Medlar-with-Wesham

Last updated

Medlar-with-Wesham
Wesham War Memorial.jpg
War memorial, The Square, Wesham
Location map United Kingdom Borough of Fylde.svg
Red pog.svg
Medlar-with-Wesham
Shown within Fylde Borough
Location map United Kingdom The Fylde.svg
Red pog.svg
Medlar-with-Wesham
Shown within the Fylde
Lancashire UK location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Medlar-with-Wesham
Location within Lancashire
Population3,584 (2011) [1]
OS grid reference SD418330
Civil parish
  • Medlar-with-Wesham
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PRESTON
Postcode district PR4
Dialling code 01772
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°47′25″N2°53′09″W / 53.7902°N 2.8857°W / 53.7902; -2.8857 Coordinates: 53°47′25″N2°53′09″W / 53.7902°N 2.8857°W / 53.7902; -2.8857

Medlar-with-Wesham is a civil parish and an electoral ward on the Fylde in Lancashire, England, which contains the town of Wesham. It lies within the Borough of Fylde, and had a population of 3,245 in 1,294 households recorded in the 2001 census. [2] rising to 3,584 at the 2011 Census. [1]

Contents

History

This place is stated to have come to the Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem by the gift of Cicely, daughter of Roger de Gernet; the Lancasters subsequently gave it to the abbey of Cockersand. On the dissolution of monasteries, the land seems to have been granted or sold to the family of Westby; in the reign of Philip and Mary, William Westbye held "Medlarghe," "Wessham," and other property in this quarter, and his descendants long continued to reside at Mowbrick Hall, now a farmhouse. Bradkirk, in the township, was possessed in the reign of Edward III., as a manor, by a family of the same name, and was their residence for centuries: the estate became latterly the property of Hugh Hornby, Esq., of Ribby Hall, by purchase from Mr. Kearsley.

A Topographical Dictionary of England, 1848 [3]

The area within the boundaries of the parish have been populated since early medieval times, prior to the Norman conquest, with separate settlements at Bradkirk, Medlar, Wesham and Mowbreck. There was also a single moated farmstead at Pasture Barn midway between Medlar and Mowbreck. The present bridleway of Mowbreck Lane was the medieval route to Treales. [4]

The modern town of Wesham is only about 160 years old, and developed as the railway expanded to serve the growing popularity of resort towns such as Blackpool. From the 1920s to the 1950s huge numbers of steam trains plied their way to the coast via the railway station at Kirkham and Wesham. Locals pronounce the name Wes-ham

Situated to the north of the railway station, from 12 to 2+12 miles (1 to 4 km) north of Kirkham, in 1870–72 it had an area of 1,971 acres (798 ha) and property worth £3,441. The population in 1851 was 170 but by 1861 was 563. The increase of population arose largely from additional employment in cotton mills. At that time the manor of Wesham, with Mowbreck Hall, belonged to J. T. Fazakerley-Westby. The hall was a fine edifice of red brick, castellated with stone and contained a domestic Roman Catholic chapel. It was once reputed to be haunted and had at one time been used as a Catholic school, one of whose pupils was Bible scholar George Leo Haydock.

A large school, used also as a lecture hall, belonging to the Independents, was built at Wesham in 1864 and opened in 1866. [5] The premises is now the showroom for Salisburys Electricals.

A large new workhouse, to replace the much older one in Kirkham, was erected between 1903 and 1907, designed on a pavilion plan by Charles S. Haywood and Fred Harrison. Modern for its time, separate pavilions were provided for mothers and infants, and for infirm females, and also a two-roomed cottage for married couples. The heating and hot water were worked from a central station, under the control of the resident engineer, and with rotary pumps to assist circulation. The buildings were faced with Accrington red-pressed bricks, and stone dressings, the work being carried out by Sam Wilson of Lytham St. Annes. During the First World War the buildings were used as a military hospital and later became Wesham Park Hospital, a specialist geriatric and psychiatric institution). The buildings which remain today are now the administrative home to North Lancashire NHS Trust, with the remainder becoming a much needed brownfield site for the "Willowfields" housing development.

The boundaries of Wesham were established over 100 years ago and did not change until local government changes in 1935 meant that 82 acres (33 ha) and 48 residents were transferred to Kirkham. Kirkham lost only 8 acres (3.2 ha) of land, but with no loss of residents. [4]

Churches

Christ Church, Wesham Christ Church, Wesham.jpg
Christ Church, Wesham

The town has two churches. Christ Church, Church of England, which is a Grade II listed building, was founded in 1894. The minister is Rev Julie Jones and the vicarage is situated on Mowbeck Lane. The church has a graveyard and an affiliated junior school adjacent.

St Joseph's Roman Catholic was founded in 1885. The church also has a graveyard and an affiliated junior school adjacent, as well as an attached presbytery on Mowbreck Lane. The foundation stone for the church was laid, on 13 July 1884, by O'Reilly after two members of the local Billington family left funds for the construction of a Catholic church in Wesham. The church was consecrated and dedicated to St Joseph on 18 March 1886 in a large ceremony, led by Robert Cornthwaite, Bishop of Leeds. It was opened for the public on the following Sunday, 21 March 1886. In 2011 the parish was linked with that of St John the Evangelist's Church, Kirkham, and in 2013 the two joined to become a single parish, the Parish of the Holy Cross. [6]

The Primitive Methodist chapel, located nearest to the small town square, was founded in 1895. It has now been converted to private dwellings, but retains its main architectural features including foundation stones.

Industry

Wesham Bakery, now the home of Fox's Biscuits and the largest current commercial concern, was opened in 1957, on the site previously occupied by Phoenix Mill. The factory is the home of Fox's "Rocky" biscuit. Nearby, on Garstang Road South is Salisbury's electrical showroom and a Chinese restaurant. Other small businesses, on Station Road, include a garage/tyre fitters, car sales centre, beautician, sandwich bar, hairdressers, veterinary surgeon, a pharmacy and a florist. There has been some recent light industrial and small business development in the north of the parish near junction 3 of the M55 motorway, where a Premier Inn motel and restaurant are also situated. A private residence on Fleetwood Road is the base for a Bell UH-1 Iroquois helicopter, the only flying HUEY in the UK. [7]

Amenities

St Joseph's Church, Fleetwood Road. Wesham 001.jpg
St Joseph's Church, Fleetwood Road.

At the centre of the town is the small war memorial, with its stone statue of a First World War soldier, which enjoys attractive floral displays throughout the year and a service of remembrance on Remembrance Sunday. Around it are located the old fire station, the busy post office, the Co-op supermarket, the fish and chip shop and an off licence. In 2011 the post office campaigned successfully to remain open.

On Church Road is a popular community centre and nearby are the outdoor bowling club and the newly re-built Scout hut. The centre is used by, amongst others, Wesham Road Runners, Medlar and Wesham Town Council, Wesham Community Pride Trust and Blackpool and the Fylde College. It is also used as the town's electoral polling station. On Fleetwood Road there is a modern fire station and adjoining ambulance station.

The town also has a recreation field, equipped with a newly built skateboard park, on Fleetwood Road, where football is regularly played by local teams. The playground has recently been re-equipped with modern new play equipment and the perimeter of the field equipped with sturdy all-weather fitness stations. A doorstep green has recently been created on Derby Road near the former Fylde Borough Council offices. There are public allotments between St. Joseph's churchyard and the recreation ground and a public dog-walking area off Mowbreck Lane.

The town has three busy public houses – the Lane Ends, the Stanley Arms and the Royal Oak Hotel. There are three Biological Heritage Sites at Medlar Ditch, Medlar Meadows and Wesham Marsh.

The town's annual Club Day is held in early June, jointly with Kirkham. The day involves the various churches and their chosen "Rose Queens", together with biblical tableau floats, civic dignitaries and brass bands, walking in procession through the town in the morning. In 2011 Club Day was held on Saturday 11 June. [8]

In January 2011, as part of a £6 million savings review by Blackpool Teaching Hospitals Trust, the purpose-built 40-bed rehabilitation unit for the elderly on Mowbreck Lane, which had been built in 2001, was closed. [9] In 2020 work began by Lancashire and South Cumbria NHS Foundation Trust to convert the property to a new 28-bed mental health rehabilitation service called "Moving on", a term used to describe care that helps people to live independently. The service is due to open in December 2021. [10]

Regular bus services are provided by the Ribble branch of Stagecoach Buses. In March 2011 the railway station, which the town shares with Kirkham, was given a makeover with a major modernisation and refurbishment of the staircase.

In January 2021 Bradley’s Bar, located inside AFC Fylde's Mill Farm Stadium, was converted to become one of the North West's Covid-19 vaccination centres. The facility was adapted to meet the necessary standards to allow a safe and efficient delivery of the vaccine whilst critically maintaining social distancing requirements. [11] [12] A branch of Cinnabon opened in Eurogarages at Mill Farm in August 2021.

Governance

The town is actively represented on Fylde Borough Council by councillors Alan Clayton and Linda Nulty, both Independent. [13]

The mayor is Cllr MAngela Norris and her deputy is Cllr Stuart Harrison. The town clerk is Jean Priestley and the other councillors are Linda Nulty, Peter Ball, Geoff Dixon, Margaret Rawcliffe, Doug Nowell, Louise Walker and David Taylor. [13]

After a comprehensive questionnaire survey of all Wesham residents, a parish plan was published in November 2008.

Urban development

Mowbreck Lane, leading to Treales Medlar-with-Wesham - geograph.org.uk - 75347.jpg
Mowbreck Lane, leading to Treales

In recent years the town has seen three large housing developments: the first on greenfield land adjacent to the former Wesham Park Hospital (at which permission for 74 dwellings was granted only on appeal – "Alexandra Road"), the second with 208 houses on brownfield land at "Willow Fields" on part of the hospital site itself and a third with 109 houses at "Crossing Gates" on greenfield land between Fleetwood Road and Weeton Road. The building work at the Willow Fields site has yet to be completed.

An application was made in 2008 for outline planning permission for a development of up to 264 houses on another greenfield site, adjacent to the Biological Heritage Site at Wesham Marsh, north of Mowbreck Lane. [14] The application was made by land-owner Metacre, a company owned by Blackpool Tower owner Trevor Hemmings, [15] and caused much controversy amongst many existing residents, being viewed as a real threat to the rural character of the town. A pressure group was formed, [16] several well-attended public meetings were held and a petition signed by over 90% of households was delivered. A Landscape Character Assessment has been carried out by the Lancashire branch of CPRE [17] and an ecological survey has revealed the presence of the Natterjack Toad and the Great Crested Newt. [18]

At the public meeting of the Fylde Borough Council Development Control Committee on 17 March 2010, the plan was unanimously rejected. In May 2010 the developer appealed against the decision, bringing the proposal before the Government Planning Inspector. The matter was the subject of a public inquiry which ran between 14 and 22 September 2010 at the United Reformed Church at Lytham St Annes. The appellant was represented by high-profile barrister Roger Lancaster. [19] On 23 March 2011, it was announced that the appeal should be dismissed and planning permission refused. [20]

On 11 November 2011 a further application was received, from the same developer, proposing a development of 100 dwellings, on part of the same site, directly overlooking the recreation ground and allotments. [21] Soon after, a new campaign to stop the plan was initiated by the Wesham Action Group. A public meeting took place on 11 January 2012, at the Community Centre, and unanimous opposition to the plan was strongly voiced. [16] At their meeting on 12 September, the FBC Development Management Committee refused the application. [22]

On 9 November it was announced that an appeal against the refusal had been lodged and that the matter would be dealt with by another inquiry. The public inquiry, which was originally scheduled for four days, began on 19 February 2013, at Wesham Community Centre on Church Road, with Inspector Clive Sproule in the chair. Fylde Borough Council had announced, at short notice, that they would not attend and would not be submitting any evidence in opposition to the plan. [23] The appellant was again represented by Roger Lancaster. [16] In August 2013 it was announced that the Inspector had decided in favour of the appellant. [24] [25] Despite permission being granted at appeal, for the building of up to 100 new homes, on 2 December 2013 yet another outline application was submitted by the same developer for redevelopment of the site for up to 264 new dwellings. [26] This application was refused.

In November 2013 local businessman David Haythornthwaite announced plans for a £12 million development of land at Mill Farm adjacent to the A585. The plan included a 6,000 capacity stadium for AFC Fylde, a Sports Science building, a full-sized football pitch, a full-sized hockey pitch, an industrial distribution centre, a hotel, an Aldi foodstore, a pub, a drive-through restaurant and a petrol filling station. A campaign group "Save Wesham and Kirkham" was formed to oppose the plan and a public meeting was arranged for 13 December, at Wesham Community Centre, to discuss the plan. [27] Work began at the site in early 2015.

Football clubs

The town's football team AFC Fylde, formerly Kirkham and Wesham F.C., play in the National League, having gained promotion from the National League North in 2017. On 11 May 2008 the team travelled to Wembley Stadium to challenge Lowestoft Town in the final for the FA Vase. They returned victorious. [28] On 12 May there was a victory procession through the town, with the team on an open-top bus, from Kirkham Market Square to Wesham Fire Station and back again, followed by a celebratory party in the Kirkham Community Centre car park. Thousands of spectators lined the route to cheer home the victorious team.

AFC Fylde moved to their new ground, Mill Farm, at the start of the 2016–17 National League North season, bringing the team back to Wesham after playing at Kellamergh Park, Warton, until the end of the 2015–16 season. [29]

The town is also the home to Wesham FC, who compete in the Mid Lancashire Football League Division Two [30] and Sunday league side Wesham Town FC.

Listed buildings

Bradkirk Hall Farmhouse, Weeton Road Bradkirk Hall - geograph.org.uk - 94297.jpg
Bradkirk Hall Farmhouse, Weeton Road

The town has three buildings or structures which have Grade II Listed status:

Media

The town is served by its own free weekly newspaper, The Kirkham and Wesham Advertiser. The local newspapers are the two dailies, the Blackpool Gazette and Lancashire Evening Post , and the weekly Kirkham and Fylde Express.

Related Research Articles

Kirkham, Lancashire Human settlement in England

Kirkham is a town and civil parish in the Borough of Fylde in Lancashire, England, midway between Blackpool and Preston and adjacent to the smaller town of Wesham. It owes its existence to Carr Hill upon which it was built and which was the location of a Roman fort. At the Census of 2011 it had a population 7,194.

Lytham St Annes Human settlement in England

Lytham St Annes is a seaside town in the Borough of Fylde in Lancashire, England. Lytham St Annes is located on the Fylde coast, directly south of Blackpool on the Ribble Estuary. The population at the 2011 census was 42,954. The town is almost contiguous with Blackpool but is separated from it by Blackpool Airport. The town is made up of the four areas of Lytham, Ansdell, Fairhaven and St Annes-on-Sea.

Borough of Fylde Borough in England

The Borough of Fylde is a local government district with borough status in Lancashire, England. It covers part of the Fylde plain, after which it is named. The council's headquarters are in St Annes. Some council departments, including Planning and an office of the Registrar, were previously located in Wesham, but in 2007 these offices were transferred to the ownership of the NHS North Lancashire Primary Care Trust and have since been replaced by a new housing development. The population of the Non-metropolitan district at the 2011 census was 75,757.

Poulton-le-Fylde Human settlement in England

Poulton-le-Fylde, commonly shortened to Poulton, is a market town in Lancashire, England, situated on the coastal plain called the Fylde. In the 2001 United Kingdom census, it had a population of 18,264. There is evidence of human habitation in the area from 12,000 years ago and several archaeological finds from Roman settlement in England have been found in the area. At the time of the Norman conquest, Poulton was a small agricultural settlement in the hundred of Amounderness. The church of St Chad was recorded in 1094 when it was endowed to Lancaster Priory. By the post-Medieval period the town had become an important commercial centre for the region with weekly and triannual markets. Goods were imported and exported through two harbours on the River Wyre. In 1837, the town was described as the "metropolis of the Fylde", but its commercial importance waned from the mid-19th century with the development of the nearby coastal towns of Fleetwood and Blackpool.

Warton, Fylde Human settlement in England

Warton is a village on the Fylde in Lancashire, England.

Thornton, Lancashire Human settlement in England

Thornton is a village in the Borough of Wyre, about 4 miles (6 km) north of Blackpool and 2 miles (3 km) south of Fleetwood. The civil parish of Thornton became an urban district in 1900, and was renamed Thornton-Cleveleys in 1927. In 2011 the Thornton Built-up area sub division had a population of 18,941.

Thornton-Cleveleys Human settlement in England

Thornton-Cleveleys is a conurbation consisting of the twin towns of Thornton and Cleveleys. The two towns formed a joint urban district from 1927 until 1974, before becoming part of Wyre. The two towns constitute part of the Blackpool Urban Area.

Wrea Green Human settlement in England

Wrea Green is a village in the Fylde borough of Lancashire, England. It lies about 2 miles west of Kirkham. Along with the village of Ribby, it forms the civil parish Ribby-with-Wrea.

Kirkham and Wesham railway station Railway station serves the Lancashire towns of Kirkham and Wesham, in England

Kirkham and Wesham railway station serves the Lancashire towns of Kirkham and Wesham, in England. It is managed by Northern Trains, who operate most of the passenger services that call there.

Blackpool branch lines

The Blackpool branch lines run from the West Coast Main Line at Preston to Blackpool. The branch further splits into two branches at Kirkham and Wesham junction: the main electrified double track branch runs to Blackpool North station via Poulton-le-Fylde, while a single track unelectrified branch runs to Blackpool South station via Lytham.

Clifton, Lancashire Human settlement in England

Clifton is a village in the English county of Lancashire and in the district of Fylde. The village is part of the civil parish of Newton-with-Clifton. It is situated on the A583 road, approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) west of its post town, Preston, and 11 miles (18 km) east of Blackpool.

Weeton-with-Preese Civil parish in Lancashire, England

Weeton-with-Preese is a civil parish in the Borough of Fylde in Lancashire, England, beside the Blackpool to Preston railway line and the M55 motorway, just east of Blackpool and 3.5 miles (5.6 km) north west of Kirkham. It contains the village of Weeton.

AFC Fylde Association football club in Wesham, England

AFC Fylde is a professional association football club based in Wesham in the Borough of Fylde, Lancashire, England who currently compete in the National League North, the sixth tier of English football.

The Fylde

The Fylde is a coastal plain in western Lancashire, England. It is roughly a 13-mile-long (21-kilometre) square-shaped peninsula, bounded by Morecambe Bay to the north, the Ribble estuary to the south, the Irish Sea to the west, and the foot of the Bowland hills to the east which approximates to a section of the M6 motorway and West Coast Main Line.

Elswick, Lancashire Human settlement in England

Elswick is a rural village and civil parish on the Fylde coast of Lancashire, England. At the 2011 Census, it had a population of 1,079.

Greenhalgh-with-Thistleton Human settlement in England

Greenhalgh-with-Thistleton is a civil parish on the Fylde in Lancashire, England. In 2001 it had a population of 462, falling to 439 at the 2011 Census.

Treales, Roseacre and Wharles Human settlement in England

Treales, Roseacre and Wharles is a civil parish in the Borough of Fylde, Lancashire, England. It had a population of 492 at the 2011 Census. It lies two miles east of Kirkham and includes the villages of Bolton Houses, Moor Side, Roseacre, Treales and Wharles.

2011 Fylde Borough Council election

The 2011 Fylde Borough Council election took place on 5 May 2011 to elect members of Fylde Borough Council in Lancashire, England. The whole council was up for election and the Conservative party stayed in overall control of the council.

Mill Farm Sports Village Sport facility in Lancashire, England, UK

Mill Farm Sports Village is a multi-sport facility located on the outskirts of the town of Wesham in the Borough of Fylde in Lancashire, England. Facilities include the Mill Farm football stadium, home to the football team AFC Fylde since 2016, and several 3G football and hockey pitches.

References

  1. 1 2 "Ward/parish population 2011" . Retrieved 4 June 2015.
  2. "Parish headcount" (PDF). Lancashire County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 December 2006. Retrieved 10 January 2009.
  3. 'Mayland – Melbourn, A Topographical Dictionary of England' (1848), pp. 280–83
  4. 1 2 Wesham Parish Plan, 2008
  5. "William Henry BOWDLER of Kirkham" at nationalarchives.gov.uk (item DP 376/2/P4 1865–1866)
  6. History, Parish of the Holy Cross, retrieved 2 June 2014
  7. "BELL "HUEY" UH-1H TAIL No 72-21509 G-UK1U" at huey.co.uk
  8. Kirkham Club Day Archived 8 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  9. Wesham Hospital Rehabilitation Unit to close at bbc.co.uk
  10. https://www.lscft.nhs.uk/wesham
  11. https://www.afcfylde.co.uk/mill-farm-stadium-to-host-mass-covid-19-vaccination-centre/ [ bare URL ]
  12. https://www.blackpoolgazette.co.uk/health/blackpools-winter-gardens-and-afc-fylde-set-host-covid-vaccinations-monday-3107155 [ bare URL ]
  13. 1 2 https://wesham.org.uk/town-council/ [ bare URL ]
  14. http://www2.fylde.gov.uk/planning/acolnetcgi.gov?ACTION=UNWRAP&RIPNAME=Root.PgeResultDetail&TheSystemkey=30245 [ permanent dead link ]ww2.fylde.gov.uk
  15. Rural fears over 'city of Fylde' at lythamstannesexpress.co.uk
  16. 1 2 3 Site of the Wesham Action Group Protecting Rural Fylde
  17. http://www.cprelancashire.org.uk/index.php/medlar-with-wesham-landscape-character-assessment.html Archived 6 April 2011 at the Wayback Machine cprelancashire.org.uk
  18. "Wesham housing: Greenfield farmland under threat". The Guardian . 19 August 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2013.
  19. Wesham Inquiry Opens at counterbalance.org.uk Archived 14 December 2010 at the Wayback Machine
  20. Appeal relating to application for planning permission by Metacre Ltd: Mowbreck Lane, Wesham 2127459 at communities.gov.uk Archived 14 June 2011 at the UK Government Web Archive
  21. "Planning Application Number: 11/0763" at fylde.gov.uk [ permanent dead link ]
  22. Agenda – Fylde Borough Council, Development Management Committee 12 September 2012
  23. "Wesham Stitch Up?" at counterbalance.org.uk Archived 15 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  24. Save Wesham and Kirkham
  25. BBC Sport report
  26. "Fans guide to Football grounds and stadiums".
  27. "Wesham FC". Pitchero. Retrieved 2 May 2019.