List of states of Mexico

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The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States. There are 31 states and one federal entity in Mexico. [1] Mexico City is a federal entity with a level of autonomy comparable to that of a state, but is not a state itself. [2]

Mexico Country in the southern portion of North America

Mexico, officially the United Mexican States, is a country in the southern portion of North America. It is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize, and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico. Covering almost 2,000,000 square kilometres (770,000 sq mi), the nation is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent state in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million people, the country is the eleventh most populous state and the most populous Spanish-speaking state in the world, while being the second most populous nation in Latin America after Brazil. Mexico is a federation comprising 31 states and Mexico City, a special federal entity that is also the capital city and its most populous city. Other metropolises in the state include Guadalajara, Monterrey, Puebla, Toluca, Tijuana and León.

Mexico City Capital in Mexico

Mexico City, or the City of Mexico, is the capital of Mexico and the most populous city in North America. Mexico City is one of the most important cultural and financial centres in the Americas. It is located in the Valley of Mexico, a large valley in the high plateaus in the center of Mexico, at an altitude of 2,240 meters (7,350 ft). The city has 16 boroughs.


The states are further divided into municipalities.

Municipalities are the second-level administrative divisions of Mexico, where the first-level administrative division is the state. As of the establishment of two new municipalities in Chiapas in September 2017, there are 2,448 municipalities in Mexico, not including the 16 delegaciones of Mexico City. The internal political organization and their responsibilities are outlined in the 115th article of the 1917 Constitution and detailed in the constitutions of the states to which they belong.


States of Mexico
StateOfficial Name:

Estado Libre y Soberano de (English: "Free and Sovereign State of") :

FlagCapitalLargest cityArea [3] Population (2010) [4] Order of Admission
to Federation
Date of Admission
to Federation
Aguascalientes Aguascalientes Flag of Aguascalientes.svg Aguascalientes Aguascalientes 5,618 km2 (2,169 sq mi)1,184,996241857-02-05 [5]
Baja California Baja California Flag of Baja California.svg Mexicali Tijuana 71,446 km2 (27,585 sq mi)3,155,070291952-01-16 [6]
Baja California Sur Baja California Sur Flag of Baja California Sur.svg La Paz La Paz 73,922 km2 (28,541 sq mi)637,026311974-10-08 [7]
Campeche Campeche Flag of Campeche.svg San Francisco de Campeche San Francisco de Campeche 57,924 km2 (22,365 sq mi)822,441251863-04-29 [8]
Chiapas Chiapas Flag of Chiapas.svg Tuxtla Gutiérrez Tuxtla Gutiérrez 73,289 km2 (28,297 sq mi)4,796,580191824-09-14 [9]
Mexico City Ciudad de México Flag of Mexican Federal District.svg 1,495 km2 (577 sq mi)8,918,653
Chihuahua Chihuahua Flag of Chihuahua.svg Chihuahua Ciudad Juárez 247,455 km2 (95,543 sq mi)3,406,465181824-07-06 [9]
Coahuila 14Coahuila de Zaragoza Flag of Coahuila.svg Saltillo Saltillo 151,563 km2 (58,519 sq mi)2,748,391161824-05-07 [9]
Colima 6Colima Flag of Colima.svg Colima Manzanillo 5,625 km2 (2,172 sq mi) 650,555231856-09-12 [10] [11]
Durango Durango Flag of Durango.svg Victoria de Durango Victoria de Durango 123,451 km2 (47,665 sq mi)1,632,934171824-05-22 [9]
Guanajuato Guanajuato Flag of Guanajuato.svg Guanajuato León 30,608 km2 (11,818 sq mi)5,486,37221823-12-20 [9]
Guerrero Guerrero Flag of Guerrero.svg Chilpancingo de los Bravo Acapulco 63,621 km2 (24,564 sq mi)3,388,768211849-10-27 [12]
Hidalgo Hidalgo Flag of Hidalgo.svg Pachuca Pachuca 20,846 km2 (8,049 sq mi)2,665,018261869-01-16 [13]
Jalisco Jalisco Flag of Jalisco.svg Guadalajara Guadalajara 78,599 km2 (30,347 sq mi)7,350,68291823-12-23 [9]
México México Flag of Mexico (state).svg Toluca de Lerdo Ecatepec de Morelos 22,357 km2 (8,632 sq mi)15,175,86211823-12-20 [9]
Michoacán Michoacán de Ocampo Flag of Michoacan.svg Morelia Morelia 58,643 km2 (22,642 sq mi)4,351,03751823-12-22 [9]
Morelos Morelos Flag of Morelos.svg Cuernavaca Cuernavaca 4,893 km2 (1,889 sq mi)1,777,227271869-04-17 [14]
Nayarit Nayarit Flag of Nayarit.svg Tepic Tepic 27,815 km2 (10,739 sq mi)1,084,979281917-01-26 [15]
Nuevo León 4Nuevo León Flag of Nuevo Leon.svg Monterrey Monterrey 64,220 km2 (24,800 sq mi)4,653,458151824-05-07 [9]
Oaxaca Oaxaca Flag of Oaxaca.svg Oaxaca de Juárez Oaxaca de Juárez 93,793 km2 (36,214 sq mi)3,801,96231823-12-21 [9]
Puebla Puebla Flag of Puebla.svg Puebla de Zaragoza Puebla de Zaragoza 34,290 km2 (13,240 sq mi)5,779,82941823-12-21 [9]
Querétaro Querétaro de Arteaga Flag of Queretaro.svg Santiago de Querétaro Santiago de Querétaro 11,684 km2 (4,511 sq mi)1,827,937111823-12-23 [9]
Quintana Roo Quintana Roo Flag of Quintana Roo.svg Chetumal Cancún 42,361 km2 (16,356 sq mi)1,325,578301974-10-08 [16]
San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí Flag of San Luis Potosi.svg San Luis Potosí San Luis Potosí 60,983 km2 (23,546 sq mi)2,585,51861823-12-22 [9]
Sinaloa Sinaloa Flag of Sinaloa.svg Culiacán Culiacán 57,377 km2 (22,153 sq mi)2,767,761201830-10-14 [17]
Sonora 2Sonora Flag of Sonora.svg Hermosillo Hermosillo 179,503 km2 (69,306 sq mi)2,662,480121824-01-10 [9]
Tabasco 5Tabasco Flag of Tabasco.svg Villahermosa Villahermosa 24,738 km2 (9,551 sq mi)2,238,603131824-02-07 [9]
Tamaulipas 4Tamaulipas Flag of Tamaulipas.svg Ciudad Victoria Reynosa 80,175 km2 (30,956 sq mi)3,268,554141824-02-07 [9]
Tlaxcala Tlaxcala Flag of Tlaxcala.svg Tlaxcala Vicente Guerrero 3,991 km2 (1,541 sq mi)1,169,936221856-12-09 [18]
Veracruz Veracruz de
Ignacio de la Llave
Flag of Veracruz.svg Xalapa Veracruz 71,820 km2 (27,730 sq mi)7,643,19471823-12-22 [9]
Yucatán 3Yucatán Flag of Yucatan.svg Mérida Mérida 39,612 km2 (15,294 sq mi)1,955,57781823-12-23 [9]
Zacatecas Zacatecas Flag of Zacatecas.svg Zacatecas Zacatecas 75,539 km2 (29,166 sq mi)1,490,668101823-12-23 [9]


  1. Joined the federation with the name of Coahuila y Texas.
  2. Joined the federation with the name of Estado de Occidente also recognized as Sonora y Sinaloa.
  3. Joined the federation as República Federada de Yucatán [19] (English: Federated Republic of Yucatán) formed by the current states of Yucatan, Campeche and Quintanà Roo. Became independent in 1841 constituting the second Republic of Yucatán and definitively rejoined in 1848.
  4. States of Nuevo León, Tamaulipas and Coahuila became independent de facto in 1840 to form the República del Río Grande (English: Republic of the Rio Grande); never consolidated its independence because independent forces were defeated by the centralist forces. [20]
  5. The State of Tabasco seceded from Mexico on two occasions, the first on February 13, 1841, rejoining again on December 2, 1842. And the second time was from November 9, 1846 to December 9, 1846
  6. Inc the remote Revillagigedo Islands, which are federally administered.

See also

Administrative divisions of Mexico human settlement

The United Mexican States is a federal republic composed of 31 states and the capital, Mexico City, an autonomous entity on par with the states.

Most Mexican states do not have an official flag. For these states, a de facto flag is used for civil and state purposes, typically consisting of a white background charged with the state's coat of arms.

Mexico has experienced many changes in territorial organization during its history as an independent state. The territorial boundaries of Mexico were affected by presidential and imperial decrees. One such decree was the Law of Bases for the Convocation of the Constituent Congress to the Constitutive Act of the Mexican Federation, which determined the national land area as the result of integration of the jurisdictions that corresponded to New Spain, the Captaincy General of Yucatán, the Captaincy General of Guatemala and the autonomous Kingdoms of East and West. The decree resulted in the independence from Spain.

Related Research Articles

Ranked list of Mexican states Wikimedia list article

The 31 federal states of Mexico ranked according to population, size, population density, and GDP.

Country Code: +52
International Call Prefix: 469
Trunk Prefix: 01655

Time in Mexico

Mexico uses four main time zones since February 2015. Most of the country observes Daylight Saving Time.

  1. Zona Sureste covers the state of Quintana Roo is UTC-05:00 year round. It is the equivalent of U.S. Eastern Standard Time.
  2. Zona Centro covers the eastern three-fourths of Mexico, including Mexico City, Guadalajara and Monterrey. For most of the year, it is the equivalent of U.S. Central Time.
  3. Zona Pacífico covers the states of Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Nayarit, Sinaloa, and Sonora. The state of Sonora, like the U.S. state of Arizona, does not observe daylight saving time. For most of the year, it is the equivalent of U.S. Mountain Time.
  4. Zona Noroeste covers the state of Baja California. It is identical to U.S. Pacific Time, including the daylight saving time schedule.

The 16th annual Nuestra Belleza México pageant was held at the Centro de Convenciones Yucatán Siglo XXI of Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico on September 20, 2009. It was the second time there were back-to-back victories for a state in Nuestra Belleza México history: Ximena Navarrete from Jalisco was crowned by outgoing Nuestra Belleza México titleholder Karla Carrillo also from Jalisco. She was the third Jalisciense to win this title. Thirty-four contestants of the Mexican Republic competed for the national title. Navarrete competed in Miss Universe 2010 in the US and won the Universal Title.

The 8th Nuestra Belleza México pageant, was held at the Aeropuerto Internacional "Lic. Adolfo López Mateos" of Toluca, Estado de México, Mexico on September 28, 2001. Forty-seven contestants of the Mexican Republic competed for the national title, which was won by Ericka Cruz from Yucatán, who later competed in Miss Universe 2002 in Puerto Rico. Cruz was crowned by outgoing Nuestra Belleza México titleholder Jacqueline Bracamontes. She is the first and only Yucateca and the third winner of foreign descent to win this Title.

Televisa Regional

Televisa Regional is a unit of Televisa which owns and operates television stations across Mexico. The stations rebroadcast programming from Televisa's other networks, and they engage in the local production of newscasts and other programs. Televisa Regional stations all have their own distinct branding, except for those that are Nu9ve affiliates and brand as "Nu9ve <city/state name>".

The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 23 in Mexico:

The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 25 in Mexico:

On October 27, 2016, virtual channel 7 in Mexico will be reserved for the transmitters of the Azteca 7 network.

Each of the 31 states of Mexico and Mexico City has a separate coat of arms. Each Mexican state flag contains the respective state arms, typically on a white background.

These are lists of Mexican state governors.


  1. Agren, David (29 January 2015). "Mexico City officially changes its name to – Mexico City". The Guardian . Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  2. El Diario de México. "La Ciudad de México no será estado, sino entidad federal autónoma" (in Spanish). Retrieved February 29, 2016.
  3. "INEGI". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23.
  4. Censo 2010 Archived 2011-04-06 at the Wayback Machine
  5. "Calendario de Eventos Cívicos - Febrero". Archived from the original on 2010-04-11.
  6. "Transformación Política de Territorio Norte de la Baja California a Estado 29".
  7. "Secretaria de Educación Publica". Archived from the original on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  8. "Secretaria de Educación Publica". Archived from the original on 2011-10-26.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 "Las Diputaciones Provinciales" (PDF) (in Spanish). p. 15.
  10. "Portal Ciudadano de Baja California".
  11. "Universidad de Colima". Archived from the original on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  12. "Erección del Estado de Guerrero". Archived from the original on 2007-10-17. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  13. "Congreso del Estado Libre y Soberano de Hidalgo". Archived from the original on 2008-07-24. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  14. "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México". Archived from the original on 2011-07-18.
  15. "Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala". Archived from the original on 2010-02-18. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  16. "Gobierno del Estado de Quintana Roo". Archived from the original on 2011-08-17. Retrieved 2015-06-16.
  17. "500 años de México en documentos".
  18. "Portal Gobierno del Estado de Tlaxcala". Archived from the original on 2009-12-27.
  19. "La historia de la República de Yucatán".
  20. "República de Río Grande, el País que no pudo ser" (in Spanish).