|"Love Me Harder"|
|Single by Ariana Grande and The Weeknd|
|from the album My Everything|
|Released||September 30, 2014|
|Ariana Grande singles chronology|
|The Weeknd singles chronology|
"Love Me Harder" is a song recorded by American singer Ariana Grande and Canadian singer The Weeknd from Grande's second studio album, My Everything (2014). It was written by Max Martin, Savan Kotecha, Peter Svensson, Ali Payami, Abel Tesfaye and Ahmad Balshe. The song was produced by Payami and Peter Carlsson, with Svensson serving as a vocal producer. It was released by Republic Records on September 30, 2014, as the fourth single from the album. "Love Me Harder" is a synth-pop and R&B ballad with a "throbbing, electro-heavy chorus", a guitar riff and "big vacuum-esque synths". Lyrically, the song features double entendres about rough sex.
Ariana Grande-Butera is an American singer, songwriter and actress. As one of the world's leading contemporary recording artists, she is known for her wide vocal range and has received such accolades including one Grammy Award, one Brit Award and three American Music Awards.
Abel Makkonen Tesfaye, better known by his stage name The Weeknd, is a Canadian singer, songwriter, and record producer. The Weeknd has helped to broaden the musical palette of R&B by incorporating indie and electronic music influences; his work has been categorized as alternative R&B. The Weeknd anonymously uploaded several songs to YouTube under the name "The Weeknd" in 2010 and released the critically acclaimed mixtapes House of Balloons, Thursday, and Echoes of Silence in 2011.
My Everything is the second studio album by American singer and actress Ariana Grande, released on August 25, 2014 by Republic Records. Grande wanted My Everything to sound as "an evolution" from her debut album, Yours Truly (2013); it explores more mature themes and genres. In the album's production, Ariana worked with a host of producers – including Max Martin, Shellback, Benny Blanco, Ryan Tedder, Darkchild, Ilya Salmanzadeh, Zedd, and David Guetta. Upon its release, the album debuted atop the Billboard 200, selling 169,000 copies in its first week. It debuted at number one in Australia and Canada as well, and peaked in the top ten of twenty countries worldwide. As of April 2018, the album has sold 735,000 copies in the United States.
In the United States, the song peaked at number seven on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming Grande's fourth consecutive top-ten single off the album and making her the artist with the most top-ten singles in 2014. The song also became The Weeknd's first top ten entry in the US. The Hannah Lux Davis-directed video finds Grande writhing on a sandy floor and The Weeknd walking through a rainstorm. As of April 2018, the song had sold 1.7 million copies in the United States, and has since been certified triple platinum by the RIAA.
The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine. Chart rankings are based on sales, radio play, and online streaming in the United States.
Hannah Lux Davis is an American music video director known for working with artists such as Ariana Grande, Nicki Minaj, David Guetta, Demi Lovato, Hailee Steinfeld, Kacey Musgraves, Fifth Harmony, Little Mix, Jessie J, Anne-Marie, Bebe Rexha, and Lil Wayne.
The collaboration between Grande and The Weeknd was pushed by their mutual label, Republic Records.Grande and The Weeknd were up-and-coming artists in 2013, with both releasing their debut albums that year. In an interview with Billboard , Republic Records executive vice president Charlie Walk stated, "The Weeknd is positioned to be best new artist of 2014. He is that guy." Producer Max Martin sent The Weeknd an unfinished version of the track. According to The Weeknd, "It was a great song, but it was a little generic. I couldn't hear myself on it. So I changed it and made it dark." Martin liked The Weeknd's revised lyrics. The Weeknd later recalled that "It was kind of like the label giving me an alley-oop. I think that's where the stars aligned for me. When I see an opening I penetrate it." In June 2014, Walk posted a photo on his Instagram with the caption, "When you talk about artist development and pure talent, The Weeknd comes to mind. I just heard a duet with a female friend of ours that’s a global smash. Can’t wait for the fall!." Later, it was revealed that the collaborator was Ariana Grande.
Republic Records is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group (UMG). It was founded by Avery Lipman and Monte Lipman as an independent label in 1995, and was acquired by UMG in 2000. Republic was initially an imprint of the Universal/Motown Records Group, and was renamed Universal Republic Records after a reorganization in 2006 before reverting to its original name in 2012.
Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries. It publishes pieces involving news, video, opinion, reviews, events, and style, and is also known for its music charts, including the Hot 100 and Billboard 200, tracking the most popular songs and albums in different genres. It also hosts events, owns a publishing firm, and operates several TV shows.
Charlie Walk is an American music executive and entrepreneur. He was the president of Republic Records from 2016-2018, and the president of Epic Records from 2005-2008. In 2018, he appeared as a judge on the FOX reality series The Four: Battle for Stardom.
Later, Walk admitted that the collaboration was part of a strategy to promote The Weeknd, saying, "It's no accident that the new Ariana track features The Weeknd. That's strategic, because he's about to blow up with his own record."On June 30, 2014, it was revealed the track list for Grande's second studio album and the collaboration with The Weeknd was called "Love Me Harder". The song was first teased during a post on Grande's Instagram account, where she shared a 15-second snippet of the track on August 4, 2014, and later during a preview of four tracks on MTV's website on August 20, 2014. Chris Martins of Spin thought the preview has Grande getting "downright nasty" on the track. Later, "Love Me Harder" was announced to be the album's fourth single, being serviced to US rhythmic-crossover radio on September 30, 2014.
MTV is an American pay television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks and headquartered in New York City. The channel was launched on August 1, 1981, and originally aired music videos as guided by television personalities known as "video jockeys" (VJs). At first, MTV's main target demographic was young adults, but today it is primarily teenagers, particularly high school and college students.
Spin is an American music magazine founded in 1985 by publisher Bob Guccione, Jr. The magazine stopped running in print in 2012 and currently runs as a webzine, owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group division of Valence Media.
Rhythmic contemporary, also known as Rhythmic Top 40, Rhythmic CHR or rhythmic crossover, is a primarily American music-radio format that includes a mix of EDM, upbeat rhythmic pop, hip hop and upbeat R&B hits. Rhythmic contemporary rarely uses rock or country in its airplay, but it may occasionally use a reggae, Latin, reggaeton, or a Christian/gospel hit. Essentially, the format is a cross between mainstream radio and urban contemporary radio formats.
"Love Me Harder" was written by Max Martin, Savan Kotecha, Peter Svensson, Ali Payami, Abel Tesfaye and Ahmad Balshe. It was produced by Payami and Peter Carlsson, while Svensson provided vocal production. The song is a duet Grande and The Weeknd. According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by Kobalt Music Group, the song is composed in the key of C# minor with a moderately tempo of 100 beats per minute. Grande's vocals range from the note of E3 to F#5.It is a midtempo synth-pop and R&B ballad, which starts small and mellow, before having "a 'throbbing', electro-heavy chorus", with a guitar riff, while "big vacuum-esque synths zip" are heard throughout the track. Meanwhile, Richard S. He from Billboard described the song as "A sparkling synthwave-R&B track that teeters on the edge of explicit—and is all the more seductive for it". Rob Copsey wrote for The Official Charts Company that "Love Me Harder" is reminiscent of Drake's "most emotional" songs like "Find Your Love" (2010) and "Hold On, We're Going Home" (2013), while Nick Levine of Time Out called the song a "cross between Robyn and Mariah Carey".
Martin Sandberg, known professionally as Max Martin, is a Swedish songwriter, record producer and singer. He rose to prominence in the second half of the 1990s after making a string of major hits such as Britney Spears's "...Baby One More Time" (1998), The Backstreet Boys's "I Want It That Way" (1999) and NSYNC's "It's Gonna Be Me" (2000).
Savan Harish Kotecha is a multiple Grammy and Golden Globe nominated American songwriter and record producer from Austin, Texas. Kotecha is of Indian descent.
Peter Svensson is a Swedish songwriter, producer and musician. He is the main songwriter and guitarist of the band the Cardigans. He started playing guitar at the age of eight, and in his teens he went on to play with local bands. After meeting bass player Magnus Sveningsson, they formed The Cardigans in 1992. Peter Svensson is credited with writing the music and melodies for almost all of the group's original songs.
Lyrically, the song has Grande demanding for romantic satisfaction,filled with double entendres about rough sex. In the beginning, Grande wants a man to "utterly satisfy her in moments of breath taking, space invading, pleasure, pain, lip biting and bliss," singing: "Baby, in that moment, you'll know this is/Something bigger than us and beyond bliss." In the chorus, she lets her potential mate know that if he is really serious about keeping her, he has to up his game, warning: "'Cause if you want to keep me, you gotta, gotta, gotta, gotta, got to love me harder/And if you really need me, you gotta, gotta, gotta, gotta, got to love me harder." Later, The Weeknd plays a role of a shady love interest with skeletons in his closet, with lines about "how it feels for a woman to have intercourse," followed by carnal promises, singing: "Can you feel the pressure between your hips/ I’ll make you feel like the first time." In the bridge, "Grande and Weeknd trade provocative 'oohs'."
A double entendre is a figure of speech or a particular way of wording that is devised to be understood in two ways, having a double meaning. Typically one of the meanings is obvious, given the context, whereas the other may require more thought. The innuendo may convey a message that would be socially awkward, sexually suggestive, or offensive to state directly.
BDSM is a variety of often erotic practices or roleplaying involving bondage, discipline, dominance and submission, sadomasochism, and other related interpersonal dynamics. Given the wide range of practices, some of which may be engaged in by people who do not consider themselves as practising BDSM, inclusion in the BDSM community or subculture is usually dependent upon self-identification and shared experience.
The song received critical acclaim upon its release. Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic noted that Grande allowed The Weeknd to "suck up" the spotlight on the track.Jason Lipshut of Billboard noted that "the pairing somehow makes sense," praising The Weeknd's "ultra-sincere crooning" and the "driving guitar riff" for being "delicious 80's cheese". Mikael Wood of the Los Angeles Times called it a "darker (and more fully realized) R&B jam than anyone probably expected from a 21-year-old singer once known for her endless supply of pastel princess dresses." Kitty Empire of The Guardian wrote that the song's "saturated, mid-tempo atmospherics" stand out, noting that Weeknd's "own sleaze quotient is radically toned down here, but this remains sophisticated stuff, where Grande surprisingly holds her own." Michelle Geslani of Consequence of Sound labelled it "yearning and infectious," calling the pairing "a match made in vocal heaven — Grande’s feathery vox and The Weeknd’s slick croon complement one another rather perfectly." Bradley Stern wrote for Idolator that the track is "an irresistibly smooth synth-pop production," while Carolyn Menyes of Music Times was very receptive with the duo, writing that "they meld really well together."
Writing for The Official Charts Company, Rob Copsey named it the sexiest song on the album, also calling it a "sultry number."Lindsay Zoladz of Vulture.com claimed the song "is not only one of her strongest tracks to date, but it’s also the least bad thing the Weeknd has done in recent memory." Adam Workman of The National wrote Grande is "effective" on the track and that The Weeknd "worryingly hits higher-pitched peaks than Grande." Aimee Cliff of Fact picked it as the album's highlight, saying that the song "is actually improved by The Weeknd’s presence, [...] his sleaze is turned down several notches as his clean-cut falsetto battles Ariana’s octave-juggling over an irresistible thump." Lewis Corner of Digital Spy praised Grande for "successfully drag[ging] The Weeknd out of his Pitchfork mixtape mindset to sound like an upbeat popstar over subtle grooves and disco claps on [the] captivating serenade [track]." Nick Levine of Time Out called the song "gorgeous", while Rory Cashin of entertainment.ie found that the song has "Grande at her most obviously sexy without being overly explicit, and it works fantastically." Evan Sawdey of PopMatters went out to describe it as "the best song Grande has put out to date," declaring: "The dark, sensual throb of the Weeknd collaboration 'Love Me Harder' actually showcases Grande’s voice in its most effective setting, the slow-motion strobelight jam allowing her to come off as teasing, assertive, and knowing all at once." Edwin Ortiz of Complex placed the song at number 8 on "The 50 Best Songs of 2014" list, declaring:
"The unlikely pairing of Ariana Grande and the Weeknd proved to be a stroke of genius on 'Love Me Harder', a seductive synth-pop duet that manages to push both artists out of their comfort zones, while also remaining appealing to each of their core values. [...] "'Love Me Harder' is earmarked as a defining musical moment of 2014. Stroke of genius, indeed."
In the United States, after spending a couple weeks on the Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles chart, "Love Me Harder" made its official debut on the Billboard Hot 100 at number 79.The following week it jumped to number 57 and on its third week it moved up to number 37, becoming The Weeknd's first top-40 single on the chart. On the fifth week, after the music video's official release, it soared to its peak of number seven, becoming Grande's fourth consecutive top-ten single from My Everything, and fifth overall. By becoming her fourth top ten single, Grande became the singer with most top ten singles of 2014, along with her past top ten singles "Problem", "Break Free", and "Bang Bang". In addition, "Love Me Harder" also became The Weeknd's first top ten single on the Billboard Hot 100. As of April 2018, the song had sold 1.7 million copies in the United States and has been certified triple platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA).
In Canada, the single reached the top ten,and entered the top twenty in many other countries such as Australia, Finland, Italy and the Netherlands. In many countries, the song became The Weeknd's first chart appearance.
On October 1, 2014, Grande confirmed she was working on the music video for "Love Me Harder"and Grande's manager Scooter Braun posted a picture on Instagram of the set. In the following days, Grande teased fans by posting photos from the video shoot. The lyric video for "Love Me Harder" was released on October 18, 2014. The music video was directed by Hannah Lux Davis, who also directed the video for Grande's joint single "Bang Bang." A behind-the-scenes video was released on October 28, 2014, where Davis discussed the video's concept, claiming: "Our visuals are really about this tug of war of just loving harder and the compromise of giving in and needing more and wanting more." It premiered on Vevo on November 3, 2014, and surpassed 100 million views on January 11, 2015, making it Grande's fifth Vevo-certified music video, following "The Way", "Problem", "Break Free", as well as her joint single with Jessie J and Nicki Minaj, "Bang Bang".
The video opens with "dramatic lightning in a sky boiling over with orange clouds." Throughout the music video, Ariana and The Weeknd "withstand earth, wind and water, symbolizing what one would do for love," as MTV's Emilee Lindner claimed.Lindner continued: "Grande writhes around on a sandy floor, the Weeknd walks nonchalantly through an indoor rain storm, and toward the end, we find Ariana in a pool of water with an air of confidence. At one point, they sing back-to-back, ultimately illustrating what the song is about — being unable to face the wants and needs of a relationship." Lidner called it "her most serious video to date." Gabby Bess of Paper called its visuals "a departure from her previous videos and mark a new, sultry era for the mini diva." Ariana Bacle of Entertainment Weekly agreed, snorting that "The video’s vibe, sensual and mysterious, is an obvious departure from Grande’s earlier work [...] but fits the song, a stripped-down ballad that’s meant to showcase the two singers’ voices."
Grande and The Weeknd performed the song together live for the first time on the season 40 premiere of Saturday Night Live on September 27, 2014 and for a second time at the American Music Awards on November 23, 2014.Grande also performed part of the song as part of a medley at the 2014 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show, which aired on December 9, 2014 on CBS, and again at the 2015 NBA All-Star Game on February 15, 2015. She also performed the song during The Honeymoon Tour (2015). The performance started with her alone atop a pedestal that rose at the back of the stage. During the shows in Miami, Florida and Inglewood, California, Justin Bieber performed the track with her. "Love Me Harder" was part of Grande's set list at One Love Manchester, a benefit concert she headlined on June 4, 2017 for the victims of the 2017 Manchester Arena bombing.
Credits adapted from My Everything liner notes.
|Australia (ARIA)||2× Platinum||140,000^|
|Canada (Music Canada)||2× Platinum||160,000^|
|Denmark (IFPI Denmark)||Platinum||60,000^|
|Norway (IFPI Norway)||Platinum||10,000*|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Gold||400,000|
|United States (RIAA)||3× Platinum||1,300,000|
*sales figures based on certification alone
|United States||September 30, 2014||Rhythmic crossover radio||Republic|
|October 7, 2014||Contemporary hit radio|
|November 10, 2014||Hot adult contemporary radio|
|Australia||November 21, 2014||Digital download (EP edition)|
|Italy||December 5, 2014||Contemporary hit radio||Universal|
Canadian singer and songwriter The Weeknd has released three studio albums, three mixtapes, one EP, and one compilation album, Trilogy (2012), which is the compilation of all three of his mixtapes: House of Balloons, Thursday, and Echoes of Silence. He released the studio albums Kiss Land (2013), Beauty Behind the Madness (2015) and Starboy (2016), as well the EP My Dear Melancholy, in 2018. He has released thirty-eight singles, including fourteen as a featured artist.
American singer Ariana Grande has released five studio albums, one compilation album, one remix album, four extended plays (EPs), forty-three singles, seven promotional singles and thirty-eight music videos. After signing with Republic Records, she released her debut single "Put Your Hearts Up" in December 2011.
Christmas Kisses is the first extended play (EP) and first Christmas EP by American singer Ariana Grande. It was released on December 13, 2013 in most countries, and on December 17, 2013 in the United States, as a collection of two covers of classic Christmas songs, and two original songs. On December 3, 2014, the Japanese special edition was released for CD and two days later for digital download. It peaked at number twenty-five on the Oricon chart. The Japanese edition included a new track, "Santa Tell Me", which was released on November 24, 2014 as the fifth and final single from the EP. The EP went on to sell over 405,000 copies worldwide as of 2016.
"Problem" is a song recorded by American singer Ariana Grande, featuring Australian rapper Iggy Azalea. It was written by both alongside Savan Kotecha, Ilya and Max Martin, being produced by the latter two with Shellback, with Peter Carlsson serving as a vocal producer. The song was released by Republic Records on April 28, 2014, as the lead single from Grande's second studio album My Everything (2014). "Problem" is an uptempo dance-pop song with influences of R&B music, which comprises a melody based on drums, saxophone loops, and trumpets. The chorus features uncredited background vocals from American hip hop artist Big Sean. Lyrically, Grande has stated that the song is about "the feeling of being absolutely terrified to re-approach a relationship that's gone sour – but you want to more than anything."
"Break Free" is a song by American singer Ariana Grande featuring Russian-German music producer Zedd. Written by Savan Kotecha and its producers Zedd and Max Martin, it premiered on July 2, 2014 on Total Ariana Live, MTV's revival of Total Request Live. The song was made available by digital download later that day and was serviced to contemporary hit and rhythmic radio on July 8, 2014 as the second single from Grande's sophomore studio album My Everything (2014). Musically, the song explores EDM and electro genres, a musical departure for Grande, whose discography is primarily composed of pop and R&B.
"Bang Bang" is a song recorded by English singer Jessie J, American singer Ariana Grande and American rapper Nicki Minaj. It was written by Max Martin, Savan Kotecha, Rickard Göransson and Minaj, and produced by Martin, Göransson and Ilya, with Kuk Harrell serving as a vocal producer. The song was first sent to hot adult contemporary radio on July 28, 2014 through Republic Records and released as a digital download the next day by Lava and Republic Records as the lead single from Jessie J's third studio album Sweet Talker (2014). It is also included on the deluxe version of Ariana Grande's second studio album My Everything (2014), serving as the third single from that album.
"Best Mistake" is a song by American recording artist Ariana Grande that features American hip hop recording artist Big Sean. The song served as a promotional single from Grande's second studio album, My Everything (2014), and was released at midnight on August 12, 2014. Written by Denisia "Blu June" Andrews, Brittany Coney, Grande, Big Sean, and produced by Key Wane, the song is a ballad with piano, string, and drum machine instrumentation that lyrically deals with a couple trying to decide on what their future, troubled relationship is going to be like. Grande has claimed it is her favorite track off My Everything.
"One Last Time" is a song recorded by American singer Ariana Grande for her second studio album My Everything. It was written by David Guetta, Savan Kotecha, Giorgio Tuinfort, Rami Yacoub, and Carl Falk. The song was produced by the latter two, with Tuinfort serving as a co-producer and Ilya serving both as a co-producer and vocal producer. "One Last Time" was first released on the iTunes Store on August 22, 2014 as the second promotional single from the album. On February 10, 2015, the song was sent to contemporary hit radio as the fifth and final single from the album. A French version of the song featuring French singer Kendji Girac, alternatively titled "Attends-moi", was released on February 16, 2015 in France, Belgium and Switzerland. It is also included on the deluxe version of Girac's debut studio album Kendji (2015). An Italian version of the song featuring Italian rapper Fedez was released on May 26, 2015 only in Italy.
"Santa Tell Me" is a Christmas song recorded by American singer Ariana Grande. It was written by Grande, Ilya Salmanzadeh and Savan Kotecha. The song was released worldwide on November 24, 2014, via iTunes, and was included on the Japanese exclusive reissue of Grande's EP Christmas Kisses. Musically, "Santa Tell Me" is a Christmas song with R&B influences.
"Earned It", alternatively titled "Earned It ", is a song by Canadian singer The Weeknd. The song was released as the lead single from the soundtrack to the 2015 film Fifty Shades of Grey and was included on The Weeknd's second studio album Beauty Behind the Madness (2015).
"The Hills" is a song by Canadian singer The Weeknd. It was released on May 27, 2015 as the second single from his second studio album, Beauty Behind the Madness (2015).
"Can't Feel My Face" is a song performed by Canadian singer The Weeknd from his second studio album Beauty Behind the Madness (2015). The song was released on June 8, 2015 as the third single from the album. It was written by Max Martin, Peter Svensson, Ali Payami, Savan Kotecha and The Weeknd, and produced by Max Martin and Payami.
"Focus" is a song recorded by American singer Ariana Grande. It was released on October 30, 2015 on Republic Records, and was originally intended to be the opening track as well as the lead single off Grande's third studio album, Dangerous Woman. "Dangerous Woman" replaced it as the lead single; the song was later removed from the standard-edition track listing, and was included as a bonus track on the album's Japanese version. The song was written by Grande, Savan Kotecha, Peter Svensson and its producers, Ilya Salmanzadeh and Max Martin. "Focus" features horns, with cowbells and handclaps as percussion. It was noted as musically similar to Grande's 2014 song, "Problem".
"Dangerous Woman" is a song recorded by American singer Ariana Grande, serving as the lead single for her third studio album of the same name (2016). It was written by Johan Carlsson, Ross Golan, and Max Martin. The recording was released as the first single from the album on March 11, 2016, the same date of the album's pre-order on iTunes Store. "Dangerous Woman" is a mid-tempo pop and R&B song, incorporating an arena rock chorus and a guitar solo during its bridge.
Dangerous Woman is the third studio album by American singer Ariana Grande, released by Republic Records on May 20, 2016. The album is the follow-up to her second studio album My Everything (2014), and features guest appearances from Nicki Minaj, Lil Wayne, Macy Gray and Future. The album was originally called Moonlight after the opening track on the album, with the song "Focus" being the intended lead single. However, the album's name was later changed to Dangerous Woman, with "Focus" being removed from the album's standard track listing, though it remains as a bonus track on the Japanese edition of the album. Dangerous Woman is primarily a pop and R&B album, with influences of dance-pop, disco, house, trap, and reggae genres. Grande, Max Martin, and Savan Kotecha were the album's executive producers.
"Into You" is a song by American singer Ariana Grande from her third studio album Dangerous Woman (2016). Grande co-wrote the song with Savan Kotecha, Alexander Kronlund, and its producers Max Martin and Ilya Salmanzadeh. The song was made available by digital download on May 6, 2016 via pre-order of the album and was later serviced to contemporary hit and rhythmic radio on June 28, 2016 as the album's second single. "Into You" is a dance-pop song and features "a thudding disco beat, lurking synths and sharp bass drum beats" in its instrumentation.
"Side to Side" is a song recorded by American singer Ariana Grande from her third studio album, Dangerous Woman (2016). Grande co-wrote the song with Savan Kotecha, Alexander Kronlund, and Nicki Minaj along with its producers Max Martin and Ilya Salmanzadeh. It is a reggae-pop song, featuring guest vocals from American rapper Minaj. The song was serviced to urban contemporary radio on August 30, 2016, serving as the third single from the album.
"Thank U, Next" is a song by American singer Ariana Grande, released as the lead single from her fifth studio album of the same name (2019). The song was released on November 3, 2018, without any prior official announcement or promotion. The track was written by Grande, Tayla Parx and Victoria Monét, along with its producers Tommy Brown, Charles Anderson and Michael Foster. Lyrically, the song reflects on Grande's past relationships.