The states of Mexico are first-level administrative territorial entities of the country of Mexico, which officially is named United Mexican States. There are 32 federal entities in Mexico (31 states and the capital, Mexico City, as a separate entity without being formally a state),
The states are further divided into municipalities. In Mexico City the municipalities are known as alcaldías (similar to other state's municipalities but with different administrative powers).
|State||Official Name (except Mexico City): |
Estado Libre y Soberano de (English: "Free and Sovereign State of") :
|Flag||Capital||Largest city||Area||Population (2010)||Order of Admission|
|Date of Admission|
|Aguascalientes||Aguascalientes||Aguascalientes||Aguascalientes||5,618 km2 (2,169 sq mi)||1,184,996||24||1857-02-05|
|Baja California||Baja California||Mexicali||Tijuana||71,446 km2 (27,585 sq mi)||3,155,070||29||1952-01-16|
|Baja California Sur||Baja California Sur||La Paz||La Paz||73,922 km2 (28,541 sq mi)||637,026||31||1974-10-08|
|Campeche||Campeche||San Francisco de Campeche||San Francisco de Campeche||57,924 km2 (22,365 sq mi)||822,441||25||1863-04-29|
|Chiapas||Chiapas||Tuxtla Gutiérrez||Tuxtla Gutiérrez||73,289 km2 (28,297 sq mi)||4,796,580||19||1824-09-14|
|Mexico City||Ciudad de México||Ciudad de México||Ciudad de México||1,495 km2 (577 sq mi)||8,918,653||32||2016-01-29|
|Chihuahua||Chihuahua||Chihuahua||Ciudad Juárez||247,455 km2 (95,543 sq mi)||3,406,465||18||1824-07-06|
|Coahuila 14||Coahuila de Zaragoza||Saltillo||Saltillo||151,563 km2 (58,519 sq mi)||2,748,391||16||1824-05-07|
|Colima 6||Colima||Colima||Manzanillo||5,625 km2 (2,172 sq mi)||650,555||23||1856-09-12|
|Durango||Durango||Victoria de Durango||Victoria de Durango||123,451 km2 (47,665 sq mi)||1,632,934||17||1824-05-22|
|Guanajuato||Guanajuato||Guanajuato||León||30,608 km2 (11,818 sq mi)||5,486,372||2||1823-12-20|
|Guerrero||Guerrero||Chilpancingo||Acapulco||63,621 km2 (24,564 sq mi)||3,388,768||21||1849-10-27|
|Hidalgo||Hidalgo||Pachuca||Pachuca||20,846 km2 (8,049 sq mi)||2,665,018||26||1869-01-16|
|Jalisco||Jalisco||Guadalajara||Guadalajara||78,599 km2 (30,347 sq mi)||7,350,682||9||1823-12-23|
|México||México||Toluca de Lerdo||Ecatepec de Morelos||22,357 km2 (8,632 sq mi)||15,175,862||1||1823-12-20|
|Michoacán||Michoacán de Ocampo||Morelia||Morelia||58,643 km2 (22,642 sq mi)||4,351,037||5||1823-12-22|
|Morelos||Morelos||Cuernavaca||Cuernavaca||4,893 km2 (1,889 sq mi)||1,777,227||27||1869-04-17|
|Nayarit||Nayarit||Tepic||Tepic||27,815 km2 (10,739 sq mi)||1,084,979||28||1917-01-26|
|Nuevo León 4||Nuevo León||Monterrey||Monterrey||64,220 km2 (24,800 sq mi)||4,653,458||15||1824-05-07|
|Oaxaca||Oaxaca||Oaxaca||Oaxaca||93,793 km2 (36,214 sq mi)||3,801,962||3||1823-12-21|
|Puebla||Puebla||Puebla||Puebla City||34,290 km2 (13,240 sq mi)||5,779,829||4||1823-12-21|
|Querétaro||Querétaro de Arteaga||Querétaro||Querétaro||11,684 km2 (4,511 sq mi)||1,827,937||11||1823-12-23|
|Quintana Roo||Quintana Roo||Chetumal||Cancún||42,361 km2 (16,356 sq mi)||1,325,578||30||1974-10-08|
|San Luis Potosí||San Luis Potosí||San Luis Potosí||San Luis Potosí||60,983 km2 (23,546 sq mi)||2,585,518||6||1823-12-22|
|Sinaloa||Sinaloa||Culiacán||Culiacán||58,200 km2 (22,500 sq mi)||3,216,000||20||1830-10-14|
|Sonora 2||Sonora||Hermosillo||Hermosillo||179,503 km2 (69,306 sq mi)||2,662,480||12||1824-01-10|
|Tabasco 5||Tabasco||Villahermosa||Villahermosa||24,738 km2 (9,551 sq mi)||2,238,603||13||1824-02-07|
|Tamaulipas 4||Tamaulipas||Ciudad Victoria||Reynosa||80,175 km2 (30,956 sq mi)||3,268,554||14||1824-02-07|
|Tlaxcala||Tlaxcala||Tlaxcala||Vicente Guerrero||3,991 km2 (1,541 sq mi)||1,169,936||22||1856-12-09|
Ignacio de la Llave
|Xalapa||Veracruz||71,820 km2 (27,730 sq mi)||7,643,194||7||1823-12-22|
|Yucatán 3||Yucatán||Mérida||Mérida||39,612 km2 (15,294 sq mi)||1,955,577||8||1823-12-23|
|Zacatecas||Zacatecas||Zacatecas||Zacatecas||75,539 km2 (29,166 sq mi)||1,490,668||10||1823-12-23|
The United Mexican States is a federal republic composed of 32 states According to the Constitution of 1917, the states of the federation are free and sovereign in all matters concerning their internal affairs. Each state has its own congress and constitution.
Country Code: +52
International Call Prefix: 469
Trunk Prefix: 01655
In Mexico, only civil marriages are recognized by law, and all its proceedings fall under state legislation. By court order, all states in Mexico either allow the performance of same-sex marriages, or recognize such marriages when performed in other states. Same-sex marriage is performed in Mexico City and in the states of Aguascalientes, Baja California, Baja California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Michoacán, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo León, Oaxaca, Puebla, Quintana Roo and San Luis Potosí, as well as in certain municipalities in Guerrero, Querétaro and Zacatecas. Altogether, 56% of the population live in states and municipalities that perform same-sex marriage. Legislation to change the laws covering same-sex marriage is currently proposed in almost every other state. In addition, courts in all states must approve marriage licenses for same-sex couples when petitioned to do so; individual same-sex marriages have occurred in every state.
Mexico has experienced many changes in territorial organization during its history as an independent state. The territorial boundaries of Mexico were affected by presidential and imperial decrees. One such decree was the Law
Mexico uses four main time zones since February 2015. Most of the country observes Daylight Saving Time.
The 16th annual Nuestra Belleza México pageant was held at the Centro de Convenciones Yucatán Siglo XXI of Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico on September 20, 2009. It was the second time there were back-to-back victories for a state in Nuestra Belleza México history: Ximena Navarrete from Jalisco was crowned by outgoing Nuestra Belleza México titleholder Karla Carrillo also from Jalisco. She was the third Jalisciense to win this title. Thirty-four contestants of the Mexican Republic competed for the national title. Navarrete competed in Miss Universe 2010 in the US and won the Universal Title.
The 7th Nuestra Belleza México pageant, was held at the Auditorio Emilio Sánchez Piedras of Apizaco, Tlaxcala, Mexico on September 2, 2000. Forty-three contestants of the Mexican Republic competed for the national title, which was won by Jacqueline Bracamontes from Jalisco, who later competed in Miss Universe 2001 in Puerto Rico. Bracamontes was crowned by outgoing Nuestra Belleza México titleholder Leticia Murray. She was the first Jalisciense and the second winner of foreign descent and the third blonde to win this Title.
The 8th Nuestra Belleza México pageant, was held at the Aeropuerto Internacional "Lic. Adolfo López Mateos" of Toluca, Estado de México, Mexico on September 28, 2001. Forty-seven contestants of the Mexican Republic competed for the national title, which was won by Ericka Cruz from Yucatán, who later competed in Miss Universe 2002 in Puerto Rico. Cruz was crowned by outgoing Nuestra Belleza México titleholder Jacqueline Bracamontes. She is the first and only Yucateca and the third winner of foreign descent to win this Title.
Most Mexican states do not have an official flag. For these states, a de facto flag is used for civil and state purposes, the flags have a 4:7 proportion ratio and typically consist of a white background charged with the state's coat of arms.
Televisa Regional is a unit of Televisa which owns and operates television stations across Mexico. The stations rebroadcast programming from Televisa's other networks, and they engage in the local production of newscasts and other programs. Televisa Regional stations all have their own distinct branding, except for those that are Nu9ve affiliates and brand as "Nu9ve <city/state name>".
The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 23 in Mexico:
The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 25 in Mexico:
Each of the 31 states of Mexico and Mexico City has a separate coat of arms. Each Mexican state flag contains the respective state arms, typically on a white background.
Lists of Mexican state governors cover the governors of the states of Mexico, the first-level administrative territorial entities of Mexico. There are 31 states and one federal entity in Mexico. The lists include current governors, female governors, and governors of each state.
Public higher education in Mexico is the one that is taught after high school or equivalent. It is carried out through higher education institutions (IES) of the public sector. The main degree taken by the majority of students is licenciatura, which is usually accredited between 4 and 5 years in minimum time for those who finish their studies. The degrees offered are técnico superior universitario, licenciatura, specialization, master's degree and doctorate. In addition, diploma courses and continuing education courses are offered.
Mexicana Universal 2020 will be the 3rd edition of the Mexicana Universal pageant. Thirty-two candidates from all over the Mexican Republic compete for the national title. Sofía Aragón of Jalisco will crown her successor at end of the event. the winner will represent Mexico at Miss Universe 2020 pageant.