Tomb of the Unknown Soldier

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The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Moscow Pamiatnik na mogile Neizvestnogo soldata Moskva 0010 01.JPG
The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Moscow

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier refers to a monument dedicated to the services of an unknown soldier and to the common memories of all soldiers killed in any war. Such tombs can be found in many nations and are usually high-profile national monuments. Throughout history, many soldiers have died in war with their remains being unidentified. Following World War I, a movement arose to commemorate these soldiers with a single tomb, containing the body of one such unidentified soldier. It is a tomb for unknown soldiers.

National monument Monument that represents the Nation, for any country

A national monument is a monument constructed in order to commemorate something of national importance such as the country's founding, independence or a war.

World War I 1914–1918 global war originating in Europe

World War I, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918. Contemporaneously described as "the war to end all wars", it led to the mobilisation of more than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, making it one of the largest wars in history. It is also one of the deadliest conflicts in history, with an estimated nine million combatants and seven million civilian deaths as a direct result of the war, while resulting genocides and the resulting 1918 influenza pandemic caused another 50 to 100 million deaths worldwide.

Tomb burial place

A tomb is a repository for the remains of the dead. It is generally any structurally enclosed interment space or burial chamber, of varying sizes. Placing a corpse into a tomb can be called immurement, and is a method of final disposition, as an alternative to for example cremation or burial.

Contents

History

France and the United Kingdom

During the First World War, the British and French armies who were allies during the war jointly decided to bury soldiers themselves. In the UK, under the Imperial War Graves Commission (now Commonwealth War Graves Commission), the Reverend David Railton had seen a grave marked by a rough cross while serving in the British Army as a chaplain on the Western Front, which bore the pencil-written legend "An Unknown British Soldier". [1] He suggested (together with the French in their own country) the creation at a national level of a symbolic funeral and burial of an "Unknown Warrior", proposing that the grave should in the UK include a national monument in the form of what is usually, but not in this particular case, a headstone. The idea received the support of the Dean of Westminster, Prime Minister David Lloyd George, and later from King George V, responding to a wave of public support. [1] At the same time, a similar concern grew in France. In November 1916, a local officer of Le Souvenir français proposed the idea of burying "an unknown soldier" in the Panthéon. A formal bill was presented in Parliament in November 1918. The decision was voted into law on September 1919. [2]

The Commonwealth War Graves Commission (CWGC) is an intergovernmental organisation of six independent member states whose principal function is to mark, record and maintain the graves and places of commemoration of Commonwealth of Nations military service members who died in the two World Wars. The Commission is also responsible for commemorating Commonwealth civilians who died as a result of enemy action during World War II. The Commission was founded by Sir Fabian Ware and constituted through Royal Charter in 1917 named the Imperial War Graves Commission. The change to the present name took place in 1960.

David Railton English clergyman and military chaplain

Reverend David Railton MC MA, was a Church of England clergyman, a Military chaplain and the originator of the idea of the Tomb of The Unknown Warrior in Britain.

British Army land warfare branch of the British Armed Forces of the United Kingdom

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces. As of 2018, the British Army comprises just over 81,500 trained regular (full-time) personnel and just over 27,000 trained reserve (part-time) personnel.

The United Kingdom and France conducted services connected with their 'monumental' graves (as presumably newly conceived, and in any case approved, by their respective armies) on Armistice Day 1920 (the burial itself taking place later in January of the following year in France). In the UK, the Tomb of the Unknown Warrior was created at Westminster Abbey, while in France La tombe du soldat inconnu was placed in the Arc de Triomphe.

Armistice Day commemoration on November 11 of the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany in 1918

Armistice Day is commemorated every year on 11 November to mark the armistice signed between the Allies of World War I and Germany at Compiègne, France at 5:45 am, for the cessation of hostilities on the Western Front of World War I, which took effect at eleven o'clock in the morning—the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month" of 1918. But, according to Thomas R. Gowenlock, an intelligence officer with the US First Division, shelling from both sides continued for the rest of the day, only ending at nightfall. The armistice initially expired after a period of 36 days and had to be extended several times. A formal peace agreement was only reached when the Treaty of Versailles was signed the following year.

Westminster Abbey Church in London

Westminster Abbey, formally titled the Collegiate Church of Saint Peter at Westminster, is a large, mainly Gothic abbey church in the City of Westminster, London, England, just to the west of the Palace of Westminster. It is one of the United Kingdom's most notable religious buildings and the traditional place of coronation and burial site for English and, later, British monarchs. The building itself was a Benedictine monastic church until the monastery was dissolved in 1539. Between 1540 and 1556, the abbey had the status of a cathedral. Since 1560, the building is no longer an abbey or a cathedral, having instead the status of a Church of England "Royal Peculiar"—a church responsible directly to the sovereign.

Other countries

The idea of a symbolic Tomb of the Unknown Soldier then spread to other countries. In 1921, the United States unveiled its own Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Portugal its Túmulo do Soldado Desconhecido, and Italy its La tomba del Milite Ignoto. Other nations have followed the practice and created their own tombs.

United States Federal republic in North America

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States or America, is a country comprising 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is slightly smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of more than 327 million people, the U.S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D.C., and the most populous city is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico. The State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U.S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The extremely diverse geography, climate, and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Arlington) Monument dedicated to U.S. service members who have died without their remains being identified

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier or the Tomb of the Unknowns is a monument dedicated to deceased U.S. service members whose remains have not been identified. It is located in Arlington National Cemetery in Virginia, United States of America. The World War I "Unknown" is a recipient of the Medal of Honor, the Victoria Cross, and several other foreign nations' highest service awards. The U.S. Unknowns who were interred are also recipients of the Medal of Honor, presented by U.S. Presidents who presided over their funerals. The monument has no officially designated name.

Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Portugal) war memorial in Portugal

The Portuguese Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is located in the Sala do Capitulo at the Monastery of Batalha, near Leiria.

In Chile and Ukraine, second 'unknown tombs' were unveiled to commemorate The Unknown Sailor.

Symbolism

The Tombs of the Unknown Soldiers typically contain the remains of a dead soldier who is unidentified (or "known but to God" as the stone is sometimes inscribed). [3] These remains are considered impossible to identify, and so serve as a symbol for all of a country's unknown dead wherever they fell in the war being remembered. The anonymity of the entombed soldier is the key symbolism of the monument; it could be the tomb of anyone who fell in service of the nation, and therefore serves as a monument symbolizing all of the sacrifices.

Identification

At least one unknown has been identified by DNA analysis. This was an airman from the Vietnam War [4] .

Examples

Tombs of the Unknown Soldiers from around the world and various wars include the following:

CountriesLocationImageDescription
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Metropolitan Cathedral in Buenos Aires Facade BA Metropolitan Church.jpg Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of the Independence
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia Australian War Memorial in Canberra Southern view of the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the AWM in December 2018.jpg The tomb of the Unknown Australian Soldier at the Australian War Memorial in Canberra.
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria Outer Palace Gate at the Heldenplatz in Vienna Ausseres Burgtor (13761) IMG 0413.jpg Within the 1818 neo-classical gateway to the Hofburg, the former Imperial Palace.
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh Jatiyo Smriti Soudho in Savar Upazila Sriti shoud.jpeg Jatiyo Sriti Shoudho (Bengali: জাতীয় স্মৃতি সৌধ Jatio Sriti Shoudho) or National Martyrs' Memorial is the national monument of Bangladesh is the symbol in the memory of the valour and the sacrifice of all those who gave their lives in the Bangladesh Liberation War of 1971, many of whom were buried in mass graves in that park.The monument is located in Savar, about 35 km north-west of the capital, Dhaka. It was designed by Syed Mainul Hossain.
Shikha Onirban or 'Eternal Flame' in Dhaka Shikha Onirban was built to commemorate the valour and the sacrifices of Bangladesh Armed Forces Soldiers died in the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium Congress Column in Brussels Colonne du Congres Bxl.02.JPG The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the base of the location.
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia Monumento al Soldado Desconocido in La Paz The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, center piece of the location.[ citation needed ]
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Monument to the dead of World War II, Flamengo Park in Rio de Janeiro. Pracinhas-CCBY.jpg The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on the monument's platform.
Brazilian Monument and Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of World War II, near Pistoia, Italy. Pistoia sacrario dell esercito brasiliano 4.jpg Votive Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, with monument pavilion.
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Monument to the Unknown Soldier in Sofia Unknown-soldier-sofia-1.jpg
Monument to the Unknown Soldier in Haskovo. [5]
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada Tomb of the Unknown Soldier at the National War Memorial, in Ottawa Tomb of the Unknown Soldier - Tombe du Soldat inconnu.jpg The tomb is located next to the National War Memorial in Confederation Square in Ottawa. It contains the remains of a Canadian soldier from World War I, who was buried near Vimy Ridge. [6]
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile General Manuel Baquedano Square in Santiago Contains the remains of a soldier who died in 1881 during the War of the Pacific.[ citation needed ]
Plaza de la Ciudadanía (Citizenship Square), SantiagoContains the remains of a soldier found in Perú.[ citation needed ] Died in 1881 during the War of the Pacific.
Cripta del Morro de Arica (Morro de Arica Crypt), Arica Contains the remains of a soldier found in 1998.[ citation needed ] Died during the War of the Pacific.
Unknown Sailor Monument A monument built in honor to the sailors that fought and died in the Battle of Iquique, a naval battle off the coast of Chile.
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Plaza y Monumento de los Caídos on Centro Administrativo Nacional in Bogotá Momunento a los Caidos.JPG
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic National Monument on Vítkov Hill in Prague Praha, Vitkov, pamatnik.JPG Contains remains of an unknown Czechoslovak soldier fallen at the Battle of Zborov as well as an unknown Czechoslovak soldier fallen at the Battle of Dukla, a part of a larger memorial to all Czechoslovak soldiers.
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic Flag Square of Santo Domingo Arco de la plaza de la bandera.jpg The Arc of the Square contains the tomb of the soldier who died for the freedom of the Dominicans in the Dominican War of Independence.
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt Unknown Soldier Memorial in Cairo Nasrcity.jpg Also includes the tomb of President Anwar Sadat.
Alexandria Naval Unknown Soldier Memorial Monument of the Navy Unknown Soldier in Alexandria (6).jpg
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia Defence Forces Cemetery in Tallinn
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Hietaniemi cemetery in Helsinki Hietaniemi Cemetery (fi. Hietaniemen hautausmaa), Helsinki, Finland.jpg In the centre of the military cemetery are the tombs of the unknown soldier and Marshal Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim.
Flag of France.svg  France Tomb of the Unknown Soldier beneath the Arc de Triomphe de l'Étoile in Paris Unknownsoldier paris.jpg
Flag of The Gambia.svg  Gambia Tomb of the Unknown Soldier behind Arch 22 in Banjul Banjuljuly22b.JPG
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany Unter den Linden , Berlin Berlin, Neue Wache, exterior view, may 2006.jpg Within a 19th-century guardhouse, the Neue Wache .
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on Syntagma Square in Athens Tomb of Unknown at Syntagma Square in Athens.JPG
  • Cenotaph located in front of the Greek Parliament on Syntagma Square in Athens. Two quotations by Thucydides, from Pericles' Funeral Oration, [7] [8] are inscribed on the retaining wall: Μία κλίνη κενὴ φέρεται ἐστρωμένη τῶν ἀφανῶν ("... and one bed is carried empty, made for the unknown ones"), and Ἀνδρῶν ἐπιφανῶν πᾶσα γῆ τάφος ("The whole earth is the burial ground of famous men"). The inscriptions flank a central sculpture in low relief, depicting a dying hoplite. The names of battlefields where Greeks have fought since independence are inscribed on the monument.
  • The monument is guarded round the clock by the Evzones of the Presidential Guard.
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary Heroes' Square in Budapest Heroes Square Budapest 2010 01.jpg
Flag of India.svg  India Amar Jawan Jyoti, New Delhi Amar Jawan Jyoti.jpg Burning in a shrine under the arch of India Gate since 1971 is the Amar Jawan Jyoti (the flame of the immortal soldier) which marks the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. The shrine itself is a black marble cenotaph with a rifle placed on its barrel, crested by a soldier's helmet. Each face of the cenotaph has inscribed in gold the words "Amar Jawan" (Immortal Warrior) in Hindi (Devanagri script). The Prime Minister of India pays homage to the country's fallen soldiers along with the Chiefs of Staff of each arm of the Armed Forces on each Republic Day of India.
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia The Pandu war cemetery at Bandung Kembangkuning.jpg The Field of Honor is a memorial to the unknown soldier. There is also the Tomb of the Unknown (Dutch) Sailor in Kembang Kuning war cemetery in Surabaya. [9]
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran Chizar, Tehran Chizar tombs 01.jpg In Iran, unknown soldiers are buried in public places. Chizar is the largest of all.
Behesht Zahra, Tehran Unknown soldiers tomb in Behesht Zahra 01.jpg
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq The Monument to the Unknown Soldier, in Grand Festivities Square, Zawra Park, Baghdad Three monuments in Zawra Park commemorate Iraq's fallen soldiers; The Monument to the Unknown Soldier (pictured), the Victory Arch (completed in 1989) and the Al-Shaheed Monument (also known as the Martyrs' Monument, completed in 1983). The Monument to the Unknown Soldier was constructed between 1979 and 1982, and replaced an earlier Unknown Soldier's Monument built in 1959 in a different location, but dismantled when the current monument was inaugurated.
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel National Memorial Hall For Israel's Fallen in Mount Herzl, Jerusalem KHnykt hykl hzkrvn hmmlkty 1738.jpg The Eternal Flame Monument to Unknown Soldiers.
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy Piazza Venezia in Rome Milite Ignoto in Altare della Patria in Vittoriano in Rome.jpg The Tomb of the Milite Ignoto in the Altare della Patria (Vittoriano).
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan Chidorigafuchi National Cemetery in Tokyo Chidorigafuchi04s3072.jpg
Ryozen Kannon in Kyoto Ryozen Kannon Memorial to Unknown Soldier.jpg
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of the World in Ogose, Saitama
Dai Heiwa Kinen Tō in Tondabayashi, Osaka Torre da Paz.jpg
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Amman Source:
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Lebanon, Beirut, MathafThe Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Lebanon represents the forming and independence of the Lebanese Armed Forces from the French Army in 1943. [10] The tomb also commemorates soldiers of the Legion of Orient [11] and the Army of the Levant during the French Mandate of Lebanon from 1920 to 1943. [10] The cenotaph in the middle includes a Cedrus libani tree surrounded by a laurel; the main symbol of Roman Legions. Around the cedar tree and laurel reads in Arabic  : "Glory and Immortality for our Martyred Heroes". Behind the cenotaph are original Roman Columns.
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Vienybės Square in Kaunas Kaunas. Paminklas zuvusiems uz laisve. 2007-04-06.jpg Tomb of Nežinomas kareivis, with remains of soldier who died in fights against Bolsheviks in 1919.
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia National Monument in Kuala Lumpur Tugu negara.jpg Completed in 1966 to commemorate combatants who fought against Japanese occupation of pre-independence Malaysia in World War II and the Malayan Races Liberation Army insurgency during the Malayan Emergency. Also includes a pre-independence cenotaph, which was shifted from its original location closer to the old town of Kuala Lumpur, commemorating the war dead of World War I, World War II and the Malayan Emergency.
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Curepipe
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia Heroes' Acre in Windhoek The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier contains soil from Cassinga and Oshatotwa from the Namibian War of Independence.
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior, National War Memorial in Wellington Tomb of the Unknown Warrior June 2012.JPG
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Eagle Square, Abuja.Statue of the Unknown Soldier, at the Eagle Square, Abuja, formerly located in Idumota, Lagos as Soldier Idumota, the tomb was relocated to Abuja.
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru Plaza Bolivar in Lima Congreso del Peru.JPG Contains the remains of a soldier who died in 1881 during the War of the Pacific.
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Heroes' Cemetery in Taguig Libingan ng Mga Bayani.jpg Contains the remains of Filipino soldiers who have joined the military and served on the Philippine Revolution, Philippine–American War and World War II.
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Marshall Józef Piłsudski Square in Warsaw IWarszawajh1.jpg Constructed as the arcade of Saxon Palace, which was destroyed by the Germans in 1944. Contains the remains of a soldier who died between 1918 and 1920.
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in the Batalha Monastery Chapter house of Mosteiro da Batalha (2).jpg
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Carol Park in Bucharest RO B Tomb Unknown Soldier Bucharest.jpg
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Alexander Garden in Moscow Medvedev - Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.jpeg
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia Monument to the Unknown Hero on Mt. Avala near Belgrade Monument to the Unknown Hero Avala1.jpg Memorial was built on the place where an unknown Serbian World War I soldier was buried.
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Monument to the Unknown French Soldier, French Revolution Square in Ljubljana
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Mogadishu Somalia Tomb of the Unknown Soldier.jpg A monument erected in honour of the Somali men and women who died in defense of the Somali Republic. It's popularly known as Daljirka Dahsoon, and it is an important landmark in Mogadishu.
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain Monumento a los Caídos por España, Plaza de la Lealtad in Madrid Obelisco Dos de mayo (Madrid) 01.jpg Popularly known as the Obelisco ("Obelisk"), it is built on the same place where General Joachim Murat ordered the execution of numerous Spaniards after the Dos de Mayo Uprising of 1808. Originally inaugurated on 2 May 1840, it was re-inaugurated on 22 November 1985, by Juan Carlos I of Spain as a remembrance to all those who gave their life for Spain. An eternal flame fuelled by gas has been constantly burning on the front of the monument.
Fossar de les Moreres, in Barcelona Fossar de les Moreres.JPG The Fossar de les Moreres is a memorial plaza in Barcelona (Catalonia, Spain), adjacent to the basilica of Santa Maria del Mar. The plaza was built over a cemetery where defenders of the city were buried following the Siege of Barcelona at the end of the War of the Spanish Succession in 1714. The plaza retains its everyday use as a public space, but also prominently features a memorial to the fallen Catalans of the war, with a torch of eternal flame and a heroic poem by Frederic Soler, "El Fossar de les Moreres".
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria Tomb of the Unknown Soldier in Damascus
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey Çanakkale Martyrs' Memorial on Gallipoli Canakkale Sehitleri Aniti.JPG Erected for the unknown martyrs of the Çanakkale Front, which was the arena for the Battle of Gallipoli during World War I. Opened on 20 August 1960. Another monument[ which? ] at the same site is for the foreign soldiers (mostly[ citation needed ] Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) lost in the same clash.
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Dnieper Park in Kiev [ citation needed ] Kiev's unknown soldier.jpg
Monument to the Unknown Sailor, Shevchenko Park in Odessa Odessa Denkmal des unbekannten Matrosen.jpg
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom Tomb of the Unknown Warrior, Westminster Abbey in London Tomb of the Unknown Warrior - Westminster Abbey - London, England - 9 Nov. 2010.jpg
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Tomb of the Unknown Soldier, Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia Defense.gov photo essay 080614-A-0193C-015.jpg [12]
Tomb of the Unknown Revolutionary War Soldier, Washington Square in Philadelphia Tomb of the Unknown Revolutionary War Soldier-27527.jpg
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of the American Revolution
Civil War Unknowns Monument, Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington, Virginia Civil War Unknowns Memorial - E side - Arlington National Cemetery - 2011.JPG Contains the remains of 2,211 unknown Union and Confederate soldiers from Civil War battlefields.
Tomb of the Unknown Confederate Soldier at Beauvoir in Biloxi, Mississippi Beauvoir Confederate States Unknown Soldier Tomb.jpg
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on Mustaqillik Maydoni in Tashkent Stamps of Uzbekistan, 2010-58.jpg Created in 1975, the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is dedicated to the Uzbek soldiers who served in the Red Army during World War II.
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela Tomb of the Unknown Soldier on Carabobo Field, Carabobo Arco de Carabobo.JPG Contains the remains of a Venezuelan soldier who died in 1824 during the Battle of Ayacucho.
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam Monument of Heroic Martyrs in Hanoi The monument to Heroic Martyrs is dedicated to the wounded and fallen soldiers who sacrificed their lives in the struggle for Vietnam national liberation, independence, freedom and the happiness of the people.
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe Statue of the Unknown Soldier at the National Heroes Acre, Harare Heroes Acre Monument, Harare, Zimbabwe.jpg

See also

Related Research Articles

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War memorial Type of memorial

A war memorial is a building, monument, statue or other edifice to celebrate a war or victory, or to commemorate those who died or were injured in a war.

Canadian Tomb of the Unknown Soldier war memorial in Ottawa, Canada

The Canadian Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is located before the National War Memorial in Confederation Square, Ottawa, Ontario. The culmination of a project begun by the Royal Canadian Legion, the tomb was added to the war memorial in 2000 and holds the remains of an unidentified Canadian soldier who died in France during World War I. The soldier was selected from a cemetery in the vicinity of Vimy Ridge, the site of a famous Canadian battle.

New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior

The New Zealand Tomb of the Unknown Warrior is at the National War Memorial in Buckle Street, Wellington.

War grave Burial place for members of the armed forces or civilians who died during military operations

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Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Moscow) war memorial in Moscow, Russia

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Tomb of the Unknown Revolutionary War Soldier war memorial in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States

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Cemetery of the Defenders of Lwów

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Monument to the Unknown Hero

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Aisne-Marne American Cemetery and Memorial cemetery located in Aisne, in France

The Aisne-Marne American Cemetery and Memorial is a 42-acre (17 ha) World War I cemetery in Belleau, Northern France. It is located at the foot of the hill where the Battle of Belleau Wood was fought, with many American fatalities. The cemetery also contains burials from the Battle of Château-Thierry, later that summer.

Congress Column monumental column in Brussels

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Next of Kin Memorial Avenue

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The Unknown Warrior

The British grave of The Unknown Warrior holds an unidentified British soldier killed on a European battlefield during the First World War. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, London on 11 November 1920, simultaneously with a similar interment of a French unknown soldier at the Arc de Triomphe in France, making both graves the first to honour the unknown dead of the First World War. It is the first example of a tomb of the Unknown Soldier.

Pistoia Brazilian war cemetery cemetery

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United Nations Memorial Cemetery Cemetery in Busan, South Korea, for soldiers of the Korean War

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Tomb of the Unknown Soldier (Athens) war memorial in Athens in Syntagma Square, Athens

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier is a war memorial located in Syntagma Square in Athens, in front of the Old Royal Palace. It is a cenotaph dedicated to the Greek soldiers killed during war. It was sculpted between 1930 and 1932 by sculptor Fokion Rok.

The Tomb of the Unknown Soldier of the American Revolution honors an unidentified soldier of the American Revolutionary War, whose remains were unearthed in 1826 in Alexandria, Virginia. The memorial is in the churchyard Burial Ground of the Old Presbyterian Meeting House, a congregation of the Presbyterian Church (USA) that dates from 1772. The Meeting House is located at 323 South Fairfax Street, in Alexandria's Old Town National Historic Landmark District.

Caterpillar Valley Cemetery cemetery located in Somme, in France

Caterpillar Valley Cemetery is a World War I Commonwealth War Graves Commission cemetery in Longueval, France.

References

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  2. ‹See Tfd› (in French) Jean-Yves Le Naour, Le soldat inconnu : la guerre, la mort, la mémoire, Gallimard, 2008, p. 20
  3. Kwon, Heonik (2008). Ghosts of War in Vietnam. Cambridge University Press. p. 46. ISBN   978-0-521-88061-9.
  4. Wagner, Sarah (2013). "The making and unmaking of an unknown soldier". Social Studies of Science. 43 (5): 631–656. doi:10.1177/0306312713484646. JSTOR   43284199.
  5. "The Unknown Soldier Memorial in Haskovo".
  6. "National War Memorial". ottawakiosk.com. Archived from the original on 18 May 2009. Retrieved 21 April 2015.
  7. Thucydides (1942). "2.34.3". Historiae in two volumes. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available online at the Perseus Project.
  8. Thucydides (1942). "2.43.3". Historiae in two volumes. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Available online at the Perseus Project.
  9. "Netherlands war cemeteries in Indonesia", Netherlands War Graves Foundation
  10. 1 2 "Lebanese Ground Forces". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  11. "LAF History". Lebanese Armed Forces. Archived from the original on 1 May 2009. Retrieved 19 May 2009.
  12. "Tomb of the Unknown Soldier". Arlington National Cemetery . Retrieved November 11, 2018.