Evelio Javier Day

Last updated
Evelio Javier Day

Beloy.jpg

Monument of Evelio B. Javier in San Jose, Antique on Javier Day, 2011.
Official name Governor Evelio B. Javier Day
Observed by Five provinces: all of Panay Island and Guimaras
Significance Marks the day in 1986 that Gov. Javier was assassinated, which led in part to the successful People Power Revolution later that month.
Date February 11
Next time11 February 2019 (2019-02-11)
Frequency annual
First time 1992
Related to EDSA Revolution Anniversary

Evelio Javier Day, officially Governor Evelio B. Javier Day, is a special non-working public holiday in the Philippines to "commemorate the death anniversary of the late Governor Evelio B. Javier" in the four provinces that comprise Panay Island, the Philippines, specifically Antique, Capiz, Aklan, and Iloilo. [1] It has been a holiday on Panay Island every year since 1987. [2]

Philippines Republic in Southeast Asia

The Philippines, officially the Republic of the Philippines, is an archipelagic country in Southeast Asia. Situated in the western Pacific Ocean, it consists of about 7,641 islands that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon City, both part of Metro Manila. Bounded by the South China Sea on the west, the Philippine Sea on the east and the Celebes Sea on the southwest, the Philippines shares maritime borders with Taiwan to the north, Vietnam to the west, Palau to the east, and Malaysia and Indonesia to the south.

Antique (province) Province in Western Visayas, Philippines

Antique is a province of the Philippines located in the region of Western Visayas. The province capital is San Jose, the most populous town in Antique. The province is situated in the western section of Panay Island and borders Aklan, Capiz and Iloilo to the east, while facing the Sulu Sea to the west.

Capiz Province in Western Visayas, Philippines

Capiz is a province located in the region of Western Visayas in the central section of the Philippines. Its capital is the City of Roxas and is located at the northeastern portion of Panay Island, bordering Aklan to the north, Antique to the west, and Iloilo to the south. Capiz faces the Sibuyan Sea to the north.

Evelio Javier was a politician who was assassinated in the closing days of Ferdinand Marcos's presidency. [3] A staunch supporter of then-presidential candidate Corazon Aquino, he was shot on February 11, 1986 four days after the Snap Elections of 1986 were held but while the counting was continuing. [3] The assassination of Evelio Javier helped lead to Marcos's fall from power during the People Power Revolution, [3] His assassination is seen as a tipping point in Marcos's fall. [3]

Ferdinand Marcos former President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986

Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralin Marcos Sr. was a Filipino politician and kleptocrat who was the tenth President of the Philippines from 1965 to 1986. A leading member of the far-right New Society Movement, he ruled as a dictator under martial law from 1972 until 1981. His regime was infamous for its corruption, extravagance, and brutality.

Corazon Aquino Philippine politician and President

Maria Corazon "Cory" Cojuangco Aquino was a Chinese Filipino politician who served as the 11th President of the Philippines, becoming the first woman to hold that office. The first female president in the Philippines, Aquino was the most prominent figure of the 1986 People Power Revolution, which ended the 21-year rule of President Ferdinand Marcos. She was named Time magazine's Woman of the Year in 1986. Prior to this, she had not held any elective office.

People Power Revolution Series of popular demonstrations in the Philippines in 1986

The People Power Revolution was a series of popular demonstrations in the Philippines, mostly in the capital city of Manila from February 22–25, 1986. There was a sustained campaign of civil resistance against regime violence and alleged electoral fraud. The nonviolent revolution led to the departure of dictator Ferdinand Marcos, the end of his 21-year presidential rule, and the restoration of democracy in the Philippines.

Javier was killed in Freedom Park in San Jose, Antique allegedly under orders from former Assemblyman and Marcos ally Arturo Pacificador but Pacificador was acquitted of charges in 2004. [3] Today Freedom Park is the center of Javier Day celebrations.

Related Research Articles

Visayas one of the three island groups of the Philippines

The Visayas, or the Visayan Islands, is one of the three principal geographical divisions of the Philippines, along with Luzon and Mindanao. Located in the central part of the archipelago, it consists of several islands, primarily surrounding the Visayan Sea, although the Visayas are also considered the northeast extremity of the entire Sulu Sea. Its inhabitants are predominantly the Visayan peoples.

Panay island in the Philippines

Panay is the sixth-largest and fourth most-populous island in the Philippines, with a total land area of 12,011 km2 (4,637 sq mi) and with a total population of 4,477,247. Panay comprises 4.4 percent of the entire population of the country. The City of Iloilo is its largest settlement with a total population of 447,992 inhabitants. It is a triangular island, located in the western part of the Visayas. It is about 160 km (99 mi) across. It is divided into four provinces: Aklan, Antique, Capiz and Iloilo, all in the Western Visayas Region. It is located southeast of the island of Mindoro and northwest of Negros across the Guimaras Strait. Just off the mid-southeastern coast lies the island-province of Guimaras. To the north and northeast is the Sibuyan Sea, Jintotolo Channel and the islands of Romblon and Masbate; to the west and southwest is the Sulu Sea and the Palawan archipelago and to the south is Panay Gulf. Panay is the only main island in the Visayas whose provinces don't bear the name of their island.

Aklan Province in Western Visayas, Philippines

Aklan (Akean) is a province in the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. Its capital is Kalibo. The province is situated in the northwest portion of Panay Island, bordering Antique to the southwest, and Capiz to the east. Aklan faces the Sibuyan Sea and Romblon province to the north.

Western Visayas Region in Visayas, Philippines

Western Visayas is an administrative region in the Philippines, numerically designated as Region VI. It consists of six provinces and two highly urbanized cities. The regional center is Iloilo City. The region is dominated by the native speakers of four Visayan languages: Kinaray-a, Hiligaynon, Aklanon and Capiznon. The land area of the region is 20,794.18 km2 (8,028.68 sq mi), and with a population of 7,536,383 inhabitants, it is the most populous region in the Visayas.

Public holidays in the Philippines

This is a list of public holidays in the Philippines.

Kalibo Municipality of the Philippines and capital of the province of Aklan

Kalibo, officially the Municipality of Kalibo,, is a 1st class municipality and capital of the province of Aklan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 80,605 people.

Roxas, Capiz Component City in Western Visayas, Philippines

Roxas, officially the City of Roxas, is a 3rd class city and capital of the province of Capiz, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 167,003 people.

Ati-Atihan festival

The Ati-Atihan Festival is a feast held annually in January in honor of the Santo Niño, Held on the third Sunday, in the town of Kalibo Philippines in the island of Panay originally came from Batan, Aklan, then adopted later by some neighboring towns. The name Ati-Atihan means "to be like Atis" or "to make believe Atis", the local name for the Aeta aborigines who first settled in Panay Island and other parts of the archipelago.

Aklan River river in the Philippines

Aklan River is the longest river in the province of Aklan, Philippines and the third longest river in Panay island, with a total length of 71 kilometres (44 mi), after Panay River in Capiz and Jalaur River in Iloilo. Its drainage basin is the third largest in Panay. The river starts in the Central Panay Mountain Range on Mount Baloy in the western portion of Capiz in the vicinity of Tapaz, travelling northwards to the mountainous western portion of Jamindan, then northeastward to the town of Libacao in Aklan province. The river traverses the municipalities of Madalag, Malinao, Banga, Lezo, Numancia, and Kalibo before emptying to its mouth into Sibuyan Sea. The name of the river is where the term Aklan came from, and is derived from the word akae, which means to boil or to froth. Because of the swiftness of the river current, the water of the Aklan river seems to boil or froth. Akean therefore means "where there is boiling or frothing".

Datu Kalantiaw was once considered an important part of Philippine history as the one who created the first legal code in the Philippines, known as the Code of Kalantiaw in 1433. He was considered by Filipinos, particularly the Visayans as the third head of Panay. He was a source of fierce Filipino and Visayan pride for decades, until his authenticity was debunked by Historian William Henry Scott in his PhD thesis, Critical Study of the Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History relegating the once legendary historical figure into a mythical Filipino character or an urban legend.

<i>TV Patrol Panay</i>

TV Patrol Panay is the local news program of the ABS-CBN Regional Network Group in Iloilo City. This tabloid-format news program is aired across the region of Western Visayas, except Bacolod and Negros Occidental which is served by TV Patrol Negros, and globally through The Filipino Channel. TV Patrol Panay is broadcast in the local Hiligaynon language. It is aired live from the ABS-CBN News Center Iloilo at 5:00 PM from Monday to Friday, simulcast on ABS-CBN TV-21 Roxas. It also delivers news throughout the day via News Patrol Iloilo bulletins.

Evelio Javier Airport, also known as Antique Airport and San Jose Airport, is the only airport in the province of Antique in the Philippines. The airport is located in the provincial capital San Jose de Buenavista, and is classified as a Class 2 principal airport by the Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines, a body of the Department of Transportation and Communications that is responsible for the operations of not only this airport but also of all other airports in the Philippines except the major international airports.

Aklanon people ethnic group

The Aklanon people are part of the wider Visayan ethnolinguistic group, who constitute the largest Filipino ethnolinguistic group.

Evelio Javier Filipino politician

Evelio Bellaflor Javier was a young governor of the province of Antique in the Philippines and an opponent of the dictatorship of President Ferdinand Marcos. His assassination on February 11, 1986 was one of the causes of the People Power Revolution that overthrew Marcos. Evelio Javier's brother, Exequiel Javier, served as congressman from 1987 to 1998 and from 2001 to 2010 and governor from 1998 to 2001, and 2010 to 2015.

Exequiel Bellaflor Javier is a Filipino politician. He has been elected to six terms as a Member of the House of Representatives, representing the Lone District of Antique from 1987 to 1998, and from 2001 to 2010. He has also served as the governor of the province of Antique.

DYIN is an AM commercial radio station owned and managed by People's Broadcasting Service, Inc., under Bombo Radyo Philippines. The station's studio are located at Bombo Radyo Broadcast Center, Oyo Torong cor. J. Magno Streets, and its transmitter is located Barangay Bachaw Sur, Kalibo, Aklan, Philippines. Bombo Radyo Kalibo provides news, public service, drama and music for the audience of Kalibo, the whole province of Aklan, the entire province of Panay, and the Island of Boracay, the neighboring provinces of Capiz, Antique, Iloilo, Romblon, Southern Part of Mindoro, Palawan, Masbate and the major parts of Bicol Region. Bombo Radyo Kalibo airs everyday from 4:30 AM to 9:30 PM. except Holy Week of each year where it signs-off from Maundy Thursday until Black Saturday, and resumes broadcasting on Easter Sunday.

Ati (Inati) is an Austronesian language of the island of Panay in the Philippines. The variety spoken in northern Panay is also called Sogodnin. The Ati people also speak Kinaray-a and Hiligaynon.

Tomás Confesor was a Philippine politician who was the governor of Iloilo and, later, all of Panay Island during the Japanese occupation of the Philippines during World War II. Right after the war, he served as Mayor of Manila and secretary of the Philippine Department of the Interior under Philippine President Sergio Osmena.

References

  1. AN ACT DECLARING FEBRUARY 11 OF EACH YEAR GOVERNOR EVELIO B. JAVIER DAY, A SPECIAL NON-WORKING PUBLIC HOLIDAY IN THE PROVINCES OF ANTIQUE, CAPIZ, AKLAN AND ILOILO, June 3, 1992, retrieved 2008-06-16
  2. DELOS SANTOS, Alex C. (16 February 2011). "Why Evelio Javier is a hero". Antikenyo Takun. Retrieved 11 February 2013.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Palisada, Stanley (02/11/2011). "Remembering Evelio Javier". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 8 February 2013.Check date values in: |date= (help)

See also