Roelands, Western Australia

Last updated

Roelands
Western Australia
Australia Western Australia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Roelands
Coordinates 33°17′S115°48′E / 33.29°S 115.8°E / -33.29; 115.8 Coordinates: 33°17′S115°48′E / 33.29°S 115.8°E / -33.29; 115.8
Population620 (2011 census) [1]
Established1890s
Postcode(s) 6226
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Harvey
State electorate(s) Collie-Preston
Federal Division(s) Forrest

Roelands is a town in the South West region of Western Australia on the South Western Highway, between Brunswick Junction and Bunbury. At the 2011 census, Roelands had a population of 620. [1]

Contents

History

The name Roelands relates to a property of the same name granted to the Swan River Colony's first Surveyor General in 1830, John Septimus Roe, as part of the 5,000 acres (20 km2) to which he was entitled for bringing considerable capital to the colony. Roe spoke highly of the area and its potential value for agriculture. The first pastoralists and shepherds arrived in the area in the 1880s seeking improved pasture for their stock.

In 1893 a railway station was built here to service the railway line from Pinjarra to Picton Junction, and was initially called Collie Siding after the nearby Collie River. However, after the gazettal of nearby Collie in December 1897, and much public argument in the region, Collie Siding was renamed to Roelands. The first big quantity of coal from Collie was carted by road to the Collie Siding and then railed to Perth. The demand on the area from the timber and coal business led to the construction of the Colliefields Hotel.

A school was established in 1903, and in 1916 a private subdivision was undertaken surrounding the school site. In 1963 the subdivision was gazetted a townsite at the request of the Shire of Harvey. [2] [3]

From the 1940s until the 1970s the Roelands Farm and Mission housed Aboriginal children whose families could not look after them, and also children who had been removed from their families by the government. Harry Lupton (UAM[ clarification needed ]) and Ken Cross started it. UAM and later Churches of Christ missionaries served here. An estimated 500 children stayed here during the life of the mission, some of whom spent 16 years of their life there. The land was purchased for $1.92m in August 2004 by the Indigenous Land Corporation. [4] [5] [6]

Present day

Roelands is a small township nestled at the foothills of the Darling Range, and is the meeting point of the South Western Highway (Highway 20) between Bunbury and Perth via Pinjarra, and the Coalfields Highway (Route 107) to Collie, Darkan and Arthur River. Roelands has a small school called Hope Christian College located on Government Road, established in 1999, with approximately 500 students currently enrolled. [7]

Related Research Articles

Bunbury, Western Australia City in Western Australia

Bunbury is a coastal city in the Australian state of Western Australia, approximately 175 kilometres (109 mi) south of the state capital, Perth. It is the state's third-largest city after Perth and Mandurah, with a population of approximately 75,000.

John Septimus Roe first Surveyor-General of Western Australia and explorer (1797-1878)

John Septimus Roe was the first Surveyor-General of Western Australia. He was a renowned explorer, a member of Western Australia's legislative and executive councils for nearly 40 years, but also a participant in the Pinjarra massacre on 28 October 1834.

Collie, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Collie is a town in the South West region of [Western Australia, 213 kilometres (132 mi) south of the state capital, Perth, and 59 kilometres (37 mi) inland from the regional city and port of Bunbury. It is near the junction of the Collie and Harris Rivers, in the middle of dense jarrah forest and the only coalfields in Western Australia. At the 2016 census, Collie had a population of 7,192.

The Kwinana Freeway is a 72-kilometre (45 mi) freeway in and beyond the southern suburbs of Perth, Western Australia, linking central Perth with Mandurah to the south. It is the central section of State Route 2, which continues north as Mitchell Freeway to Clarkson, and south as Forrest Highway towards Bunbury. A 4-kilometre (2.5 mi) section between Canning and Leach highways is also part of National Route 1. Along its route are interchanges with several major roads, including Roe Highway and Mandjoogoordap Drive. The northern terminus of the Kwinana Freeway is at the Narrows Bridge, which crosses the Swan River, and the southern terminus is at Pinjarra Road, east of Mandurah.

Waroona, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Waroona is a town located in the Peel region of Western Australia along the South Western Highway, between Pinjarra and Harvey. The town is the seat of the Shire of Waroona. At the 2016 census, Waroona had a population of 2,934.

Pinjarra, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Pinjarra is a town in the Peel region of Western Australia along the South Western Highway, 85 kilometres (53 mi) from the state capital, Perth and 21 kilometres (13 mi) south-east of the coastal city of Mandurah. Its local government area is the Shire of Murray. At the 2016 census, Pinjarra had a population of 3,896.

Benger, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Benger is a locality just north of Brunswick Junction in the South West of Western Australia.

Brunswick Junction, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Brunswick Junction is a town in the South West of Western Australia, situated along the South Western Highway between Harvey and Bunbury. It had a population of 772 people at the 2016 census, down from 797 at the 2006 census.

Harvey, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Harvey is a town located in the South West of Western Australia along the South Western Highway, 140 km south of Perth, between Pinjarra and Bunbury. It has a population of 2,606. Harvey Town is known for its dairy industry and oranges.

North Dandalup, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

North Dandalup is a small town in the Peel region of Western Australia along the South Western Highway between Serpentine and Pinjarra. Its local government area is the Shire of Murray. At the 2011 census, North Dandalup had a population of 346.

South Western Highway highway in Western Australia

South Western Highway is a highway in the South West region of Western Australia connecting Perth's southeast with Walpole. It is a part of the Highway 1 network for most of its length. It is about 406 kilometres (252 mi) long.

Australind, Western Australia Suburb of Shire of Harvey, Western Australia

Australind is a town in Western Australia, located 12 km north-east of Bunbury's central business district. Its local government area is the Shire of Harvey. At the 2016 census, Australind had a population of 14,539.

Wellesley is a locality in the Bunbury region of Western Australia, about 10 km north-east of Australind. Its local government area is the Shire of Harvey. It is bordered on the south and east by the Brunswick River and the Wellesley River. The main feature of the locality is the Kemerton Industrial Park.

Preston Beach, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Preston Beach is a small town located in the Peel region of Western Australia just off the Forrest Highway, between Mandurah and Bunbury in the Yalgorup National Park.

South Western Railway, Western Australia main railway route between Perth and Bunbury in Western Australia

The South Western Railway, also known as the South West Main Line, is the main railway route between Perth and Bunbury in Western Australia.

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Bunbury is a suffragan Latin Rite diocese of the Archdiocese of Perth, established in 1954, covering the South West and Great Southern regions of Western Australia.

Murray River (Western Australia) river

The Murray River is a river in the southwest of Western Australia. It played a significant part in the expansion of settlement in the area south of Perth after the arrival of British settlers at the Swan River Colony in 1829.

Forrest Highway Highway in Western Australia

Forrest Highway is a 95-kilometre-long (59 mi) highway in Western Australia's Peel and South West regions, extending Perth's Kwinana Freeway from east of Mandurah down to Bunbury. Old Coast Road was the original Mandurah–Bunbury route, dating back to the 1840s. Part of that road, and the Australind Bypass around Australind and Eaton, were subsumed by Forrest Highway. The highway begins at Kwinana Freeway's southern terminus in Ravenswood, continues around the Peel Inlet to Lake Clifton, and heads south to finish at Bunbury's Eelup Roundabout. There are a number of at-grade intersections with minor roads in the shires of Murray, Waroona, and Harvey including Greenlands Road and Old Bunbury Road, both of which connect to South Western Highway near Pinjarra.

Burekup is a small town located on the South Western Highway in the South West region of Western Australia.

Western Australian Government Railway lines and operations centres

Western Australian Government Railways railway system during its peak operational time in the 1930s to 1950s was a large system of over 6,400 kilometres (4,000 mi) of railway line.

References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Roelands (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 22 June 2015. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. Western Australian Land Information Authority. "History of country town names – R" . Retrieved 17 April 2007.
  3. Shire of Harvey. "Roelands" . Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  4. Indigenous Land Corporation (December 2005). "Land Matters Issue 19" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 August 2006.
  5. West Weekend (11 April 2015). "Our place: breaking ground" (PDF).
  6. Indigenous Land Corporation. "Land Purchased WA". Archived from the original on 21 June 2015.
  7. "Hope Christian College - History". 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2013.

Further reading