|Men's 100 metres|
at the Games of the X Olympiad
|Venue|| Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum |
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Dates||July 31, 1932 (heats, quarterfinals)|
August 1, 1932 (semifinals, final)
|Competitors||33 from 17 nations|
|Winning time||10.3 seconds|
| Athletics at the|
1932 Summer Olympics
|80 m hurdles||women|
|110 m hurdles||men|
|400 m hurdles||men|
|3000 m steeple||men|
|4×100 m relay||men||women|
|4×400 m relay||men|
|50 km walk||men|
The men's 100 metres sprint event at the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles, California, United States, were held at the Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum on July 31 and August 1.Thirty-three runners from 17 nations competed. The 1930 Olympic Congress in Berlin had reduced the limit from 4 athletes per NOC to 3 athletes.
The photo finish final was won by American Eddie Tolan in a world record-equalling time of 10.38 seconds. Teammate Ralph Metcalfe won the silver and was credited with the same time as Tolan.It was the first American victory since 1920, after the United States was kept off the podium entirely in 1928. Germany won its second consecutive bronze medal in the event. Defending Olympic champion and world record holder Percy Williams of Canada did not advance past the semifinals. Takayoshi Yoshioka was the first Asian to make the final.
This was the ninth time the event was held, having appeared at every Olympics since the first in 1896. Notable entrants included Canada's Percy Williams, the defending gold medalist and world record holder, and American Ralph Metcalfe, NCAA champion and U.S. Olympic trial winner.
Two electrical timing devices, one hand-operated and one camera-based, were introduced to "double check" the stop watches.
China was represented in the event for the first time. The United States was the only nation to have appeared at each of the first nine Olympic men's 100 metres events.
The event retained the four round format from 1920–1928: heats, quarterfinals, semifinals, and a final. There were 7 heats, of 4–6 athletes each, with the top 3 in each heat advancing to the quarterfinals. The 21 quarterfinalists (19 after two withdrawals) were placed into 4 heats of 4 or 5 athletes. Again, the top 3 advanced. There were 2 heats of 6 semifinalists, once again with the top 3 advancing to the 6-man final.
These are the standing world and Olympic records (in seconds) prior to the 1932 Summer Olympics.
|World Record||10.3||Percy Williams||Toronto (CAN)||August 9, 1930|
|Olympic Record||10.6||Donald Lippincott||Stockholm (SWE)||July 6, 1912|
|10.6||Charlie Paddock||Antwerp (BEL)||August 16, 1920|
|10.6||Harold Abrahams||Paris (FRA)||July 6/7 1924|
|10.6||Robert McAllister||Amsterdam (NED)||July 29/30 1928|
|10.6||Percy Williams||Amsterdam (NED)||July 30, 1928|
|10.6||Wilfred Legg||Amsterdam (NED)||July 30, 1928|
Arthur Jonath equalled the standing Olympic record with 10.6 in the third heat of the first round. Eddie Tolan set a new Olympic record with 10.4 in the first heat of the quarterfinals, and equalled the world record of 10.3 in the final along with Ralph Metcalfe.
|1||Eddie Tolan||United States||10.9||Q|
|2||José de Almeida||Brazil||11.0||Q|
|–||Fred Reid||Great Britain||DNF|
|1||George Simpson||United States||10.9|
|2||Ernie Page||Great Britain||11.1|
|1||Arthur Jonath||Germany||10.6||Q, =WR|
|2||Allan Elliot||New Zealand||10.8||Q|
|1||Ralph Metcalfe||United States||11.0||Q|
|1||Danie Joubert||South Africa||11.0||Q|
|4||Stanley Fuller||Great Britain||11.3|
Berra and Lambrou withdrew before the quarterfinals.
|1||Eddie Tolan||United States||10.53||Q, OR|
|1||George Simpson||United States||10.74||Q|
|1||Ralph Metcalfe||United States||10.77||Q|
|3||Allan Elliot||New Zealand||10.9||Q|
|4||Ernie Page||Great Britain||10.9|
|2||Danie Joubert||South Africa||10.6||Q|
|4||José de Almeida||Brazil||10.8|
The finish was close enough that the timing showed errors. Film of the race indicates that Yoshioka won, with Joubert second, and Tolan third, while officials clocked Tolan at 10.81 seconds, Joubert also at 10.81 seconds, and Yoshioka at 10.83 seconds. Because all three advanced to the final anyway, the discrepancy did not matter.
|1||Eddie Tolan||United States||10.81||Q|
|2||Danie Joubert||South Africa||10.81||Q|
|5||Allan Elliot||New Zealand||11.0|
|1||Ralph Metcalfe||United States||10.65||Q|
|2||George Simpson||United States||10.70||Q|
Under the rules in force at the time, runners were judged to have finished the race when they had crossed the line; in 1933, this was changed so that runners finished the race when they reached the line.
The final was close enough that had this rule been in force at the Games, Metcalfe would have been the winner: Melcalfe reached the finish line first, but Tolan, who was shorter,crossed the line first.
|Eddie Tolan||United States||10.38||=WR|
|Ralph Metcalfe||United States||10.38||=WR|
|4||George Simpson||United States||10.53|
|5||Danie Joubert||South Africa||10.60|
Thomas Edward "Eddie" Tolan, nicknamed the "Midnight Express", was an American track and field athlete who competed in sprints. He set world records in the 100-yard dash and 100 meters event and Olympic records in the 100 meters and 200 meters events. He was the first non-Euro-American to receive the title of the "world's fastest human" after winning gold medals in the 100 and 200 meters events at the 1932 Summer Olympics in Los Angeles. In March 1935, Tolan won the 75, 100 and 220-yard events at the World Professional Sprint Championships in Melbourne to become the first man to win both the amateur and professional world sprint championships. In his full career as a sprinter, Tolan won 300 races and lost only 7.
Ralph Harold Metcalfe Sr. was an American track and field sprinter and politician. He jointly held the world record in the 100-meter dash and placed second in that event in two Olympics, first to Eddie Tolan in 1932 at Los Angeles and then to Jesse Owens at the 1936 Olympics in Berlin, Germany. Metcalfe won four Olympic medals and was regarded as the world's fastest human in 1934 and 1935. He later went into politics in the city of Chicago and served in the United States Congress for four terms in the 1970s as a Democrat from Illinois.
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