Threatened fauna of Australia

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A Gouldian finch, a bird classified as endangered on the list of threatened fauna of Australia. Adult gouldian finch.jpg
A Gouldian finch, a bird classified as endangered on the list of threatened fauna of Australia.

Threatened fauna of Australia are those species and subspecies of birds, fish, frogs, insects, mammals, molluscs, crustaceans and reptiles to be found in Australia that are in danger of becoming extinct. This list is the list proclaimed under the Australian federal Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act). The classifications are based on those used by the World Conservation Union (IUCN), however IUCN and Australian rankings do differ. Each state and territory has its own legislation relating to environmental protection]].


2020: new database of threatened mammals

A new online database of threatened mammals launched on 22 April 2020 reported that there had been a decline of more than a third of threatened mammal numbers in the past 20 years, but the data also show that targeted conservation efforts are working. The Threatened Mammal Index "is compiled from more than 400,000 individual surveys, and contains population trends for 57 of Australia's threatened or near-threatened terrestrial and marine mammal species". [1]

Extinct in the wild

There are 24 birds (1 from the mainland), 7 frogs, and 27 mammal species or subspecies strongly believed to have become extinct in Australia since European settlement.[ citation needed ] One fish is listed as extinct in the wild.

Critically endangered

Five mammals, six birds, two reptiles, three fish and five other species are listed as critically endangered.







Thirty-four mammals, thirty-eight birds, eleven reptiles, eighteen frogs, sixteen fishes and eleven other species are listed as endangered.



This exceptionally large Macquarie perch was caught on a lure (visible in the picture) and was carefully released. Macquarie perch.jpg
This exceptionally large Macquarie perch was caught on a lure (visible in the picture) and was carefully released.


Corroboree frog CorroboreeFrog.jpg
Corroboree frog


Loggerhead turtle Caretta caretta01.jpg
Loggerhead turtle


Golden-shouldered parrot Golden-Shouldered-Parrot-2.JPG
Golden-shouldered parrot


Tiger quoll SpottedQuoll 2005 SeanMcClean.jpg
Tiger quoll




The red handfish CSIRO ScienceImage 2535 The Red Handfish.jpg
The red handfish
Great white shark Whiteshark-TGoss1.jpg
Great white shark


Growling grass frog Litoria raniformis.jpg
Growling grass frog


Ornamental snake Denisonia maculata.jpg
Ornamental snake


Cape Barren goose Cereopsis novaehollandiae1.jpg
Cape Barren goose
Golden whistler GoldenWhistlerMale.jpg
Golden whistler


Conservation dependent

Four fish and one mammal are conservation dependent.



Threatened species legislation

Federal legislation

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cth) and Regulations set up a framework for protection of the Australian environment, including its biodiversity and its natural and culturally significant places.

State legislation

Threatened species in Australia are protected (or affected by) by four main types of legislation:

See also

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  1. Kilvert, Nick (22 April 2020). "Australia's threatened mammals decline by more than a third since 1990s, but there's a silver lining". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 23 April 2020.
  2. "List of Threatened Fauna". Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. Retrieved 4 April 2017.