Run and gun (basketball)

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In basketball, run and gun is a fast, freewheeling style of play that features a high number of field goal attempts, resulting in high-scoring games. [1] [2] [3] The offense typically relies on fast breaks while placing less emphasis on set plays. [2] [4] A run-and-gun team typically allows many points on defense as well. [4] [5]

In the National Basketball Association (NBA), the run and gun was at its peak in the 1960s when teams scored an average of 115 points a game. Around 2003, the average had dropped to 95. [6] The Boston Celtics were a run-and-gun team in the 1950s and 1960s while winning 11 NBA championships, as were the five-time champion Los Angeles Lakers during their Showtime era in the 1980s. [3] [7]

Although the run and gun is believed by many to de-emphasize defense, the Celtics of the 60s' had Bill Russell, and the Lakers of the 80s' had Kareem Abdul-Jabbar as defensive stoppers. [3] Coach Doug Moe, who ran the run and gun with the Denver Nuggets in the 1980s, believed the high scores surrendered were more indicative of the fast pace of the game than a low level of defense. Still, his teams sometimes appeared to give up baskets in order to score one. Though his offensive strategy led to high scores, Moe's Denver teams were never adept at running fast breaks. [5]

Paul Westhead coached the Loyola Marymount men's basketball team in the late 1980s using a version of the run and gun. [8] While run and gun basketball is often thought of as a system of offense, Westhead's system uses a combined offensive and defensive philosophy. Offensively, the team moves the ball forward as quickly as possible and takes the first available shot, often a three-pointer. Westhead's teams try to shoot the ball in less than seven seconds. The aim is to shoot before the defense is able to get set. Defensively, the team applies constant full-court pressure. Generally, the team is willing to gamble on giving away easy baskets for the sake of maintaining a high tempo. [8]

Loyola Marymount successfully used the system in 1990 when they advanced to the Elite 8 of the NCAA Basketball Tournament, beating the defending champion Michigan 149–115 along the way. The style has been used at some other teams. Coach Westhead tried, rather unsuccessfully, to implement the system in the NBA with the Denver Nuggets in the early 1990s. They averaged a league-best 119.9 points per game in 1990-91, but also surrendered an NBA record 130.8 points per game. They also allowed 107 points to be scored in a single half to the Phoenix Suns, which also remains an NBA record.

Westhead's system has been imitated by other college teams, including Grinnell College. David Arseneault, the architect of the Grinnell System, added to Westhead's system by substituting players in three waves of five players, similar to an ice hockey shift. [9] [10] The highest scoring game in NCAA history was played by two teams (Troy & DeVry-Atlanta) who both employed Westhead's system the entire game, resulting in 399 combined points in 1992. [11]

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The Grinnell System, sometimes referred to as The System, is a fast-tempo style of basketball developed by coach David Arseneault at Grinnell College. It is a variation of the run-and-gun system popularized by coach Paul Westhead at Loyola Marymount University in the early 1980s. The Grinnell System relies on shooting three-point field goals, applying constant pressure with a full-court press, and substituting players frequently.

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References

  1. Webber, Elizabeth; Feinsilber, Mike (1999). Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Allusions . Merriam-Webster. p.  479 . Retrieved November 30, 2012. merriam webster run and gun.
  2. 1 2 Frazier, Walt; Sachare, Alex (2004). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Basketball. Penguin. p. 353. ISBN   9780786549894 . Retrieved November 30, 2012.
  3. 1 2 3 Robbins, Liz (April 22, 2005). "High-Flying Suns Look to Keep On Running". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 1, 2012.
  4. 1 2 "run-and-gun". merriam-webster.com. Archived from the original on December 1, 2012.
  5. 1 2 Newman, Bruce (November 7, 1988). "This Joker Is Wild". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on November 30, 2012.
  6. Mittleman, Jerry (December 15, 2003). "Has NBA shooting really gone south?". insidehoops.com. Archived from the original on December 1, 2012.
  7. Beck, Howard (January 26, 2010). "Rambis, a ChampionWith the Lakers, Was Briefly a Knick". The New York Times. Archived from the original on December 1, 2012.
  8. 1 2 Published: March 17, 1988 (1988-03-17). "Loyola Marymount Runs Roughshod Over Opponents - New York Times". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
  9. Berkow, Ira (January 29, 2004). "40 Minutes Of Running And Gunning". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 28, 2012.
  10. Schoffner, Chuck (December 10, 2002). "Small College Faces Major Challenge". Associated Press. Archived from the original on March 8, 2016. Retrieved November 28, 2012.(subscription required)
  11. Associated Press (January 13, 1992). "Run and Shoot: 258-141 : It's Basketball, Not Electronics, as Troy State Shatters Scoring Record Against DeVry Institute". Los Angeles Times .