1455

Last updated

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1455 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 1455
MCDLV
Ab urbe condita 2208
Armenian calendar 904
ԹՎ ՋԴ
Assyrian calendar 6205
Balinese saka calendar 1376–1377
Bengali calendar 862
Berber calendar 2405
English Regnal year 33  Hen. 6   34  Hen. 6
Buddhist calendar 1999
Burmese calendar 817
Byzantine calendar 6963–6964
Chinese calendar 甲戌(Wood  Dog)
4151 or 4091
     to 
乙亥年 (Wood  Pig)
4152 or 4092
Coptic calendar 1171–1172
Discordian calendar 2621
Ethiopian calendar 1447–1448
Hebrew calendar 5215–5216
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 1511–1512
 - Shaka Samvat 1376–1377
 - Kali Yuga 4555–4556
Holocene calendar 11455
Igbo calendar 455–456
Iranian calendar 833–834
Islamic calendar 859–860
Japanese calendar Kyōtoku 4 / Kōshō 1
(康正元年)
Javanese calendar 1370–1371
Julian calendar 1455
MCDLV
Korean calendar 3788
Minguo calendar 457 before ROC
民前457年
Nanakshahi calendar −13
Thai solar calendar 1997–1998
Tibetan calendar 阳木狗年
(male Wood-Dog)
1581 or 1200 or 428
     to 
阴木猪年
(female Wood-Pig)
1582 or 1201 or 429

Year 1455 ( MCDLV ) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

Roman numerals are a numeric system that originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Modern usage employs seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value:

A common year starting on Wednesday is any non-leap year that begins on Wednesday, 1 January, and ends on Wednesday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is E. The most recent year of such kind was 2014, and the next one will be 2025 in the in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2009, 2015, and 2026 in the obsolete Julian calendar. The century year, 1800, was also a common year starting on Wednesday in the Gregorian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in June. Leap years starting on Tuesday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

Events

JanuaryDecember

January 8 is the eighth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 357 days remain until the end of the year.

Pope Nicholas V Pope of Catholic Church from 1447 until 1455

Pope Nicholas V, born Tommaso Parentucelli, was Pope from 6 March 1447 until his death. Pope Eugene made him a cardinal in 1446 after successful trips to Italy and Germany, and when Eugene died the next year Parentucelli was elected in his place. He took his name Nicholas in memory of his obligations to Niccolò Albergati.

Romanus Pontifex, Latin for "The Roman Pontiff", is a papal bull written in 1454 by Pope Nicholas V to King Afonso V of Portugal. As a follow-up to the Dum Diversas, it confirmed to the Crown of Portugal dominion over all lands south of Cape Bojador in Africa. Along with encouraging the seizure of the lands of Saracen Turks and non-Christians, it repeated the earlier bull's permission for the enslavement of such peoples. The bull's primary purpose was to forbid other Christian nations from infringing the King of Portugal's rights of trade and colonisation in these regions, particularly amid the Portuguese and Castilian competition for ascendancy over new lands discovered.

Births

January 9 is the ninth day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 356 days remain until the end of the year.

William IV of Jülich-Berg was the last ruler of the Duchy of Jülich-Berg.

1511 Year

Year 1511 (MDXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

Deaths

February 18 is the 49th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. 316 days remain until the end of the year.

Fra Angelico 15th-century early Italian Renaissance painter

Fra Angelico was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance, described by Vasari in his Lives of the Artists as having "a rare and perfect talent".

Italy republic in Southern Europe

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Italian Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal climate. The country covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and shares open land borders with France, Slovenia, Austria, Switzerland and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.

Related Research Articles

1572 Year

Year 1572 (MDLXXII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1542 Year

Year 1542 (MDXLII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1568 Year

Year 1568 (MDLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

The 1460s decade ran from January 1, 1460, to December 31, 1469.

1550 Year

Year 1550 (MDL) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

The 1450s decade ran from January 1, 1450, to December 31, 1459.

1521 Year

Year 1521 (MDXXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar.

1536 Year

Year 1536 (MDXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1459 (MCDLIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

1523 Year

Year 1523 (MDXXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1461 (MCDLXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

1590 Year

1590 (MDXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1590th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 590th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 16th century, and the 1st year of the 1590s decade. As of the start of 1590, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

1580 Year

Year 1580 (MDLXXX) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, and a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Proleptic Gregorian calendar.

1578 Year

Year 1578 (MDLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

1558 Year

Year 1558 (MDLVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1559 Year

Year 1559 (MDLIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

1513 Year

Year 1513 (MDXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

1435 Year

Year 1435 (MCDXXXV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

Year 1447 (MCDXLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

John Clifford, 9th Baron Clifford, 9th Lord of Skipton was a Lancastrian military leader during the Wars of the Roses in England. The Clifford family was one of the most prominent families among the northern English nobility of the fifteenth century, and by the marriages of his sisters John Clifford had links to some very important families of the time, including the earls of Devon. He was orphaned at twenty years of age when his father was slain by partisans of the House of York at the first battle of the Wars of the Roses, the Battle of St Albans in 1455. It was probably as a result of his father's death there that Clifford became one of the strongest supporters of Queen Margaret of Anjou, consort of King Henry VI, who ended up as effective leader of the Lancastrian faction.

References

  1. Hourihane, Colum (2012). The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture. OUP USA. p. 217. ISBN   9780195395365.
  2. "Nicholas V | Vatican Library & Dum Diversas". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved May 6, 2019.