2006 Winter Olympics opening ceremony

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The Opening Ceremony of the 2006 Winter Olympics (Torino 2006) was held on 10 February 2006 beginning at 20:00 CET (UTC+1) at the Stadio Olimpico in Turin, Italy.

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2006 Winter Olympics
opening ceremony
2006 Olympics Opening Ceremony.jpg
Fireworks illuminated the Olympic rings during the 2006 Winter Olympics Opening Ceremony
Date10 February 2006
Time20:00 - 0:00 CET(UTC+1)
Venue Stadio Olimpico Grande Torino
Location Turin, Italy
Coordinates 45°2′30.30″N7°39′0.05″E / 45.0417500°N 7.6500139°E / 45.0417500; 7.6500139 Coordinates: 45°2′30.30″N7°39′0.05″E / 45.0417500°N 7.6500139°E / 45.0417500; 7.6500139
Filmed by RAI and TOBO
Footage Torino 2006 Opening Ceremony - Full length on YouTube

The ceremony was attended by 35,000 spectators with the presence of numerous international and Italian guests on the stage and heads of state and government on the stands. The event was broadcast live to an estimated two-billion audience worldwide by 32 television cameras.

The ceremony saluted the region's culture and history, was highlighted by Italian celebrities and showcased Italian designs. There were the customary parade of athletes and raising of the host nation's flag and the Olympic flag. Apart from the choreography, the fireworks, and the pageantry, the ceremony was a reminder of peace as a goal of these Games. It climaxed with the lighting of the Olympic Flame.

Program

The theme of the program was "Passion Lives Here," and the 4000m2 stage was shaped like an anatomic heart with a mosh pit in the centre where the athletes congregated for the second half of the ceremonies. The athletes were thus put in the centre of action and in front of the stage, emphasizing that the heart of each athlete was the focus of the Games.

There were sentiments of self-conceit amongst TOROC for not including a tribute section during the Opening Ceremonies honoring the Past Host Cities of the previous installments of the Olympic Winter Games that was the very first part of the XIX Olympic Winter Games that had been held in Salt Lake City, USA on 8 February 2002.

The ceremony was conducted in French and English, the two official languages of the International Olympic Committee, and Italian, the language of the host country. The program was executed by 6,100 volunteers and 240 professionals after 15,000 man days of work.

Rhythm of Passion

Sparks of Passion

The Opening Ceremonies began with a traditional countdown by the spectators. Italian gymnast Yuri Chechi as a shaman striking an anvil with a hammer opened the first scene of the program representing the industrial past of the Piedmont region. Each strike spewed up a fountain of flames and were responded to with flames over three metres high, lit from 52 nozzles lined up around the piazza. A group of inline skaters in red unitards soon entered and executed their choreograph and formations. With the fire, costume and flood light, the stage was soon turned into a sea of red. In the mosh pit, performers executed synchronised swimming moves to the pulsing rhythm. It was said[ by whom? ] that the choreographer was inspired by synchronised swimming when he saw the event for the first time in the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.

The skaters then gyrated to the pulsing rhythm forming a familiar heart shape pumping to the beat. The formation was soon shattered when a lone skater symbolising a spark of passion shot through the beating heart. Six helmet-donning skaters then entered with two-foot flames flared from the back of their helmets and crisscrossed the stage.

Greetings from the Alps

Mountain Folk

Following the exit of the flaming skaters, the sounding of seven alphorns to the notes of the Occitan Hymn signaled the beginning of the next segment that paid tribute to the Alps and the seven Alpine countries: Italy, France, Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Austria, Germany and Slovenia. Artificial snow and life-size pine tree shapes set the mood for this segment as the stage was transformed from red to white.

It had been 14 years since the Winter Olympic Games were last held in the Alps, in 1992 in Albertville, France. The 13 million people living in the mountainous region were represented by dancers waltzing in their national costumes. Life-size cow effigies were pulled in and paraded around the stage representing the significance of the dairy farming industry in the Alpine region. Three waltzing couples in cow suits soon entered the scene, while cow bells were heard ringing from the crowd.

After the stage was cleared, 50 performers in white unitards entered with very large white balloons on their heads symbolising the arrival of the snowflakes. A change of music signalled the exit of the snowflakes and in the mosh pit performers formed a snowflake which was lit up by flashlights as the segment came to a close.

Italy

Italian flag

Entry of the authorities

Italian anthem

This section paid tribute to the Italian flag, whose entrance was led by 26 Olympic medalists in white suits and gowns marching in two files. Following the athletes was model, singer and future French first lady Carla Bruni carrying a folded Italian flag. Bruni wore a sparkling gown by Giorgio Armani, inspired by crystal and ice.

The stage was flooded in the Italian colours red, white, and green by the coloured spotlights at the top of the stadium as the entrance of the President of the International Olympic Committee Jacques Rogge and the President of Italy Carlo Azeglio Ciampi was announced.

Sustained drumbeats set a mood as three Carabinieri officers entered and retrieved the flag from Bruni and brought it to the flag pole.

The flag was raised to the solo rendition of the Italian national anthem after a short pastoral orchestra introduction (as opposed to the usual marching introduction). " Il Canto degli Italiani " was performed by nine-year-old Eleonora Benetti wearing the Italian tricolour. Her verse ended as the choir joined in for the much more rapid refrain.

Torino Olympic City

XX Olympic Winter Games

The Great Skier

467 performers, each wearing one of the 5 Olympic colours, created a 20 meter tall ski jumper formation, after the playing of the Italian national anthem. The choreography showed an animated ski jumper gliding down the take-off slope, flying through the night air and eventually landing safely in perfect form on the ground. Puffs of air could be seen as the jumper prepared his jump. Performers carrying a blue banner then entered to show the skier gliding down the slope. In flight the figure was lit up by headlamp flashlights in a formation of a ski jumper in peak flight. The ski jumper eventually made a graceful landing on the ground as performers released confetti (to represent a snowplow stop) and cheered as the segment came to a close.

Olympic Spirit

Citius, altius, fortius

The Sparks of Passion reentered the stadium in this segment where the largest and tallest Olympic Rings for the Opening Ceremonies would be created. Acrobats could be seen maneuvering on three ring shaped frames floating up and down along four lattice columns on the opposite end of the stadium to the stage and the mosh pit. Dancers in red unitards below gyrated to pulsing beats as the theme of passion returned for this segment of the program. While the acrobats descended to the ground, two additional ring shaped frames were raised. The five circular frames were flipped vertically revealing the five Olympic Rings shimmering in light. The rings were then illuminated in the Olympic colours and the structure was lit up in fireworks. The black ring in the centre of the symbol was substituted with white since it is impossible to produce black light.

Heroes of Our Time - Parade of Nations

The national teams then entered underneath the five-ring structure in the traditional Parade of Nations. As with all Olympic games, the first team to emerge was Greece, since it was the birthplace of the games, and the host nation Italy entered last. The rest of the nations entered following the alphabetical order according to the spelling of the country in Italian, the language of the host country, as is tradition.

The names of the nations were announced first in Italian, then in English and followed by French.

North Korea and South Korea marched together under the Unification Flag for the first time in the Winter Olympic Games; this would not happen again (either Summer or Winter) until the 2018 Winter Olympics in PyeongChang. Altogether, 80 National Olympic Committees participated in the Games, an increase from 77 in the previous Winter Games.

The Moschino designed the clothes of the women bearing the placards with team names in Italian for the athletes' parade. The dresses were shaped as snowy mountain tops, complete with pine trees and small houses lit up by embedded lights. Miss Italia, Edelfa Chiara Masciotta, was carrying the placard for team Italy who wore a special dress designed to pay tribute to Turin. When assembled on stage the ladies represented the Italian Alps' beauty, strength, and poise.

The march of the Olympic teams was accompanied by a selection of 1970s and 1980s American and European disco music, including "Video Killed the Radio Star" by The Buggles, "YMCA" by the Village People, "I Will Survive" by Gloria Gaynor, "Daddy Cool" by Boney M and songs by the Doobie Brothers and Eurythmics.

The following table lists the countries and territories in the order of their entrance. It is worth noting that not all the athletes participated in the opening ceremonies, as some may have chosen to prepare themselves for races and competitions that were scheduled the very next morning. Other commitments may have prevented some athletes from participating in the parade. For example, most men's hockey teams would not arrive in Turin until the following week since most of the players are involved with the NHL. On the other hand, the parade included officials, judges, coaches and other team staff.

NationItalian NameFlag bearerSportAthletes
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece  (GRE)Grecia Eleftherios Fafalis Cross-country skiing 5
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania  (ALB) Albania Erjon Tola Alpine skiing 1
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria  (ALG) Algeria Christelle Laura Douibi Alpine skiing 2
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra  (AND)Andorra Alex Antor Alpine skiing 3
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina  (ARG)Argentina María Belén Simari Birkner Alpine skiing 9
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia  (ARM)Armenia Vazgen Azroyan Figure skating 5
Flag of Australia.svg  Australia  (AUS)Australia Alisa Camplin Freestyle skiing 40
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria  (AUT)Austria Renate Götschl Alpine skiing 85
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan  (AZE)AzerbaigianIgor Lukanin Figure skating 2
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium  (BEL)Belgio Kevin van der Perren Figure skating 4
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda  (BER)Bermuda Patrick Singleton Skeleton 1
Flag of Belarus (1995-2012).svg  Belarus  (BLR)Bielorussia Alexandr Popov Coach (Biathlon)28
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina  (BIH)Bosnia Erzegovina Aleksandra Vasiljević Biathlon 6
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil  (BRA)Brasile Isabel Clark Snowboarding 10
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria  (BUL)Bulgaria Ekaterina Dafovska Biathlon 21
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada  (CAN)Canada Danielle Goyette Ice hockey 196
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic  (CZE)Repubblica Ceca Martina Sáblíková Speed skating 85
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile  (CHI)Cile Daniela Anguita Alpine skiing 9
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)Cina Yang Yang (A) Short track speed skating 78
Flag of Cyprus (1960-2006).svg  Cyprus  (CYP)Cipro Theodoros Christodoulou Alpine skiing 1
Unification flag of Korea (pre 2009).svg North Korea (PRK)Corea Han Jong-In Figure skating 6
Unification flag of Korea (pre 2009).svg South Korea (KOR) Lee Bo-ra Speed skating 40
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica  (CRC)Costa Rica Arthur James Barton Coach1
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia  (CRO)Croazia Janica Kostelić Alpine skiing 24
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark  (DEN)Danimarca Dorthe Holm Curling 5
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia  (EST)Estonia Eveli Saue Biathlon 28
Flag of Ethiopia (1996-2009).svg  Ethiopia  (ETH)Etiopia Robel Teklemariam Cross-country skiing 1
Flag of Macedonia.svg  Macedonia  (MKD)Ex Repubblica Jugoslava di Macedonia Gjorgi Markovski Alpine skiing 3
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland  (FIN)Finlandia Janne Lahtela Freestyle skiing 102
Flag of France.svg  France  (FRA)Francia Bruno Mingeon Bobsleigh 89
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia  (GEO)Georgia Vakhtang Murvanidze Figure skating 3
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany  (GER)Germania Kati Wilhelm Biathlon 164
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)Giappone Joji Kato Speed skating 112
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain  (GBR)Gran Bretagna Rhona Martin Curling 40
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong  (HKG)Hong Kong, Cina Yueshuang Han Short track speed skating 1
Flag of India.svg  India  (IND)India Neha Ahuja Alpine skiing 4
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran  (IRI)Iran Alidad Saveh-Shemshaki Alpine skiing 2
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland  (IRL)Irlanda Kirsten McGarry Alpine skiing 4
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland  (ISL)Islanda Dagny Kristjansdottir Alpine skiing 5
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  Virgin Islands  (ISV)Isole Vergini Anne Abernathy [1] Luge 1
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel  (ISR)Israele Galit Chait Figure skating 5
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)Kazakistan Aleksandr Koreshkov Ice hockey 56
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya  (KEN)Kenya Phillip Boit Cross-country skiing 1
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan  (KGZ)Kirghizistan Ivan Borisov Alpine skiing 1
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia  (LAT)Lettonia Arturs Irbe Ice hockey 58
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon  (LIB)Libano Edmond Keiroue 3
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg  Liechtenstein  (LIE)Liechtenstein Jessica Walter Alpine skiing 6
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania  (LTU)Lituania Vida Venciene Chef de mission7
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg  (LUX)Lussemburgo Fleur Maxwell Figure skating 1
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar  (MAD)Madagascar Mathieu Razanakolona Alpine skiing 1
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova  (MDA)Moldova Natalia Levtchenkova Biathlon 7
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco  (MON)Monaco Patrice Servelle Bobsleigh 4
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia  (MGL)Mongolia Khash Erdene Khurelbaatar Cross-country skiing 2
Flag of Nepal.svg  Nepal  (NEP)Nepal Dachhiri Sherpa Cross-country skiing 1
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway  (NOR)Norvegia Pål Trulsen Curling 81
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand  (NZL)Nuova Zelanda Sean Becker Curling 18
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands  (NED)Paesi Bassi Jan Bos Speed skating 35
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland  (POL)Polonia Paulina Ligocka Snowboarding 48
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal  (POR)Portogallo Danny Silva Cross-country skiing 1
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania  (ROU)Romania Gheorghe Chiper Figure skating 25
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia  (RUS)Russia Dmitry Dorofeev Speed skating 178
Flag of San Marino (before 2011).svg  San Marino  (SMR)San Marino Marino Cardelli Alpine skiing 1
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal  (SEN)Senegal Leyti Seck Alpine skiing 1
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro.svg  Serbia and Montenegro  (SCG)Serbia e Montenegro Jelena Lolović Alpine skiing 6
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia  (SVK)Slovacchia Walter Marx Luge 62
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia  (SLO)Slovenia Tadeja Brankovič Biathlon 42
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain  (ESP)Spagna Maria Jose Rienda Alpine skiing 16
Flag of the United States.svg  United States  (USA)Stati Uniti d'America Chris Witty Speed skating 211
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa  (RSA)Sud Africa Alexander Heath Alpine skiing 3
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden  (SWE)Svezia Anja Pärson Alpine skiing 112
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland  (SUI)Svizzera Philipp Schoch Snowboarding 143
Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan  (TJK)Tagikistan Andrei Drygin Alpine skiing 1
Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei  (TPE)Taipei Cinese Chih-Hung Ma Luge 1
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand  (THA)Thailandia Prawat Nagvajara Cross-country skiing 1
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey  (TUR)Turchia Tuğba Karademir [ citation needed ] Figure skating 6
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine  (UKR)Ucraina Natalia Yakushenko Luge 53
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary  (HUN)Ungheria Rozsa Darazs Short track speed skating 20
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan  (UZB)Uzbekistan Kayrat Ermetov Alpine skiing 4
Flag of Venezuela (1954-2006).png  Venezuela  (VEN)Venezuela Werner Hoeger Luge 1
Flag of Italy (2003-2006).svg  Italy  (ITA)Italia Carolina Kostner Figure skating 184
  1. ^ The 2006 games were the first winter games in which these countries have participated.
  2. ^ Yang Yang (A) was China's first female flag bearer for the Olympics.
  3. ^ These flag bearers are also citizens of Canada.
  4. ^ This young snowboarder replaced her older colleague Jagna Marczulajtis who was sick.

From Renaissance to Baroque

After a short homage to Dante and The Divine Comedy , there were Renaissance and Baroque displays, with an homage to Arcimboldo. A scene was based on the Birth of Venus painting. The role of Venus was played by Czech supermodel Eva Herzigová, emerging from a shell like in the Birth of Venus by Botticelli. A dance played a major part in the ceremony, as well as displays of flag waving and baroque bands. Sportscaster Bob Costas called it a celebration of the emergence from the dark days of the Middle Ages, embracing the intellectual pursuits of art, literature and music.

From Futurism to Future

The segment started with a modern ballet performance which led from a replica of Umberto Boccioni's sculpture "Unique Forms of Continuity in Space" to a celebration of Futurism. Roberto Bolle performed as lead in the dance part. [2] He represented the futuristic hero, dancing with other mechanical dancers to show modernity, technology, and speed. The second part was performed by kung-fu athletes representing futuristic soldiers, while in the final section a group of bodybuilders pushed 6 motorbikes in the center of the stadium, thus emphasizing the role played by speed and technology in Futurism.

Pit Stop

Italian driver Luca Badoer drove the 2005 Ferrari F2005 car bearing only the Olympic Rings, Torino 2006 name and Italian tricolore to the centre of the stadium, performing 'donuts' and revving the V10 engine for a few minutes.

Words and Symbols

Address by the President of the Organising Committee

Address by the President of the International Olympic Committee

President of the Italian Republic: Opening of the Games

Olympic Anthem

Entry of the Olympic Flag

Olympic Oath

After the Parade of Nations had concluded and the athletes were gathered in the center of the stadium, two short speeches in Italian, French and English were delivered.

The first speech came from Valentino Castellani, the chief organizer of the Torino 2006 Olympic Games. He declared the industrial city "the world capital of sports" during the Olympics.

Valentino Castellani was followed by International Olympic Committee President Jacques Rogge, who told the Olympic athletes, "Your achievements will inspire and motivate future generations," before adding, "Please compete cleanly, without using doping." Rogge also hoped for peace during his short speech. "Our world today is in need of peace and brotherhood, the values of the Olympic Games," he said. "May these Games be held in peace in the true spirit of the Olympic Truce."

Rogge then introduced Italian President Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, who declared the games officially open.

Following the trend set from the selection of eight personalities representing the five continents and the three pillars of Olympism at the Salt Lake City Olympics Opening Ceremony, the flag was brought this time into the stadium by eight women: [3]

Their walk with the flag was accompanied by Giuseppe Verdi's "Triumphant March," from Aida. The Olympic flag was then handed over to eight members of the Alpini, an Italian infantry unit, who raised the flag while the Olympic Hymn was played.

Italian skier Giorgio Rocca recited the Olympic Oath on behalf of all the athletes from the podium followed by Fabio Bianchetti from the International Skating Union reading the oath on behalf of all judges. There had been a major judging controversy in the figure skating event at the previous Winter Games.

Peace

The Dove

A Song of Peace

Twenty-eight acrobats climbed on a net set up on the main stage and executed their choreographed manoeuvres, spinning and flipping to the music. At the end of the routine they all came together and formed the shape of a dove, the symbol of peace, to a roaring cheer from the crowd.

Yoko Ono, dressed in white like many of the people in the ceremony (the spectators were provided with, and most wore, a white poncho, symbolizing the snow which makes the Winter Olympics possible), then entered and read a free verse poem from a prepared script calling for peace in the world. She called for "taking action" to spread peace. Ono's poem served as an introduction to a rendition of her late husband John Lennon's Imagine by Peter Gabriel.

Light the Passion

Arrival of the Flame

Lighting of the Cauldron

The Olympic System

The Olympic Torch entered the stadium in the hand of Alberto Tomba, who then passed the flame to the hands of the 1994 men's Italian cross-country skiing relay team (Marco Albarello, Giorgio Vanzetta, Maurilio De Zolt, and Silvio Fauner). The flame was then passed to Piero Gros, then Deborah Compagnoni before the Olympic Flame was lit by former Italian cross-country skier Stefania Belmondo. Belmondo paused to show the torch to the cheering crowd one last time before placing it on the arched lighting apparatus. The flame initiated a series of fireworks before lighting the top of the 57-meter high Olympic Flame, the highest in the history of the Olympic Winter Games. [4]

The cauldron lighting was also the first in recent memory to be lit indirectly, that is, the flame did not directly touch or travel to (such as the arrow lighting at the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona) the cauldron itself. The precise timing of the pyrotechnics was obviously computer timed from the precise moment the flame touched the center frame in the center of the stadium. Because of the elaborate fireworks, it is highly unlikely the flame travelled to all the charges directly. However, it is possible that the cauldron was lit from a backup flame inside, or that an electronic signal from Belmondo's apparatus to the cauldron served as the "flame" (much like the 1976 Summer Olympics where a satellite signal carried the "flame" from Greece to Canada, though not at the opening ceremony).

Fortissimo

Luciano Pavarotti singing Nessun dorma, on his last public performance before his death Luciano Pavarotti - Concert.jpg
Luciano Pavarotti singing Nessun dorma, on his last public performance before his death

Allegro with Fire

After the largest curtain yet to be built revealed him on the stage, Italian tenor Luciano Pavarotti, wearing a black cape embroidered with silver Olympic rings, ended the ceremony by singing Giacomo Puccini's well-known aria Nessun Dorma from the opera Turandot , which ends with the victorious line "At dawn, I shall win!" Pavarotti's performance caused NBC Olympic commentator Brian Williams to proclaim "And the master brings the house down." Indeed, the tenor's performance received the longest and loudest ovation of the opening ceremony from the international crowd. This would prove to be Pavarotti's final public performance of his signature song.

Security measures

Security was present at the Opening Ceremony as has become the norm for the Olympics. Organizers stepped up the security measures in connection with the contemporary Jyllands-Posten Muhammad cartoons controversy and they insisted that the Olympic Games would be safe. [5]

Dignitaries and other officials in attendance

Aside from celebrities participating in the ceremonies, President of the International Olympic Committee Jacques Rogge and members of the IOC, many dignitaries and officials associated with the Olympic movement were in attendance (included 13 world leaders and 2 first ladies). They included :

Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi was absent. However he attended the Closing Ceremony on 26 February.

See also

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The opening ceremony of the 2002 Winter Olympics took place at the Rice-Eccles Olympic Stadium in Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, on 8 February 2002.

2018 Winter Olympics opening ceremony

The opening ceremony of the 2018 Winter Olympics was held at the Pyeongchang Olympic Stadium in Pyeongchang, South Korea on 9 February 2018. It began at 20:00 KST and finished at approximately 22:20 KST. The Games were officially opened by President of the Republic of Korea Moon Jae-in.

1984 Summer Olympics opening ceremony

The opening ceremony of the 1984 Summer Olympic Games took place on the afternoon of Saturday 28 July in the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum, Los Angeles. As mandated by the Olympic Charter, the proceedings combined the formal ceremonial opening of this international sporting event with an artistic spectacle to showcase the host nation's culture. The 1984 Games were formally opened by President Ronald Reagan. The spectacle was in front of 92,516 attendants. The ceremony was a $5 million production and titled Music of America.

References

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 February 2014. Retrieved 9 February 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "The Olympic Ceremonies Preview". Torino 2006 official web site. 28 November 2005. Archived from the original on 12 August 2007. Retrieved 12 February 2006.
  3. "Turin 2006 Games – The Opening Ceremony". GamesBids. 10 February 2006. Archived from the original on 22 February 2006. Retrieved 12 February 2006.
  4. https://web.archive.org/web/20070314235136/http://mediacenter.corriere.it/MediaCenter/action/player?uuid=20d2ef64-9a88-11da-a3c1-0003ba99c667&pagina=8&filtro=video&menu=main2&idCanale=Sport&idCanaleADV=Sport
  5. Williams, Daniel (10 February 2006). "Swifter, Higher, Stronger, Safer?; As Winter Games Open, Italian Officials Take Extra Precautions". The Washington Post . p. A1.