Clarkdale (microprocessor)

Last updated
Clarkdale
General information
LaunchedJanuary 7, 2010
Designed by Intel
CPUID code02065x
Product code80616
Performance
Max. CPU clock rate 2.27 GHz to 3.6 GHz
Cache
L2 cache2×256 KB
L3 cache4 MB
Architecture and classification
ApplicationDesktop
Min. feature size 32 nm
Microarchitecture Westmere
Instruction set x86, x86-64, MMX, SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, AES-NI
Physical specifications
Cores
  • 2
Socket(s)
Products, models, variants
Brand name(s)

Clarkdale is the code name for an Intel processor, initially sold as desktop Intel Core i5 and Core i3 and Pentium. [1] It is closely related to the mobile Arrandale processor; both use dual-core dies based on the Westmere 32 nm die shrink of the Nehalem microarchitecture, and have integrated Graphics as well as PCI Express and DMI links.

Contents

Clarkdale is the successor of the 45 nm Core microarchitecture-based Wolfdale processor that is used in the many desktop Intel Core 2, Celeron and Pentium Dual-Core processors. While Wolfdale typically used both a north bridge and a south bridge, Clarkdale already contains the major north bridge components, which are the memory controller, PCI Express for external graphics, integrated graphics and the DMI connector, making it possible to build more compact systems without a separate northbridge or discrete graphics as Lynnfield.

The Clarkdale processor package contains two dies: the 32 nm processor die with the I/O connections, and the 45 nm graphics and integrated memory controller die. [2] Physical separation of the processor die and memory controller die resulted in increased memory latency.

The CPUID for Clarkdale is family 6, model 37 (2065x). The mobile equivalent of Clarkdale is Arrandale.

Brand names

Clarkdale processors are sold under the Intel Core, Pentium and Celeron brand names, with varying feature sets. The Core i5 versions generally have all features enabled, with the Core i5-661 and Core i5-655K models lacking Intel VT-d and TXT like the Core i3, which also does not support Turbo Boost and AES new instructions. In addition, the Pentium and Celeron versions do not have SMT, and they can only use a reduced amount of third-level cache.

The Xeon L340x line has a lower clock frequency and thermal design power, and supports unbuffered ECC memory in addition to the features of the Core i5-6xx, but has support for the integrated graphics disabled.

Importantly, although the memory controller in Clarkdale processors is on-package, it is on a separate die from the CPU cores, and thus has increased latency compared to processor architectures which integrate it on-die with the main CPU cores. [3]

Brand NameModel (list)Logo L3 Cache size Thermal Design Power
Celeron G1xxx 2 MB73 W
Pentium G6xxx 3 MB
Core i3 i3-5xx 4 MB
Core i5 i5-6xx 73–87 W
Xeon L340x 4 MB30 W

See also

Related Research Articles

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Pentium Brand of microprocessors produced by Intel

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Penryn (microprocessor)

Penryn is the code name of a processor from Intel that is sold in varying configurations as Core 2 Solo, Core 2 Duo, Core 2 Quad, Pentium and Celeron.

Wolfdale (microprocessor)

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Clarksfield is the code name for an Intel processor, initially sold as mobile Intel Core i7. It is closely related to the desktop Lynnfield processor, both use quad-core dies based on the 45 nm Nehalem microarchitecture and have integrated PCI Express and DMI links.

Arrandale is the code name for a family of mobile Intel processors, sold as mobile Intel Core i3, i5 and i7 as well as Celeron and Pentium. It is closely related to the desktop Clarkdale processor; both use dual-core dies based on the Westmere 32 nm die shrink of the Nehalem microarchitecture, and have integrated Graphics as well as PCI Express and DMI links.

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Socket G1

Socket G1, also known as rPGA 988A, is Intel's CPU socket for their line of mobile Core i7, the successor to the Core 2 line. It is based on Intel's Nehalem architecture which was first available for the 1366-pin "Socket B", which, like its predecessor, LGA775, uses the LGA socket configuration. Later followed the updated LGA-1156 socket, which moved the QPI and PCI-express controller off the Northbridge and onto the CPU. As a result of the lower pin count, LGA-1156 systems, and later, socket G1 systems, can only run in Dual-channel memory mode, as opposed to the Triple-channel mode which is unique to the LGA-1366 platform. The Nehalem's mobile variant was released on September 23, 2009 in the form of the i7-720QM, 820QM, and 920XM models, followed by the i7-740QM, 840QM, and 940XM models on June 21, 2010. The newer CPUs use the new Clarksfield core, which maintained the same 45 nm manufacturing process as the desktop-based Nehalems. Nehalem received a die shrink on January 7, 2010, under the core name of Westmere. With the Intel GMA HD Graphics Ironlake core packaged onto the CPU substrate, but not integrated directly to the processor die, it goes on to create the Arrandale-based line. The current CPUs to use this package are the Core i7-6x0M series, the Core i5-4x0M series, the Core i5-5x0M series, the Core i3-3x0M series, and finally the Pentium P6x00 series and Celeron P4x00 series which were released on March 28, 2010. However, not all of these are available for Socket G1, as some of them are only available in a BGA package. They are also known as PGA988 socket processors.

Westmere (microarchitecture)

Westmere is the code name given to the 32 nm die shrink of Nehalem. While sharing the same CPU sockets, Westmere included Intel HD Graphics, while Nehalem did not.

Goldmont Plus is a microarchitecture for low-power Atom, Celeron and Pentium Silver branded processors used in systems on a chip (SoCs) made by Intel. The Gemini Lake platform with 14 nm Goldmont Plus core was officially launched on December 11, 2017. Intel launched Gemini Lake Refresh platform on November 4, 2019.

References

  1. "Intel May Unveil Microprocessors with Integrated Graphics Cores at Consumer Electronics Show". X-bit labs. 2009-08-13. Retrieved 2014-01-15.
  2. "The Delayed Mobile Nehalems: Clarksfield, Arrandale, and the Calpella Platform". Brighthub.com. 2009-02-22. Retrieved 2014-01-15.
  3. Shimpi, Anand. "The Clarkdale Review: Intel's Core i5 661, i3 540 & i3 530". www.anandtech.com/. Retrieved 16 June 2014.