Grace Jones

Last updated

Grace Jones
Grace Jones (June 1, 2015).jpg
Jones in performance, 2015
Born
Grace Beverly Jones

(1948-05-19) 19 May 1948 (age 71)
Other namesGrace Mendoza
Alma mater Onondaga Community College
Occupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • lyricist
  • model
  • record producer
  • actress
Years active1973–present
Home town Syracuse, New York, US
Spouse(s)
  • Atila Altaunbay(m. 1996)
Children1
Relatives Noel Jones (brother)
Musical career
Genres
InstrumentsVocals
Labels
Website missgracejones.com

Grace Beverly Jones OJ (born 19 May 1948) is a Jamaican-American [10] supermodel, singer, songwriter, record producer, and actress. Born in Jamaica, she moved when she was 13, along with her siblings, to live with her parents in Syracuse, New York. Jones began her modelling career in New York state, then in Paris, working for fashion houses such as Yves St. Laurent and Kenzo, and appearing on the covers of Elle and Vogue . She worked with photographers such as Jean-Paul Goude, Helmut Newton, Guy Bourdin, and Hans Feurer, and became known for her distinctive androgynous appearance and bold features.

Order of Jamaica

The Order of Jamaica is the fifth of the six orders in the Jamaican honours system. The Order was established in 1969, and it is considered the equivalent of a knighthood in the British honours system.

Supermodel profession

A supermodel is a highly paid fashion model who usually has a worldwide reputation and often a background in haute couture and commercial modeling. The term supermodel became prominent in the popular culture of the 1980s and 90s.

Syracuse, New York City in Central New York

Syracuse is a city in and the county seat of Onondaga County, New York, United States. It is the fifth-most populous city in the state of New York following New York City, Buffalo, Rochester, and Yonkers.

Contents

Beginning in 1977, Jones embarked on a music career, securing a record deal with Island Records and initially becoming a star of New York City's Studio 54-centered disco scene. In the early 1980s, she moved toward a new wave style that drew on reggae, funk, post-punk and pop music, frequently collaborating with both the graphic designer Jean-Paul Goude and the musical duo Sly & Robbie. Her most popular albums include Warm Leatherette (1980), Nightclubbing (1981), and Slave to the Rhythm (1985). She scored Top 40 entries on the UK Singles Chart with "Pull Up to the Bumper", "I've Seen That Face Before", "Private Life", and "Slave to the Rhythm". In 1982, she released the music video collection A One Man Show , directed by Goude.

Island Records British international record label of Jamaican origin; imprint of Island Records Ltd.

Island Records is a record label owned by Universal Music Group. It was founded in 1959 by Chris Blackwell, Graeme Goodall, and Leslie Kong in Jamaica, and was eventually sold to PolyGram in 1989. Island and A&M Records, another label recently acquired by PolyGram, were both at the time the largest independent record labels in history, with Island in particular having exerted a major influence on the progressive music scene in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s.

New York City Largest city in the United States

The City of New York, usually called either New York City (NYC) or simply New York (NY), is the most populous city in the United States. With an estimated 2018 population of 8,398,748 distributed over a land area of about 302.6 square miles (784 km2), New York is also the most densely populated major city in the United States. Located at the southern tip of the state of New York, the city is the center of the New York metropolitan area, the largest metropolitan area in the world by urban landmass and one of the world's most populous megacities, with an estimated 19,979,477 people in its 2018 Metropolitan Statistical Area and 22,679,948 residents in its Combined Statistical Area. A global power city, New York City has been described as the cultural, financial, and media capital of the world, and exerts a significant impact upon commerce, entertainment, research, technology, education, politics, tourism, art, fashion, and sports. The city's fast pace has inspired the term New York minute. Home to the headquarters of the United Nations, New York is an important center for international diplomacy.

Studio 54 former nightclub and current theater in New York, New York

Studio 54 is a former nightclub and currently a Broadway theatre, located at 254 West 54th Street, between Eighth Avenue and Broadway in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. The building, originally built as the Gallo Opera House, opened in 1927, after which it changed names several times, eventually becoming CBS radio and television Studio 52.

Jones appeared in some low-budget films in the US during the 1970s and early 1980s. In 1984, she made her first mainstream appearance as Zula in the fantasy-action film Conan the Destroyer alongside Arnold Schwarzenegger and Sarah Douglas, and subsequently appeared in the 1985 James Bond movie A View to a Kill as May Day. In 1986, she played a vampire in Vamp , and acted in and contributed a song to the 1992 Eddie Murphy film Boomerang . She appeared alongside Tim Curry in the 2001 film Wolf Girl . For her work in Conan the Destroyer, A View to a Kill, and Vamp, she was nominated for Saturn Awards for Best Supporting Actress.

<i>Conan the Destroyer</i> 1984 film by Richard Fleischer

Conan the Destroyer is a 1984 American sword and sorcery/adventure film directed by Richard Fleischer, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and Mako Iwamatsu reprising their roles as Conan and Akiro the wizard, respectively. The cast also includes Grace Jones, Wilt Chamberlain, Tracey Walter, and Olivia d'Abo. It is the sequel to Conan the Barbarian. The film grossed $31 million in the US.

Arnold Schwarzenegger Austrian-American actor, businessman, bodybuilder and politician

Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger is an Austrian-American actor, filmmaker, businessman, author, philanthropist, activist, politician, and former professional bodybuilder and powerlifter. He served as the 38th Governor of California from 2003 to 2011.

Sarah Douglas (actress) British actress

Sarah Douglas is an English actress. She is perhaps best known for playing the Kryptonian supervillain Ursa in Superman (1978), Superman II (1980) and Jinda Kol Rozz in one episode of Supergirl in 2018.

In 1999, Jones ranked 82nd on VH1's 100 Greatest Women of Rock and Roll, and in 2008, she was honored with a Q Idol Award. Jones influenced the cross-dressing movement of the 1980s and has been an inspiration for artists including Annie Lennox, Lady Gaga, Rihanna, Solange, Lorde, Róisín Murphy, Brazilian Girls, Nile Rodgers, Santigold, and Basement Jaxx. In 2016, Billboard magazine ranked her as the 40th greatest dance club artist of all time. [11]

VH1 American cable television network

VH1 is an American pay television network based in New York City owned by Viacom. It was originally created by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and the original owner of MTV, and launched on January 1, 1985, in the former space of Turner Broadcasting System's short-lived Cable Music Channel.

The Q Awards are the UK's annual music awards run by the music magazine Q. Since they began in 1990, the Q Awards have become one of Britain's biggest and best publicised music awards. Locations for the awards ceremony include Abbey Road Studios and, more recently, The Park Lane Ballroom.

Cross-dressing practice of dressing and acting in a style or manner traditionally associated with the opposite sex for performance purposes

Cross-dressing is the act of wearing items of clothing and other accoutrements commonly associated with the opposite sex within a particular society. Cross-dressing has been used for purposes of disguise, comfort, and self-expression in modern times and throughout history.

Biography and career

1948–73: Early life, and modeling career

Grace Jones was born in 1948 (though most sources say 1952 [2] [12] [13] [14] [15] ) in Spanish Town, Jamaica, the daughter of Marjorie (née Williams) and Robert W. Jones, who was a local politician and Apostolic clergyman. [16] [17] [18] [19] The couple already had two children, and would go on to have four more. [20] Robert and Marjorie moved to the East Coast of the United States, [20] where Robert worked as an agricultural labourer until a spiritual experience during a suicide attempt inspired him to become a Pentecostal minister. [21] While they were in the US, they left their children with Marjorie's mother and her new husband, Peart. [22] Jones knew him as "Mas P" ('Master P') and later noted that she "absolutely hated him"; as a strict disciplinarian he regularly beat the children in his care, representing what Jones described as "serious abuse". [23] She was raised into the family's Pentecostal faith, [24] having to take part in prayer meetings and Bible readings every night. [25] She initially attended the Pentecostal All Saints School, [26] before being sent to a nearby public school. [27] As a child, shy Jones had only one schoolfriend and was teased by classmates for her "skinny frame", but she excelled at sports and found solace in the nature of Jamaica. [28]

Spanish Town Town in St Catherine, Jamaica

Spanish Town is the capital and the largest town in the parish of St. Catherine in the historic county of Middlesex, Jamaica. It was the Spanish and British capital of Jamaica from 1534 until 1872. The town is home to numerous memorials, the national archives, and one of the oldest Anglican churches outside England.

Jamaica Country in the Caribbean

Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean. Jamaica lies about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola.

Apostolic Church (denomination) Evangelical Pentecostals founded 1916 in UK

The Apostolic Church is a Christian denomination that came from the Pentecostal movement. The term "Apostolic" represents the denomination's belief that it follows the teachings of the twelve apostles who followed Christ. With roots in the 1904–1905 Welsh Revival, it seeks to stand for first-century Christianity in its faith, practices, and government.

"[My childhood] was all about the Bible and beatings. We were beaten for any little act of dissent, and hit harder the worse the disobedience. It formed me as a person, my choices, men I have been attracted to... It was a profoundly disciplined, militant upbringing, and so in my own way, I am very militant and disciplined. Even if that sometimes means being militantly naughty, and disciplined in the arts of subversion. ."

— Grace Jones, 2015. [29]

Marjorie and Robert eventually brought their children – including the 13 year old Grace – to live with them in the US, where they had settled in Lyncourt, Salina, New York, near Syracuse. [30] [31] It was in the city that her father had established his own ministry, the Apostolic Church of Jesus Christ, in 1956. [32] Jones continued her schooling and after she graduated, enrolled at Onondaga Community College majoring in Spanish. [33] [34] Jones began to rebel against her parents and their religion; she began wearing makeup, drinking alcohol, and visiting gay clubs with her brother. [35] At college, she also took a theatre class, with her drama teacher convincing her to join him on a summer stock tour in Philadelphia. [36] [34] Arriving in the city, she decided to stay there, immersing herself in the Counterculture of the 1960s by living in hippie communes, earning money as a go-go dancer, and using LSD and other drugs. [37] She later praised the use of LSD as "a very important part of my emotional growth... The mental exercise was good for me". [38]

Salina, New York Town in New York, United States

Salina is a town in Onondaga County, New York, United States. The population was 33,710 at the 2010 census. The name of the town is derived from the Latin word for "salt". Salina is a northwest suburb of the city of Syracuse.

Onondaga Community College

Onondaga Community College (OCC) is a public community college that serves Onondaga County, New York, at two campuses. Part of the State University of New York (SUNY) system, OCC is one of 30 locally sponsored community colleges in New York State.

In American theater, summer stock theatre is a theatre that presents stage productions only in the summer. The name combines the season with the tradition of staging shows by a resident company, reusing stock scenery and costumes. Summer stock theatres frequently take advantage of seasonal weather by having their productions outdoors or under tents set up temporarily for their use.

She moved back to New York at 18 and signed on as a model with Wilhelmina Modelling agency. She moved to Paris in 1970. [34] [39] The Parisian fashion scene was receptive to Jones' unusual, androgynous, bold, dark-skinned appearance. Yves St. Laurent, Claude Montana, and Kenzo Takada hired her for runway modelling, and she appeared on the covers of Elle , Vogue , and Stern working with Helmut Newton, Guy Bourdin, and Hans Feurer. [40] Jones also modelled for Azzedine Alaia, and was frequently photographed promoting his line. While modelling in Paris, she shared an apartment with Jerry Hall and Jessica Lange. Hall and Jones frequented Le Sept, one of Paris's most popular gay clubs of the 1970s and '80s, and socialised with Giorgio Armani and Karl Lagerfeld. [41] In 1973, Jones appeared on the cover of a reissue of Billy Paul's 1970 album Ebony Woman .

1974–79: Transition to music, and early releases

Jones was signed by Island Records, who put her in the studio with disco record producer, Tom Moulton. Moulton worked at Sigma Sound Studios in Philadelphia, and Portfolio , was released in 1977. The album featured three songs from Broadway musicals, "Send in the Clowns" by Stephen Sondheim from A Little Night Music , "What I Did for Love" from A Chorus Line and "Tomorrow" from Annie . The second side of the album opens up with a seven-minute reinterpretation of Édith Piaf's "La Vie en rose" followed by three new recordings, two of which were co-written by Jones, "Sorry", and "That's the Trouble". The album finished with "I Need a Man", Jones' first club hit. [42] The artwork to the album was designed by Richard Bernstein, an artist for Interview .

In 1978, Jones and Moulton made Fame , an immediate follow-up to Portfolio, also recorded at Sigma Sound Studios. The album featured another reinterpretation of a French classic, "Autumn Leaves" by Jacques Prévert. The Canadian edition of the vinyl album included another French language track, "Comme un oiseau qui s'envole", which replaced "All on a Summers Night"; in most locations this song served as the B-side of the single "Do or Die". In the North American club scene, Fame was a hit album and the "Do or Die"/"Pride"/"Fame" side reached top 10 on both the US Hot Dance Club Play and Canadian Dance/Urban charts. The album was released on compact disc in the early 1990s, but soon went out of print. In 2011, it was released and remastered by Gold Legion, a record company that specialises in reissuing classic disco albums on CD. [43] Jones' live shows were highly sexualized and flamboyant, leading her to be called "Queen of the Gay Discos." [4]

Muse was the last of Jones' disco albums. The album features a re-recorded version "I'll Find My Way to You", which Jones released three years prior to Muse. Originally appearing in the 1976 Italian film, Colt 38 Special Squad in which Jones had a role as a club singer, Jones also recorded a song called "Again and Again" that was featured in the film. Both songs were produced by composer Stelvio Cipriani. Icelandic keyboardist Thor Baldursson arranged most of the album and also sang duet with Jones on the track "Suffer". Like the last two albums, the cover art is by Richard Bernstein. Like Fame, Muse was later released by Gold Legion. [44]

1980–85: Breakthrough, Nightclubbing, and acting

With anti-disco sentiment spreading, and with the aid of the Compass Point All Stars, Jones transitioned into new wave music with the 1980 release of Warm Leatherette . The album included covers of songs by The Normal ("Warm Leatherette"), The Pretenders ("Private Life"), Roxy Music ("Love Is the Drug"), Smokey Robinson ("The Hunter Gets Captured by the Game"), Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers ("Breakdown") and Jacques Higelin ("Pars"). Sly Dunbar revealed that the title track was also the first to be recorded with Jones. [45] [46] Tom Petty wrote the lyrics to "Breakdown", and he also wrote the third verse of Jones' reinterpretation. [47] The album included one song co-written by Jones, "A Rolling Stone". Originally, "Pull Up to the Bumper" was to be included on the album, but its R&B sound did not fit with the rest of the material. [48] By 1981, she had begun collaborating with photographer and graphic designer Jean-Paul Goude, with whom she also had a relationship. [49] An extended version of "Private Life" was released as a single, with a cover of the Joy Division song "She's Lost Control", a non-album track, as the B-side.

The 1981 release of Nightclubbing included Jones' covers of songs by Flash and the Pan ("Walking in the Rain"), Bill Withers ("Use Me"), Iggy Pop/David Bowie ("Nightclubbing") and Ástor Piazzolla ("I've Seen That Face Before"). Three songs were co-written by Jones: "Feel Up", "Art Groupie" and "Pull Up to the Bumper". Sting wrote "Demolition Man"; he later recorded it with The Police on the album Ghost in the Machine . "I've Done It Again" was written by Marianne Faithfull. The strong rhythm featured on Nightclubbing was produced by Compass Point All Stars, including Sly and Robbie, Wally Badarou, Mikey Chung, Uziah "Sticky" Thompson and Barry Reynolds. The album entered in the Top 5 in four countries, and became Jones' highest-ranking record on the US Billboard mainstream albums and R&B charts.

Nightclubbing claimed the number 1 slot on NME 's Album of the Year list. [50] Slant Magazine listed the album at No. 40 on its list of Best Albums of the 1980s. [51] Nightclubbing is now widely considered Jones' best studio album. [52] The album's cover art is a painting of Jones by Jean-Paul Goude. Jones is presented as a man wearing an Armani suit jacket, with a cigarette in her mouth and a flattop haircut. While promoting the album, Jones slapped chat-show host Russell Harty live on air after he had turned to interview other guests, making Jones feel she was being ignored. [53]

Jones performing in 2007 Gracejones.jpg
Jones performing in 2007

Having already recorded two reggae-oriented albums under the production of Compass Point All Stars, Jones went to Nassau, Bahamas in 1982 and recorded Living My Life ; the album resulted in Jones' final contribution to the Compass Point trilogy, with only one cover, Melvin Van Peebles's "The Apple Stretching". The rest were original songs; "Nipple to the Bottle" was co-written with Sly Dunbar, and, apart from "My Jamaican Guy", the other tracks were collaborations with Barry Reynolds. Despite receiving a limited single release, the title track was left off the album. Further session outtakes included "Man Around the House" (Jones, Reynolds) and a cover of "Ring of Fire", written by June Carter Cash and Merle Kilgore and popularized by Johnny Cash, both of which were included on the 1998 compilation Private Life: The Compass Point Sessions . The album's cover art resulted from another Jones/Goude collaboration; the artwork has been described as being as famous as the music on the record. [54] It features Jones' disembodied head cut out from a photograph and pasted onto a white background. Jones' head is sharpened, giving her head and face an angular shape. [55] A piece of plaster is pasted over her left eyebrow, and her forehead is covered with drops of sweat. [56]

Jones' three albums under the production of the Compass Point All Stars resulted in Jones' One Man Show , a performance art/pop theatre presentation devised by Goude and Jones in which she also performed tracks from the albums Portfolio ("La Vie en rose"), Warm Leatherette , ("Private Life", "Warm Leatherette"), Nightclubbing ("Walking in the Rain", "Feel Up", "Demolition Man", "Pull Up to the Bumper" and "I've Seen That Face Before (Libertango)") and from Living My Life, "My Jamaican Guy" and the album's title track. Jones dressed in elaborate costumes and masks (in the opening sequence as a gorilla) and alongside a series of Grace Jones lookalikes. A video version, filmed live in London and New York City and completed with some studio footage, was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Long-Form Music Video the following year. [57]

After the release of Living My Life, Jones took on the role of Zula the Amazonian in Conan the Destroyer (1984) and was nominated for a Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress. In 1985, Jones starred as May Day, henchman to main antagonist Max Zorin in the 14th James Bond film A View to a Kill ; Jones was also nominated for a Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress. That same year, she was featured on the Arcadia song "Election Day". Jones was among the many stars to promote the Honda Scooter; other artists included Lou Reed, Adam Ant, and Miles Davis. [58] Jones also, with her boyfriend Dolph Lundgren posed nude for Playboy . [59]

After Jones' success as a mainstream actress, she returned to the studio to work on Slave to the Rhythm , the last of her recordings for Island. Bruce Woolley, Simon Darlow, Stephen Lipson and Trevor Horn wrote the material, and it was produced by Horn and Lipson. It was a concept album that featured several interpretations of the title track. The project was originally intended for Frankie Goes to Hollywood as a follow-up to "Relax", but was given to Jones. [60] All eight tracks on the album featured excerpts from a conversation with Jones, speaking about many aspects of her life. The interview was conducted by journalist Paul Morley. The album features voice-overs from actor Ian McShane reciting passages from Jean-Paul Goude's biography Jungle Fever. Slave to the Rhythm was successful in German-speaking countries and in the Netherlands, where it secured Top 10 placings. It reached number 12 on the UK Albums Chart in November 1985 and became the second-highest-ranking album released by Jones. [61] [62] Jones earned an MTV Video Music Award nomination for the title track's music video.

After her success with Slave to the Rhythm, Island released Island Life , Jones' first best-of compilation, which featured songs from most of her releases with Island (Portfolio, Fame, Warm Leatherette, Nightclubbing, Living My Life and Slave to the Rhythm). American writer and journalist Glenn O'Brien wrote the essay for the inlay booklet. The compilation charted in the UK, New Zealand and the United States. [63] The artwork on the cover of the compilation was of another Jones/Goude collaboration; it featured Jones' celestial body in a montage of separate images, following Goude's ideas on creating credible illusions with his cut-and-paint technique. The body position is anatomically impossible. [64]

The artwork, a piece called "Nigger Arabesque" was originally published in the New York magazine in 1978, and was used as a backdrop for the music video of Jones' hit single "La Vie en rose". [65] The artwork has been described as "one of pop culture's most famous photographs". [66] The image was also parodied in Nicki Minaj's 2011 music video for "Stupid Hoe", in which Minaj mimicked the pose. [67]

1986–89: Slave to the Rhythm, Island Life, further films

After Slave to the Rhythm and Island Life , Jones started to record again under a new contract with Manhattan Records, which resulted in Inside Story , Jones teamed up with music producer Nile Rodgers of Chic, whom Jones had previously tried to work with during the disco era. [68] The album was recorded at Skyline Studios in New York and post-produced at Atlantic Studios and Sterling Sound. Inside Story was the first album Jones produced, which resulted in heated disputes with Rodgers. Musically, the album was more accessible than her previous albums with the Compass Point All Stars, and explored different styles of pop music, with undertones of jazz, gospel, and Caribbean sounds. All songs on the album were written by Jones and Bruce Woolley. Richard Bernstein teamed up with Jones again to provide the album's artwork. Inside Story made the top 40 in several European countries. The album was Jones' last entry to date on US Billboard 200 albums chart. The same year, Jones starred as Katrina, an Egyptian queen vampire in the vampire film Vamp . For her work in the film, Jones was awarded a Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actress.

In 1987, Jones appeared in two films, Straight to Hell , and Mary Lambert's Siesta , for which Jones was nominated for Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actress. Bulletproof Heart was released in 1989, produced by Chris Stanley, who co-wrote, and co-produced the majority of the songs, and was featured as a guest vocalist on "Don't Cry Freedom". Robert Clivillés and David Cole of C+C Music Factory produced some tracks on the album.

Jones performing in 2011. Grace Jones @ Fremantle Park (17 4 2011) (5648773026).jpg
Jones performing in 2011.

1990–2004: Boomerang, soundtracks, and collaborations

In 1990, Jones appeared as herself in the documentary, Superstar: The Life and Times of Andy Warhol. 1992 saw Jones starring as Helen Strangé, in the Eddie Murphy film Boomerang , for which she also contributed the song "7 Day Weekend" to its soundtrack. Jones released two more soundtrack songs in 1992; "Evilmainya", recorded for the film Freddie as F.R.O.7 , and "Let Joy and Innocence Prevail" for the film Toys . In 1994, she was due to release an electro album titled Black Marilyn with artwork featuring the singer as Marilyn Monroe. "Sex Drive" was released as the first single in September 1993, but due to unknown reasons the record was eventually shelved. The track "Volunteer", recorded during the same sessions, leaked in 2009. [69]

In 1996, Jones released "Love Bites", an up-tempo electronic track to promote the Sci-Fi Channel's Vampire Week, which consisted of a series of vampire-themed films aired on the channel in early November 1996. The track features Jones singing from the perspective of a vampire. The track was released as a non-label promo-only single. To this day, it has not been made commercially available. [70] In June 1998, she was scheduled to release an album entitled Force of Nature, on which she worked with trip hop musician Tricky. [71] The release of Force of Nature was cancelled due to a disagreement between the two, and only a white label 12" single featuring two dance mixes of "Hurricane" was issued at the time; [72] a slowed-down version of this song became the title track of her comeback album released ten years later while another unreleased track from the album, "Clandestine Affair" (recycling the chorus from her unreleased 1993 track "Volunteer"), appeared on a bootleg 12" in 2004. [73] Jones recorded the track "Storm" in 1998 for the movie The Avengers , and in 1999, appeared in an episode of the Beastmaster television series as the Umpatra Warrior.

The same year, Jones recorded "The Perfect Crime", an up-tempo song for Danish TV written by the composer duo Floppy M. aka Jacob Duus and Kåre Jacobsen. Jones was also ranked 82nd place on VH1's "100 Greatest Women of Rock & Roll".[ citation needed ] In 2000, Jones collaborated with rapper Lil' Kim, appearing on the song "Revolution" from her album The Notorious K.I.M. . [74] In 2001, Jones starred in the made-for-television film, Wolf Girl (also known as Blood Moon), as an intersex circus performer named Christoph/Christine. In 2002, Jones joined Luciano Pavarotti on stage for his annual Pavarotti and Friends fundraiser concert to support the United Nations refugee agency's programs for Angolan refugees in Zambia. In November 2004, Jones sang "Slave to the Rhythm" at a tribute concert for record producer Trevor Horn at London's Wembley Arena. [75] [76]

2008–present: Hurricane and recent endeavours

Despite several comeback attempts throughout the 1990s, Jones' next full-length record was released almost twenty years later, after Jones decided "never to do an album again," [77] changing her mind after meeting music producer Ivor Guest through a mutual friend, milliner Philip Treacy. After the two became acquainted, Guest let Jones listen to a track he had been working on, which became "Devil in My Life", once Jones set the lyrics to the song. The lyrics to the song were written after a party in Venice. [78] The two ended up with 23 tracks. The album included autobiographical songs, such as "This Is", "Williams' Blood" and "I'm Crying (Mother's Tears)", an ode to her mother Marjorie. "Love You to Life" was another track based on real events and "Corporate Cannibal" referred to corporate capitalism. "Well Well Well" was recorded in memory of Alex Sadkin, member of Compass Point All Stars who had died in a motor accident 1987. "Sunset Sunrise" was written by Jones' son, Paulo; the song ponders the relationship between mankind and mother nature. Four songs were removed from the album, "The Key to Funky", "Body Phenomenon", "Sister Sister" and "Misery". For the production of the album, Jones teamed up with Sly and Robbie, Wally Badarou, Barry Reynolds, Mikey Chung, and Uziah "Sticky" Thompson, of the Compass Point All Stars, with contributions from trip-hop artist Tricky, and Brian Eno. [79]

The album was released on Wall of Sound on 3 November 2008 in the United Kingdom. PIAS, the umbrella company of Wall of Sound, distributed Hurricane worldwide excluding North America. [80] The album scored 72 out of 100 on review aggregator Metacritic. [81] Prior to the album's release, Jones performed at Massive Attack's Meltdown festival in London on 19 June 2008, Jones performed four new songs from the album and premiered the music video which Jones and artist Nick Hooker collaborated on, which resulted in "Corporate Cannibal". [82] [83] [84] Jones promoted the album even further by appearing on talk show Friday Night with Jonathan Ross , performed at several awards galas, and embarked on The Hurricane Tour. The same year, Jones was honoured with Q Idol Award.

In 2009, Chris Cunningham produced a fashion shoot for Dazed & Confused using Jones as a model to create "Nubian versions" of Rubber Johnny. [85] In an interview for BBC's The Culture Show, it was suggested that the collaboration may expand into a video project. Jones also worked with the avant-garde poet Brigitte Fontaine on a duet named "Soufi" from Fontaine's album Prohibition released in 2009, and produced by Ivor Guest. In March 2010 Jones performed for guests at the 18th annual Elton John AIDS Foundation Academy Award Viewing Party. The Elton John AIDS Foundation is one of the world's leading nonprofit organisations supporting HIV prevention programs, and works to eliminate the stigma and discrimination associated with HIV/AIDS. That evening, US$3.7 million was raised. [86] [87] The same year, a budget DVD version of A One Man Show was released, as Grace Jones – Live in Concert. It included three bonus video clips ("Slave to the Rhythm", "Love Is the Drug" and "Crush".

In 2011, Jones collaborated again with Brigitte Fontaine on two tracks from her release entitled L'un n'empêche pas l'autre and performed at the opening ceremony of the 61st FIFA Congress. [88] Jones released a dub version of the album, Hurricane – Dub, which came out on 5 September 2011. The dub versions were made by Ivor Guest, with contributions from Adam Green, Frank Byng, Robert Logan and Ben Cowan.

In April 2012, Jones joined Deborah Harry, Bebel Gilberto, and Sharon Stone at the Inspiration Gala in São Paulo, Brazil, raising $1.3 million for amfAR (the Foundation for AIDS Research). Jones closed the evening with a performance of "La Vie en Rose" and "Pull Up to the Bumper". [89] Two months later, Jones performed "Slave to the Rhythm" at the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II (whilst keeping a hula hoop spinning in the air throughout), and the Lovebox Festival. [90] On 27 October 2012, Jones performed her only North American show of 2012, a performance at New York City's Roseland Ballroom. [91] The same year, Jones presented Sir Tom Jones with not only the GQ Men of the Year award, but her underwear. Tom Jones accepted the gift in good humour, and replied by saying, "I didn't think you wore any". [92]

Universal Music Group released a deluxe edition of her Nightclubbing album as a two-disc set and Blu-ray audio on 28 April 2014. The set contains most of the 12" mixes of singles from that album, plus two previously unreleased tracks from the Nightclubbing sessions, including a cover of the Gary Numan track "Me! I Disconnect from You".

In October 2014, Jones was announced as having contributed a song, "Original Beast", to the soundtrack of The Hunger Games: Mockingjay – Part 1 . [93]

Jones' memoir entitled I'll Never Write My Memoirs was released on 29 September 2015. [94]

In 2017, Jones collaborated with British virtual band Gorillaz, appearing on the song "Charger" from their fifth studio album Humanz . [95]

In October 2018, Jones received the Order of Jamaica from the Jamaican government. [96]

Artistry and legacy

Image

"Grace was very open. We worked together to create this intimidating character. I mean, she's naturally intimidating anyway with her body shape, very straight neck, prominent cheekbones, and clean-cut jawline. She's feminine, no doubt about that, but I've always thought that she was far more beautiful without the artifices she employed to make herself more feminine. I tried to emphasize that body shape through a sort of minimalist German expressionism, with its games of shadows and its angular shapes. Grace is from Jamaica, so she speaks English in a quite thought-out way. I also advised her to address her audience – mostly composed of homosexuals – like a teacher would, with severity. All of that stuff contributed to the building of her image. "

Jean-Paul Goude, Vice , 2012. [97]

Kyle Munzenrieder of W magazine elaborates: "If Cher wrote volume one of the 'How To Be a Modern Pop Star' handbook, Grace Jones wrote volume two. And everyone from Madonna to Björk to Beyoncé to Lady Gaga has taken more than a few pages from her playbook[.]" [98] Jones' work is often discussed for its visual aspect, which was largely the work of French illustrator, photographer, and graphic designer Jean-Paul Goude. According to Jake Hall of i-D , "their collaborative work [went on] to define the visual landscape of the 70s and 80s," and "the artist helped create one of the most intriguing legends in musical history." [99] Goude saw Jones as his muse, declaring she was "beautiful and grotesque at the same time," [100] and dated her from 1977 to 1984. He "[designed her] album covers, [...] directed her music videos, choreographed live performances, and helped develop her image." [101]

It has been noted that Jones' ties with the 1970s and 1980s New York art scene are important in understanding her visual identity during this period, and she was close to Andy Warhol, who created a number of paintings and other works of the singer. [102] [103]

She also knew artist Richard Bernstein, and artist and social activist, Keith Haring, who painted her head-to-toe for a series of photographs taken by Robert Mapplethorpe and for her role in the 1986 film Vamp . [104] [105] [106] [103]

Jones' "appearance was equally divisive" as the sonic fluidity of her music - with her "striking visuals [leading] to her becoming a muse for the likes of Issey Miyake and Thierry Mugler. [99] Her image has been described as "neo-cubist". [107]

Jones was featured prominently in Goude's work from that period, "which, over the course of the '80s, became increasingly synonymous with willful distortion" - using a technique he refers to as "French correction". [101] The artist stated in 2012: "chopping up photos and rearranging them in a montage to elongate limbs or exaggerate the size of someone's head or some other aspect appealed to me on a lot of levels – I'm always searching for equilibrium, symmetry, and rhythm in an image." [97]

Goude's work "centers around artistic depictions of race, ethnicity, and global culture", with an "enchantment with the far-away and the exotic". [99] As a result, much of his depictions of black women are considered controversial and exploitative, [99] [100] as Jones was presented as "a white man's rendition of the African feminine." [107] Goude's images depicted her hypersexualized and androgynous, emphasizing her "blackness" and Jamaican heritage. Writer Abigail Gardner felt Jones' body "was presented and manipulated in ways that are clearly congruent with conceiving of that display as artefactual." [107] Essentially, Hall writes, "Goude treated Jones as an artistic vehicle first and foremost - a hyperbole which, despite destroying their personal relationship, allowed Goude to translate his grandiose vision of Jones the phenomenon into a series of imagery which painted her as a surreal, impossible muse. [99]

Jones' distinctive androgynous appearance, square-cut, angular padded clothing, manner, and height of 179 cm (5'10 1/2") [108] influenced the cross-dressing movement of the 1980s. To this day, she is known for her unique look at least as much as she is for her music [109] and has been an inspiration for numerous artists, including Annie Lennox, [110] Lady Gaga,[ citation needed ] Rihanna,[ citation needed ] Lorde, [111] Brazilian Girls,[ citation needed ] Grimes, Róisín Murphy, [112] Nile Rodgers, [113] Santigold,[ citation needed ] and Basement Jaxx.[ citation needed ] Jones was listed as one of the 50 best-dressed over 50 by the Guardian in March 2013. [114]

Music

Jones' early music was rooted in the disco genre. She opted for a new wave sound in the early 1980s. She recorded a series of albums (1980's Warm Leatherette through 1982's Living My Life ) backed by the Jamaica rhythm section duo Sly and Robbie. Her music during this era was described as a new wave hybrid of reggae, funk, pop, and rock. [5] According to John Doran of BBC Music, Warm Leatherette and Nightclubbing were "post-punk pop" albums that, "delved into the worlds of disco, reggae and funk much more successfully than most of her 'alternative' contemporaries, while still retaining a blank-eyed alienation that was more reminiscent of David Bowie or Ian Curtis than most of her peers." [115] This hybrid influenced a variety of alternative music artists, including Massive Attack,[ citation needed ] Todd Terje, Gorillaz,[ citation needed ] Hot Chip,[ citation needed ] and LCD Soundsystem.[ citation needed ] [5]

Jones has a contralto vocal range. She sings in two modes: either in her monotone speak-sing voice as in songs such as "Private Life", "Walking in the Rain" and "The Apple Stretching", or in an almost-soprano mode in songs such as "La Vie en Rose", "Slave to the Rhythm", and "Victor Should Have Been a Jazz Musician". Jones' voice spans 4 octaves, 1 note and a semitone from the low note of C2 (in "Corporate Cannibal") to the high note of E6 (in "Slave to the Rhythm). [116]

Personal life

Jones' father was strict and their relationship was strained. According to his particular denomination's beliefs, one should only use one's singing ability to glorify God. [28] Bishop Robert W. Jones died on 7 May 2008. [17] Her mother, Marjorie, always supported Jones' career (she sings on "Williams' Blood" and "My Jamaican Guy") but could not be publicly associated with her music. [28] Marjorie's father, William, was also a musician, and played with Nat King Cole. [28]

Jones described her childhood as having been "crushed underneath the Bible", [33] and since has refused to enter a Jamaican church due to her bad childhood experiences. [117]

Through her relationship with longtime collaborator Jean-Paul Goude, Jones has one son, Paulo. From Paulo, Jones has one granddaughter. [116] Jones married Atila Altaunbay in 1996. She disputes rumors that she married Chris Stanley in her 2015 memoir I'll Never Write My Memoirs, saying, "The truth is, I only ever married one of my boyfriends, Atila Altaunbay, a Muslim from Turkey." She spent four years with Swedish actor Dolph Lundgren, her former bodyguard; [118] she was the one who got him a part as a KGB officer in A View to a Kill . [119] Jones started dating Danish actor and stuntman Sven-Ole Thorsen in 1990, and was in an open relationship as of 2007. [120]

Jones' brother is megachurch preacher Bishop Noel Jones, who starred on the 2013 reality show Preachers of LA. [121]

Jones' real last name is often referred to as "Mendoza", which is actually a name she used in her 20s to fool her parents. [122]

Awards and nominations

YearAwardsWorkCategoryResult
1983 Billboard Music Awards HerselfTop Disco Artist - FemaleNominated
1984 Grammy Awards A One Man Show Best Video Album Nominated
1985 Bravo Otto Awards HerselfBest Female Actress (Silver)Won
Saturn Awards Conan the Destroyer Best Supporting Actress Nominated
1986 A View to a Kill Nominated
MTV Video Music Awards "Slave to the Rhythm" Best Female Video Nominated
1987 Saturn Awards Vamp Best Supporting Actress Nominated
1988 Razzie Awards Siesta Worst Supporting Actress Nominated
2009 Helpmann Awards Hurricane TourBest International Contemporary Music ConcertNominated
2014Rober Awards Music Poll Nightclubbing Best ReissueNominated
2016 NME Awards I Never Write My MemoirsBest BookNominated
2017 The Voice of a Woman Awards [123] HerselfLifetime Achievement AwardWon
Bahamas International Film Festival Career Achievement AwardWon

Discography

Grace Jones on her Hurricane Tour (2009) Gracejones-thehurricantour.jpg
Grace Jones on her Hurricane Tour (2009)

Studio albums

Tours

Filmography

As actress
YearTitleRoleNotes
1973 Gordon's War Mary
1976Attention les yeux!Cuidy
Quelli della Calibro 38 Club SingerUncredited
1978 Stryx RumstryxTV series
1981Deadly VengeanceSlick's girlfriend
1984 Conan the Destroyer Zula
1985 A View to a Kill May Day
1986 Vamp Katrina
1987 Straight to Hell Sonya
Siesta Conchita
1992 Boomerang Helen Strangé
1995 Cyber Bandits Masako Yokohama
1998McCinsey's IslandAlanso Richter
Palmer's Pick UpMs. Remo
1999 BeastMaster NokinjaEpisode: "The Umpatra"
2001 Wolf Girl Christoph/ChristineTV movie
Shaka Zulu: The CitadelThe QueenTV movie
2006No Place Like HomeDancer
2008Falco – Verdammt, wir leben noch!Waitress
Chelsea on the Rocks Bev
2016Gutterdämmerung
Video games
YearTitleRoleNotes
1994 Hell: A Cyberpunk Thriller Solene Solux
Stage work
YearTitleRoleLocation
1997 The Wiz Evillene US Touring Revival
As musician
YearTitleNotes
1982 A One Man Show "Warm Leatherette" (intro includes excerpts from "Nightclubbing"), "Walking in the Rain", "Feel Up" "La Vie en rose", "Demolition Man"
"Pull Up to the Bumper", "Private Life", "My Jamaican Guy", "Living My Life", "I've Seen That Face Before (Libertango)"
1983The Video SinglesIncludes the videos for "Pull Up to the Bumper", "Private Life" and "My Jamaican Guy", all directed by Jean-Paul Goude.
1988Christmas at Pee Wee's Playhouse (TV special)Guest performer: reinterpretation of "The Little Drummer Boy"
2002Pavarotti & Friends 2002 for AngolaGuest performer: "Pourquoi Me Réveiller" (feat. Luciano Pavarotti)
2005So Far So GoudeDVD only available as a bonus with the purchase of Thames & Hudson's biography on Jean-Paul Goude [125]
2010Grace Jones – Live in NYC 1981Remastered version of A One Man Show with 3 bonus music videos, "Slave to the Rhythm", "Love Is the Drug" and "Crush"
2012 The Diamond Jubilee Concert
(TV special)
Guest performer: "Slave to the Rhythm"
Documentaries
YearTitleNotes
1979Army of Lovers or Revolution of the Perverts/ Armee der Liebenden oder Revolte der Perversen
1984Mode in France
1990Superstar: The Life and Times of Andy Warhol
1996In Search of Dracula with Jonathan Ross
1998 Behind the MusicStudio 54
2007Queens of Disco
2017Grace Jones: Bloodlight and Bami

Related Research Articles

"The Hunter Gets Captured by the Game" is a 1966 song written by Smokey Robinson. It was a hit single in 1967 for the American girl group The Marvelettes for the Motown label, from their self-titled album released that same year. In 1980, Jamaican singer Grace Jones remade the song and had minor success with her version in the US. The song has had several cover versions over the years, most recently on the deluxe edition of Bette Midler's 2014 studio album It's The Girls!.

<i>Nightclubbing</i> (Grace Jones album) 1981 studio album by Grace Jones

Nightclubbing is the fifth studio album by Jamaican singer Grace Jones, released on 11 May 1981 by Island Records. Recorded at Compass Point Studios with producers Alex Sadkin and Island Records' president Chris Blackwell, as well as a team of session musicians rooted by rhythm section Sly & Robbie, the album marked her second foray into a new wave style that blends a variety of genres, including reggae, art pop, dub, synth-pop and funk. The album comprises a mixture of cover versions from artists including Bill Withers, Iggy Pop and Astor Piazzolla, and original songs, three of which were co-written by Jones.

Robbie Shakespeare

Robert "Robbie" Shakespeare is a Jamaican bass guitarist and record producer, best known as the one half of the reggae rhythm section and production duo Sly and Robbie. Regarded as one of the most influential reggae bassists, Shakespeare is also known for his creative use of electronics and production effects.

<i>Island Life</i> 1985 compilation album by Grace Jones

Island Life is a compilation album by Grace Jones released in December 1985, summing up the first nine years of her musical career. The album sits among Jones' best-selling works.

<i>Slave to the Rhythm</i> (album) 1985 studio album by Grace Jones

Slave to the Rhythm is the seventh studio album by Grace Jones, released on 28 October 1985 by Island Records. Subtitled a biography in the liner notes, Slave to the Rhythm is a concept album, produced by ZTT Records founder and producer Trevor Horn, that went on to become one of Jones' most commercially successful albums and spawned her biggest hit, "Slave to the Rhythm".

<i>Warm Leatherette</i> (album) 1980 studio album by Grace Jones

Warm Leatherette is the fourth studio album by Grace Jones, released on 9 May 1980 by Island Records. The album features contributions from the reggae production duo Sly and Robbie and is a departure from Jones' earlier disco sound, moving towards a new wave-reggae direction.

<i>The Grace Jones Story</i> 2006 compilation album by Grace Jones

The Grace Jones Story is a 2006 anthology of recordings by Grace Jones, spanning from 1977 to 1993.

<i>Living My Life</i> (album) 1982 studio album by Grace Jones

Living My Life is the sixth studio album by Grace Jones, released in 1982. It was the last of three albums she recorded at the Compass Point Studios in the Bahamas.

<i>A One Man Show</i> 1982 film by Jean-Paul Goude

A One Man Show is a long-form music video collection featuring Jamaican singer Grace Jones, released in 1982. The video mainly consists of music videos, with some concert footage filmed when Jones was touring with the eponymous tour.

<i>The Ultimate Collection</i> (Grace Jones album) 2006 compilation album by Grace Jones

The Ultimate Collection is a 3-CD anthology of recordings by Grace Jones, released in 2006 by Universal.

<i>Private Life: The Compass Point Sessions</i> 1998 compilation album by Grace Jones

Private Life: The Compass Point Sessions is a compilation of recordings by Grace Jones released in 1998 by Island Records. The two-disc anthology consists mostly of material pulled from 1980–1982 recording sessions.

Pull Up to the Bumper 1981 single by Grace Jones

"Pull Up to the Bumper" is a 1981 single by Jamaican singer Grace Jones.

<i>The Universal Masters Collection</i> (Grace Jones album) 2003 compilation album by Grace Jones

The Universal Masters Collection is a mid-price compilation of recordings by Grace Jones, first released by Universal Music in 2003.

<i>Hurricane</i> (Grace Jones album) 2008 studio album by Grace Jones

Hurricane is the tenth studio album by singer Grace Jones, released in 2008, and her first album of new material in nineteen years.

Ive Seen That Face Before (Libertango) 1981 single by Grace Jones

"I've Seen That Face Before (Libertango)" is a single by Jamaican singer Grace Jones, released in 1981. The song is a reworking of Astor Piazzolla's "Libertango". It has sold 146,800 copies in France.

Private Life 1980 single by Grace Jones

"Private Life" is a 1980 song by an English band the Pretenders, famously covered by Jamaican singer Grace Jones and released as a single in 1980.

My Jamaican Guy 1983 single by Grace Jones

"My Jamaican Guy" is a single by the Jamaican singer and actress Grace Jones, released in 1983. The second version featuring Bounty Killer was released in 1998.

Slave to the Rhythm (Grace Jones song) 1985 single by Grace Jones

"Slave to the Rhythm" is a 1985 hit song performed by Grace Jones.

A Rolling Stone song by Grace Jones

"A Rolling Stone" is a 1980 single by Jamaican singer Grace Jones.

Grace Jones discography

Grace Jones' discography consists of 10 studio albums, eight compilation albums and 53 singles.

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