The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States. There are 31 states and one federal entity in Mexico.Mexico City is a federal entity with a level of autonomy comparable to that of a state, but is not a state itself.
Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.
Mexico City, or the City of Mexico, is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. Mexico City is one of the most important cultural and financial centres in the Americas. It is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft). The city has 16 boroughs.
The states are further divided into municipalities.
Municipalities are the second-level administrative divisions of Mexico, where the first-level administrative division is the state. As of the establishment of two new municipalities in Chiapas in September 2017, there are 2,448 municipalities in Mexico, not including the 16 delegaciones of Mexico City. The internal political organization and their responsibilities are outlined in the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution and detailed in the constitutions of the states to which they belong.
|State||Official Name: |
Estado Libre y Soberano de (English: "Free and Sovereign State of") :
|Flag||Capital||Largest city||Area||Population (2010)||Order of Admission|
|Date of Admission|
|Aguascalientes||Aguascalientes||Aguascalientes||Aguascalientes||5,618 km2 (2,169 sq mi)||1,184,996||24||1857-02-05|
|Baja California||Baja California||Mexicali||Tijuana||71,446 km2 (27,585 sq mi)||3,155,070||29||1952-01-16|
|Baja California Sur||Baja California Sur||La Paz||La Paz||73,922 km2 (28,541 sq mi)||637,026||31||1974-10-08|
|Campeche||Campeche||San Francisco de Campeche||San Francisco de Campeche||57,924 km2 (22,365 sq mi)||822,441||25||1863-04-29|
|Chiapas||Chiapas||Tuxtla Gutiérrez||Tuxtla Gutiérrez||73,289 km2 (28,297 sq mi)||4,796,580||19||1824-09-14|
|Mexico City||Ciudad de México||—||—||1,495 km2 (577 sq mi)||8,918,653|
|Chihuahua||Chihuahua||Chihuahua||Ciudad Juárez||247,455 km2 (95,543 sq mi)||3,406,465||18||1824-07-06|
|Coahuila 14||Coahuila de Zaragoza||Saltillo||Saltillo||151,563 km2 (58,519 sq mi)||2,748,391||16||1824-05-07|
|Colima 6||Colima||Colima||Manzanillo||5,625 km2 (2,172 sq mi)||650,555||23||1856-09-12|
|Durango||Durango||Victoria de Durango||Victoria de Durango||123,451 km2 (47,665 sq mi)||1,632,934||17||1824-05-22|
|Guanajuato||Guanajuato||Guanajuato||León||30,608 km2 (11,818 sq mi)||5,486,372||2||1823-12-20|
|Guerrero||Guerrero||Chilpancingo de los Bravo||Acapulco||63,621 km2 (24,564 sq mi)||3,388,768||21||1849-10-27|
|Hidalgo||Hidalgo||Pachuca||Pachuca||20,846 km2 (8,049 sq mi)||2,665,018||26||1869-01-16|
|Jalisco||Jalisco||Guadalajara||Guadalajara||78,599 km2 (30,347 sq mi)||7,350,682||9||1823-12-23|
|México||México||Toluca de Lerdo||Ecatepec de Morelos||22,357 km2 (8,632 sq mi)||15,175,862||1||1823-12-20|
|Michoacán||Michoacán de Ocampo||Morelia||Morelia||58,643 km2 (22,642 sq mi)||4,351,037||5||1823-12-22|
|Morelos||Morelos||Cuernavaca||Cuernavaca||4,893 km2 (1,889 sq mi)||1,777,227||27||1869-04-17|
|Nayarit||Nayarit||Tepic||Tepic||27,815 km2 (10,739 sq mi)||1,084,979||28||1917-01-26|
|Nuevo León 4||Nuevo León||Monterrey||Monterrey||64,220 km2 (24,800 sq mi)||4,653,458||15||1824-05-07|
|Oaxaca||Oaxaca||Oaxaca de Juárez||Oaxaca de Juárez||93,793 km2 (36,214 sq mi)||3,801,962||3||1823-12-21|
|Puebla||Puebla||Puebla de Zaragoza||Puebla de Zaragoza||34,290 km2 (13,240 sq mi)||5,779,829||4||1823-12-21|
|Querétaro||Querétaro de Arteaga||Santiago de Querétaro||Santiago de Querétaro||11,684 km2 (4,511 sq mi)||1,827,937||11||1823-12-23|
|Quintana Roo||Quintana Roo||Chetumal||Cancún||42,361 km2 (16,356 sq mi)||1,325,578||30||1974-10-08|
|San Luis Potosí||San Luis Potosí||San Luis Potosí||San Luis Potosí||60,983 km2 (23,546 sq mi)||2,585,518||6||1823-12-22|
|Sinaloa||Sinaloa||Culiacán||Culiacán||57,377 km2 (22,153 sq mi)||2,767,761||20||1830-10-14|
|Sonora 2||Sonora||Hermosillo||Hermosillo||179,503 km2 (69,306 sq mi)||2,662,480||12||1824-01-10|
|Tabasco 5||Tabasco||Villahermosa||Villahermosa||24,738 km2 (9,551 sq mi)||2,238,603||13||1824-02-07|
|Tamaulipas 4||Tamaulipas||Ciudad Victoria||Reynosa||80,175 km2 (30,956 sq mi)||3,268,554||14||1824-02-07|
|Tlaxcala||Tlaxcala||Tlaxcala||Vicente Guerrero||3,991 km2 (1,541 sq mi)||1,169,936||22||1856-12-09|
Ignacio de la Llave
|Xalapa||Veracruz||71,820 km2 (27,730 sq mi)||7,643,194||7||1823-12-22|
|Yucatán 3||Yucatán||Mérida||Mérida||39,612 km2 (15,294 sq mi)||1,955,577||8||1823-12-23|
|Zacatecas||Zacatecas||Zacatecas||Zacatecas||75,539 km2 (29,166 sq mi)||1,490,668||10||1823-12-23|
The United Mexican States is a federal republic composed of 31 states and the capital, Mexico City, an autonomous entity on par with the states.
Most Mexican states do not have an official flag. For these states, a de facto flag is used for civil and state purposes, typically consisting of a white background charged with the state's coat of arms.
Mexico has experienced many changes in territorial organization during its history as an independent state. The territorial boundaries of Mexico were affected by presidential and imperial decrees. One such decree was the Law of Bases for the Convocation of the Constituent Congress to the Constitutive Act of the Mexican Federation, which determined the national land area as the result of integration of the jurisdictions that corresponded to New Spain, the Captaincy General of Yucatán, the Captaincy General of Guatemala and the autonomous Kingdoms of East and West. The decree resulted in the independence from Spain.
The 31 federal states of Mexico ranked according to population, size, population density, and GDP.
Country Code: +52
International Call Prefix: 469
Trunk Prefix: 01655
Mexico uses four main time zones since February 2015. Most of the country observes Daylight Saving Time.
The 16th annual Nuestra Belleza México pageant was held at the Centro de Convenciones Yucatán Siglo XXI of Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico on September 20, 2009. It was the second time there were back-to-back victories for a state in Nuestra Belleza México history: Ximena Navarrete from Jalisco was crowned by outgoing Nuestra Belleza México titleholder Karla Carrillo also from Jalisco. She was the third Jalisciense to win this title. Thirty-four contestants of the Mexican Republic competed for the national title. Navarrete competed in Miss Universe 2010 in the US and won the Universal Title.
The 8th Nuestra Belleza México pageant, was held at the Aeropuerto Internacional "Lic. Adolfo López Mateos" of Toluca, Estado de México, Mexico on September 28, 2001. Forty-seven contestants of the Mexican Republic competed for the national title, which was won by Ericka Cruz from Yucatán, who later competed in Miss Universe 2002 in Puerto Rico. Cruz was crowned by outgoing Nuestra Belleza México titleholder Jacqueline Bracamontes. She is the first and only Yucateca and the third winner of foreign descent to win this Title.
Televisa Regional is a unit of Televisa which owns and operates television stations across Mexico. The stations rebroadcast programming from Televisa's other networks, and they engage in the local production of newscasts and other programs. Televisa Regional stations all have their own distinct branding, except for those that are Nu9ve affiliates and brand as "Nu9ve <city/state name>".
The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 23 in Mexico:
The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 25 in Mexico:
On October 27, 2016, virtual channel 7 in Mexico will be reserved for the transmitters of the Azteca 7 network.
Each of the 31 states of Mexico and Mexico City has a separate coat of arms. Each Mexican state flag contains the respective state arms, typically on a white background.
These are lists of Mexican state governors.