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|1455 by topic|
|Arts and science|
|Birth and death categories|
|Births – Deaths|
|Establishments and disestablishments categories|
|Establishments – Disestablishments|
|Art and literature|
|1455 in poetry|
|Ab urbe condita||2208|
|Balinese saka calendar||1376–1377|
|English Regnal year||33 Hen. 6 – 34 Hen. 6|
|Chinese calendar|| 甲戌年 (Wood Dog)|
4151 or 4091
— to —
乙亥年 (Wood Pig)
4152 or 4092
|- Vikram Samvat||1511–1512|
|- Shaka Samvat||1376–1377|
|- Kali Yuga||4555–4556|
|Japanese calendar|| Kyōtoku 4 / Kōshō 1|
|Minguo calendar||457 before ROC |
|Thai solar calendar||1997–1998|
1581 or 1200 or 428
— to —
1582 or 1201 or 429
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1455 .|
Year 1455 ( MCDLV ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:
A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2009, 2015, and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.
The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.
January 8 is the eighth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 357 days remain until the end of the year.
Pope Nicholas V, born Tommaso Parentucelli, was Pope from 6 March 1447 until his death. Pope Eugene made him a cardinal in 1446 after successful trips to Italy and Germany, and when Eugene died the next year Parentucelli was elected in his place. He took his name Nicholas in memory of his obligations to Niccolò Albergati.
Romanus Pontifex, Latin for "The Roman Pontiff", is a papal bull written in 1454 by Pope Nicholas V to King Afonso V of Portugal. As a follow-up to the Dum Diversas, it confirmed to the Crown of Portugal dominion over all lands south of Cape Bojador in Africa. Along with encouraging the seizure of the lands of Saracen Turks and non-Christians, it repeated the earlier bull's permission for the enslavement of such peoples. The bull's primary purpose was to forbid other Christian nations from infringing the King of Portugal's rights of trade and colonisation in these regions, particularly amid the Portuguese and Castilian competition for ascendancy over new lands discovered.
John II, called the Perfect Prince, was King of Portugal from 1481 until his death in 1495, and also for a brief time in 1477. He is known for re-establishing the power of the Portuguese monarchy, reinvigorating the Portuguese economy, and renewing his country's exploration of Africa and the Orient.
Year 1495 (MCDXCV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar).
Ascanio Maria Sforza Visconti was an Italian Cardinal of the Catholic Church. Generally known as a skilled diplomat who played a major role in the election of Rodrigo Borgia as Pope Alexander VI, Sforza served as Vice-Chancellor of the Holy Roman Church from 1492 until 1505.
Peter Vischer the Elder was a German sculptor, the son of Hermann Vischer, and the most notable member of the Vischer Family of Nuremberg.
Year 1529 (MDXXIX) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar.
Estefania Carròs i de Mur (1455-1511), was a Spanish educator.
January 9 is the ninth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 356 days remain until the end of the year.
William IV of Jülich-Berg was the last ruler of the Duchy of Jülich-Berg.
Year 1511 (MDXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 316 days remain until the end of the year.
Fra Angelico was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance, described by Vasari in his Lives of the Artists as having "a rare and perfect talent".
Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares open land borders with France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.
Year 1572 (MDLXXII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1542 (MDXLII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1568 (MDLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
The 1460s decade ran from January 1, 1460, to December 31, 1469.
Year 1550 (MDL) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
The 1450s decade ran from January 1, 1450, to December 31, 1459.
Year 1521 (MDXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1536 (MDXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1459 (MCDLIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1523 (MDXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1461 (MCDLXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.
1590 (MDXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1590th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 590th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 16th century, and the 1st year of the 1590s decade. As of the start of 1590, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
Year 1580 (MDLXXX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.
Year 1578 (MDLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1558 (MDLVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1559 (MDLIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1513 (MDXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1435 (MCDXXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.
Year 1447 (MCDXLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.
John Clifford, 9th Baron Clifford, 9th Lord of Skipton was a Lancastrian military leader during the Wars of the Roses in England. The Clifford family was one of the most prominent families among the northern English nobility of the fifteenth century, and by the marriages of his sisters John Clifford had links to some very important families of the time, including the earls of Devon. He was orphaned at twenty years of age when his father was slain by partisans of the House of York at the first battle of the Wars of the Roses, the Battle of St Albans in 1455. It was probably as a result of his father's death there that Clifford became one of the strongest supporters of Queen Margaret of Anjou, consort of King Henry VI, who ended up as effective leader of the Lancastrian faction.