Many countries participated in that fair, including several newly independent African and Asian states. The two World's Fairs in New York (1939–40 and 1964–65) and the Century of Progress in Chicago (1934-1935) are the only two-year world expositions that have been held.
Frederick Pittera, a producer of international exhibitions and author of the history of world's fairs in the Encyclopædia Britannica and Compton Encyclopedia, was commissioned by Mayor Robert F. Wagner Jr. of New York City in 1959 to prepare the first feasibility studies for the 1964 New York World's Fair. Pittera was joined in his study by Austrian architect Victor Gruen (Inventor of the 'Shopping Mall'). The Eisenhower Commission ultimately awarded the world's fair bid to New York City against several major U.S. cities.
Because the U.S. government withdrew its membership in the Bureau International des Expositions from 2002 to 2017, [ when? ]Worlds Fair Nano is the first private effort in history to host a six-month World's Fair. Worlds Fair Nano is organizing a series of mini-World's Fairs around the country called World's Fair Nano in cities like San Francisco and New York City in order to build excitement for the six month World's Fair, which Worlds Fair Nano hopes to organize within the decade.
The Los Angeles World's Fair is another non-BIE effort.
Walt Disney World in Florida is hosting a perpetual world's fair at its EPCOT exhibit, called World Showcase.
The BIE, since 1959grants recognition to the International Horticultural Exhibitions (Category A1) approved by the International Association of Horticultural Producers (AIPH) subject to it meeting certain criteria including being approved by the BIE general assembly.
International Horticultural Exhibitions (upcoming in italics):
Related Research Articles
The 1967 International and Universal Exposition or Expo 67, as it was commonly known, was a general exhibition, Category One World's Fair held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, from April 27 to October 29, 1967. It is considered to be the most successful World's Fair of the 20th century with the most attendees to that date and 62 nations participating. It also set the single-day attendance record for a world's fair, with 569,500 visitors on its third day.
The Bureau international des expositions (BIE) is an intergovernmental organization created to supervise international exhibitions falling under the jurisdiction of the Convention Relating to International Exhibitions.
The 1982 World's Fair, formally known as the Knoxville International Energy Exposition, was held in Knoxville, Tennessee, United States. The specialized exposition themed "Energy Turns the World," was recognized by the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE).
World Expo 88, also known as Expo 88, was a specialised Expo held in Brisbane, the state capital of Queensland, Australia, during a six-month period between Saturday, 30 April 1988 and Sunday, 30 October 1988, inclusive. The theme of the Expo was "Leisure in the Age of Technology", and the mascot for the Expo was an Australian platypus named Expo Oz.
Taejon Expo '93 was a three-month international exposition held between Saturday, August 7, 1993 and Sunday, November 7, 1993 in the central South Korean city of Daejeon.
Expo 2005 was a World Expo held for 185 days between Friday, March 25 and Sunday, September 25, 2005, in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, east of the city of Nagoya. Japan has also hosted Expo '70 Osaka, Expo '75 Okinawa, Expo '85 Tsukuba, and Expo '90 Osaka and will host Expo 2025 Osaka.
Expo '70 was a world's fair held in Suita, Osaka Prefecture, Japan between March 15 and September 13, 1970. Its theme was "Progress and Harmony for Mankind." In Japanese, Expo '70 is often referred to as Osaka Banpaku. It was the first world's fair held in Japan.
Expo '98 was an official specialised World's Fair held in Lisbon, Portugal from Friday, 22 May to Wednesday, 30 September 1998. The theme of the fair was "The Oceans, a Heritage for the Future", chosen in part to commemorate 500 years of Portuguese discoveries. The Expo received around 11 million visitors in 132 days, while 143 countries and many organizations were represented.
The 1873 Vienna World's Fair was the large world exposition that was held in 1873 in the Austria-Hungarian capital Vienna. Its motto was "Culture and Education".
Expo 58, also known as the 1958Brussels World’s Fair, was held in Brussels (Belgium) from 17 April to 19 October 1958. It was the first major World Expo registered under the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE) after World War II.
Expo 2008 was an international exposition held in the year 2008 from 14 June (Saturday) to 14 September (Sunday) in Zaragoza, Spain, with the theme of "Water and Sustainable Development". The exposition was placed in a meander of the river Ebro. It was coordinated by the Bureau International des Expositions, the organization responsible for sanctioning World's Fairs.
The Universal Exposition of Seville took place from Monday, April 20 to Monday, October 12, 1992 on La Isla de La Cartuja, Seville, Spain. The theme for the Expo was "The Age of Discovery", celebrating the 500th anniversary of Christopher Columbus reaching the Americas after launching from Seville's port, and over 100 countries were represented. The total amount of land used for the Expo was 215 hectares and the total number of visitors was 41,814,571. The exposition ran at the same time as the smaller and shorter-duration Genoa Expo '92, a Specialized Exhibition, held in the birth city of Christopher Columbus.
Expo 2017 Astana was an International Exposition which took place from June 10 to September 10, 2017 in Astana, now Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan. The expo's theme was "Future Energy", and aimed to create a global debate between countries, nongovernmental organizations, companies and the general public on the crucial question: "How do we ensure safe and sustainable access to energy for all while reducing CO2 emissions?"
The Brussels International Exposition of 1910 was a World's fair held in Brussels, Belgium, from 23 April to 1 November 1910. This was just thirteen years after Brussels' previous World's fair. It received 13 million visitors, covered 88 hectares and lost 100,000 Belgian Francs.
The Milan International was a world's fair held in Milan in 1906 titled L'Esposizione Internazionale del Sempione, or sometimes The Great Expo of Work. It received 4,012,776 visits and covered 250 acres.
Expo 2025 is a forthcoming World Expo organised by the Bureau International des Expositions (BIE), which will be held in Osaka, Japan. It will take place for six months during 2025, opening 13 April 2025, and closing 13 October 2025. This will be the third time Osaka hosts a World Expo, having previously hosted Expo 1970 and Expo 1990. The projected visitor count is approximately 28 million.
Expo 2023 was the name given to an upcoming specialized exhibition that was initially scheduled to be held in 2023 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. The Bureau International des Expositions (BIE) awarded Buenos Aires as the host on November 15, 2017. This was to have been the first time that a BIE Expo was held in Argentina, and the first in Latin America since BIE's creation. The 1875 exposition was the last one held in Latin America. In October 2020, Argentina announced that due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the ensuing financial crisis, the Expo would not be held as planned in 2023, although the door was left open by both Argentina and the BIE to possibly reschedule the Expo for a later date.
The Compagnie française des expositions, founded on 17 January 2018 by decree of the State, is the official French company responsible for organizing and promoting France’s participation in World Expos and Specialised Expos.
The 2027 or 2028 BIE recognised world's fair will be a specialised exposition. As such it must be at most three months in length and illustrate a specific theme. It could be held in 2027 or 2028.