List of states of Mexico

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The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States. There are 32 federal entities in Mexico (31 states and the capital, Mexico City, as a separate entity without being formally a state), [1] [2] [3] [4]


The states are further divided into municipalities. In Mexico City the municipalities are known as alcaldías (similar to other state's municipalities but with different administrative powers). [5]


States of Mexico
StateOfficial Name (except Mexico City):

Estado Libre y Soberano de (English: "Free and Sovereign State of") :

FlagCapitalLargest cityArea [6] Population (2010) [7] Order of Admission
to Federation
Date of Admission
to Federation
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes Flag of Aguascalientes.svg Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 5,618 km2 (2,169 sq mi)1,184,996241857-02-05 [8]
Baja California Baja California Flag of Baja California.svg Mexicali Tijuana 71,446 km2 (27,585 sq mi)3,155,070291952-01-16 [9]
Baja California Sur Baja California Sur Flag of Baja California Sur.svg La Paz La Paz 73,922 km2 (28,541 sq mi)637,026311974-10-08 [10]
Campeche Campeche Flag of Campeche.svg San Francisco de Campeche San Francisco de Campeche 57,924 km2 (22,365 sq mi)822,441251863-04-29 [11]
Chiapas Chiapas Flag of Chiapas.svg Tuxtla Gutiérrez Tuxtla Gutiérrez 73,289 km2 (28,297 sq mi)4,796,580191824-09-14 [12]
Mexico City Ciudad de México Flag of Mexico City.svg Ciudad de México Ciudad de México 1,495 km2 (577 sq mi)8,918,653322016-01-29
Chihuahua Chihuahua Flag of Chihuahua.svg Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez 247,455 km2 (95,543 sq mi)3,406,465181824-07-06 [12]
Coahuila 14Coahuila de Zaragoza Flag of Coahuila.svg Saltillo Saltillo 151,563 km2 (58,519 sq mi)2,748,391161824-05-07 [12]
Colima 6Colima Flag of Colima.svg Colima Manzanillo 5,625 km2 (2,172 sq mi) 650,555231856-09-12 [13] [14]
Durango Durango Flag of Durango.svg Victoria de Durango Victoria de Durango 123,451 km2 (47,665 sq mi)1,632,934171824-05-22 [12]
Guanajuato Guanajuato Flag of Guanajuato.svg Guanajuato León 30,608 km2 (11,818 sq mi)5,486,37221823-12-20 [12]
Guerrero Guerrero Flag of Guerrero.svg Chilpancingo Acapulco 63,621 km2 (24,564 sq mi)3,388,768211849-10-27 [15]
Hidalgo Hidalgo Flag of Hidalgo.svg Pachuca Pachuca 20,846 km2 (8,049 sq mi)2,665,018261869-01-16 [16]
Jalisco Jalisco Flag of Jalisco.svg Guadalajara Guadalajara 78,599 km2 (30,347 sq mi)7,350,68291823-12-23 [12]
México México Flag of Mexico (state).svg Toluca de Lerdo Ecatepec de Morelos 22,357 km2 (8,632 sq mi)15,175,86211823-12-20 [12]
Michoacán Michoacán de Ocampo Flag of Michoacan.svg Morelia Morelia 58,643 km2 (22,642 sq mi)4,351,03751823-12-22 [12]
Morelos Morelos Flag of Morelos.svg Cuernavaca Cuernavaca 4,893 km2 (1,889 sq mi)1,777,227271869-04-17 [17]
Nayarit Nayarit Flag of Nayarit.svg Tepic Tepic 27,815 km2 (10,739 sq mi)1,084,979281917-01-26 [18]
Nuevo León 4Nuevo León Flag of Nuevo Leon.svg Monterrey Monterrey 64,220 km2 (24,800 sq mi)4,653,458151824-05-07 [12]
Oaxaca Oaxaca Flag of Oaxaca.svg Oaxaca Oaxaca 93,793 km2 (36,214 sq mi)3,801,96231823-12-21 [12]
Puebla Puebla Flag of Puebla.svg Puebla Puebla City 34,290 km2 (13,240 sq mi)5,779,82941823-12-21 [12]
Querétaro Querétaro de Arteaga Flag of Queretaro.svg Querétaro Querétaro 11,684 km2 (4,511 sq mi)1,827,937111823-12-23 [12]
Quintana Roo Quintana Roo Flag of Quintana Roo.svg Chetumal Cancún 42,361 km2 (16,356 sq mi)1,325,578301974-10-08 [19]
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí Flag of San Luis Potosi.svg San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí 60,983 km2 (23,546 sq mi)2,585,51861823-12-22 [12]
Sinaloa Sinaloa Flag of Sinaloa.svg Culiacán Culiacán 58,200 km2 (22,500 sq mi)3,216,000201830-10-14 [20]
Sonora 2Sonora Flag of Sonora.svg Hermosillo Hermosillo 179,503 km2 (69,306 sq mi)2,662,480121824-01-10 [12]
Tabasco 5Tabasco Flag of Tabasco.svg Villahermosa Villahermosa 24,738 km2 (9,551 sq mi)2,238,603131824-02-07 [12]
Tamaulipas 4Tamaulipas Flag of Tamaulipas.svg Ciudad Victoria Reynosa 80,175 km2 (30,956 sq mi)3,268,554141824-02-07 [12]
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala Flag of Tlaxcala.svg Tlaxcala Vicente Guerrero 3,991 km2 (1,541 sq mi)1,169,936221856-12-09 [21]
Veracruz Veracruz de
Ignacio de la Llave
Flag of Veracruz.svg Xalapa Veracruz 71,820 km2 (27,730 sq mi)7,643,19471823-12-22 [12]
Yucatán 3Yucatán Flag of Yucatan.svg Mérida Mérida 39,612 km2 (15,294 sq mi)1,955,57781823-12-23 [12]
Zacatecas Zacatecas Flag of Zacatecas.svg Zacatecas Zacatecas 75,539 km2 (29,166 sq mi)1,490,668101823-12-23 [12]


  1. Joined the federation with the name of Coahuila y Texas.
  2. Joined the federation with the name of Estado de Occidente also recognized as Sonora y Sinaloa.
  3. Joined the federation as República Federada de Yucatán [22] (English: Federated Republic of Yucatán) formed by the current states of Yucatán, Campeche and Quintana Roo. Became independent in 1841 constituting the second Republic of Yucatán and definitively rejoined in 1848.
  4. States of Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Coahuila became independent de facto in 1840 to form the República del Río Grande (English: Republic of the Rio Grande); never consolidated its independence because independent forces were defeated by the centralist forces. [23]
  5. The State of Tabasco seceded from Mexico on two occasions, the first on February 13, 1841, rejoining again on December 2, 1842. And the second time was from November 9, 1846 to December 9, 1846
  6. Inc the remote Revillagigedo Islands, which are federally administered.

See also

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Country Code: +52
International Call Prefix: 469
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In Mexico, only civil marriages are recognized by law, and all its proceedings fall under state legislation. By court order, all states in Mexico either allow the performance of same-sex marriages, or recognize such marriages when performed in other states. Same-sex marriage is performed in Mexico City and in the states of Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo and San Luis Potosí, as well as in certain municipalities in Guerrero, Querétaro and Zacatecas. Altogether, 56% of the population live in states and municipalities that perform same-sex marriage. Legislation to change the laws covering same-sex marriage is currently proposed in almost every other state. In addition, courts in all states must approve marriage licenses for same-sex couples when petitioned to do so; individual same-sex marriages have occurred in every state.

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  1. Zona Sureste covers the state of Quintana Roo is UTC-05:00 year round. It is the equivalent of U.S. Eastern Standard Time, and is the only Mexican state to use Eastern Time.
  1. Zona Centro covers the eastern three-fourths of Mexico, including Mexico City, Guadalajara and Monterrey. For most of the year, it is the equivalent of U.S. Central Time.
  2. Zona Pacífico covers the states of Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Nayarit, Sinaloa, and Sonora. The state of Sonora, like the U.S. state of Arizona, does not observe daylight saving time. For most of the year, it is the equivalent of U.S. Mountain Time.
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  2. El Diario de México. "La Ciudad de México no será estado, sino entidad federal autónoma" (in Spanish). Retrieved February 29, 2016.
  3. "Artículo 43 de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos" (PDF).
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  14. "Universidad de Colima". Archived from the original on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  15. "Erección del Estado de Guerrero". Archived from the original on 2007-10-17. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  16. "Congreso del Estado Libre y Soberano de Hidalgo". Archived from the original on 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  17. "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México". Archived from the original on 2011-07-18.
  18. "Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala". Archived from the original on 2010-02-18. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  19. "Gobierno del Estado de Quintana Roo". Archived from the original on 2011-08-17. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  20. "500 años de México en documentos".
  21. "Portal Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala". Archived from the original on 2009-12-27.
  22. "La historia de la República de Yucatán".
  23. "República de Río Grande, el País que no pudo ser" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on 2010-01-22. Retrieved 2015-06-16.