Three-striped roofed turtle

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Three-striped roofed turtle
Batagur dhongoka Hardwicke.jpg
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Family: Geoemydidae
Genus: Batagur
Species:
B. dhongoka
Binomial name
Batagur dhongoka
(Gray, 1832) [1] [2]
Synonyms [3]
  • Emys dhongoka
    Gray, 1832
  • Emys duvaucelii
    A.M.C. Duméril & Bibron, 1835
  • Emys duvaucellii [sic]
    Gray, 1844 ( ex errore )
  • Batagur (Kachuga) dhongoka
    — Gray, 1856
  • Clemmys dhongoka
    Strauch, 1862
  • Kachuga hardwickii
    Gray, 1869
  • Dhongoka hardwickii
    — Gray, 1870
  • Batagur dhougoka [sic]
    Gray, 1873 (ex errore)
  • Dhougoka hardwickii
    — Gray, 1873
  • Emys duvancellii [sic]
    Gray, 1873 (ex errore)
  • Batagur durandi
    Lydekker, 1885
  • Kachuga dhongoka
    Boulenger, 1889
  • Batagur duvaucelii
    Anderson, 1879
  • Emys duvauceli [sic]
    M.A. Smith, 1931 (ex errore)
  • Kachuga dhongoca [sic]
    Tikader & Sharma, 1985
    (ex errore)
  • Kachuga drongoka [sic]
    Moll, 1986 (ex errore)

The three-striped roofed turtle (Batagur dhongoka) is a species of turtle in the family Geoemydidae. The species is endemic to South Asia.

In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank of an organism, as well as a unit of biodiversity. A species is often defined as the largest group of organisms in which any two individuals of the appropriate sexes or mating types can produce fertile offspring, typically by sexual reproduction. Other ways of defining species include their karyotype, DNA sequence, morphology, behaviour or ecological niche. In addition, paleontologists use the concept of the chronospecies since fossil reproduction cannot be examined.

Family is one of the eight major hierarchical taxonomic ranks in Linnaean taxonomy; it is classified between order and genus. A family may be divided into subfamilies, which are intermediate ranks between the ranks of family and genus. The official family names are Latin in origin; however, popular names are often used: for example, walnut trees and hickory trees belong to the family Juglandaceae, but that family is commonly referred to as being the "walnut family".

Geoemydidae family of reptiles

The Geoemydidae are one of the largest and most diverse families in the order Testudines (turtles), with about 70 species. The family includes the Eurasian pond and river turtles and Neotropical wood turtles.

Contents

Geographic range

The three-striped roofed turtle is found in Bangladesh, India (Assam, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal), and possibly in Nepal. [1] [2]

Bangladesh Country in South Asia

Bangladesh, officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a country in South Asia. While it is the 92nd-largest country, spanning 147,570 square kilometres (56,980 sq mi), it is the world's 8th-most populous country with a population nearing 163 million, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Bangladesh shares land borders with India to the west, north and the east and Myanmar to the east, whereas the Bay of Bengal lies to its south. Dhaka, its capital and largest city, is also the economic, political and the cultural hub of the country. Chittagong, the largest sea port, is the second largest city. The country's geography is dominated by the Ganges delta which empties into the Bay of Bengal the combined waters of several river systems, including those of the Brahmaputra and the Ganges. As a result, the country is criss-crossed by numerous rivers and inland water ways. Highlands with evergreen forests cover the landscape in the northeastern and southeastern regions of the country. The country also features the longest natural sea beach and most of the largest mangrove forest in the world. The country's biodiversity includes a vast array of plants and wildlife, including the endangered Bengal tiger, the national animal.

Assam State in northeast India

Assam is a state in northeastern India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. Assam covers an area of 78,438 km2 (30,285 sq mi). The state is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 kilometres (14 mi) strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India.

Bihar State in Eastern India

Bihar is a state in eastern India. It is the twelfth-largest Indian state, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). The third-largest state by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east. Three main regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur.

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References

  1. 1 2 3 Rhodin 2011, p. 000.187
  2. 1 2 3 Batagur dhongoka from the IUCN Red list
  3. Fritz 2007, p. 225
Bibliography

Further reading

John Edward Gray British zoologist and philatelist

John Edward Gray, FRS was a British zoologist. He was the elder brother of zoologist George Robert Gray and son of the pharmacologist and botanist Samuel Frederick Gray (1766–1828). The standard author abbreviation J.E.Gray is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name. The same is used for a zoological name.