Krasnoyarsk

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Krasnoyarsk
Красноярск
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Church of the Annunciation, Krasnoyarsk.jpg
Krasnoyarsk Krai government building.jpg
Top to bottom, left to right: Krasnoyarsk along the Yenisey River, Krasnoyarsk at dusk, Krasnoyarsk railway station, Annunciation Cathedral, Krasnoyarsk Krai government building
Location of Krasnoyarsk
Krasnoyarsk
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Krasnoyarsk
Location of Krasnoyarsk
Outline Map of Krasnoyarsk Krai.svg
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Krasnoyarsk
Krasnoyarsk (Krasnoyarsk Krai)
Coordinates: 56°00′32″N92°52′19″E / 56.00889°N 92.87194°E / 56.00889; 92.87194 Coordinates: 56°00′32″N92°52′19″E / 56.00889°N 92.87194°E / 56.00889; 92.87194
Country Russia
Federal subject Krasnoyarsk Krai [1]
FoundedAugust 19, 1628 [2]
City status since1690 [3]
Government
  Body City Council of Deputies [2]
  Head [2] Sergey Yeryomin [4]
Area
[5]
  Total348 km2 (134 sq mi)
Elevation
287 m (942 ft)
Population
  Total973,826
  Estimate 
(2018) [7]
1,090,811 (+12%)
  Rank 14th in 2010
  Density2,800/km2 (7,200/sq mi)
  Subordinated to krai city of Krasnoyarsk [1]
   Capital ofkrai city of Krasnoyarsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai [8]
  Urban okrugKrasnoyarsk Urban Okrug [9]
   Capital ofKrasnoyarsk Urban Okrug [9]
Time zone UTC+7 (MSK+4   OOjs UI icon edit-ltr-progressive.svg [10] )
Postal code(s) [11]
660000, 660001, 660003–660005, 660006, 660009–660023, 660025, 660027, 660028, 660030–660032, 660036, 660037, 660041–660043, 660046–660050, 660052, 660054–660056, 660058–660062, 660064, 660067–660069, 660071, 660073–660075, 660077–660079, 660091–660095, 660097–660100, 660113, 660115, 660118, 660119, 660121–660127, 660130–660133, 660135, 660136, 660880, 660890, 660899, 660911–660946, 660960–660966, 660970, 660999, 901175, 901177, 901179, 901181, 993600
Dialing code(s) +7 391 [12]
OKTMO ID04701000001
City DaySecond Sunday of June [13]
Website www.admkrsk.ru

Krasnoyarsk ( /ˌkræsnəˈjɑːrsk,ˌkrɑːs-/ KRA(H)SS-nə-YARSK; [14] [15] [16] [17] Russian:Красноя́рск,IPA:  [krəsnɐˈjarsk] ( Loudspeaker.svg listen )) (in semantic translation - Red Ravine City) is the largest city and administrative center of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It is situated along the Yenisey River, and is the second-largest city in Siberia after Novosibirsk, with a population of over 1 million. [18] Krasnoyarsk is an important junction of the renowned Trans-Siberian Railway, and is one of the largest producers of aluminium in the country.

Contents

The city is known for its natural landscape; author Anton Chekhov judged Krasnoyarsk to be the most beautiful city in Siberia. [19] The Stolby Nature Sanctuary is located 10 km south of the city. Krasnoyarsk is a major educational centre in Siberia, and hosts the Siberian Federal University. In 2019, Krasnoyarsk was the host city of the 2019 Winter Universiade, the third hosted in Russia.

Geography

Aerial view of Krasnoyarsk Aerial view of Krasnoyarsk 1.jpg
Aerial view of Krasnoyarsk
Church in Krasnoyarsk, 1895 Krasnoyarsk - church LCCN2004707536.jpg
Church in Krasnoyarsk, 1895
The panorama of Krasnoyarsk from the Karaulnaya Gora hill, 1910 Krasnoyarsk1911.jpg
The panorama of Krasnoyarsk from the Karaulnaya Gora hill, 1910

The total area of the city, including suburbs and the river, is 348 km2 (134 sq mi). [5]

The river Yenisei flows from west to east through the city. Due to the Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric dam 32 km (20 mi) upstream, the Yenisei never freezes in winter and never[ citation needed ] exceeds +14 °C (57 °F) in summer through the city. Near the city center, its elevation is 136 m (446 ft) above sea level. There are several islands in the river, the largest of which are Tatyshev and Otdyha Isles, used mainly for recreation.

To the south and west, Krasnoyarsk is surrounded by forested mountains averaging 410 m (1,350 ft) in height above river level. The most prominent of them are Nikolayevskaya Sopka (notable for its ski jumping tracks), Karaulnaya Gora, and Chornaya Sopka, the latter being an extinct volcano. [20] The gigantic rock cliffs of the Stolby Nature Reserve rise from the mountains of the southern bank of the Yenisei, the western hills from the Gremyachaya Griva crest extending westwards up to the Sobakina River, the north is generally plain, except for the Drokinskaya Sopka hill, with forests to the northwest and agricultural fields to the north and east.

The major rivers in and near Krasnoyarsk are the Yenisei, Mana, Bazaikha, and Kacha Rivers, the latter flowing throughout the historical center of the city. Due to the nature of the terrain, a few natural lakes exist in the vicinity of Krasnoyarsk.

The forests close to the city are mostly pine and birch; further afield, aspen becomes dominant in many areas. The moss-covered fir and Siberian pine replaces other wood in the mountains westward of the Karaulnaya River, in about 15 km (9.3 mi) to the west from the city, the forests to the south are mostly pine, fir and aspen. [21]

History

Monument to the Czecho-Slovak Legion in the Trinity Cemetery Czech Legion monument in Kransoyarsk.jpg
Monument to the Czecho-Slovak Legion in the Trinity Cemetery

The city was founded on August 19, 1628 [2] as a Russian border fort when a group of service class people from Yeniseysk led by Andrey Dubenskiy arrived at the confluence of the Kacha and Yenisei Rivers and constructed fortifications intended to protect the frontier from attacks of native peoples who lived along the Yenisei and its tributaries. Along with Kansk to the east, it represented the southern limit of Russian expansion in the Yenisei basin during the seventeenth century. In the letter to Tsar Michael I the Cossacks reported:

...The town of trunks (log buildings) we have constructed and around the place of fort, we the servants of thee, our Lord, have embedded posts and fastened them with double bindings and the place of fort have strengthened mightily...

The fort was named Krasny Yar (Russian : Кра́сный Яр) after the Yarin (a dialect of Khakas) name of the place it was built, Kyzyl Char ('red steep-riverbank'), [22] which was translated as Krasny Yar. The settlement was granted town status in 1690. [23] An intensive growth of Krasnoyarsk began with the arrival of the Siberian Route (the road M53 nowadays) in 1735 to 1741 which connected the nearby towns of Achinsk and Kansk with Krasnoyarsk and with the rest of Russia.

In 1749, a meteorite with a mass of about 700 kg (1,500 lb) was found 230 km (140 mi) south of Krasnoyarsk. It was excavated by Peter Simon Pallas in 1772 and transported to Krasnoyarsk and subsequently to Saint Petersburg. The Krasnoyarsk meteorite is important because it was the first pallasite ever studied and the first meteorite ever etched.

In 1822 Krasnoyarsk became the administrative center of Yeniseysk Governorate. [23] By the end of the 19th century, Krasnoyarsk had several manufacturing facilities and railroad workshops and an engine-house. Growth continued with the discovery of gold and the arrival of a railroad in 1895.

In the Russian Empire, Krasnoyarsk was one of the places to which political exiles were banished. For example, eight Decembrists were deported from St. Petersburg to Krasnoyarsk after the failure of the revolt.

Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric dam Kran dlia gidrotekhnicheskogo stroitel'stva.jpg
Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric dam

In the aftermath of the Russian Revolution of 1917, during the Russian Civil War, Siberia east of Omsk was controlled by white forces under Alexander Kolchak, who in December 1919 retreated east to Irkutsk and the Bolsheviks took control of the city. On a plateau 7 km outside of town was a prisoner of war camp with 13,000 German and Austrian troops. Elsa Brändström of the Swedish Red Cross spent almost a year there from July 1919 until May 1920. [24]

During the periods of centralized planning (Five Year Plans) numerous large plants and factories were constructed in Krasnoyarsk: Sibtyazhmash, the dock yard, the paper factory, the hydroelectric power station (now the fifth largest in the world and the second in Russia), and the river port.

In 1934, Krasnoyarsk Krai was formed, with Krasnoyarsk as its administrative center.

During Stalinist times, Krasnoyarsk was a major center of the gulag system. The most important labor camp was the Kraslag or Krasnoyarsky ITL (1938-c.1960) with the two units located in Kansk and Reshyoty. In the city of Krasnoyarsk itself, the Yeniseylag or Yeniseysky ITL labor camp was prominent as well during World War II (c. 1940–41).

During World War II, dozens of factories were evacuated from Ukraine and Western Russia to Krasnoyarsk and nearby towns, stimulating the industrial growth of the city. After the war additional large plants were constructed: the aluminum plant, the metallurgic plant, the plant of base metals and many others.

In the late 1970s, the Soviet Union began constructing a phased array radar station at Abalakova, near Krasnoyarsk, which violated the ABM Treaty. Beginning in 1983, the United States demanded its removal, until the Soviet Union admitted the radar station was a violation in 1989. Equipment was slowly removed from the site and by 1992 it was officially declared to be dismantled, though the equipment from the site was likely relocated to a new site near Komsomolsk-na-Amure. [25] Krasnoyarsk was also a home to Krasnoyarsk Northeast air base, which was turned into living blocks after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union and beginning of privatization, many large plants and factories, such as the Krasnoyarsk Aluminum Plant, became owned by alleged criminal authorities and oligarchs, while others were declared bankrupt. The economic transition resulted in a dramatic rise in unemployment and numerous strikes.

The best known financial scandal of the second half of the 1990s happened when ownership of the Krasnoyarsk Aluminum Plant by a known Krasnoyarsk businessman Anatoliy Bykov had been canceled after he was accused of murdering his partner, Vilor Struganov. The accusation eventually turned out to be false. [26] The Krasnoyarsk plant's ownership problems continue through the early 21st century since nearly all of them are owned either by monopolistic financial groups or by oligarchs.[ citation needed ]

Since the election of Pyotr Pimashkov as the mayor of Krasnoyarsk in 1996, the appearance of the city gradually improved: the old historical buildings were restored, the asphalt walkways were replaced with paving-stone, and numerous squares and recreation areas with fountains were either restored or constructed from scratch. Now the majority of the city keeps only a few traces of its former, drab, post-collapse look.[ citation needed ]

Administrative and municipal status

Krasnoyarsk is the administrative center of the krai. [8] Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is, together with one rural locality (the village of Peschanka) incorporated as the krai city of Krasnoyarsk an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. [1] As a municipal division, the krai city of Krasnoyarsk is incorporated as Krasnoyarsk Urban Okrug. [9]

City divisions

For administrative purposes, Krasnoyarsk is divided into seven city districts:

Coat of arms

The Krasnoyarsk Lion Krasnoyarsk symbol leo.jpg
The Krasno­yarsk Lion

The first version was approved on March 12, 1804. The coat of arms was divided horizontally into two parts, the upper part containing the coat of arms of Tomsk Governorate, and the lower part picturing the Krasny Yar cliff on a silver background. A revised coat of arms, approved on November 23, 1851, had the golden figure of a lion placed on a red heraldic shield with a spade in the right fore paw and a sickle in the left fore paw, both made of the same metal. The shield was topped with the golden crown of the Russian Empire. The current coat of arms (as depicted here) was approved on November 28, 2004. It contains the same red shield as in 1851 but with a slightly changed figure of the lion in the officially approved image. The shield is topped with a form of the mural crown, which is the golden five-tower coronet of rank of a federal subject administrative center. [27] [28] [29]

Climate

Krasnoyarsk experiences a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfb) bordering on a subarctic climate (Dfc). Krasnoyarsk has high differentials between summer and winter temperatures.

Climate data for Krasnoyarsk (1991–2020, extremes 1891–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)6.0
(42.8)
8.5
(47.3)
18.5
(65.3)
31.4
(88.5)
34.0
(93.2)
34.8
(94.6)
36.4
(97.5)
35.1
(95.2)
31.3
(88.3)
24.5
(76.1)
13.6
(56.5)
8.6
(47.5)
36.4
(97.5)
Average high °C (°F)−11.6
(11.1)
−7.5
(18.5)
0.7
(33.3)
9.3
(48.7)
17.1
(62.8)
23.5
(74.3)
25.2
(77.4)
22.2
(72.0)
14.6
(58.3)
6.7
(44.1)
−3.6
(25.5)
−9.3
(15.3)
7.3
(45.1)
Daily mean °C (°F)−15.6
(3.9)
−12.3
(9.9)
−4.9
(23.2)
3.4
(38.1)
10.4
(50.7)
16.9
(62.4)
19.1
(66.4)
16.1
(61.0)
9.1
(48.4)
2.3
(36.1)
−7.3
(18.9)
−13.2
(8.2)
2.0
(35.6)
Average low °C (°F)−19.2
(−2.6)
−16.3
(2.7)
−9.4
(15.1)
−1.4
(29.5)
4.7
(40.5)
11.1
(52.0)
13.7
(56.7)
11.2
(52.2)
5.0
(41.0)
−1.3
(29.7)
−10.7
(12.7)
−16.9
(1.6)
−2.5
(27.5)
Record low °C (°F)−52.8
(−63.0)
−41.6
(−42.9)
−38.7
(−37.7)
−25.7
(−14.3)
−11.2
(11.8)
−3.6
(25.5)
3.3
(37.9)
−1.0
(30.2)
−9.6
(14.7)
−25.1
(−13.2)
−42.3
(−44.1)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−52.8
(−63.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches)17
(0.7)
15
(0.6)
19
(0.7)
29
(1.1)
48
(1.9)
66
(2.6)
70
(2.8)
76
(3.0)
55
(2.2)
42
(1.7)
39
(1.5)
31
(1.2)
507
(20.0)
Average extreme snow depth cm (inches)16
(6.3)
16
(6.3)
13
(5.1)
3
(1.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
7
(2.8)
14
(5.5)
16
(6.3)
Average rainy days0.30.42917191818191340.3120
Average snowy days2421171440.100.032142325144
Average relative humidity (%)73706458546472767571747369
Mean monthly sunshine hours 6310017121625128028123716011158411,969
Source 1: Pogoda.ru.net [30]
Source 2: NOAA (sun only 1961–1990) [31]

Demographics

The population count by year: [32] [33]

189726,6001962465,0001982833,0002000875,5002010973,826
192360,4001967576,0001986885,0002001875,9002011979,600
192669,3001970648,1001989912,6002003909,3002012997,316
1939186,1001973707,0001992925,0002005917,20020131,016,385
1956328,0001976758,0001996871,1002008936,40020141,035,528
1959412,0001979796,3001998875,3002009948,50020171,083,865 [34] [35]
Population chart (1855-2012) Krasnoyarsk population graph.svg
Population chart (1855–2012)

Population count by districts (2010 Census): [6]

The population of Krasnoyarsk includes a number of peoples, the most numerous are Russians, Ukrainians, Tatars, Germans, and Belarusians. Lately the number of Tajiks, Uzbeks and other Central Asian and Caucasian peoples has grown extensively because of the vast, often illegal immigration in search for work.

Another populous immigrant group is the Chinese who, unlike other foreign workers, are employed in much more lucrative areas and often form business partnerships with local companies. Many Chinese trade at the bazaars, and a special large Chinese bazaar named Sodruzhestvo (Russian for fellowship), and the Chinese Trading Town (known in Russian as Китайский торговый город) or colloquially Kitai-gorod on Strelka.

Architecture

The Intercession church in Krasnoyarsk Tserkov' Pokrova Presviatoi Bogoroditsy - vnutrennii dvor.jpg
The Intercession church in Krasnoyarsk
Stalinist architecture in Krasnoyarsk Stalinist architecture in Krasnoyarsk.jpg
Stalinist architecture in Krasnoyarsk

There are a number of historical buildings in Krasnoyarsk, the oldest of them being the Intercession Cathedral (Russian : Покровский собор, 1785 to 1795, restored in 1977 to 1978). Other locally significant samples of Russian Orthodox architecture are the Annunciation Cathedral (Russian : Благовещенский собор, 1802–12), the Holy Trinity Cathedral (Russian : Свято-Троицкий собор, 1802–12), John the Baptist Church (Russian : Церковь Иоанна Предтечи, 1899, former episcopal residence), and the new Michael the Archangel Church (Russian : Церковь Архистратига Михаила, 1998 to 2003).

On the top of the Karaulnaya Hill, originally a pagan shrine, later occupied by the Krasnoyarsk fort watchtower, the Paraskeva Pyatnitsa Chapel (1804, rebuilt 1854–55) still stands. The chapel, displayed on the 10-ruble note, is one of the iconic images of the city. The chapel was abandoned and fell into disrepair during the Soviet era and only when Perestroyka came was it regained by the Yenisei bishopric.

Shopping center "Optima" Optima, Molokov street, Krasnoyarsk (2017-04-10).jpg
Shopping center "Optima"

Another unofficial symbol of Krasnoyarsk is the incomplete 24-story tower located at Strelka. Construction of the tower had been started just before Perestroyka and then frozen due to the administrative crisis. The outline of the tower is clearly seen from many places in the city.

A bridge near Krasnoyarsk carries the Trans-Siberian Railway across the Yenisei. The original structure, one of the longest at the time, was constructed between 1893 and 1896 to an award-winning design by Lavr Proskuryakov. In 2003 it was rejected for emergency inscription on the World Heritage List. [36] It was described at the time by ICOMOS "an early representation of a typical parabolic polygonal truss bridge in Russia" which became "a testing ground for the application of engineering theories and the development of new innovative solutions, which had numerous successors". [37] The bridge was dismantled between 2002-2007. [38] [39]

Among other notable buildings are the mansions of the merchant Nikolay Gadalov (beginning of the 20th century), the Roman Catholic Transfiguration Chapel (Russian : Преображенский собор, 1911, also known as the Krasnoyarsk Organ Hall), the Krasnoyarsk Krai Museum stylized as an Ancient Egyptian temple, the Krasnoyarsk Cultural/Historical Center and the triumphal arch at the Spit (2003), the regional administration building flanked with two towers known as the "Donkey Ears".

There are a number of two-story wooden houses in the city built mostly in the middle of the 20th century as temporary habitations. Many urbanized villages located inside the city keep the remnants of the traditional Russian village architecture: wooden houses with backyards, many somewhat dilapidated now but still inhabited.

View of Strelka district from Tatyshev island Strelka Krasnoyarsk.jpg
View of Strelka district from Tatyshev island



Culture

There are a number of local holidays celebrated annually in Krasnoyarsk. The most significant holiday is the Day of the City celebrated in June, usually with a carnival. Other holidays and cultural events are the Mana Festival (Russian : Манский фестиваль. The celebrations take place on the outside of town, on the bank of river Mana) usually held on the last weekend in June with the traditional bard contest, the International Museum Biennale traditionally held in the Krasnoyarsk Cultural/Historical Center, the avant-garde Museum Night festival dedicated to the International Museum Day (May 18), the Jazz on Yenisey festival, the Stolbist Day held many times a year celebrating the traditions of mountain climbing in the Stolby national reserve, and the Bikers' Rally.

Krasnoyarsk has a number of local television companies and the highly developed telecommunications, many districts of the city have LAN-based broadband Internet access.

Historical downtown of Krasnoyarsk.jpg

The city is also home to the Krasnoyarsk Children's Choir, a world-renowned choir that tours in many countries as The Little Eagles of Siberia.

Education and science

Next to Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk is a prominent scientific and educational center of Siberia, with over 30 higher education facilities, many of which are the branches of the Russian Academy of Science, and about 200 high schools. The most notable higher education institutes are:

Like Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk has a special city district called Akademgorodok ("Academic Town"), where several scientific research institutes are located. Krasnoyarsk's Institute of Biophysics is known for a 1973–1985 experiment on ecological isolation of human beings (the "Bios Experiment"). Sukachev Institute of Forest, founded in 1944 at Moscow and relocated to Krasnoyarsk in 1959. There are several museums in Krasnoyarsk. One is the Krasnoyarsk Regional Museum, containing historical items and exhibits of the region, including ancient history, native Siberians, and woolly rhinos.

The Krasnoyarsk zoo is also a major attraction for residents and tourists.

Transportation

Tram in Krasnoyarsk Krasnoyarsk tram.jpg
Tram in Krasnoyarsk

Metro

An underground system (three lines) has been in planning and construction phases in Krasnoyarsk for decades. Subway construction was terminated in 2008.

Krasnoyarsk rail station Krs railstation.jpg
Krasnoyarsk rail station

Public Transportation

The transit system is dominated by buses, but there also are several trolleybus and tram routes.

Railway

Krasnoyarsk Riverport. Rechnoi vokzal v period restavratsii.jpg
Krasnoyarsk Riverport.

Krasnoyarsk lies on the Yenisei River and historically has been an important junction on the Trans-Siberian Railway. Krasnoyarsk-Passazhirsky (Russian : Красноярск-Пассажирский, lit. Krasnoyarsk-Passenger) is the main railway station of Krasnoyarsk. Long-range trains of the Trans-Siberian Railway stop at this station. There are some stations served by Elektrichka and there is Krasnoyarsk-East goods station 26.3 km east of Krasnoyarsk-Passazhirsky.

Airports

Krasnoyarsk was served by two airports: Yemelyanovo Airport is the main airport and handles both medium and long-haul domestic as well as international flights, and is 27 km (17 mi) northwest of the city. [40] The secondary Cheremshanka Airport handled short-haul flights. Cheremshanka has lost its eminent role as the main base airport for an extensive network of local air services (MVL) in Krasnoyarsk Krai formerly served by the local Aeroflot Krasnoyarsk Directorate. In December 2011 a fire broke out at the Cheremshanka airport which destroyed the terminal building and the air traffic control tower. [41]

Tourism

The most popular place of attraction for tourists visiting Krasnoyarsk is the huge national nature reserve Stolby ("pillars"), which covers an area of 470 km2 (180 sq mi) with numerous giant granite rocks formations up to 100 meters high, many of very extraordinary shapes. Stolby is also a major rock climbing location. Many local climbers intentionally do not use any belaying equipment and call their extreme sport stolbizm, known elsewhere as solo climbing.

Other popular showplaces include the Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric Power Station dam, the Karaulnaya Gora hill with the Paraskeva Pyatnitsa Chapel, museums, theaters, etc.

Sports

Krasnoyarsk is a center of Siberian sports. Areas, where Krasnoyarsk excels compared to other Russian cities, include rugby union, bandy, and freestyle wrestling.

Yenisey was the Soviet bandy champions every year in the 1980s as well as in 1991. The first Russian title came in 2001. In 2014 they became champions of the Bandy Super League and had the highest average attendance, 5 747. [42] In 2015 the league title was won again as well as in 2016. [43] [44] At the 2019 Winter Universiade, bandy will feature as a demonstration sport for the first time and tournaments for both men and women will be held. [45] An indoor stadium will be built for the occasion. [46] [47] It is planned to be ready for use by the end of 2018. [48] The complexity of the construction is considered unique. [49]

The city is considered a stronghold of rugby union in Russia, to the extent that the Rugby Union of Russia was headquartered locally for many years. Two Krasnoyarsk clubs, Krasny Yar and Enisey-STM, participate in the national Professional Rugby League, and European Rugby Challenge Cup, the second-tier pan-European club competition. Matches take precedence in the local media, and the city derby match can attract crowds of about 3000–5000. Many players of the Russian national rugby team hail from the area. Some of Russia's international rugby matches are played at the Central Stadium.

ClubSportFoundedCurrent LeagueLeague
Rank
Stadium
Yenisey Krasnoyarsk Football 1937 Russian Premier League 2nd Central Stadium
Sokol Krasnoyarsk Ice Hockey 1977 Higher Hockey League 2ndArena Sever
Yenisey Krasnoyarsk Bandy 1934 Bandy Super League 1st Yenisey Stadium
BC Enisey Basketball 1993 VTB United League 1st Arena Sever
Krasny Yar Rugby Union 1969 Professional Rugby League 1stKrasny Yar Stadium
Enisey-STM Rugby Union 1975 Professional Rugby League 1stAvangard Stadium
Yenisey Krasnoyarsk Volleyball 1992Women's Volleyball Super League1stDvorkin Sports House
Yenisey Krasnoyarsk Volleyball 1993Volleyball Supreme League A2ndDvorkin Sports House

Former Carolina Hurricanes left winger Alexander Semin is from Krasnoyarsk.

Host of the international wrestling tournament named after Ivan Yarygin.

Sport events

Opening Ceremony of the 2019 Winter Universiade Otkrytie XXIX Vsemirnoi zimnei universiady v Krasnoiarske 03.jpg
Opening Ceremony of the 2019 Winter Universiade

The 2019 Winter Universiade was hosted by Krasnoyarsk in 2019.

Notable people

Monument to Viktor Astafyev Astafiyev cropped.JPG
Monument to Viktor Astafyev
Monument to Vasily Surikov Vasily Surikov.jpg
Monument to Vasily Surikov

Twin towns – sister cities

Krasnoyarsk is twinned with: [50]

Cooperation agreements

Krasnoyarsk has cooperation agreements with:

See also

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Krasnoyarsk Krai</span> First-level administrative division of Russia

Krasnoyarsk Krai is a federal subject of Russia, with its administrative center in the city of Krasnoyarsk, the third-largest city in Siberia. Comprising half of the Siberian Federal District, Krasnoyarsk Krai is the largest krai in the Russian Federation, the second largest federal subject and the third largest subnational governing body by area in the world, after Sakha and the Australian state of Western Australia. The krai covers an area of 2,339,700 square kilometers (903,400 sq mi), which is nearly one quarter the size of the entire country of Canada, constituting roughly 13% of the Russian Federation's total area and containing a population of 2,828,187, or just under 2% of its population, per the 2010 Census.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Minusinsk</span> Town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Minusinsk is a historical town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. Population: 71,170 (2010 Census); 72,561 (2002 Census); 72,942 (1989 Census); 44,500 (1973).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dudinka</span> Town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Dudinka is a town on the Yenisei River and the administrative center of Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It used to be the administrative center of Taymyr Autonomous Okrug, which was merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai on January 1, 2007. Population: 22,175 (2010 Census); 25,132 (2002 Census); 32,325 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kansk</span> Town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Kansk is a town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on both banks of the Kan River. Population: 94,226 (2010 Census); 103,000 (2002 Census); 109,607 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yeniseysk</span> Town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Yeniseysk is a town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on the Yenisei River. Population: 18,766 (2010 Census); 20,394 (2002 Census); 22,891 (1989 Census); 20,000 (1970).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bogotol</span> Town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Bogotol is a town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located 6 kilometers (3.7 mi) of the Chulym River and 252 kilometers (157 mi) west of Krasnoyarsk, the administrative center of the krai. Population: 21,051 (2010 Census); 24,369 (2002 Census); 27,752 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zelenogorsk, Krasnoyarsk Krai</span> Town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Zelenogorsk is a closed town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on the left bank of the Kan River 180 kilometers (110 mi) above its confluence with the Yenisei River. It was formerly known as Krasnoyarsk-45 (Красноя́рск-45) and was involved in enriching uranium for the Soviet nuclear program. Population: 66,056 (2010 Census); 69,355 (2002 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Divnogorsk</span> Town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Divnogorsk is a town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on the Yenisei River, 40 kilometers (25 mi) southeast of Krasnoyarsk, the administrative center of the krai. Population: 28,272 (2010 Census); 30,137 (2002 Census); 29,963 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Zaozyorny, Krasnoyarsk Krai</span> Town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Zaozyorny is a town and the administrative center of Rybinsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on the Barga River, the affluent of the Kan, 166 kilometers (103 mi) east of Krasnoyarsk on the 4,263rd km of the Trans-Siberian Railway. Population: 10,681 (2010 Census); 12,476 (2002 Census); 15,714 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Yemelyanovsky District</span> District in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Yemelyanovsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the southern central part of the krai and borders with Bolshemurtinsky District in the north, Sukhobuzimsky District in the northeast, Beryozovsky District and the territory of the krai city of Krasnoyarsk in the east, Balakhtinsky District in the south, Kozulsky District in the west, and with Birilyussky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 7,441 square kilometers (2,873 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Yemelyanovo. Population: 51,159 ; 50,998 (2010 Census); 45,656 ; 48,375 (1989 Census). The population of Yemelyanovo accounts for 23.6% of the district's total population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Achinsky District</span> District in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Achinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the krai and borders with Bolsheuluysky District in the north, Kozulsky District in the east, Nazarovsky District in the south, and with Bogotolsky District in the west. The area of the district is 2,534 square kilometers (978 sq mi). Its administrative center is the city of Achinsk. Population: 15,870 (2010 Census); 14,904 ; 15,597 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Balakhtinsky District</span> District in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Balakhtinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the krai and borders with Kozulsky and Yemelyanovsky Districts in the north, Beryozovsky District in the northeast, Mansky District in the east, Kuraginsky District in the southeast, Idrinsky, Krasnoturansky, and Novosyolovsky Districts in the south, Uzhursky District in the west, and with Nazarovsky District in the northwest. The area of the district is 10,250 square kilometers (3,960 sq mi). Its administrative center is the urban locality of Balakhta. Population: 21,000 (2010 Census); 25,518 ; 28,572 (1989 Census). The population of Balakhta accounts for 35.3% of the district's total population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Dzerzhinsky District, Krasnoyarsk Krai</span> District in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Dzerzhinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the southeast of the krai and borders with Taseyevsky District in the north, Abansky District in the east, Kansky District in the south, and with Sukhobuzimsky District in the west. The area of the district is 3,569 square kilometers (1,378 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Dzerzhinskoye. Population: 14,552 (2010 Census); 17,028 ; 20,485 (1989 Census). The population of Dzerzhinskoye accounts for 50.7% of the district's total population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kazachinsky District</span> District in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Kazachinsky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the southern central part of the krai and borders with Yeniseysky and Motyginsky Districts in the north, Taseyevsky District in the east, Bolshemurtinsky District in the south, and with Pirovsky District in the west. The area of the district is 5,755 square kilometers (2,222 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Kazachinskoye. Population: 11,430 (2010 Census); 12,732 (2002 Census); 16,015 (1989 Census). The population of Kazachinskoye accounts for 33.8% of the district's total population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Krasnoturansky District</span> District in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Krasnoturansky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the southwest of the krai and borders with Novosyolovsky District in the north, Balakhtinsky District in the northeast, Idrinsky District in the east, Kuraginsky District in the southeast, Minusinsky District in the south, and with the Republic of Khakassia in the west. The area of the district is 3,462 square kilometers (1,337 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Krasnoturansk. Population: 15,562 (2010 Census); 17,322 ; 18,629 (1989 Census). The population of Krasnoturansk accounts for 37.2% of the district's total population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Turukhansky District</span> District in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Turukhansky District is an administrative and municipal district (raion), one of the forty-three in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It is located in the west of the krai and borders with Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District in the north, Evenkiysky District in the east, Yeniseysky District in the south, and with Tyumen Oblast in the west. The area of the district is 211,189 square kilometers (81,541 sq mi). Its administrative center is the rural locality of Turukhansk. Population: 18,708 (2010 Census); 12,439 ; 19,257 (1989 Census). The population of Turukhansk accounts for 24.9% of the district's total population.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kedrovy, Yemelyanovsky District, Krasnoyarsk Krai</span> Urban-type settlement in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Kedrovy is an urban locality in Yemelyanovsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located 50 kilometers (31 mi) from Krasnoyarsk, the administrative center of the krai. Population: 4,692 (2010 Census); 5,223.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Uyar, Uyarsky District, Krasnoyarsk Krai</span> Town in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Uyar is a town and the administrative center of Uyarsky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located on the Uyarka River 132 kilometers (82 mi) east of Krasnoyarsk. Population: 12,665 (2010 Census); 13,807 (2002 Census); 17,040 (1989 Census).

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bakhta, Turukhansky District, Krasnoyarsk Krai</span> Village in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia

Bakhta is a rural locality in Turukhansky District, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. It is part of Turukhansky Municipal District.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Krasnoyarsk State Technical University</span>

Krasnoyarsk State Technical University (KSTU) is a public university in the city of Krasnoyarsk, Russia, existed in 1956–2006. KSTU joined the Siberian Federal University.

References

Notes

  1. 1 2 3 4 Law #10-4765
  2. 1 2 3 4 Charter of Krasnoyarsk
  3. (in Russian) Основание Красноярска
  4. TVK Sergey Yeryomin appointed head of Krasnoyarsk Archived October 26, 2017, at the Wayback Machine
  5. 1 2 Poexaly.ru. Krasnoyarsk Tourist Portal. Krasnoyarsk (in Russian)
  6. 1 2 Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1 [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  7. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  8. 1 2 Law #10-4763
  9. 1 2 3 Law #13-3148
  10. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  11. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
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  28. Администрация г. Красноярска (in Russian)
  29. Решение Красноярского городского Совета депутатов от 26 мая 2010 года No. В-169 (Decision of the Krasnoyarsk City Council of Deputies 26 May 2010) (in Russian)
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  34. Предварительная оценка численности постоянного населения на 1 января 2017 года и в среднем за 2016 год по городским округам и муниципальным районам Красноярского края
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  39. "В Красноярске уникальный старинный Царский мост пошёл на металлолом". Tayga.info (in Russian). April 7, 2007.
  40. Yemelyanovo International Airport – About/General Information
  41. The Aviation Herald – Tower and terminal of Krasnojarsk Cheremshanka Airport burned down
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  44. https://i.ytimg.com/vi/_Y0lhvnE7pU/hqdefault.jpg [ bare URL image file ]
  45. Sports Archived December 14, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
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  47. "Google Translate". Archived from the original on October 31, 2020. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
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Sources