Deanmill, Western Australia

Last updated

Western Australia
Australia Western Australia location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Coordinates 34°16′S116°04′E / 34.26°S 116.07°E / -34.26; 116.07 Coordinates: 34°16′S116°04′E / 34.26°S 116.07°E / -34.26; 116.07
Population405 (2006 census) [1]
 • Density352.2/km2 (912/sq mi)
Postcode(s) 6258
Area1.15 km2 (0.4 sq mi) [2]
Location5 km (3 mi) from Manjimup
LGA(s) Shire of Manjimup
State electorate(s) Blackwood-Stirling
Federal Division(s) O'Connor

Deanmill is a historic timber town located in the South West region of Western Australia, near Manjimup. Its postcode is 6258.



After the Government Trading Concerns Act 1912 was passed in December of that year, several State-operated businesses were established. [3] One of these was State Saw Mills, which commenced with purchasing the South-West Timber Hewers' Co-operative for £80,000. [4] Construction on the State's Number 1 sawmill, later called Deanmill, began in 1913, as did construction of the Number 2 and 3 mills at Big Brook, later called Pemberton. [4] The mills cost an estimated £138,000, [4] and were to provide timber railway sleepers for the Trans-Australian Railway. [3] Construction of the mills was delayed by heavy rainfall, and the railway sleepers were delivered late. [4] Other problems included shipping disputes and the Commonwealth government's price for sleepers. [4]

State Saw Mills created a township surrounding the Number 1 mill, called Deanmill after a construction engineer named A. Dean. [4] They followed accepted practice at the time of placing a timber mill in a valley with accommodation and other facilities close by. [4] Deanmill Primary School was built in 1914 by the Public Works Department in association with State Saw Mills. [5] The school initially consisted of a single classroom, administration building and shed, all constructed out of timber. [5]


Deanmill currently consists of the sawmill, mill houses, the Deanmill Workers' Club, the Deanmill Football Oval and part of the Deanmill Tramway and Heritage Trail. [2]

Premier Geoff Gallop visited Deanmill in December 2002 when the State government was compiling its Forest Management Plan, to start in 2004. [2] The Government entered into negotiations with Sotico to provide a guaranteed volume of jarrah sawlogs over 10 years, to maintain the timber industry in the area. [2] Sotico was a subsidiary of Wesfarmers, which sold the company in 2004. [6]

Several assessments have been made regarding the environmental impact of the sawmill and associated activities. A 2004 assessment by Wesfarmers showed arsenic contamination in and surrounding a drainage channel to Lefroy Brook. [6] [7] The WA government accepted responsibility for the issue, as State Saw Mills used arsenic to treat timber in the 1920s. [7] Wesfarmers accepted responsibility for groundwater and soil contamination with creosote, and the clean-up cost was shared by Wesfarmers and the State government. [7]


1920s photo of the Number 1 sawmill. Deanmill mill.jpg
1920s photo of the Number 1 sawmill.

The rural district which includes Deanmill had 405 residents as of the 2006 Census, 50.4% males and 49.6% females. [1] The median age of persons in Deanmill was 39 years old, and 90.9% of residents were Australian citizens. [1] The most common answers for occupation included labourers (27.4%), managers (18.4%), technicians and trades workers (12.4%), professionals (10.9%) and sales workers (9.5%), and the most common industries were log sawmilling and timber dressing (16.4%), school education (9.0%), growing of fruit and tree nuts (8.5%), farming of sheep, cattle and grain (4.0%) and State Government administration (3.5%). [1] The median weekly household income was $821, compared with the Australian average of $1,027. [1]

Related Research Articles

Bunnings Group, trading as Bunnings Warehouse, is an Australian household hardware chain. The chain has been owned by Wesfarmers since 1994, and has stores in Australia and New Zealand.

Pemberton, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Pemberton is a town in the South West region of Western Australia, named after original settler Pemberton Walcott.

Manjimup, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Manjimup is a town in Western Australia, 307 kilometres (191 mi) south of the state capital, Perth. The town of Manjimup is a regional centre for the largest shire in the South West region of Western Australia. At the 2016 census, Manjimup had a population of 4,349.

Kirup, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Kirup, originally named Upper Capel, then Kirupp, is situated between Donnybrook and Balingup on the South Western Highway, 228 kilometres (142 mi) south of Perth, Western Australia in the upper reaches of the Capel River valley.

Yornup, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Yornup is a small town in the South West region of Western Australia, situated between Bridgetown and Manjimup on the South Western Highway.

Jarrahdale, Western Australia Suburb of Perth, Western Australia

Jarrahdale is a small historic town located 45 km south-east of Perth, Western Australia in the Darling Range. The name is derived from its situation in a jarrah forest. Established in the late 1800s as the state's first major timber milling operation, it played a key role in the development of Western Australia through the exportation of jarrah around the world. At the 2016 census, Jarrahdale had a population of 1,192. Since 2001, the historic precinct has been managed by the state's National Trust organisation alongside private residential and tourism-oriented developments.

Donnelly River, Western Australia Town in Western Australia

Donnelly River Village is a former timber mill town and present-day holiday village in the Shire of Nannup, in the South West region of Western Australia. The Village is located at a point between Nannup, Bridgetown and Manjimup on the Donnelly River, a small, seasonal river at this point, which flows into the Southern Ocean at 34°29'02.4"S 115°40'27.8"E. The name also applies to a winery downstream on the Vasse Highway and the township's cottages are sometimes confused with cottages built on the lower reaches of the Donnelly River at 34.482273S 115.683438E.

Grandchester, Queensland Town in Queensland, Australia

Grandchester is a rural town and locality in the City of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. In the 2016 census, Grandchester had a population of 444 people.

Fonty's Pool is a historic freshwater swimming pool near Manjimup, Western Australia. It is registered with the National Trust of Australia as an area of heritage significance.

Timber railway lines of Western Australia

The network of railway lines in Western Australia associated with the timber and firewood industries is as old as the mainline railway system of the former Western Australian Government Railways system.

WAGR J class

The WAGR J class was a three-member class of 4-6-0 steam locomotives operated by the Western Australian Government Railways (WAGR) between 1892 and 1924 before seeing further use with the State Saw Mills until the early 1930s.

Rappville, New South Wales Town in New South Wales, Australia

Rappville is a small village in northern New South Wales, Australia. At the 2016 census, Rappville recorded a population of 169 people.

Laheys Canungra Sawmill

Lahey's Canungra Sawmill is a heritage-listed former sawmill at 10-26 Finch Road, Canungra, Scenic Rim Region, Queensland, Australia. It was built in 1884. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 6 March 2009.

Grandchester Sawmills

Grandchester Sawmills is a heritage-listed sawmill business at Symes Street, Grandchester, City of Ipswich, Queensland, Australia. It was built in 1941. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 21 October 1992.

Norman Houghton is a historian and archivist in Geelong, Victoria, who has published over 30 books, many focusing on timber tramways and sawmills of the Otway and Wombat Forests of Western Victoria, Australia. Most of his works have been self-published, while he has provided numerous articles to the newsletter and journal of the Light Railway Research Society of Australia

Conondale Timbers Sawmill

Conondale Timbers sawmill is a heritage-listed sawmill at Aherns Road, Conondale, Sunshine Coast Region, Queensland, Australia. It was built in the 1930s by M R Hornibrook Ltd. It is also known as Conondale Timbers mill workers cottages. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 27 November 2008.

Cooloola Tramway

The Cooloola Tramway is a heritage-listed tramway at Great Sandy National Park, Cooloola Recreation Area, Cooloola, Gympie Region, Queensland, Australia. In the 1870s it was known as the Kaloola Railway. It is also known as Cooloola Railway, SEQ-5N 22, Pettigrew's Railway, and Pettigrew's Tramway. It was added to the Queensland Heritage Register on 12 July 2013.

Wooleybah Sawmill and Settlement

The Wooleybah Sawmill and Settlement is a heritage-listed former small settlement and sawmill at Old Wooleybah Road, Kenebri, Warrumbungle Shire, New South Wales, Australia. It was built from 1935 by the Underwood family. It is also known as Wooleybah Dead Man's Waterhole. The property is owned by Forestry Commission of NSW, an agency of the Government of New South Wales. It was added to the New South Wales State Heritage Register on 17 December 2010.

Robert Bunning

Robert Bunning was a Western Australian businessman involved in the construction, timber, and sawmill industries. He co-founded Bunning Bros, predecessor to the modern-day retailer Bunnings Warehouse.

Northcliffe Branch railway

The Northcliffe Branch, also known as the Northcliffe Section or Picton to Northcliffe Line, is the railway route between Picton and Northcliffe in Western Australia.


  1. 1 2 3 4 5 Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Deanmill (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 January 2008.
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Manjimup Landvision & Land Assessment". 19 December 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 September 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
  3. 1 2 "Register of Heritage Places - Pemberton-Northcliffe Railway & Railway Station" (PDF). 7 September 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 September 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
  4. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Register of Heritage Places - Pemberton Timber Mill Workers' Cottages Precinct" (PDF). 15 August 2003. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 August 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
  5. 1 2 "Register of Heritage Places - Deanmill Primary School". 29 August 2001. Archived from the original on 9 February 2012. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
  6. 1 2 "Wesfarmers Social Responsibility Report 2004". 2004. Archived from the original on 1 September 2007. Retrieved 6 January 2008.
  7. 1 2 3 "Austasia Aquaculture FISHeNEWS, story from The West Australian" (PDF). 7 August 2004. Retrieved 6 January 2008.[ permanent dead link ]