Ludlow, Western Australia

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Ludlow
Western Australia
Ludlow Forestry Mill and Settlement, August 2020 08.jpg
The historic Ludlow Forestry Mill and Settlement
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Ludlow
Coordinates 33°36′S115°28′E / 33.600°S 115.467°E / -33.600; 115.467 Coordinates: 33°36′S115°28′E / 33.600°S 115.467°E / -33.600; 115.467
Population108 (2016 census) [1]
Postcode(s) 6280
Time zone AWST (UTC+8)
Location
LGA(s)
  • City of Busselton
  • Shire of Capel
State electorate(s) Vasse
Federal Division(s) Forrest
Designations
Official nameLudlow Forestry Mill and Settlement
Designated22 August 2006
Reference no. 15834

Ludlow is a locality in the local government areas of the City of Busselton and the Shire of Capel near the Tuart Forest National Park. At the 2016 census, the area had a population of 108. [1]

History

The Wardandi people inhabited the Ludlow area before European settlement. [2] A school, Ludlow School (originally known as Ludlow Bridge School), existed in the area as early as 1866, but initially operated intermittently due to low patronage. [3]

A pine plantation was first set up at Ludlow in 1909,with a nursery being developed in 1916. [3] After the passage of the Forestry Act (1918), Conservator of Forests Charles Lane Poole set up a small forestry settlement in the area, along with the Ludlow Forestry School, the first such institution in Western Australia, which operated from 1921 to 1927. [2] [3] During the 1920s the area was also part of the Group Settlement Scheme for dairy production, and a general store and district office were built, as well as a new school building for children in the Ludlow area. [3] [4]

The first thinnings were harvested from the pine plantation in 1936/37 and by the early 1940s timber from Ludlow was being used to make cases and crates for food storage during World War II. [3] During the post-war housing boom, Ludlow was used to supply plywood for the housing industry. European immigrants ("New Australians") began working in the Ludlow pine plantation and by the mid-1950s a sawmill and planer mill, along with workers' cottages that formed the main Ludlow forestry settlement, had been constructed. [3] The settlement was divided by the Ludlow River; the north side, where most of the cottages were built, is in the area of the Shire of Capel. [5]

By the early 1970s the sawmill had been closed and plantings were discontinued in the pine plantation in 1973; the planer mill was closed a few years later. [3] The Tuart Forest National Park was declared in the area in 1987 and The Ludlow Forestry Mill and Settlement was registered on the State Register of Heritage Places in 2006. [5] In 2016 the Department of Parks and Wildlife, which rented out the cottages, evicted the occupants, citing maintenance issues, age, and housing conditions; the cottages have since been abandoned. [6]

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References

  1. 1 2 Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Ludlow". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 11 August 2019. OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg
  2. 1 2 "Ludlow history". Ludlow Tuart Forest Restoration Group. Retrieved 11 August 2019.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Assessment Documentation: Ludlow Forestry Mill and Settlement" (PDF). Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 12 August 2019.
  4. "Ruabon - Ludlow Settlers Memorial". Monuments Australia. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  5. 1 2 "Ludlow Forestry Mill and Settlement". Heritage Council of Western Australia. Retrieved 15 August 2019.
  6. Willix, Pierra (31 January 2017). "Ludlow tourism potential". Busselton Dunsborough Times. Retrieved 15 August 2019.