There are currently 24 county councils in England, covering areas known as non-metropolitan counties and divided into a number of non-metropolitan districts, which each have a district council.The first county councils were created in 1889. The Local Government Act 1888 established county councils and county borough councils in England and Wales. There was a significant reform of the number, powers and jurisdictions of county councils in 1974. Their number has been decreasing further due to incremental reforms carried out between 1986 and 2021.
|Local authority||Established||District councils||Website||Headquarters|
|Cambridgeshire County Council||1974 Cambs||5||Official website||New Shire Hall, Alconbury Weald|
|Cumbria County Council||1974||6||Official website||Cumbria House, Carlisle|
|Derbyshire County Council||1889||8||Official website||County Hall, Matlock|
|Devon County Council||1889||8||Official website||County Hall, Exeter|
|East Sussex County Council||1889||5||Official website||County Hall, Lewes|
|Essex County Council||1889||12||Official website||County Hall, Chelmsford|
|Gloucestershire County Council||1889||6||Official website||Shire Hall, Gloucester|
|Hampshire County Council||1889||11||Official website||Castle Hill, Winchester|
|Hertfordshire County Council||1889||10||Official website||County Hall, Hertford|
|Kent County Council||1889||12||Official website||County Hall, Maidstone|
|Lancashire County Council||1889||12||Official website||County Hall, Preston|
|Leicestershire County Council||1889||7||Official website||County Hall, Glenfield|
|Lincolnshire County Council||1974||7||Official website||County Offices, Lincoln|
|Norfolk County Council||1889||7||Official website||County Hall, Norwich|
|North Yorkshire County Council||1974||7||Official website||County Hall, Northallerton|
|Nottinghamshire County Council||1889||7||Official website||County Hall, West Bridgford|
|Oxfordshire County Council||1889||5||Official website||County Hall, Oxford|
|Somerset County Council||1889||4||Official website||County Hall, Taunton|
|Staffordshire County Council||1889||8||Official website||County Buildings, Stafford|
|Suffolk County Council||1974||5||Official website||Endeavour House, Ipswich|
|Surrey County Council||1889||11||Official website||Woodhatch Place, Reigate|
|Warwickshire County Council||1889||5||Official website||Shire Hall, Warwick|
|West Sussex County Council||1889||7||Official website||County Hall, Chichester|
|Worcestershire County Council||1998 Worcs||6||Official website||County Hall, Worcester|
|Avon County Council||1974||1996|
|Bedfordshire County Council||1889||2009|
|Berkshire County Council||1889||1998|
|Buckinghamshire County Council||1889||2020|
|Cambridgeshire County Council||1889||1965 Cambs|
|Cambridgeshire and Isle of Ely County Council||1965||1974|
|Cheshire County Council||1889||2009|
|Cleveland County Council||1974||1996|
|Cornwall County Council||1889||2009|
|Cumberland County Council||1889||1974|
|Dorset County Council||1889||2019|
|Durham County Council||1889||2009|
|East Riding County Council||1889||1974|
|East Suffolk County Council||1889||1974|
|Greater Manchester County Council||1974||1986|
|Hereford and Worcester County Council||1974||1998|
|Herefordshire County Council||1889||1974|
|Holland County Council||1889||1974|
|Humberside County Council||1974||1996|
|Huntingdon and Peterborough County Council||1965||1974|
|Huntingdonshire County Council||1889||1965|
|Isle of Ely County Council||1889||1965|
|Isle of Wight County Council||1890||1995|
|Kesteven County Council||1889||1974|
|Lindsey County Council||1889||1974|
|London County Council||1889||1965|
|Merseyside County Council||1974||1986|
|Middlesex County Council||1889||1965|
|Monmouthshire County Council||1889||1974 Mon|
|North Riding County Council||1889||1974|
|Northamptonshire County Council||1889||2021|
|Northumberland County Council||1889||1974|
|Rutland County Council||1889||1974|
|Shropshire County Council||1889||2009|
|Soke of Peterborough County Council||1889||1965|
|South Yorkshire County Council||1974||1986|
|Tyne and Wear County Council||1974||1986|
|West Midlands County Council||1974||1986|
|Westmorland County Council||1889||1974|
|West Riding County Council||1889||1974|
|West Suffolk County Council||1889||1974|
|West Yorkshire County Council||1974||1986|
|Wiltshire County Council||1889||2009|
|Worcestershire County Council||1889||1974 Worcs|
The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. As the structure of local government in England is not uniform, there are currently four principal types of district-level subdivision. There are a total of 309 districts made up of 36 metropolitan boroughs, 32 London boroughs, 181 two-tier non-metropolitan districts and 58 unitary authorities, as well as the City of London and Isles of Scilly which are also districts, but do not correspond to any of these categories. Some districts are styled as cities, boroughs or royal boroughs; these are purely honorific titles and do not alter the status of the district or the powers of their councils. All boroughs and cities are led by a mayor who in most cases is a ceremonial figure elected by the district council, but—after local government reform—is occasionally a directly elected mayor who makes most of the policy decisions instead of the council.
The counties of England are areas used for different purposes, which include administrative, geographical, cultural and political demarcation. The term "county" is defined in several ways and can apply to similar or the same areas used by each of these demarcation structures. These different types of county each have a more formal name but are commonly referred to just as "counties". The current arrangement is the result of incremental reform.
The County of London was a county of England from 1889 to 1965, corresponding to the area known today as Inner London. It was created as part of the general introduction of elected county government in England, by way of the Local Government Act 1888. The Act created an administrative County of London, which included within its territory the City of London. However, the City of London and the County of London formed separate ceremonial counties for "non-administrative" purposes. The local authority for the county was the London County Council (LCC), which initially performed only a limited range of functions, but gained further powers during its 76-year existence. The LCC provided very few services within the City of London, where the ancient Corporation monopolised local governance. In 1900, the lower-tier civil parishes and district boards were replaced with 28 new metropolitan boroughs. The territory of the county was 74,903 acres (303.12 km2) in 1961. During its existence, there was a long-term decline in population as more residents moved into the outer suburbs; there were periodic reviews of the local government structures in the greater London area and several failed attempts to expand the boundaries of the county. In 1965, the London Government Act 1963 replaced the county with the much larger Greater London administrative area.
Huntingdon and Peterborough was a short-lived administrative and geographical county in East Anglia in the United Kingdom. It existed from 1965 to 1974, when it became part of Cambridgeshire.
County borough is a term introduced in 1889 in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, to refer to a borough or a city independent of county council control, similar to the unitary authorities created since the 1990s. An equivalent term used in Scotland was a county of city. They were abolished by the Local Government Act 1972 in England and Wales, but continue in use for lieutenancy and shrievalty in Northern Ireland. In the Republic of Ireland they remain in existence but have been renamed cities under the provisions of the Local Government Act 2001. The Local Government (Wales) Act 1994 re-introduced the term for certain "principal areas" in Wales. Scotland did not have county boroughs but instead had counties of cities. These were abolished on 16 May 1975. All four Scottish cities of the time—Aberdeen, Dundee, Edinburgh, and Glasgow—were included in this category. There was an additional category of large burgh in the Scottish system, which were responsible for all services apart from police, education and fire.
Glanford was, from 1974 to 1996, a local government district with borough status in the non-metropolitan county of Humberside, England.
A county council is the elected administrative body governing an area known as a county. This term has slightly different meanings in different countries.
Municipal boroughs were a type of local government district which existed in England and Wales between 1835 and 1974, in Northern Ireland from 1840 to 1973 and in the Republic of Ireland from 1840 to 2002. Broadly similar structures existed in Scotland from 1833 to 1975 with the reform of royal burghs and creation of police burghs.
The Local Government Act 1972 is an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that reformed local government in England and Wales on 1 April 1974. It was one of the most significant Acts of Parliament to be passed by the Heath Government of 1970–74.
Non-metropolitan districts, or colloquially "shire districts", are a type of local government district in England. As created, they are sub-divisions of non-metropolitan counties in a two-tier arrangement. Non-metropolitan districts with borough status are known as boroughs, able to appoint a mayor and refer to itself as a borough council.
This is a list of the coats of arms of various county councils in England.
The counties of the United Kingdom are subnational divisions of the United Kingdom, used for the purposes of administrative, geographical and political demarcation. The older term, shire is historically equivalent to county. By the Middle Ages, county had become established as the unit of local government, at least in England. By the early 17th century, all of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland had been separated into counties. In Scotland shire was the only term used until after the Act of Union 1707.
Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of subdivisions of England used for the purposes of local government outside Greater London and the Isles of Scilly. As originally constituted, the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties each consisted of multiple districts, had a county council and were also the counties for the purposes of Lieutenancies. Later changes in legislation during the 1980s and 1990s have resulted in counties with no county council and 'unitary authority' counties with no districts. Counties for the purposes of Lieutenancies are now defined separately, based on the metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties.
The Local Government Act 1888 was an Act of Parliament which established county councils and county borough councils in England and Wales. It came into effect on 1 April 1889, except for the County of London, which came into existence on 21 March at the request of the London County Council.
Bath and North East Somerset Council is the local council for the district of Bath and North East Somerset in Somerset, England.
The Local Government Act 1958 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom affecting local government in England and Wales outside London. Among its provisions it included the establishment of Local Government Commissions to review the areas and functions of local authorities, and introduced new procedures for carrying these into action.
Flags and symbols of Yorkshire have been used to identify Yorkshire and its related councils through flags and symbols. This article also includes flags and symbols used by the present and former local authorities covering Yorkshire.
Administrative counties were subnational divisions of England used for local government from 1889 to 1974. They were created by the Local Government Act 1888, which established an elected county council for each area. Some geographically large historic counties were divided into several administrative counties, each with its own county council. The administrative counties operated until 1974, when they were replaced by a system of metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties under the Local Government Act 1972.
Preston Municipal Borough, also known as the County Borough of Preston from 1889, was a local government district coterminate with the town of Preston in Lancashire, northwest England from 1836 to 1974.